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Design sem fronteiras:  a relação entre o nomadismo e a sustentabilidade; Design without borders: the relation between nomadism and sustainability

Barbosa, Lara Leite
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/01/2009 Português
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A tese pretende articular nomadismo e sustentabilidade através do design. A hipótese visa a confirmar que nomadismo e sustentabilidade estão intimamente relacionados e busca entender de que maneira o designer pode incorporar estes princípios em seu processo de trabalho. Reflete sobre a questão da sustentabilidade, a partir do comportamento nômade, conforme o referencial teórico das contribuições de autores como Bernard Rudofsky, Ezio Manzini, Felix Guatari, Gilles Deleuze, Michel Maffesoli, Paul Zumthor, Robert Kronenburg, Teshome Gabriel, Victor Papanek, dentre outros, sob a ótica do design. A tese inclui resultados de entrevistas, realizadas no Brasil e no exterior, com especialistas e arquitetos que trabalham e vivenciam as temáticas pesquisadas. Contém um levantamento que se refere à identificação e análise de soluções de design para habitar um mundo onde a necessidade de se deslocar tem se tornado cada vez mais recorrente. As propostas para habitações móveis e adaptáveis vão além de categorias usuais, por isso, o design sem fronteiras atravessa os limites entre arquitetura e design por hibridismos que vagueiam entre edifíciosveículos; mobiliárioferramentas; vestuárioequipamentos. Os cinco capítulos são divididos tematicamente nas categorias: Partir; Reconhecer o Local...

Produtos têxteis nos espaços escolares - jardins-de-infância

Borlido, Fernando de Jesus Arieira
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em 25/01/2006 Português
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Tese Mestrado em Design e Marketing; O tema deste trabalho, “ Produtos Têxteis nos Espaços Escolares – Jardins-de- Infância”, põe em destaque a valorização dos espaços educativos através de uma correcta aplicação de produtos têxteis, para além de procurar uma abordagem ao espaço educativo e dar a conhecer a existência de produtos têxteis com características específicas, contribuindo dessa forma, para a implementação de espaços educativos agradáveis e com qualidade. A Industria Têxtil e do Vestuário é uma das áreas abordadas neste estudo, pondo em evidência subsectores da área têxtil, tais como os têxteis técnicos e os não-tecidos. As fibras e tratamentos químicos têm vindo a ganhar relevo cada vez maior no valor na Industria Têxtil, contribuindo para uma melhoria da qualidade dos produtos têxteis. O Design, em articulação com a Industria Têxtil e do Vestuário, encontra neste trabalho, um campo de desenvolvimento interessante, procurando novos produtos e novas propostas estéticas nas diversas áreas de aplicação têxtil, indo de encontro à sensibilidade e à necessidade de um público-alvo e, neste caso, educadoras de infância, crianças e comunidade. Este projecto faz também uma abordagem ao espaço educativo – jardins-deinfância...

Textile membranes in housing – adaptation to tropical climates

Mendonça, Paulo; Macieira, Mónica
Fonte: Faculty of Design and Architecture - University Putra Malaysia Publicador: Faculty of Design and Architecture - University Putra Malaysia
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /11/2012 Português
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Acknowledgements : the authors wish to thank FCT (Fundação para a Ciência e Tecnologia – Portugal) and COMPETE (Programa Operacional de Fatores de Competitividade - Portugal) for supporting the ADjustMEMBRANE project with the reference PTDC/AUR-AQI/102321/2008.; Construction industry is responsible for great environmental impacts in the world, some authors refer that these can be as high as 50% of the global impacts. The research for lower environmental impact constructive solutions, namely by the weight reduction is thus a main concern when the objective is to reduce the footprint of buildings, especially in urban areas. Textile membranes are usually used to cover big spans with complex geometries, using the special properties of the Hypar (Hyperbolic paraboloid). However it is possible to use membranes on small external façades and coverings, with low spans, not only as sandwich panels, but also as a junction of small Hypar modules, with still their mechanical special properties well explored, allowing a very small weight and thus a good environmental performance, compared to conventional façade and covering solutions. Apart from this, the research on membrane materials for thermal regulation, allows to extend its possibilities in order to fulfil contemporary demands of comfort...

Textile membrane design : case-study of a membrane house prototype in Portugal

Mendonça, Paulo; Macieira, Mónica
Fonte: Editura Universitatii din Oradea Publicador: Editura Universitatii din Oradea
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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The increasing speed in which technology is developing, as well as the social and economical changes are quickly turning buildings constructive systems and building design methodologies obsolete. The research on faster, cheaper and environmentally more respectfull building technologies are growing concerns in buildings design. These are some of the advantages of textile membranes. In a few millimeters membrane we have a self-supporting material, a sunlight filter capable of absorbing or reflecting the ultraviolet or infrared light and an isolating material for thermic or acoustic purposes. But there is some problems regarding such structures: the complexity of the calculations needed in such a minimalist engineering, regarding its structural design, the visualization of its forms - sometimes complex geometries, and the optimization of its functional performance - limited but also potentiated by its lightness and ephemerality. Computer-aided design has allowed designers of textile membrane structures to calculate its loads and determine their effect on projects quickly and more precisely, exploring various alternatives and options, turning the process not only cheaper, but also exploring new possibilities on the use of more efficient structures. There are also a significant number of softwares available that allow the functional performance evaluation of buildings...

(Archi)textiles partitions : design specifications for reuse after deconstruction

Macieira, Mónica; Mendonça, Paulo
Fonte: Editura Universitatii din Oradea Publicador: Editura Universitatii din Oradea
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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The use of membranes in the interior of buildings, particularly on their wide application possibilities as lightweight and innovative partitions systems, is not a major architectural concern. But membranes can contribute to different types of space partitioning in: housing, offices, hospitals, sports facilities, etc., in other words, in all occasions where spatial flexibility and reversibility are essential. This paper presents the result from a research project oriented to the concept and an adjustable partition system – which acronym is AdJustMembrane. This papper intends to communicate the result of the project AdJustMembrane. It presents the design and construction technology processes and potentials explored with architectural membranes in the conception and construction of non-load bearing partition walls. Some solutions available on the market were analysed from the design and building technology poit of view. Interior conventional partitions have significant cost and environmental impacts in a house and do not allow flexibility in the use of the space. Textile partitions promote modular, reversible (without use of permanent fixations or glue), and ease construction and deconstruction design specifications to achieve less environmental impacts and increase flexibility. The aim of this paper is to present some design specifications in the conception of textile partitions...

Lounge in the Clarendon Hotel, Hunter Street, Newcastle, New South Wales

Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Formato: 27091116 bytes; Black and white photograph; 19cm x 24.5cm; image/tiff
Português
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View of a room with veneer wall panels and a linoleum or timber floor in a herringbone parquetry pattern. The lounge has decorative cornices, ceiling fans and lights and an electric heater set in a brick wall under mirror tiles. The room is furnished with timber bench and table boothes. Windows are curtained in both a light mesh textile and a heavy dark fabric. Other details include two ashtrays, one metal and the other bakelite, a wall clock and a wall vase. The Clarendon Hotel was purchased by Tooth & Company in September 1934 and sold in August 1985. On completion of rebuilding in January 1943 the hotel was a three storeyed brick structure with a fully tiled ground floor exterior and an asbestos and malthoid roof. The architectural style is known as P. & O. Ship Style because of its similarities to ocean liner forms.; Other records relating to this hotel are available at the Archives. This photograph records the same location as that in Z223-144-42-2. However, the floor and furniture are different. In Z223-144-63, a photograph that appears to have been taken at the same time as Z223-144-64, Z223-144-65 and Z223-144-66, the carpet looks worn, which suggests that these four folios were taken later than the other Clarendon Hotel photographs.

Seismic strengthening of RC buildings

TSIONIS Georgios; APOSTOLSKA ROBERTA; TAUCER Fabio
Fonte: Publications Office of the European Union Publicador: Publications Office of the European Union
Tipo: EUR - Scientific and Technical Research Reports Formato: Online
Português
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A literature review on the seismic strengthening of reinforced concrete buildings, using steel bracings, infills and shear walls, is presented. Extensive experimental testing and numerical analyses of elements and structures have demonstrated the feasibility and effectiveness of all three measures for the increase of global strength and stiffness. In certain cases, they provide additional energy dissipation and help reducing irregularities. The selection of the most appropriate technique is based on desired performance levels and on economic and, possibly, other non-technical criteria. The results of previous studies clearly show that infilling an existing bay with reinforced concrete provides the highest increase in strength and stiffness. These studies also indicate that precast panels, steel bracings and masonry infills strengthened with fibre-reinforced polymers or textile-reinforced mortars are able to offer the same degree of improvement. The results available in literature, complemented by parametric numerical analyses, may provide the basis for the development of design guidelines with emphasis on strength and stiffness characteristics and on detailing of the connection between new and existing elements. Indeed, the development of models and their implementation in analysis software is a necessary step towards the wider application of these strengthening techniques. Regarding connections...

Houses and households in early Icelandic society: geoarchaeology and the interpretation of social space

Milek, Karen Beatrice
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Newnham College; Department of Archaeology Publicador: University of Cambridge; Newnham College; Department of Archaeology
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
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This thesis contributes new archaeological evidence to the debate about how early Icelandic society was constituted and organised, and how it developed over the course of its first 200 year,s. It examines Viking Age residential architecture in Iceland at new levels of detail and with new methods, including geoarchaeological techniques to enhance the interpretation of activity areas in individual buildings, and space syntax analysis to facilitate the comparison of houses and the detection of patterns in architectural form. The integration of these different techniques and scales of analysis permits a detailed understanding of how households organised social and economic activities on farmsteads, and sheds new light on the cultural identity of the earliest settlers, the size and complexity of their households, the degree of stratification in early Icelandic society, and how social structures in Iceland changed over time. This thesis examines the excavation data of all Viking Age houses and pit houses that were excavated in Iceland up to 2005, highlighting the complex interplay between cultural norms and the agency of individuals in the design and construction of residential buildings. It presents detailed geoarchaeological studies of the floor deposits in a tenth-century house at A?alstr?ti 14-18...