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Preimplantation development and expression of Hsp-70 and Bax genes in bovine blastocysts derived from oocytes matured in alpha-MEM supplemented with growth factors and synthetic macromolecules

VIREQUE, A. A.; CAMARGO, L. S. A.; SERAPIDO, R. V.; SILVA, A. A. M. Rosa e; WATANABE, Y. F.; FERREIRA, E. M.; NAVARRO, P. A. A. S.; MARTINS, W. P.; FERRIANI, R. A.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC Publicador: ELSEVIER SCIENCE INC
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
In vitro culture conditions affect both the maternal and embryonic expression of genes and is likely to alter both oocyte and embryo developmental competence. The search for better and less variable culture conditions simulating those in vivo has led to the development of defined culture media, with lower impact on the molecular reprogramming of oocytes and embryos. We evaluated embryo development and relative abundance (RA) of Hsp-70 and Bax transcripts in bovine blastocysts produced from oocytes matured in a chemically defined IVM system with synthetic polymers. Immature cumulus oocyte complexes (COCs) were matured for 22-24 h in alpha-MEM supplemented with IGF-1, insulin, 0.1% polyvinyl alcohol (PVA), or 0.1% polyvinylpyrrolidone (PVP), but without FSH or LH. The control group consisted of COCs matured it, TCM plus FSH and 10% estrous cow serum. After fertilization. presumptive zygotes were co-cultured with cumulus cells until 224 h post-insemination. Total RNA was isolated from embryo pools, reverse transcribed into cDNA, and subjected to transcript analysis by real-time PCR. Cleavage rate was higher (P < 0.05) for the control group (68.3%) than for the PVA (54.4%) and PVP-40 (58.3%) groups. Nevertheless. there was no difference among the PVA...

The Value of Immunohistochemical Expression of BAX in Formulating a Prognosis for Canine Cutaneous Mast Cell Tumours

Strefezzi, R. De F.; Kleeb, S. R.; Xavier, J. G.; Fukumasu, H.; Catao-Dias, J. L.
Fonte: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD Publicador: ELSEVIER SCI LTD; OXFORD
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
Irnmunohistochcmical expression of BAX was evaluated in 24 canine cutaneous mast cell tumours in order to verify the relationship of this expression to the histopathological grade of the lesions and its prognostic value for clinical outcome. BAX expression increased with higher histopathological grades (P = 0.0148; P < 0.05 between grades I and III). Animals with high levels of BAX expression were 4.25 times more likely to die from the disease and had shorter post-surgical survival times (P = 0.0009). These results suggest that alterations in BAX expression may be related to the aggressiveness of canine cutaneous mast cell tumours, indicating that immunohistochemical detection of BAX may be predictive of clinical outcome. (C) 2011 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.; Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP); Fundacao de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado de Sao Paulo (FAPESP) [05/50407-3, 97/09459-7, 96/4903-8]

Effects of Helicobacter pylori Infection on the Expressions of Bax and Bcl-2 in Patients with Chronic Gastritis and Gastric Cancer

Bartchewsky, Waldemar; Martini, Mariana R.; Squassoni, Aline C.; Alvarez, Marisa C.; Ladeira, Marcelo S. P.; Salvadori, Daisy Maria Favero; Trevisan, Miriam A.; Pedrazzoli, Jose; Ribeiro, Marcelo L.
Fonte: Springer Publicador: Springer
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 111-116
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.94%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Processo FAPESP: 05/56736-9; Processo FAPESP: 06/29925-0; The aim of the present study is to evaluate the influence of Helicobacter pylori on Bax and Bcl-2 mRNA and protein levels in patients with chronic gastritis and gastric cancer. The study included 217 patients, of which 26 were uninfected; 127 had chronic gastritis and were H. pylori-positive, and 64 had gastric cancer. Bacterial genotypes were evaluated by PCR, and the expression values were determined by quantitative real-time PCR and immunohistochemistry. Our data showed that the up-regulationary effects of H. pylori infection on the proapoptotic gene, Bax, were stronger than its induction of Bcl-2; this effect may increase apoptosis in patients with chronic gastritis. In patients with gastric cancer, the up-regulation of the anti-apoptotic gene, Bcl-2, counteracted the pro-apoptotic effects of Bax, leading to a deregulation of apoptosis-associated gene expression, favoring cell proliferation. Thus, the disturbance in Bax and Bcl-2 balance, induced by H. pylori, might be important in gastric cancer development.

Immunohistochemical expression of PCNA, p53, bax and bcl-2 in oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia.

Sousa, Fernando A C G de; Paradella, Thaís C; Carvalho, Yasmin R; Rosa, Luiz E B
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 117-121
Português
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36.99%
The potential for malignant transformation of oral lichen planus is still controversial. The expression of proteins related to cell proliferation and apoptosis in oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia was analyzed to evaluate the true potential for malignant transformation of this disease. Twenty-four cases of each lesion were subjected to the streptoavidin-biotin technique for identifying the immunohistochemical expression of PCNA, p53, bax, and bcl-2 proteins. Of the 24 cases of oral lichen planus, 14 (58.33%) were positive for PCNA, 10 (41.67%) for p53, 4 (16.67%) for bcl-2 and 12 (50%) for bax, whereas of the 24 cases of epithelial dysplasia, 20 (83.33%) were positive for PCNA, 10 (41.67%) for p53, 6 (25%) for bcl-2, and 20 (83.33%) for bax. Chi-squared test showed no statistically significant differences between the expression of p53 and bcl-2 in oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia, regardless of the grade (P > 0.05). However, the expression of PCNA and bax was significantly increased in epithelial dysplasia (P < 0.05). The results of this study showed that alterations in expression of these proteins are observed in oral lichen planus and epithelial dysplasia, suggesting the potential for malignant transformation in both lesions.

Yeast as a model system for the study of Bax regulation by protein kinase C isoforms; A levedura como modelo para o estudo da regulação de Bax por isoformas da proteína cinase C

Silva, Rui Filipe Duarte da
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 01/07/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.25%
Tese de doutoramento em Ciências; Programmed cell death (PCD), of which apoptosis is the most common morphological expression, is an orchestrated collapse of the cell resulting from the activation of a widely described cascade of molecular events. Due to the importance of this process in tissue homeostasis and development of multicellular organisms, its deregulation is associated with several disorders, including cancer and neurodegenerative diseases. A crucial event in mammalian apoptosis is the permeabilization of mitochondrial outer membrane and the release of several apoptogenic factors responsible for activation of different proteases involved in the dismantling of the apoptotic cell. The Bcl-2 protein family plays a central role in this permeabilization. A better knowledge of this process and its regulation will probably lead to the development of novel therapeutic strategies for treatment of apoptosis-related diseases. However, the mode of action of Bcl-2 protein family and its regulation are not completely understood. Protein kinase C (PKC) is a family of serine/threonine kinases that is involved in the transduction of signals that control different cellular processes including cell death and proliferation. In the last decade the role of PKC in apoptosis regulation has been highlighted. This family comprises at least 12 isoforms that regulate apoptosis in an isoform-specific manner. However...

Fludarabine induces apoptosis in chronic lymphocytic leukemia - the role of P53, Bcl-2, Bax, Mcl-1, and Bag-1 proteins

Faria,J.R.; Yamamoto,M.; Faria,R.M.D.; Kerbauy,J.; Oliveira,J.S.R.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.79%
The expression of P53, Bcl-2, Bax, Bag-1, and Mcl-1 proteins in CD5/CD20-positive B-chronic lymphocytic leukemia (B-CLL) cells from 30 typical CLL patients was evaluated before and after 48 h of incubation with 10-6 M fludarabine using multiparametric flow cytometric analysis. Protein expression was correlated with annexin V expression, Rai modified clinical staging, lymphocyte doubling time, and previous treatment. Our main goal was to determine the predictive value of these proteins in CLL cells in terms of disease evolution. Bcl-2 expression decreased from a median fluorescence index (MFI) of 331.71 ± 42.2 to 245.81 ± 52.2 (P < 0.001) after fludarabine treatment, but there was no difference between viable cells (331.57 ± 44.6 MFI) and apoptotic cells (331.71 ± 42.2 MFI) before incubation (P = 0.859). Bax expression was higher in viable cells (156.24 ± 32.2 MFI) than in apoptotic cells (133.56 ± 35.7 MFI) before incubation, probably reflecting defective apoptosis in CLL (P = 0.001). Mcl-1 expression was increased in fludarabine-resistant cells and seemed to be a remarkable protein for the inhibition of the apoptotic process in CLL (from 233.59 ± 29.8 to 252.04 ± 35.5; P = 0.033). After fludarabine treatment, Bag-1 expression was increased in fludarabine-resistant cells (from 425.55 ± 39.3 to 447.49 ± 34.5 MFI...

Effects of systemic administration of ciliary neurotrophic factor on Bax and Bcl-2 proteins in the lumbar spinal cord of neonatal rats after sciatic nerve transection

Rezende,A.C.S.; Vieira,A.S.; Rogério,F.; Rezende,L.F.; Boschero,A.C.; Negro,A.; Langone,F.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2008 Português
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37.08%
Ciliary neurotrophic factor (CNTF) is a cytokine that plays a neuroprotective role in relation to axotomized motoneurons. We determined the effect of daily subcutaneous doses of CNTF (1.2 µg/g for 5 days; N = 13) or PBS (N = 13) on the levels of mRNA for Bcl-2 and Bax, as well as the expression and inter-association of Bcl-2 and Bax proteins, and the survival of motoneurons in the spinal cord lumbar enlargement of 2-day-old Wistar rats after sciatic nerve transection. Five days after transection, the effects were evaluated on histological and molecular levels using Nissl staining, immunoprecipitation, Western blot analysis, and reverse transcriptase-polymerase chain reaction. The motoneuron survival ratio, defined as the ratio between the number of motoneurons counted on the lesioned side vs those on the unlesioned side, was calculated. This ratio was 0.77 ± 0.02 for CNTF-treated rats vs 0.53 ± 0.02 for the PBS-treated controls (P < 0.001). Treatment with CNTF modified the level of mRNA, with the expression of Bax RNA decreasing 18% (with a consequent decrease in the level of Bax protein), while the expression of Bcl-2 RNA was increased 87%, although the level of Bcl-2 protein was unchanged. The amount of Bcl-2/Bax heterodimer increased 91% over that found in the PBS-treated controls. These data show...

Lipopolysaccharide-induced dental pulp cell apoptosis and the expression of Bax and Bcl-2 in vitro

Yang,H.; Zhu,Y.T.; Cheng,R.; Shao,M.Y.; Fu,Z.S.; Cheng,L.; Wang,F.M.; Hu,T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/11/2010 Português
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36.88%
Lipopolysaccharide exerts many effects on many cell lines, including cytokine secretion, and cell apoptosis and necrosis. We investigated the in vitro effects of lipopolysaccharide on apoptosis of cultured human dental pulp cells and the expression of Bcl-2 and Bax. Dental pulp cells showed morphologies typical of apoptosis after exposure to lipopolysaccharide. Flow cytometry showed that the rate of apoptosis of human dental pulp cells increased with increasing lipopolysaccharide concentration. Compared with controls, lipopolysaccharide promoted pulp cell apoptosis (P < 0.05) from 0.1 to 100 μg/mL but not at 0.01 μg/mL. Cell apoptosis was statistically higher after exposure to lipopolysaccharide for 3 days compared with 1 day, but no difference was observed between 3 and 5 days. Immunohistochemistry showed that expression of Bax and Bcl-2 was enhanced by lipopolysaccharide at high concentrations, but no evident expression was observed at low concentrations (0.01 and 0.1 μg/mL) or in the control groups. In conclusion, lipopolysaccharide induced dental pulp cell apoptosis in a dose-dependent manner, but apoptosis did not increase with treatment duration. The expression of the apoptosis regulatory proteins Bax and Bcl-2 was also up-regulated in pulp cells after exposure to a high concentration of lipopolysaccharide.

Ziyuglycoside II-induced apoptosis in human gastric carcinoma BGC-823 cells by regulating Bax/Bcl-2 expression and activating caspase-3 pathway

Zhu,A.K.; Zhou,H.; Xia,J.Z.; Jin,H.C.; Wang,K.; Yan,J.; Zuo,J.B.; Zhu,X.; Shan,T.
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Divulgação Científica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.66%
Ziyuglycoside II is an active compound of Sanguisorba officinalis L. that has anti-inflammation, antioxidation, antibiosis, and homeostasis properties. We report here on the anticancer effect of ziyuglycoside II on human gastric carcinoma BGC-823 cells. We investigated the effects of ziyuglycoside II on cell growth, cell cycle, and cell apoptosis of this cell line. Our results revealed that ziyuglycoside II could inhibit the proliferation of BGC-823 cells by inducing apoptosis but not cell cycle arrest, which was associated with regulation of Bax/Bcl-2 expression, and activation of the caspase-3 pathway. Our study is the first to report the antitumor potential of ziyuglycoside II in BGC-823 gastric cancer cells. Ziyuglycoside II may become a potential therapeutic agent against gastric cancer in the future.

Comparision of the BAX® System with an in-house MSRV method for the detection of Salmonella in chicken carcasses and pork meat

Franchin,Paulo R.; Ogliari,Paulo J.; Andrade,Dalton F.; Chiapinoto,Maura; Lemos,Giovana; Rebelatto,Marina; Silva,Ivair G. da; Batista,Cleide R.V.
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Microbiologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/12/2006 Português
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36.79%
A study was performed to compare the analytical procedure of the BAX® System for Salmonella PCR assay with the Modified Semi-Solid Rappaport-Vassiliadis (MSRV) method, for the detection of Salmonella in naturally contaminated chicken carcass samples (n = 762) and raw pork meat (n = 566). The chicken carcasses samples were collected during slaughtering after defeathering or immediately after evisceration and the raw pork meat collected from the deboned head of recently slaughtered pigs and others deboned raw fresh pork meat. The BAX® System detected 134 Salmonella-positive samples in chicken carcasses and 145 samples in pork meat, while the MSRV method isolated 142 and 144 Salmonella-positive samples, respectively. No significant difference was observed between the two methods for chicken carcasses and pork meat, according to McNemar test at the 5% level.

Expressão das proteínas BCL-2 e BAX em tumores astrocíticos humanos

Faria,Mário Henrique Girão; Patrocínio,Régia Maria do Socorro Vidal do; Moraes Filho,Manoel Odorico de; Rabenhorst,Silvia Helena Barem
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.03%
INTRODUÇÃO: Os astrocitomas constituem os mais freqüentes tumores primários do sistema nervoso central (SNC). Admite-se que parte do crescimento tumoral seja resultante da inibição da morte celular programada: a apoptose. Tal fenômeno é basicamente regulado pelo equilíbrio entre moléculas antiapoptóticas (ex.: B-cell lymphoma protein 2 [BCL-2]) e pró-apoptóticas (ex.: BCL-2 associated protein X [BAX]). OBJETIVO: O presente estudo objetivou avaliar a expressão de BCL-2 e BAX em tumores astrocíticos humanos. MATERIAL E MÉTODOS: Procedeu-se ao estudo imuno-histoquímico dessas proteínas utilizando-se o método da avidina-biotina-peroxidase em 55 astrocitomas (13 do grau I, 14 do II, sete do III e 21 do grau IV) e cinco amostras de tecido cerebral não-tumoral (grupo controle). RESULTADOS: Os índices de positividade para BCL-2 e BAX demonstraram propensão ao acréscimo, de acordo com a gradação tumoral, com positividade geral de 43,26% e 24,67%, respectivamente. Essas proteínas não foram detectadas entre os espécimes não-tumorais. Os escores de marcação para BCL-2 apresentaram tendência ao aumento conforme a progressão histológica, enquanto os para BAX mostraram-se semelhantes nas diversas graduações. A análise conjunta dessas proteínas demonstrou significativa correlação com a gradação tumoral (p < 0...

Bid induces cytochrome c-impermeable Bax channels in liposomes.

Roucou, Xavier; Rostovtseva, Tatiana; Montessuit, Sylvie; Martinou, Jean-Claude; Antonsson, Bruno
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/05/2002 Português
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27.18%
Bax is a proapoptotic member of the Bcl-2 family of proteins. The Bax protein is dormant in the cytosol of normal cells and is activated upon induction of apoptosis. In apoptotic cells, Bax gets translocated to mitochondria, inserts into the outer membrane, oligomerizes and triggers the release of cytochrome c, possibly by channel formation. The BH3 domain-only protein Bid induces a conformational change in Bax before its insertion into the outer membrane. The mechanism by which Bid promotes Bax activation is not understood, and whether Bid is the only protein required for Bax activation is unclear. Here we report that recombinant full-length Bax (Bax(FL)) does not form channels in lipid bilayers when purified as a monomer. In contrast, in the presence of Bid cut with caspase 8 (cut Bid), Bax forms ionic channels in liposomes and planar bilayers. This channel-forming activity requires an interaction between cut Bid and Bax, and is inhibited by Bcl-x(L). Moreover, in the absence of the putative transmembrane C-terminal domain, Bax does not form ionic channels in the presence of cut Bid. Cut Bid does not induce Bax oligomerization in liposomes and the Bax channels formed in the presence of cut Bid are not large enough to permeabilize vesicles to cytochrome c. In conclusion...

BAX supports the mitochondrial network, promoting bioenergetics in nonapoptotic cells

Boohaker, Rebecca J.; Zhang, Ge; Carlson, Adina Loosley; Nemec, Kathleen N.; Khaled, Annette R.
Fonte: American Physiological Society Publicador: American Physiological Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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27.18%
The dual functionality of the tumor suppressor BAX is implied by the nonapoptotic functions of other members of the BCL-2 family. To explore this, mitochondrial metabolism was examined in BAX-deficient HCT-116 cells as well as primary hepatocytes from BAX-deficient mice. Although mitochondrial density and mitochondrial DNA content were the same in BAX-containing and BAX-deficient cells, MitoTracker staining patterns differed, suggesting the existence of BAX-dependent functional differences in mitochondrial physiology. Oxygen consumption and cellular ATP levels were reduced in BAX-deficient cells, while glycolysis was increased. These results suggested that cells lacking BAX have a deficiency in the ability to generate ATP through cellular respiration. This conclusion was supported by detection of reduced citrate synthase activity in BAX-deficient cells. In nonapoptotic cells, a portion of BAX associated with mitochondria and a sequestered, protease-resistant form was detected. Inhibition of BAX with small interfering RNAs reduced intracellular ATP content in BAX-containing cells. Expression of either full-length or COOH-terminal-truncated BAX in BAX-deficient cells rescued ATP synthesis and oxygen consumption and reduced glycolytic activity...

Cytosolic Bax: DOES IT REQUIRE BINDING PROTEINS TO KEEP ITS PRO-APOPTOTIC ACTIVITY IN CHECK?*

Vogel, Sandra; Raulf, Nina; Bregenhorn, Stephanie; Biniossek, Martin L.; Maurer, Ulrich; Czabotar, Peter; Borner, Christoph
Fonte: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Publicador: American Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.18%
Bax is kept inactive in the cytosol by refolding its C-terminal transmembrane domain into the hydrophobic binding pocket. Although energetic calculations predicted this conformation to be stable, numerous Bax binding proteins were reported and suggested to further stabilize inactive Bax. Unfortunately, most of them have not been validated in a physiological context on the endogenous level. Here we use gel filtration analysis of the cytosol of primary and established cells to show that endogenous, inactive Bax runs 20–30 kDa higher than recombinant Bax, suggesting Bax dimerization or the binding of a small protein. Dimerization was excluded by a lack of interaction of differentially tagged Bax proteins and by comparing the sizes of dimerized recombinant Bax with cytosolic Bax on blue native gels. Surprisingly, when analyzing cytosolic Bax complexes by high sensitivity mass spectrometry after anti-Bax immunoprecipitation or consecutive purification by gel filtration and blue native gel electrophoresis, we detected only one protein, called p23 hsp90 co-chaperone, which consistently and specifically co-purified with Bax. However, this protein could not be validated as a crucial inhibitory Bax binding partner as its over- or underexpression did not show any apoptosis defects. By contrast...

BaxΔ2 Family Alternative Splicing Salvages Bax Microsatellite-Frameshift Mutations

Haferkamp, Bonnie; Zhang, Honghong; Kissinger, Samuel; Wang, Xin; Lin, Yuting; Schultz, Megan; Xiang, Jialing
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.18%
Mutation or aberrant splicing can interrupt gene expression. Tumor suppressor Bax is one of the susceptible genes prone to microsatellite frameshifting mutations in coding regions. As a result, tumors exhibiting microsatellite instability (MSI) often present a “Bax-negative” phenotype. We previously reported that some Bax-negative cells in fact contain a functional Bax isoform (BaxΔ2), generated when unique alternative splicing “salvages” the shifted reading frame introduced by a microsatellite mutation. Here we compared Bax alternative splicing profiles in a range of cell lines and primary tumors with and without Bax microsatellite mutations. We found that MSI tumors exhibit a high Bax alternative splicing frequency, especially in exon 2, and produce a family of alternatively spliced isoforms that retain many important Bax functional domains. Surprisingly, these BaxΔ2 family isoforms can rescue Bax from all common microsatellite frameshift mutations. Production of BaxΔ2 requires specific cis mutations, while trans components are not cell-type specific. Furthermore, all BaxΔ2 family isoforms are more potent cell death inducers than the parental Bax without directly targeting mitochondria. These results indicate that the BaxΔ2 family can potentially salvage Bax tumor suppressor expression otherwise lost to mutation.

Direct Inhibition of the Conformational Activation of Pro-Apoptotic BAX by the BH4 Domain Helix of BCL-2

Barclay, Lauren Anne
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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37.1%
Programmed cell death by apoptosis is required for normal development and tissue homeostasis. Perturbations of the critical signaling pathways that regulate apoptosis drive a number of pathologic diseases; therefore, a deep understanding of the apoptotic regulatory networks and methods for therapeutically modulating them is highly warranted. As constituents of the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis, pro-apoptotic BCL-2 family proteins respond to internal signals of cell stress to activate cell death through permeabilization of the outer mitochondrial membrane to release cytochrome c and other apoptogenic factors. Anti-apoptotic BCL-2 proteins block apoptosis by forming stable heterodimers with pro-apoptotic BAX and BAK. Specifically, the C-terminal binding groove of BCL-2 sequesters the BCL-2 homology 3 (BH3) death domain of BAX to prevent BAX oligomerization. The N-terminal BH4 domain of BCL-2 is also believed to confer anti-apoptotic activity but the mechanism by which this occurs remains unknown. A direct, inhibitory interaction between the BCL-2 BH4 domain and BAX was established through application of a peptide stapling technology to preserve the α-helical character of the BH4 domain outside the context of full-length BCL-2. Photoaffinity labeling identified a new mode of BH4 domain interaction at the C-terminal face of BAX...

Les polymorphismes des gènes encodant les protéines apoptotiques Bim et Bax : leur rôle dans la réponse thérapeutique chez les enfants ayant la leucémie lymphoblastique aiguë

Rousseau, Julie
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.99%
INTRODUCTION Des réponses thérapeutiques variables aux glucocorticoïdes (GCs) sont observées parmi les patients atteints de la leucémie lymphoblastique aiguë (LLA). Les protéines Bax et Bim ont déjà montré un rôle important dans l’apoptose des cellules leucémiques. L’expression de Bax était plus basse chez les patients leucémiques résistants au médicament, de même une sensibilité diminuée aux GCs a été associée avec une expression réduite de Bim. La différence dans l’expression pourrait être due à des polymorphismes présents dans ces gènes et donc être associés avec la résistance aux GCs. MÉTHODE Dix-huit polymorphismes en régions régulatrices, 2 polymorphismes exoniques et 7 polymorphismes en région 3’UTR de ces gènes ont été analysés chez les témoins (n=50) et ont permis de déterminer un nombre minimal de polymorphismes suffisants pour définir les haplotypes (tagSNPs). Ces 8 polymorphismes ont ensuite été génotypés chez 286 enfants atteints de la LLA et ont été testés pour l’issue de la maladie par l’analyse de survie. RÉSULTATS Une survie sans évènement et une survie sans rechute diminuées ont été observées pour l’haplotype 3 (p=0,03 et p=0,02). Une survie globale diminuée a été associée avec l’homozygotie pour l’allèle exonique T298C>T (p=0...

Prognostic value of apoptosis in breast cancer (pT1-pT2). A TUNEL, p53, bcl-2, bag-1 and Bax immunohistochemical study

Sirvent, J.J.; Aguilar, M.C.; Olona, M.; Pelegrí, A.; Blázquez, S.; Gutiérrez, C.
Fonte: Murcia : F. Hernández Publicador: Murcia : F. Hernández
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Apoptosis or programmed cell death produces cells breaking into several fragments of nuclei, cytoplasm or both nuclei and cytoplasm, known as apoptotic bodies which can be visualized in haematoxylin-eosin staining. Some genes (promoters and suppressors) control this process and certain mutations may induce the expression of abnormal proteins, which can be detected by immunohistochemical staining. Apoptosis can be detected by the TUNEL method either identifying apoptotic bodies or cells at the initial stages of the fragmentation process. We have studied 186 cases of infiltrating ductal breast carcinoma, stages pT1-pT2, and analysed the prognostic significance of tumour recurrence and overall survival of apoptotic index (AI) through univariate and multivariate analysis. We have also studied the immunohistochemical protein expression of apoptosis promoter and suppressors gene (p53, nuclear expression; bcl-2 and Bax, cytoplasm expression; BAG-1, nuclear and cytoplasm expression). The results indicate prognostic significance of p53 and bcl-2 related to patient death and bcl-2 and tumour size to tumour recurrence, bcl-2 acting as a protector factor (apoptotic suppressor) in both situations. On the other hand, we have not found useful prognostic information of AI either to tumour recurrence or overall survival in univariate or multivariate studies. In this study...

Immunohistochemical expression of p53, BCL-2, BAX and VEGFR1 proteins in nephroblastomas

Percicote,Ana Paula; Leme,Fernanda El Ghoz; Almeida,Tammy Vernalha Rocha; Freitas,Ana Karyn Ehrenfried; Gugelmin,Elizabeth Schneider; Noronha,Lúcia de
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia Clínica; Sociedade Brasileira de Patologia; Sociedade Brasileira de Citopatologia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
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36.79%
INTRODUCTION: Nephroblastoma or Wilms' tumor is the most frequent renal cancer in children. Although its prognosis is favorable for most patients, it may relapse or have a fatal outcome. The characterization of risk groups by applying immunohistochemical biomarkers aims to adapt the treatment to its corresponding group as well as to reduce relapses and fatal outcome. p53, B-cell lymphoma 2 (BCL-2), BCL-2 associated protein X (BAX) and vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 1 (VEGFR1) are among the most widely studied biomarkers, which are related to the apoptotic pathway, DNA repair and neovascularization. OBJECTIVE: The objective of this study is to assess the immunohistochemical expression of p53, BCL-2, BAX and VEGFR1 in samples of human nephroblastoma and to correlate them with clinicopathological prognostic factors. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Twenty-nine surgical specimens of nephroblastoma diagnosed from 1994 to 2007 were selected from the Anatomopathological Service of two hospitals in Curitiba. The immunohistochemical analysis of tissue microarrays was performed through immunoperoxidase staining and the yielded results were compared with clinicopathological prognostic factors. RESULTS: The major immunohistochemical expression of VEGFR1 in blastema and epithelium presented positive association with the risk group. Hence this may be related to higher vascular neoplastic invasion apparently caused by the endothelial growth factor...

DRAM1 regulates apoptosis through increasing protein levels and lysosomal localization of BAX

Guan, J-J; Zhang, X-D; Sun, W; Qi, L; Wu, J-C; Qin, Z-H
Fonte: Nature Publishing Group Publicador: Nature Publishing Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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DRAM1 (DNA damage-regulated autophagy modulator 1) is a TP53 target gene that modulates autophagy and apoptosis. We previously found that DRAM1 increased autophagy flux by promoting lysosomal acidification and protease activation. However, the molecular mechanisms by which DRAM1 regulates apoptosis are not clearly defined. Here we report a novel pathway by which DRAM1 regulates apoptosis involving BAX and lysosomes. A549 or HeLa cells were treated with the mitochondrial complex II inhibitor, 3-nitropropionic acid (3NP), or an anticancer drug, doxorubicin. Changes in the protein and mRNA levels of BAX and DRAM1 and the role of DRAM1 in BAX induction were determined. The interaction between DRAM1 and BAX and its effect on BAX degradation, BAX lysosomal localization, the release of cathepsin B and cytochrome c by BAX and the role of BAX in 3NP- or doxorubicin-induced cell death were studied. The results showed that BAX, a proapoptotic protein, was induced by DRAM1 in a transcription-independent manner. BAX was degraded by autophagy under basal conditions; however, its degradation was inhibited when DRAM1 expression was induced. There was a protein interaction between DRAM1 and BAX and this interaction prolonged the half-life of BAX. Furthermore...