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The design of a conservative logic computer and a graphical editor simulator

Ressler, Andrew Lewis
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 128 leaves; 7002152 bytes; 7001908 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Andrew Lewis Ressler.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1981.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ENGINEERING.; Bibliography: leaf 128.

Design and measurement of a reconfigurable multi-microprocessor machine

Zukowski, Charles
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 156 leaves; 8382087 bytes; 8381842 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Charles Zukowski.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1982.; MICROFICHE COPY AVAILABLE IN ARCHIVES AND ENGINEERING; Includes bibliographical references.

The principles of design applied to engineering and policy

Filippone, Stephen Francis
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 124 leaves; 11696392 bytes; 11696152 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Stephen Francis Filippone.; Thesis (M.S.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 1988.; Includes bibliographical references.

VISTA : a visualization tool for computer architects; Visualization tool for computer architects

Mihalik, Aaron D. (Aaron Daniel), 1980-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 55 leaves; 3599683 bytes; 3605553 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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As computer architectures continue to grow in complexity, software developers and hardware engineers cope with the increasing complexity by developing proprietary applications, simulations and tool sets to understand the behavior of these complex systems. Although the field of information visualization is leading to powerful applications in many areas, information visualization applications for computer architecture development are either tightly coupled with a specific architecture or target a wide range of computer system data. This thesis introduces the Visualization Tool for Computer Architects (VISTA) Environment. The VISTA Environment is an extensible and modular information visualization environment for hardware engineers, software developers and educators to visualize data from a variety of computer architecture simulations at different levels of abstraction. The VISTA Environment leverages common attributes in simulation data, computer architecture visualizations, and computer architecture development methods to create a powerful information visualization environment to aid in designing, understanding and communicating complex computer architectures.; by Aaron D. Mihalik.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Corporate housekeeping knowledge engineering and processing using extended COIN; Corporate housekeeping knowledge engineering and processing using extended COntext INterchange

Xian, Xiang, 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 76 p.; 4621156 bytes; 4620964 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Xiang Xian.; Thesis (M.Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2003.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 55-56).

An optical-electrical sub-sampling down-conversion receiver with continuous-time [Sigma] [Delta] modulation

Park, Matthew (Matthew J.)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 89 p.; 3414261 bytes; 3417910 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis describes the design and implementation of an optical-electrical sub-sampling down-conversion receiver that employs [Sigma] [Delta] modulation. Accurate sub-sampling of an electrical RF signal in the optical domain is achieved by using a low-jitter mode-locked-laser and a high-bandwidth interferometer. The sub-sampled information is then digitized by an optical-electrical continuous-time (CT) [Sigma] [Delta] analog- to-digital converter (ADC). Here, photodiodes and low-jitter pulses from the mode- locked-laser are leveraged to perform signal clocking and quantizer pre-amplification, overcoming digital-to-analog converter (DAC) clock jitter and quantizer metastability issues that plague traditional electronic implementations. The optical-electrical converter achieves 76.5 dB of SNR (12.4 ENOB) with a 1 MHz signal bandwidth and a sampling rate of 780 MHz. The chip was implemented using a standard bulk 0.18 [mu]m CMOS process from National Semiconductor, occupies a total area of 3 mm2, and consumes 45 mW of power.; by Matthew Park.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2005.; In title on t.p., [Sigma] and [Delta] appear as the upper-case Greek letters.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 87-89).

Design and analysis of a permanent magnet generator for naval applications

Rucker, Jonathan E. (Jonathan Estill)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 186 p.; 9848454 bytes; 9856284 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This paper discusses the electrical and magnetic design and analysis of a permanent magnet generation module for naval applications. Numerous design issues are addressed and several issues are raised about the potential improvements a PM generation system can offer. A proposed 16 MW PM generation module design is presented along with a detailed design methodology. Eighty different machines and power conversion modules are sized, designed, and analyzed with a final design selected. Specifically, sizing and detailed machine design and analysis is performed examining the effects of numerous parameters including number of phases, number of poles, magnetic geometry, machine dimensions, and material types. Analytical models are developed to study rotor losses caused by stator winding time and space harmonics and slot space harmonics. Power electronics and conversion modules to connect the high-speed generator to a DC distribution system are designed and analyzed. In depth simulation of the eighty complete systems is performed using the software programs MATLAB (Version 12.0, Mathworks) and PSIM (Version 6.0, Powersim, Inc.).; The 16 MW permanent magnet generation module, consisting of the generator and associated power electronics, provides an excellent alternative to traditional wound rotor synchronous machines. The final design offers significant reductions in both weight and volume. Specifically...

Physical modeling of electrical conduction in printed circuit board insulation

Sarathy, Vasanth
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 301 p.; 14003469 bytes; 14024327 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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This thesis is concerned with understanding the degradation of electrical and electronic components in automobiles due to environmental effects. A special emphasis is placed on understanding the physical processes underlying the degradation, so that accelerated reliability tests can be specified with increased confidence of their validity. As a first case,printed circuit board (PCB) insulation was selected as a target for investigation. With an increase in the electronics and circuit miniaturization coupled with an increase in voltage in 42 volt as well as hybrid vehicles, PCB reliability has become an important issue. We first provide a broad presentation of insulation degradation theory as well as electrical conduction theory according to existing literature and then narrow our focus towards printed circuit board insulation. We develop a novel first-order mathematical model to describe electrical currents in printed circuit board insulation as a function of temperature, relative humidity, absorbed moisture content, voltage and geometrical characteristics. This model was developed from a series of experiments that were carefully performed under controlled laboratory conditions. In addition to describing the experimental procedure and results...

Extensions and enhancements to the iLab heat transfer project site

Saylor, David P. (David Patrick)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 74 p.
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The iLab Heat Transfer Project website started four years ago to enable web access to experiments related to movement of heat through transport processes. This thesis details improvements made to the site which extend and enhance the site prior to the project. Software improvements include giving teaching assistants the ability to add their entire class as users simultaneously and creating a method by which feedback data is stored as a full questionnaire instead of database entries. Hardware improvements include the addition of a webcam that streams video and audio of the experiment in real time and the integration of two new thermodynamic experiments complete with remote access. The final improvement is the administrator manual, which is intended to ease the burden on new staff members by bridging their knowledge with that of previous years.; by David P. Saylor.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, September 2005; and, (S.B.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, June 2004.; "September 5, 2005." "Copyright 1998."; Includes bibliographical references (p. 74).

Control and design of multi-use induction machines : traction, generation, and power conversion

Avestruz, Al-Thaddeus
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 159 p.
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An electrical machine can be made to convert electrical power while performing in its primary role of transforming electrical energy into mechanical energy. One way of doing this is to design the machine with multiple stator windings where one winding acts as a primary for drive and power, and the others as secondaries for electrical power. The challenge is to control the mechanical outputs of torque and speed while independently regulating the electrical outputs of voltage and current. This thesis analyzes and demonstrates an approach that takes advantage of topological symmetries in multiphase systems to overcome this challenge. This method is applied, but not relegated to induction machines.; by Al-Thaddeus Avestruz.; Thesis (S.M. and Elec. E.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2006.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 157-159).

Minimally intrusive strategies for fault detection and energy monitoring

Cox, Robert Williams, 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 215 p.
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This thesis addresses the need for automated monitoring systems that rely on minimally intrusive sensor arrays. The monitoring techniques employed in this thesis require fewer sensors because they take a different approach to the measurement problem. Specifically, these techniques use the power distribution network in the target system as a power source, a sensor array, and a communications channel. In this "multi-use" approach, the only measurement sources are a set of centrally located electrical transducers (i.e. voltage and current sensors) and a set of remotely located sensors that communicate with a central processing unit via power line modems. In general, these systems determine the status of critical loads or systems using only electrical data. Thus, remotely located sensors are only employed in order to gather information that would be difficult, if not impossible, to obtain electrically. Examples of such quantities include air exchange rates and occupancy levels in individual rooms. This thesis describes the development and application of several critical features of the minimally intrusive monitoring systems described above. First, it presents several model-based methods that make it possible to use electrical data to detect faults in certain mechanical systems.; (cont.) In particular...

Analysis of system wide distortion in an integrated power system utilizing a high voltage DC bus and silicon carbide power devices

Fallier, William F. (William Frederick)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 172 p.
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This research investigates the distortion on the electrical distribution system for a high voltage DC Integrated Power System (IPS). The analysis was concentrated on the power supplied to a propulsion motor driven by an inverter with simulated silicon carbide switches. Theoretically, silicon carbide switches have the advantage of being able to withstand a very large blocking voltage and carry very large forward currents. Silicon carbide switches are also very efficient due to their quick rise and fall times. Since silicon carbide switches can withstand high voltage differentials and switch faster than silicon switches, the switching effects on the electrical distribution system were investigated. The current state of silicon carbide power electronics was also investigated. This research quantifies the current and voltage distortion over various operating conditions. A system model was developed using Matlab, Simulink, and SimPowerSystems. The model consisted of a synchronous generator supplying a rectifier and inverter set driving an induction motor. This induction motor simulates the propulsion motor for a Navy ship. This model had a DC link voltage of 10 kV in order to simulate future Navy IPS systems. The current and voltage distortion were compared to MIL STD 1399 and IEEE STD 519 and 45.; by William F. Fallier.; Thesis (Nav. E.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Electrical degradation mechanisms of RF power GaAs PHEMTs

Villanueva, Anita A. (Anita Ariel), 1978-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 163 p.
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GaAs Pseudomorphic High-Electron Mobility Transistors (PHEMTs) are widely used in RF power applications. Since these devices typically operate at high power levels and under high voltage biasing, their electrical reliability is of serious concern. Previous studies have identified several distinct degradation phenomena in these devices, but a complete picture has yet to be formed. In this study, we have carried out a comprehensive study of the mechanisms of electrical degradation on a set of experimental RF power GaAs PHEMTs (non-commercial devices provided by our sponsor, Mitsubishi Electric). A wide variety of electrical stressing experiments employing different conditions (varying temperature, bias, environment) were performed on these devices in order to monitor their degradation with stressing. Our general observations showed several forms of degradation, the most concerning being an increase in the drain resistance RD and a reduction in maximum drain current Imax. Contrary to what is often claimed in the literature, our experiments indicated that these forms of degradation were not driven by impact-ionization or hot-electron effects. Instead, we found the degradation to be strongly correlated with temperature, stressing environment...

ELVIS iLab : a flexible platform for online laboratory experiments in electrical engineering; Flexible platform for online laboratory experiments in electrical engineering

Gikandi, Samuel
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 83 leaves
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This thesis describes a project that is part of the collaboration between MIT and universities in sub-Sahara Africa to exploit the value of iLabs in the developing world. The main goal of this project is to develop software that will exploit the value of the National Instruments Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrumentation Suite (ELVIS) system in Africa by integrating it into the iLabs shared architecture, while taking into consideration the special circumstances surrounding the deployment of iLabs in Africa such as bandwidth limitations, limited access to networked computers and lack of computer skills on the part of students. Integrating ELVIS into iLabs will facilitate the rapid deployment of new online labs to augment the Physics and Electrical engineering curricula in these universities. iLab development efforts for this project are being done in parallel with developers at the Obafemi Awolowo University (OAU) in Nigeria. One of the main goals of the new system is to fill the gap of laboratory experiences in introductory level electronics and physics classes, which are hardest hit by the lack of equipment due to their typically large enrollment. Our goal is to support the development of electronic circuit building skills by providing an environment where students can easily try different circuit configurations before submitting experiments for execution. We are therefore investigating new iLab client user interface designs that will enable students to create and edit circuit schematics from provided electronic components. Our ELVIS iLab design will also formalize and simplify the process of creating and administering such labs for instructors...

Nanostructured Origami (TM) : stress-engineering of nanopatterned membranes to produce three-dimensional structures; Stress-engineering of nanopatterned membranes to produce three-dimensional structures

Arora, William Jay
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 127 p.
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Microdevice fabrication is done on the surface of polished flat semiconductor substrates with a series of material depositions, etches and lithography steps. These processes are inherently planar and well suited for the fabrication of billions of micrometer-thick transistors over 300 mm diameter substrates, but impractical for building vertically. This thesis presents a method of building three-dimensionally (3D) with existing planar fabrication technology: fabricate on a thin membrane, and then fold the membrane into a 3D structure. Material stresses patterned on a membrane will cause controlled bending. A simple demonstration is the bilayer, in which a stressed metal is deposited on a stress-free membrane. One challenge with this approach is to achieve very small fold radii for tight 3D packing. The solution presented here is helium ion implantation into the membrane, which creates a large localized stress that is capable of bending a 100 nm thick membrane around a 1 [mu]m radius without fracturing it. The energy and dose of the helium ions control the direction and angle of the fold, which is explained within a theoretical framework, and shown to agree with experiment. One application of stress-folding is a chemical sensor. Built as a 3D micro-switch...

Modular development of an educational remote laboratory platform for electrical engineering : the ELVIS iLab; ELVIS iLab

Jiwaji, Adnaan
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 76 p.
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iLabs are remote online laboratories that allow users to perform experiments through the Internet. As an educational tool the iLab platform enables students and educators, who do not have access to laboratories, to complement their theoretical knowledge by carrying out experiments remotely on equipment located anywhere in the world and at any time of the day. Students perform experiments on actual instruments allowing them to get real data, instead of relying on simulations. The iLab project has been deployed in 3 universities in Africa using the National Instruments Educational Laboratory Virtual Instrument Suite platform which is a cheap all-in-one electronics workstation for electronics experiments. This thesis describes an increase in the functionality available on the current version of the ELVIS iLab in order to enable a wider range of experiments to be run on the platform. The functionalities explored include adding two arbitrary waveform generator channels and bode analyzer for frequency domain analysis, which was not possible in the previous designs.; by Adnaan Jiwaji.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2008.; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.; Includes bibliographical references (p. 75-76).

Biomimetic electrical stimulation for cardiac tissue engineering

Tandon, Nina
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 75 leaves
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A major challenge of tissue engineering is directing cells to establish the physiological structure and function of the tissue being replaced. Electrical stimulation has been used to induce synchronous contractions of cultured cardiac constructs. The hypothesis adopted for this study is that functional cardiac constructs can be engineered by "mimicking" the conditions present during cardiac development, and in particular, electrical stimulation using supra-threshold signals. For this Master's Thesis research, I have compared the material properties and charge-transfer characteristics at the electrode-electrolyte interface of various biocompatible materials, including carbon, stainless steel, titanium and titanium nitride, for use as electrodes in a biomimetic system for cardiac tissue engineering. I have also designed and implemented an electrical stimulator which is capable of modulating several important parameters of electrical stimulation, including stimulus amplitude and frequency.; (cont.) In addition, I have built an experimental setup incorporating this electrical stimulator and used it for experiments with C2C12 mouse myoblast cells and neonatal rat cardiomyocytes. Lastly, I have analyzed cell morphology as well as functional performance of engineered tissue by assessing excitation thresholds and maximum capture rates.; by Nina Tandon.; Thesis (S.M.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...

Dielectrometry measurements of moisture diffusion and temperature dynamics in oil impregnated paper insulated electric power cables

Thomas, Zachary M. (Zachary Michael)
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 452 p.
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Paper insulated lead covered (PILC) cables have played an important role in underground power distribution for a hundred years. Replacing aged PILC before failure is critical to managing power distribution. Three prominent failure mechanisms accelerate cable aging: temperature stresses, moisture ingress, and partial discharge. The research focuses on the effect of temperature and moisture on the effective (complex) permittivity of the cable insulation. Measurements are performed using cylindrical dielectrometry sensors designed to be wrapped around the cable. The lead sheath of the cable is removed so that the sensors can be placed directly in contact with the insulation. From the measurements, the electrical properties of the material as a function of temperature and transient moisture diffusion are found. A theoretical treatment of the interdigital dielectrometry sensors with a cylindrical geometry is presented. Two classes of the geometry are studied. The periodic sensor geometry has electrodes aligned with the cylindrical axis and periodic around the circumference. The z periodic sensor geometry has the electrodes forming rings around the cylinder that are periodic along the cylindrical axis. The material is modeled by concentric rings of homogeneous materials. The electric field solution consists of an infinite summation of Fourier series terms. In finding the field solution and as a consequence of it...

The Women's Technology Program : EECS outreach for high school students; WTP : electrical engineering and computer science outreach for high school students

Ricket, Douglas J. (Douglas James), 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 53 leaves; 608271 bytes; 608026 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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by Douglas J. Ricket.; Thesis (M.Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Dept. of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, 2002.; Includes bibliographical references (leaves 47-48).; This electronic version was submitted by the student author. The certified thesis is available in the Institute Archives and Special Collections.

Improved seed-based MR and CT image registration for prostate brachytherapy; Improved seed-based magnetic resonance and computer tomography image registration for prostate brachytherapy

Kim, Elizabeth S. (Elizabeth Seon-wha), 1979-
Fonte: Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 76 p.; 4267003 bytes; 4274963 bytes; application/pdf; application/pdf
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Prostate cancer's high incidence and high survivability motivate its treatment using tightly focused radiation therapy. Brachytherapy treatment, the implantation of radioactive seeds into the prostate, is increasing in popularity, spurred by advances in medical imaging techniques for prostate visualization. Successful brachytherapy requires precise positioning of implant seeds within the pelvic anatomy. Following implantation, precise localization of individual seeds is required to evaluate treatment, but this remains an open challenge. This thesis addresses the seed localization problem with contributions for improving seed-based registration of MR and CT post-implant images. A model for non-rigid, affine prostate motion is presented and demonstrated to improve on current techniques of rigid registration. Also, an evaluation of the benefit of using multiple, rather than a few, seeds is presented, along with a scheme for validating registrations using manually detected seeds in MR and CT volumes. Finally, a scheme for automatic seed-based MR and CT registration by aligning all seeds is suggested, with supporting algorithms for CT seed-finding and unmatched feature registration. A call for an MR seed-finder is issued, for this is the final component needed to achieve automatic and complete seed-based MR and CT registration.; by Elizabeth S. Kim.; Thesis (M. Eng.)--Massachusetts Institute of Technology...