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Considerações do ambiente eletromagnético urbano na análise de interferências em veículos automotores. ; Regardings of the urban electromagnetic environment in the electromagnetic interference analysis of automobiles.

Santos, Gláucio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/10/2002 Português
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56.31%
Em face da crescente dependência e utilização dos sistemas elétricos e eletrônicos nos veículos automotores modernos, ao se considerar os níveis de imunidade destes sistemas e a ampla variedade de fenômenos eletromagnéticos presentes nas cidades, deve-se destacar a importância da análise da influência do ambiente eletromagnético urbano nos estudos de compatibilidade eletromagnética (CEM) destes equipamentos. Diante deste cenário e devido à característica de mobilidade dos veículos automotores, este trabalho ressalta a importância da consideração da influência do ambiente eletromagnético (EM) de grandes centros urbanos na metodologia de análise de CEM em veículos e seus equipamentos embarcados. Assim, definiu-se como ambiente típico aquele relacionado às principais regiões urbanas do Brasil, com ênfase naquelas locali-zadas no Estado de São Paulo, selecionadas em função da severidade dos campos EM, tanto com relação à sua intensidade quanto à diversidade de fenômenos EM presentes. Neste trabalho são apresentados resultados práticos oriundos de diversas medi-ções, abrangendo regiões com características que variam de áreas residenciais e densamente povoadas, com grandes atividades comerciais e industriais...

Contribuição das configurações de sistemas de acionamento e de seus componentes naturais no controle de interferências eletromagnéticas.; Contribution of drive systems configurations and their natural components in the control of electromagnetic interferences.

Winnischofer, Godofredo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 06/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.34%
Nos últimos 20 anos, o inversor de frequência PWM passou a ser largamente utilizado. Dentre as razões principais de sua ampla difusão, cita-se a introdução do IGBT que, devido à sua capacidade de comutação rápida, possibilitou a redução de perdas, tamanho e custo dos conversores, ao mesmo tempo em que permitiu o uso do motor de indução em aplicações que demandam alto desempenho dinâmico. Porém, esta mesma característica que trouxe tais benefícios, contribuiu para acentuar os efeitos relacionados a fenômenos eletromagnéticos, devido à rápida transição que produz sinais em alta frequência, responsáveis por tornar os sistemas de acionamentos potenciais fontes de interferência eletromagnética. Os principais fenômenos desta natureza são a tensão de onda refletida, associada a ruídos de modo diferencial, e a corrente de modo comum. De maneira geral, a corrente de modo comum tem maior potencial de contribuição para a emissão radiada que a de modo diferencial e, em sistemas de acionamento, constitui a principal fonte de interferência eletromagnética. Esta não é resultado apenas da rápida comutação dos IGBTs, mas, também, da configuração do sistema, que propicia o surgimento das tensões de modo comum. Este trabalho visa estudar alternativas que minimizem...

Avaliação de um modelo para integridade de sinais em circuitos eletrônicos complexos; Evaluation of a signal integrity model on complex electronic circuits

Petroli, Lorenzo
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.26%
Uma das características mais marcantes das gerações atuais é a necessidade por armazenar e acessar cada vez mais informação em dispositivos cada vez menores. O desenvolvimento de tais equipamentos é, por si só, uma área de conhecimento incrivelmente especializada e que possui desafios que flertam a todo o instante com os limites da física. Um deles são interações entre circuitos conhecidas como interferências eletromagnéticas EMI (do inglês ElectroMagnetic Interference) e seu comportamento é estudado e combatido através de uma área conhecida como Integridade de Sinais. Neste cenário, esta dissertação tem por objetivo trazer ao leitor uma introdução ao mundo da Integridade de Sinais, desenvolvendo didaticamente modelos utilizados em cálculos de robusteza à interferência eletromagnética. É objetivo, também, apresentar e avaliar os trabalhos acadêmicos mais atuais da área, agregando valor comercial aos mesmos por aplicá-los a um projeto comercial típico e comparar com resultados experimentais. Quando da introdução à aplicação comercial que seria utilizada nos testes, expansões ao modelo de interconexões simples que se fazem necessárias em ambientes de múltiplas linhas de transmissão são expostas. Finalmente...

Microcontrolled pyro-electric instrument for measuring X-ray intensity in mammography

de Paula, M. H.; de Carvalho, A. A.; Brassalotti, A. L.; Alter, A. J.; Sakamoto, W. K.; Malmonge, J. A.; de Almeida, Aparecido
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 751-755
Português
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A novel instrument for measurement of X-ray intensity from mammography consists of a sensitive pyro-electric detector, a high-sensitivity, low-noise current-to-voltage converter, a microcontroller and a digital display. The heart of this device, and what makes it unique is the pyro-electric detector, which measures radiation by converting heat from absorbed incident X-rays into an electric current. This current is then converted to a voltage and digitised. The detector consists of a ferro-electric crystal; two types were tested; lithium tantalate and lithium niobate. X-ray measurement in mammography is challenging because of its relatively low photon energy range, from 11 keV to 15 keV equivalent mean energy, corresponding to a peak tube potential from 22 to 36 kV. Consequently, energy fluence rate or intensity is low compared with that of common diagnostic X-ray. The instrument is capable of measuring intensities as low as 0.25 mWm -2 with precision greater than 99%. Not only was the instrument capable of performing in the clinical environment, with high background electromagnetic interference and vibration, but its performance was not degraded after being subjected to 140 roentgen (3.6 × 10 -2 C kg -2 air) as measured by piezo-electric (d 33) or pyro-electric coefficients. © IFMBE 2005.

A simplified method for determining the high frequency induction motor equivalent electrical circuit parameters to be used in EMI effect

Riehl, Rudolf Ribeiro; Ruppert Filho, Ernesto
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 1244-1248
Português
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46.23%
The aim of this paper is to present a simple method for determining the high frequency parameters of a three-phase induction motor to be used in studies involving variable speed drives with PWM three-phase inverters, in which it is necessary to check the effects caused to the motor by the electromagnetic interference, (EMI) in the differential mode, as well as in the common mode. The motor parameters determination is generally performed in adequate laboratories using accurate instruments, such as very expensive RLC bridges. The method proposed here consists in the identification of the motor equivalent electrical circuit parameters in rated frequency and in high frequency through characteristic tests in the laboratory, together with the use of characteristic equations and curves, shown in the references to be mentioned for determining the motor high frequency parasite capacitances and also through system simulations using dedicated software, like Pspice, determining the characteristic waveforms involved in the differential and common mode phenomena, comparing and validating the procedure through published papers [01].

Bandgap voltage reference with low susceptibility to electromagnetic interference (EMI)

De Souza, Flávio Queiroz; Oki, Nobuo
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 51-54
Português
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66.42%
In this paper, the susceptibility of a current-mode bandgap voltage reference to electromagnetic interference (EMI) superimposed to the power supply is investigated by simulation. Designed for AMS 0.35 CMOS process, the circuit provides a stable voltage reference in the temperature range of -40-150°C. When EMI disturbances are present, the circuit exhibits only 6.7 mV of offset for interfering signals in the frequency range of 150 kHz-1 GHz. © 2011 ACM.

Flexible magnetic membranes based on bacterial cellulose and its evaluation as electromagnetic interference shielding material

Marins, Jéssica A.; Soares, Bluma G.; Barud, Hernane S.; Ribeiro, Sidney J.L.
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 3994-4001
Português
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Flexible magnetic membranes with high proportion of magnetite were successfully prepared by previous impregnation of the never dried bacterial cellulose pellicles with ferric chloride followed by reduction with sodium bisulfite and alkaline treatment for magnetite precipitation. Membranes were characterized by Raman spectroscopy, Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR), X-ray diffraction (XRD), vibrating magnetometer, field emission scanning electron microscopy (FEG-SEM) and impedance spectroscopy. Microwave properties of these membranes were investigated in the X-band (8.2 to 12.4 GHz). FEG-SEM micrographs show an effective coverage of the BC nanofibers by Fe 3O4 nanoparticles. Membranes with up to 75% in weight of particles have been prepared after 60 min of reaction. Magnetite nanoparticles in the form of aggregates well adhered to the BC fibers were observed by SEM. The average crystal sizes of the magnetic particles were in the range of 10 ± 1 to 13 ± 1 nm (estimated by XRD). The magnetic particles in the BC pellicles presented superparamagnetic behavior with a saturation magnetization in the range of 60 emu g- 1 and coercive force around 15 Oe. These magnetic pellicles also displayed high electrical permittivity and a potential application as microwave absorber materials. © 2013 Elsevier B.V.

Avaliação da suscetibilidade eletromagnética dos cabos metálicos dos sistemas de supervisão, proteção, comunicação e controle de subestações de alta tensão

Sartin, Antonio Carlos Passos
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: 112 f. : il.
Português
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Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); Pós-graduação em Engenharia Elétrica - FEB; O presente trabalho possui como foco principal a apresentação de proposições técnicas para a avaliação da suscetibilidade eletromagnética de cabos metálicos isolados, blindados ou não, para atender aos sistemas de supervisão, proteção, comunicação e controle de subestações de alta tensão frente às interferências eletromagnéticas provocadas pelas descargas atmosféricas, manobras de chaveamento, campo magnético na frequência de 60Hz e do efeito corona. Para a realização destas proposições foram analisados e estudados diversos cabos usados em uma subestação de 440kV. A diretriz metodológica adotada nesta pesquisa incorporou simulações de modelo computacional, ensaios laboratoriais recomendados pelas normas e publicações técnicas correlatas com a finalidade de identificar os efeitos provocados pelas interferências eletromagnéticas nesses cabos. Os resultados obtidos conduziram a uma análise da interferência eletromagnética nos diversos cabos avaliados fornecendo, assim, um valor de imunidade de cada cabo estudado. Constatou-se que os cabos sem blindagem devem ser usados com reservas e podem ser instalados em sistemas poucos sujeitos a interferências eletromagnéticas ou promover uma blindagem adicional. Os cabos blindados...

Projeto e implementação de câmara GTEM - giga hertz transverse electromagnetic para testes de compatibilidade eletromagnética de circuitos e sistemas eletrônicos; Design and implementation of a GTEM chamber for electromagnetic compatibility tests of electronic circuits and systems

Humberto Xavier de Araujo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este trabalho apresenta a análise detalhada, simulações numéricas completas e os procedimentos para o projeto e a implementação de uma câmara GTEM -GigaHertz Transverse Electromagnetic- para análise de pré-conformidade em circuitos e sistemas eletrônicos. O sistema construído é capaz de realizar testes de EMC - Electromagnetic Compatibility, tanto de interferência - EMI quanto de susceptibilidade - EMS, na faixa de freqüência de 500 MHz - 18 GHz. O projeto apresenta uma inovação ao introduzir estruturas metamateriais na câmara tornando-a mais flexível na determinação da freqüência e níveis de RF e Microondas de teste. Os detalhes do projeto, simulações, a tecnologia de fabricação e medidas de validação da GTEM são descritos neste trabalho; In this work it is shown a detailed analysis, complete numerical simulations and the guidelines for the design and fabrication of a GTEM - GigaHertz Transverse Electromagnetic chamber, for pre-compliance tests of integrated circuits and electronic boards. With the built structure electromagnetic tests - EMC, including electromagnetic interference - EMI and immunity becomes feasible, on 500 MHz - 18 GHz frequency range. Besides that, an innovative concept is shown with the use of metamaterial technology applied to the GTEM chamber in order to make it more flexible in terms of frequency range. The design...

Design techniques for high performance optical wireless front-ends

Alves, Luís Nero; Aguiar, Rui L.
Fonte: Instituto de Telecomunicações Publicador: Instituto de Telecomunicações
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Wireless optical networks usually have demanding specifications in terms of bandwidth, dynamic range and sensitivity. The front-end is a critical element for the fulfillment of these demands. This paper discusses several design aspects of front-ends for optical wireless communications, covering techniques for achieving high gains, high input dynamic ranges, improving noise performance, and reducing electromagnetic interference (EMI). The paper further presents some experimental results of many of the techniques here described. The cumulative usage of those techniques significantly increases system performance, in terms of sensitivity, power and bandwidth even with low cost, CMOS technologies.

Electromagnetic interference reduction by dynamic impedance balancing applied to biosensors

Negrão,João Francisco Ribeiro; Araujo,Guilherme Augusto Limeira; Costa Júnior,Carlos Tavares da; Souza,Daniel Cardoso de
Fonte: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica Publicador: SBEB - Sociedade Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2013 Português
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66.38%
INTRODUCTION: Electromagnetic interference caused by electric power lines adversely affects the signals of electronic instruments, especially those with low amplitude levels. This type of interference is known as common-mode interference. There are many methods and architectures used to minimize the influence of this kind of interference on electronic instruments, the most common of which is the use of band-reject filters. This paper presents the analysis, development, prototype and test of a new reconfigurable filter architecture for biomedical instruments, aiming to reduce the common-mode interference and preserve the useful signal components in the same frequency range as that of the noise, using the technique of dynamic impedance balancing. METHODS: The circuit blocks were mathematically modeled and the overall closed-loop transfer function was derived. Then the project was described and simulated in the VHDL_AMS language and also in an electronics simulation software, using discrete component blocks, with and without feedback. After theoretical analysis and simulation results, a prototype circuit was built and tested using as input a signal obtained from ECG electrodes. RESULTS: The results from the experimental circuit matched those from simulation: a 97.6% noise reduction was obtained in simulations using a sinusoidal signal...

Electromagnetic interference can cause hospital devices to malfunction, McGill group warns.

Hamilton, J
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 01/02/1996 Português
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46.18%
Electromagnetic interference (EMI) from sources such as television transmitters, police radios and cellular phones can cause medical monitors and other hospital devices to malfunction, says the principal investigator of a McGill biomedical engineering group set up in 1989 to study, predict and prevent such problems. The impact of equipment malfunction can range from mere inconvenience to serious problems. The research group advises physicians and other health care professionals to learn how to spot problems related to EMI and electromagnetic compatibility.

Electromagnetic interference of an external temporary pacemaker during maxillofacial and neck surgery.

Seo, K.; Takayama, H.; Araya, Y.; Miura, K.; Tanaka, Y.; Kobayashi, Y.; Someya, G.
Fonte: American Dental Society of Anesthesiology Publicador: American Dental Society of Anesthesiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.1%
Indirect inhibition of an external temporary pacemaker by electrocautery is reported. Before induction of general anesthesia for a hemimaxillectomy and radical neck dissection, a temporary transvenous demand pacemaker was inserted into a patient with a first-degree atrioventricular block and complete left bundle-branch block. Although we provided common precautions to prevent electromagnetic interference by electrocautery, pacing failure still occurred. It was thought to be caused by current dispersing from the active electrocautery electrode. This case suggests that occipital placement of the electrocautery ground plate should be considered during neck surgery in a patient requiring a temporary pacemaker.

Electromagnetic interference in a cardiac pacemaker during cauterization with the coagulating, not cutting mode

Abdelmalak, Basem; Jagannathan, Narasimhan; Arain, Faisal D; Cymbor, Susan; McLain, Robert; Tetzlaff, John E
Fonte: Medknow Publications Pvt Ltd Publicador: Medknow Publications Pvt Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2011 Português
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46.5%
Electromagnetic interference in pacemakers has almost always been reported in association with the cutting mode of monopolar electrocautery and rarely in association with the coagulation mode. We report a case of electrocautery-induced electromagnetic interference with a DDDR pacemaker (dual-chamber paced, dual-chamber sensed, dual response to sensing, and rate modulated) in the coagulating and not cutting mode during a spine procedure. We also discuss the factors affecting intraoperative electromagnetic interference. A 74-year-old man experienced intraoperative electromagnetic interference that resulted in asystole caused by surgical electrocautery in the coagulation mode while the electrodispersive pad was placed at different locations and distances from the operating site (This electromagnetic interference did not occur during the use of the cutting mode). However, because of careful management, the outcome was favorable. Clinicians should be aware that the coagulation mode of electrocautery can cause electromagnetic interference and hemodynamic instability. Heightened vigilance and preparedness can ensure a favorable outcome.

Electromagnetic Interference with Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillators Causing Inadvertent Shock: Case Report and Review of Current Literature

Akhtar, Muhammad; Bhat, Tariq; Tantray, Mohmad; Lafferty, Chris; Faisal, Saiful; Teli, Sumaya; Bhat, Hilal; Raza, Muhammad; Khalid, Mariam; Biekht, Soad
Fonte: Libertas Academica Publicador: Libertas Academica
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 24/07/2014 Português
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46.18%
As the number of patients having implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) devices is increasing, it is important for the physicians and patients to be aware of situations and conditions that can result in interference with normal functioning of these devices. There are multiple cases of malfunction of ICDs reported in literature and it may be of great significance to have an overview of these incidents for appropriate recognition and future prevention. Here we are reviewing the available literature as well as reporting an interesting case of electromagnetic interference (EMI) resulting from leak of current in pool water causing firing of ICD.

Assessment of Electromagnetic Interference with Active Cardiovascular Implantable Electronic Devices (CIEDs) Caused by the Qi A13 Design Wireless Charging Board

Seckler, Tobias; Jagielski, Kai; Stunder, Dominik
Fonte: MDPI Publicador: MDPI
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
Electromagnetic interference is a concern for people wearing cardiovascular implantable electronic devices (CIEDs). The aim of this study was to assess the electromagnetic compatibility between CIEDs and the magnetic field of a common wireless charging technology. To do so the voltage induced in CIEDs by Qi A13 design magnetic fields were measured and compared with the performance limits set by ISO 14117. In order to carry this out a measuring circuit was developed which can be connected with unipolar or bipolar pacemaker leads. The measuring system was positioned at the four most common implantation sites in a torso phantom filled with physiological saline solution. The phantom was exposed by using Helmholtz coils from 5 µT to 27 µT with 111 kHz sine-bursts or by using a Qi A13 design wireless charging board (Qi-A13-Board) in two operating modes “power transfer” and “pinging”. With the Helmholtz coils the lowest magnetic flux density at which the performance limit was exceeded is 11 µT. With the Qi-A13-Board in power transfer mode 10.8% and in pinging mode 45.7% (2.2% at 10 cm distance) of the performance limit were reached at maximum. In neither of the scrutinized cases, did the voltage induced by the Qi-A13-Board exceed the performance limits.

Integrated masts for ship radiofrequency electromagnetic interference mitigation – a preliminary electromagnetic characterization study (u)

Dall’Armi-Stoks, Giuseppina
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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66.37%
This report provides an electromagnetic characterization analysis in order to ascertain if integrated masts are an effective ship radiofrequency electromagnetic interference mitigation strategy. Free space and fitted antenna radiation patterns, and fitted relative near field power flux densities of a linear array transmitting antenna, and the mutual antenna-to-antenna coupling between a linear array transmit and receive antennas, both fitted on the same mast structure, was determined. Overall, the mast structure can reduce the mutual antenna-to-antenna coupling (up to ~20dB) and can affect the fitted antenna radiation pattern. There is both significantly high (i.e., up to 0 dB) and low (~ -30dB) fitted relative near field power flux density within the vicinity of the transmitting antenna and regions around the mast structure. All this depends on the location and position of the transmit antenna relative to the mast structure, and the location of the receiver antenna relative to the transmit antenna. Both desensitization and third order subharmonic distortions non-linear effects on the receiver antenna system were also assessed due to the fitted relative near field power densities. Depending on the specifications of the receiver system...

Bridge sensing using a fiber Bragg grating quasi-distributed transducer: in-field results

Jáuregui Misas, César; Quintela Incera, Antonio; Echevarría Cuenca, Juan; Quintela Incera, María Ángeles; Cobo García, Adolfo; López Higuera, José Miguel
Fonte: SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers Publicador: SPIE Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/conferenceObject; publishedVersion
Português
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Structural health and behavior monitoring have always been both a common concern and need in civil engineering. Several classical approaches have been given to this problem including the widley used strain gauges as well as the topographic measurements. These two techniques are almost always used to monitor the behavior of the structures whereas the health monitoring is accomplished by a simple periodic visual inspection. These approaches present serious problems that limit their practical use in real structures such as: lack of fiability, long-term drift, impossibility of full-time measurements, or lack of thoroughness. Centering the discussion in the strain gauges, for being the most representative of the classical civil engineering monitoring methods, it must be said that due to their electric nature they are exposed to both electromagnetic interference and corrosion. The latter greatly reduces their operating life time pushing it typically to less than one year after installation. That is whey new ways of monitoring civil structures were looked for, and that is how photonic fiber sensing came up. Characteristics shared by all fiber senors are their electromagnetic immunity for being manufactured using a dielectric material, low weight...

Using Equivalent Emission Sources to Evaluate the Coupling Between Components

Zangui, Sana; Berger, Kevin; Ferber, Moises; Vincent, Benjamin; Perrussel, Ronan; Clavel, Edith; Franca Sartori, Carlos Antonio; Vollaire, Christian
Fonte: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC; PISCATAWAY Publicador: IEEE-INST ELECTRICAL ELECTRONICS ENGINEERS INC; PISCATAWAY
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.18%
The electromagnetic interference between the electronic systems or their components influences the performance of the systems. For that reason, it is important to model these interferences in order to optimize the position of the systems or their components. In this paper, a method is proposed to construct the equivalent emission source models of systems. The proposed method is based on the multipolar expansion by representing the radiated emission of generic structures in a spherical reference (r, theta, phi). Some results are presented illustrating our method.; CAPESCOFECUB; Capes-Cofecub [09/0568]; O2M Project (MOVEO competitive pole); O2M Project (MOVE'O competitive pole)

Quantum modulation against electromagnetic interference

Garcia-Escartin, Juan Carlos
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 26/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Periodic signals in electrical and electronic equipment can cause interference in nearby devices. Randomized modulation of those signals spreads their energy through the frequency spectrum and can help to mitigate electromagnetic interference problems. The inherently random nature of quantum phenomena makes them a good control signal. I present a quantum modulation method based on the random statistics of quantum light. The paper describes pulse width modulation schemes where a Poissonian light source acts as a random control that spreads the energy of the potential interfering signals. I give an example application for switching-mode power supplies and comment the further possibilities of the method.; Comment: 6 pages, 5 Figures, 2 tables. Comments welcome