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Goodwill: uma análise dos conceitos utilizados em trabalhos científicos; Goodwill: an analysis of concepts used in scientific works

MARTINS, Eliseu; ALMEIDA, Diana Lúcia de; MARTINS, Eric Aversari; COSTA, Patrícia de Souza
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, Departamento de Contabilidade e Atuária Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade, Departamento de Contabilidade e Atuária
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.162197%
A literatura contábil considera que o goodwill representa a diferença entre o valor da empresa e o seu patrimônio líquido avaliado a valores de mercado. A utilização de um conceito divergente desse, na elaboração de pesquisas teóricas ou empíricas, pode gerar resultados distorcidos, conclusões equivocadas, demonstrações financeiras apresentadas incorretamente, entre outros problemas de ordem teórica e prática. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente trabalho é verificar se o conceito de goodwill utilizado no desenvolvimento de pesquisas publicadas nos principais periódicos internacionais e nacionais, bem como na elaboração de dissertações e teses na área da contabilidade, é aquele referendado pela literatura contábil como correto. Por meio de análise de conteúdo, foram analisados 138 trabalhos científicos nacionais e internacionais, que contêm qualquer um dos seguintes termos no título, resumo ou palavras-chave: goodwill, intangible, intangibles, fundo de comércio, intangível e intangíveis. O total de trabalhos analisados está dividido em 60 trabalhos empíricos e 78 teóricos. Desse total geral de trabalhos, apenas 47 apresentam, explicitamente, o conceito de goodwill, sendo 24 empíricos e 23 teóricos. A maioria desses trabalhos que apresentam o conceito de goodwill o faz para discutir sobre tratamento contábil e avaliação de empresas. Do total de trabalhos com o conceito de goodwill explícito...

Reavaliação de ativos e correção monetária integral no Brasil: um estudo de < value relevance
Batistella, Flávio Donizete
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/05/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.044287%
Este estudo contribui para a literatura existente de value relevance relacionada ao papel do patrimônio líquido contábil e do resultado contábil por intermédio de dados brasileiros em um contexto de reavaliação de ativos e contabilidade em moeda constante. Além disso, são efetuadas discussões a partir de resultados empíricos sobre dois importantes assuntos relacionados à informação contábil: relevância e confiabilidade. É aplicada uma metodologia de value relevance, sendo que a variável dependente é o valor de mercado da empresa e as variáveis independentes são o patrimônio líquido e o resultado. A primeira hipótese é a de que a informação contábil pelo custo histórico é menos value relevant do que a informação contábil com práticas de reavaliação de ativos imobilizados. Para o período 1996-2007, as companhias tinham a opção de reavaliar alguns ativos tangíveis de longo prazo. A participação de avaliadores externos nos processos de reavaliações no Brasil provavelmente proporciona um grau de confiabilidade sem muita imperfeição. No entanto, evidências empíricas mostram que as informações contábeis de empresas que efetuaram reavaliações de ativos não são mais value relevant em relação às empresas que não efetuaram. Análises adicionais baseadas em uma especificação de value relevance incremental mostraram que...

Utilidade do valor justo de ativos biológicos para a análise de crédito de corporações brasileiras baseadas no agronegócio; Fairvalue utility of biological assets for Brazilian companies credit analysis based on agribusiness

Acuña, Benjamim Cristobal Mardine
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 08/07/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.59846%
A dúvida sobre a utilidade da informação do valor justo de Ativos Biológicos para o usuário externo estimulou esta investigação. Em um mercado como o brasileiro no qual o agronegócio é fundamental e o crédito bancário ocupa espaço de destaque no financiamento das operações e dos investimentos, o problema de pesquisa se mostra relevante e, por isso, investigou se essa informação estaria relacionada com o custo da dívida bancária. Os objetivos foram, de modo mais abrangente, verificar se esse modelo de mensuração era desejado pelos analistas de crédito e, de modo mais específico: (i) verificar se havia correlação entre a variação, entre trimestres, da proporção entre a variação do valor justo na Demonstração do Resultado e a receita total, (ii) da variação da proporção entre o Ativo Biológico e o ativo total, (iii) do tamanho das companhias de agronegócio, estes três sobre o custo da dívida bancária; além (iv) verificar se havia preferência pela mensuração ao Valor Justo ou ao Custo e, (v) conhecer a forma como esses analistas realizam o tratamento dessa informação. Não fez parte do escopo, todavia, a elaboração de um modelo de análise de crédito, com identificação de todas as variáveis que a afetam; a investigação está limitada ao quanto a marcação ao Valor Justo menos as Despesas de Venda a impactaram do ponto de vista quantitativo...

DKI Assets Management Component

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.609126%
The report examines the fixed assets management practices and procedures of the Provincial Government of Daerah Khusus Ibukota (DKI) Jakarta and identifies its weaknesses. The objective is to identify a set of implementable interventions which should assist DKI in achieving an unqualified audit of its fixed assets. As part of the exercise, the assignment will identify areas for potential improvement to existing assets management systems and procedures to be implemented by the relevant structural units of DKI. The report concludes with recommended actions for the province to involve: the recovery of backlog of unregistered land assets, capacity building for the Supreme Audit Agency, capacity building for selected authorized financial delegates and related staff, and a planned upgrade of assets database.

Distributional Effects of Crises : The Role of Financial Transfers

Halac, Marina; Schmukler, Sergio L.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.790537%
Financial crises affect income distribution by way of different channels. The authors argue that financial transfers are an important channel which has been overlooked by the literature. They study the role of financial transfers by analyzing some of the most severe Latin American crises during the past decades (Chile 1981-83, Mexico 1994-95, Ecuador 1998-2000, Argentina 2001-02, and Uruguay 2002). First, the authors investigate transfers to the financial sector-those from nonparticipants to participants of the financial sector. Second, they explore who receives these financial transfers by identifying the winners and losers within the financial sector. Their analysis suggests that financial transfers during crises are large and expected to increase income inequality.

Asset Price Effects of Peer Benchmarking

Acharya, Sushant; Pedraza, Alvaro
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.977656%
This paper estimates the effects of peer benchmarking by institutional investors on asset prices. To identify trades purely due to peer benchmarking as separate from those based on fundamentals or private information, the paper exploits a natural experiment involving a change in a government imposed underperformance penalty applicable to Colombian pension funds. This change in regulation is orthogonal to stock fundamentals and only affects incentives to track peer portfolios allowing the authors to identify the component of demand due to peer benchmarking. The authors find that peer effects among pension fund managers generate excess in stock return volatility, with stocks exhibiting short-term abnormal returns followed by returns reversal in the subsequent quarter. Additionally, peer benchmarking produces an excess in comovement across stock returns beyond the correlation implied by fundamentals.

The Use of Asset Management Companies in the Resolution of Banking Crises

Klingebiel, Daniela
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.560015%
Asset management companies have been used to address the overhang of bad debt in the financial system. There are two main types of asset management company: those set up to expedite corporate restructuring and those established for rapid disposal of assets. A review of seven asset management companies reveals a mixed record. In two of three cases, asset management companies for corporate restructuring did not achieve their narrow goal of expediting bank or corporate restructuring, suggesting that they are not good vehicles for expediting corporate restructuring. Only a Swedish asset management company successfully managed its portfolio, acting sometimes as lead agent in restructuring - and helped by the fact that the assets acquired had mostly to do with real estate, not manufacturing, which is harder to restructure, and represented a small fraction of the banking systems assets, which made it easier for the company to remain independent of political pressures and to sell assets back to the private sector. Asset management companies used to dispose of assets rapidly fared somewhat better. Two of four agencies (in Spain and the United States) achieved their objectives...

Simple Tools to Assist in the Resolution of Troubled Banks

McGuire, Claire L.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This toolkit is designed to assist authorities in resolving troubled banks. It provides generic forms that can be adapted for use in planning supervisory actions or implementing resolution processes. This toolkit contains forms that are generic and will need to be tailored to the particular country laws and circumstances. The toolkit also contains a least cost or lesser cost model and explanatory guide that provide diagnostic tools to assist authorities in estimating the costs of various resolution methods. The least cost or lesser cost model can also be used to value various assets that may be offered for sale as part of the resolution process. In some circumstances, the decision will be made to liquidate a bank at the end of a long period of utilizing other supervisory tools to try to rehabilitate the bank, thereby providing the authorities with adequate time to gather information about the problem bank and prepare a plan for its closure. In other circumstances, the authorities will have little time to plan for a bank's closing and will have to rely on their general crisis preparedness tools to handle the resolution process as efficiently as possible. Whichever circumstances are present...

The Russia Corporate Governance Manual : Part II. Good Board Practices

International Finance Corporation; U.S. Department of Commerce
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.544873%
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices; (iii) shareholder rights; (iv) information disclosure and transparency; (v) special focus section; and (vi) annexes model corporate governance documents. The first four parts contain chapters that focus on core corporate governance issues, such as a company's board structure, information disclosure practices, and shareholder rights. Part five focuses on corporate governance issues of particular importance in the Russian context, namely corporate governance concerns during a company's reorganization, within holding structures, and relating to enforcement. Part six, finally, offers practical tools in the form of model documents, for example company codes, by-laws, and contracts. All issues are closely examined through Russian law and regulations; the Federal Commission for the Securities Market's Code of Corporate Conduct (FCSM Code) Code and, when applicable...

The Russia Corporate Governance Manual : Part IV. Information Disclosure and Transparency

International Finance Corporation; U.S. Department of Commerce
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.16421%
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices; (iii) shareholder rights; (iv) information disclosure and transparency; (v) special focus section; and (vi) annexes model corporate governance documents. The first four parts contain chapters that focus on core corporate governance issues, such as a company's board structure, information disclosure practices, and shareholder rights. Part five focuses on corporate governance issues of particular importance in the Russian context, namely corporate governance concerns during a company's reorganization, within holding structures, and relating to enforcement. Part six, finally, offers practical tools in the form of model documents, for example company codes, by-laws, and contracts. All issues are closely examined through Russian law and regulations; the Federal Commission for the Securities Market's Code of Corporate Conduct (FCSM Code) Code and, when applicable...

The Russia Corporate Governance Manual : Part VI. Annexes, Model Corporate Governance Documents

International Finance Corporation; U.S. Department of Commerce
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.61176%
The Russia corporate governance manual has been divided into and is published in six parts: (i) corporate governance introduced; (ii) good board practices; (iii) shareholder rights; (iv) information disclosure and transparency; (v) special focus section; and (vi) annexes model corporate governance documents. The first four parts contain chapters that focus on core corporate governance issues, such as a company's board structure, information disclosure practices, and shareholder rights. Part five focuses on corporate governance issues of particular importance in the Russian context, namely corporate governance concerns during a company's reorganization, within holding structures, and relating to enforcement. Part six, finally, offers practical tools in the form of model documents, for example company codes, by-laws, and contracts. All issues are closely examined through Russian law and regulations; the Federal Commission for the Securities Market's Code of Corporate Conduct (FCSM Code) Code and, when applicable...

Egyptian National Postal Organization : Review of Asset Management Operations

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.596675%
This report presents the missions observations and recommendations. The mission has not been able to review the investment manual and current investment procedures as the relevant documents have not been yet forwarded by Egyptian National Postal Organization (ENPO) as requested. ENPO was established in 1865 and since its creation it has always had a clear mandate of public service that remains dominant until today despite the growing competitive pressures that the organization is facing in most of its markets. ENPO's activities center around two major categories: postal and other services, and financial services. Postal services include letters (regular and express mails) and parcels. Other services are public services, such as bills payments (telecom, car insurance, and taxes) and government services, including pension payment and government money orders. ENPO currently holds 18 million savings accounts, against 8 million for the rest of the banking sector, making it the first financial institution in the country in terms of number of accounts. In terms of deposits however...

Foreign Bank Subsidiaries' Default Risk During the Global Crisis : What Factors Help Insulate Affiliates from Their Parents?

Anginer, Deniz; Cerutti, Eugenio; Martinez Peria, Maria Soledad
Fonte: World Bank Group, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank Group, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.76136%
This paper examines the association between the default risk of foreign bank subsidiaries and their parents during the global financial crisis, with the purpose of understanding what factors can help insulate affiliates from their parents. The paper finds evidence of a significant positive correlation between parent banks' and foreign subsidiaries' default risk. This correlation is lower for subsidiaries that have higher capital, retail deposit funding, and profitability ratios and that are more independently managed from their parents. Host country regulations also influence the extent to which shocks to the parents affect the subsidiaries' default risk. In particular, the correlation between the default risk of the subsidiary and the parent is lower for subsidiaries operating in countries that impose higher capital, reserve, provisioning, and disclosure requirements and tougher restrictions on bank activities.

The Uniqueness of Short-Term Collateralization

Klapper, Leora
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.37966%
The author finds evidence that lines of credit secured by accounts receivable are associated with business borrowers with a high risk of default. While an unsecured short-term loan is repaid from the borrower's future cash flow, a loan secured by accounts receivable (a unique form of "inside" collateral) is repaid from previously generated and observed sales (the borrower's trade credit terms to its customers). Consequently, lenders that secure accounts receivable are most concerned with the credit risk of the borrower's customers and the borrower's ability to continue to generate new sales. A stylized theoretical model demonstrates that the value of a secured line-of-credit loan in minimizing contracting costs is associated with the borrower's business risk and the quality of the borrower's customers. Empirical tests on a sample of publicly traded U.S. manufacturing firms find that firms with secured line of credit loans are observably riskier and have fewer expected growth opportunities. The author's findings suggest that observably riskier borrowers can borrow more on a secured than on an unsecured basis. The results highlight the important role of secured letters of credit in providing liquidity to risky...

Banks in Crisis

Scott, David
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Brief; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.11528%
The current financial crisis evolved quickly. In most of the developed countries affected, governments initially improvised solutions that eventually led to substantial investments in systemically important banks. Not all their actions are worth emulating, especially those that undermine normal governance arrangements and the ability of all shareholders to hold the banks' board and management accountable. Lessons from earlier crises show that governments acting as temporary owners can minimize costs to taxpayers by following sound commercial practices and good corporate governance principles. Quickly developing and making public the exit strategy is also important.

The Role of Private Equity Investments in Public Firms : International Evidence

Dahiya, Sandeep; Klapper, Leora; Parthasarathy, Harini; Singer, Dorothe
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.0934%
This paper compares the raising of external equity capital from private equity investors via private investments in public equity (PIPEs) and seasoned equity offerings (SEOs) using a sample of 456 PIPEs and 1,910 SEOs drawn from nine Asian countries. Consistent with the idea that insiders attempt to time the markets, firms issuing SEOs are preceded by a significantly higher run-up in stock price compared with those issuing PIPEs. This result is consistent with the undervaluation hypothesis that states that firms are more likely to issue PIPEs when they perceive their stock to be undervalued. In contrast to the United States where this undervaluation appears to be driven by financial distress and asymmetric information, the results show PIPE and SEO issuers to be statistically undistinguishable from each other. The announcement of a PIPE offering is on average associated with a significantly higher stock market reaction compared with an issue of a SEO, suggesting that private equity investors may play a certification or monitoring role. However...

Essays in capital markets

Papanikolaou, Dimitris, Ph. D. Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 161 p.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
77.613105%
In the first chapter, I provide evidence that investment-specific technological change is a source of systematic risk. In contrast to neutral productivity shocks, the economy needs to invest to realize the benefits of innovations in investment technology. A positive shock to investment technology is followed by a reallocation of resources from consumption to investment, leading to a negative price of risk. A portfolio of stocks that produce investment goods minus stocks that produce consumption goods (IMC) proxies for the shock and is a priced risk factor. The value of assets in place minus growth opportunities falls after positive shocks to investment technology, which suggests an explanation for the value puzzle. I formalize these insights in a dynamic general equilibrium model with two sectors of production. The model's implications are supported by the data. The IMC portfolio earns a negative premium, predicts investment and consumption in a manner consistent with the theory, and helps price the value cross section. In the second chapter, based on joint work with Igor Makarov, we use heteroscedasticity of stock returns as an identification tool to isolate four robust factors in the U.S. industry returns. The first factor can be viewed as a proxy for economy wide demand shocks. The second factor is a portfolio of stocks producing investment goods minus stocks producing consumption goods (IMC). The third factor differentiates between cyclical vs. non-cyclical stocks. Finally...

Three essays in corporate finance; 3 essays in corporate finance

Bevelander, Jeffrey
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 155 p.; 9958385 bytes; 9958142 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.80476%
The first chapter of this dissertation studies the relationship between firm age and the diversification discount. The second and third chapters analyze how firms use the proceeds of their stock offerings. In particular, the second chapter shows that when the valuation of the stock market is high issuing firms are more likely to use the proceeds of their equity offerings to invest in financial investments than during periods of low stock market valuations. The third chapter shows that the funds raised in stock offerings are used primarily to provide issuers with liquidity. In Chapter 1, I find that the growth opportunities of young firms substantially contribute to the negative relationship between Tobin's q and corporate diversification. The growth opportunities of young firms increase the market value of these firms, but not the book value of their assets, yielding an inverse relationship between firm age and Tobin's q. Age explains half of the difference between the Tobin's qs of focused and diversified firms. Furthermore, the negative relationship between Tobin's q and corporate diversification is particularly weak for old firms. Chapter 2 studies the impact of the average stock market valuation of firms on the investment decisions of firms that are issuing equity. In "hot markets...

Goodwill: uma análise dos conceitos utilizados em trabalhos científicos; Goodwill: an analysis of concepts used in scientific works

Martins, Eliseu; Almeida, Diana Lúcia de; Martins, Eric Aversari; Costa, Patrícia de Souza
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.162197%
A literatura contábil considera que o goodwill representa a diferença entre o valor da empresa e o seu patrimônio líquido avaliado a valores de mercado. A utilização de um conceito divergente desse, na elaboração de pesquisas teóricas ou empíricas, pode gerar resultados distorcidos, conclusões equivocadas, demonstrações financeiras apresentadas incorretamente, entre outros problemas de ordem teórica e prática. Nesse contexto, o objetivo do presente trabalho é verificar se o conceito de goodwill utilizado no desenvolvimento de pesquisas publicadas nos principais periódicos internacionais e nacionais, bem como na elaboração de dissertações e teses na área da contabilidade, é aquele referendado pela literatura contábil como correto. Por meio de análise de conteúdo, foram analisados 138 trabalhos científicos nacionais e internacionais, que contêm qualquer um dos seguintes termos no título, resumo ou palavras-chave: goodwill, intangible, intangibles, fundo de comércio, intangível e intangíveis. O total de trabalhos analisados está dividido em 60 trabalhos empíricos e 78 teóricos. Desse total geral de trabalhos, apenas 47 apresentam, explicitamente, o conceito de goodwill, sendo 24 empíricos e 23 teóricos. A maioria desses trabalhos que apresentam o conceito de goodwill o faz para discutir sobre tratamento contábil e avaliação de empresas. Do total de trabalhos com o conceito de goodwill explícito...

Corporate diversification: The role of industry-specific expertise and the impact of mergers and acquistions accounting.

Custodio, Claudia Perdigao Dias
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.330474%
This thesis is organised in three chapters. The first two chapters link the industry-specific expertise of managers to the value of conglomerates and diversifying acquisitions. The third chapter explains how Mergers and Acquisitions (MandA) accounting can explain the diversification discount. The first chapter studies the cross sectional variation of conglomerate's value. I test the hypothesis that unrelated diversification destroys value because managers (CEOs) lack expertise outside the core business. I test two main implications: firms with more business activities outside the core business should have lower value and the discount should be greater for firms with more activity in unrelated-to-core secondary segments. The evidence supports both hypothesis. I test more directly if the results are linked to a lack of managerial expertise by using an industry index of managerial discretion. I find that increasing non-core business sales weight by 10% decreases firm value up to 3%, if the firm has high managerial discretion. The second chapter quantifies the value of CEO industry-specific experience, using diversifying MandA announcements. I find that industry experienced CEOs add value for their shareholders. The abnormal return is between 1.0% and 1.3% higher when the acquirer's CEO has top management experience in the target's industry. Analyzing potential mechanisms...