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From Closed to Open Doors : Portuguese Emigration under the Corporatist Regime

Baganha, Maria Ioannis B.
Fonte: Universidade do Porto / Brown University Publicador: Universidade do Porto / Brown University
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
This paper analyses the Portuguese emigration policy under the corporatist regime. It departs from the assumption that sending countries are no more than by bystanders in the migratory process. The paper goes a step further, claiming that in the Portuguese case, not only did the Estado Novo (New State) control the migratory flows that were occurring, but that it used emigration to its own advantage. I tried next to present evidence to show that by the analysis of the individual characteristics of the migrants and of their skills, their exodus couldn’t have harmed the country’s economic growth during the sixties, since the percentage of scientific and technical manpower was, when compared to other European countries, far too scarce to frame an industrial labour force higher than the existing one. The paper concludes that during this period, the most likely hypothesis is that the Portuguese migratory flow was composed of migrants that were redundant to the domestic economy.

Emigration Portuguese Factbook 2014

Observatório da Emigração
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Livro
Publicado em 19/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
O Factbook compila anualmente os principais indicadores sobre a emigração portuguesa e disponibiliza-os, em formato condensado, a todos os que necessitam desta informação, em particular investigadores, decisores e jornalistas. O Factbook está organizado em quatro capítulos. O primeiro reúne os dados agregados sobre a emigração portuguesa total, muitos dos quais são estimativas, bem como dados comparados sobre a emigração portuguesa e mundial. O segundo, sintetiza a informação sobre quatro indicadores da emigração portuguesa para os principais países de destino: fluxos, stocks, nacionalidade e registos consulares. O terceiro reúne a principal informação sobre as remessas recebidas em Portugal e enviadas de Portugal. O quarto capítulo tem um conteúdo anualmente variável. Neste primeiro número, o Factbook disponibiliza séries cronológicas sobre a emigração portuguesa, que cobrem todo o século XXI, para os principais países de destino. Inclui ainda informação básica sobre os indicadores e fontes consultados (metadata e glossário).; The Factbook is intended to be an annual compilation of the main indicators of Portuguese emigration, making it available in a condensed format to all those requiring this information: in particular to researchers...

Lamella formation and emigration from the water by a laboratory colony of Biomphalaria glabrata (SAY) in flow-through system

Dannemann,Ricardo D. A.; Pieri,Otavio S.
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/1992 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Lamella formation and emigration from the water were investigated in juvenile Biomphalaria glabrata reared at two temperatures in aquaria with a constant water flow. Most snails (97.4%) reared at the lower temperature (21- C) formed lamella at the shell aperture and emigrated from the water, whereas only 10.1% did so at 25- C. Eighty percent of emigrations at 21- C occurred within a period of 15 days, 70-85 days after hatching. A comparison of the studies done so far indicates that the phenomenon may be affected by the ageing of snail colonies kept in the laboratory and their geographic origin, rather than the rearing conditions. This hypothesis, however, requires experimental confirmation.

Report of the select committee of the Honorable the Legislative Council on emigration, with an appendix.

Canada (Province). Legilative Council. Select Committe on Emigration.
Fonte: Quebec (Que.) : Printed for the contractors by Hunter, Rose, Publicador: Quebec (Que.) : Printed for the contractors by Hunter, Rose,
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%

Breaking the silence: emigration, gender and the making of Irish cultural memory

Gray, Breda
Fonte: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick Publicador: Department of Sociology, University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/workingPaper; all_ul_research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
non-peer-reviewed; In the second half of the twentieth century the relatively new practice of telling, listening to and recording life narratives – variously described as oral history, oral testimony and oral life narrative – gained recognition as a useful mode of historical and experiential reconstruction.1 In Ireland, the development of an oral history or narrative approach to research led to the establishment of new sound archives, and opened up fresh ways of narrating, listening to and engaging with lives lived in a variety of contexts.2 More recently, oral evidence has been noted for its particular merit in providing access to the hidden histories of migration.3 However, oral historical studies of Irish migration have tended to focus primarily on emigration, arrival and settlement, with little serious attention being devoted to experiences of staying ‘at home’ and the relationships between migration and gendered subjectivity. Taking a sociological rather than an oral historical approach, this chapter attends to staying-put as part of the dynamic of migration. More specifically, it examines that kinds of subjectivities produced in the life narratives of one woman who emigrated and another who remained in Ireland during the 1950s...

The Wage Effects of Immigration and Emigration

Docquier, Frederic; Ozden, Caglar; Peri, Giovanni
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.33%
Immigrants in Rome or Paris are more visible to the public eye than the Italian or French engineers in Silicon Valley, especially when it comes to the debate on the effects of immigration on the employment and wages of natives in high-income countries. This paper argues that such public fears, especially in European countries are misplaced; instead, more concern should be directed towards emigration. Using a new dataset on migration flows by education levels for the period 1990-2000, the results show the following: First, immigration had zero to small positive long-run effect on the average wages of natives, ranging from zero in Italy to +1.7 percent in Australia. Second, emigration had a mild to significant negative long-run effect ranging from zero for the US to -0.8 percent in the UK. Third, over the period 1990-2000, immigration generally improved the income distribution of European countries while emigration worsened it by increasing the wage gap between the high and low skilled natives. These patterns hold true using a range of parameters for the simulations...

Emigration and Democracy

Docquier, Frederic; Lodigiani, Elisabetta; Rapoport, Hillel; Schiff, Maurice
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.36%
Migration is an important yet neglected determinant of institutions. This paper documents the channels through which emigration affects home country institutions and considers dynamic-panel regressions for a large sample of developing countries. The authors find that emigration and human capital both increase democracy and economic freedom. This implies that unskilled (skilled) emigration has a positive (ambiguous) impact on institutional quality. Simulations show an impact of skilled emigration that is generally positive, significant for a few countries and for many countries once incentive effects of emigration on human capital formation are accounted for.

Accounting for Selectivity and Duration-Dependent Heterogeneity When Estimating the Impact of Emigration on Incomes and Poverty in Sending Areas

Gibson, John; McKenzie, David; Stillman, Steven
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The impacts of international emigration and remittances on incomes and poverty in sending areas are increasingly studied with household survey data. But comparing households with and without emigrants is complicated by a triple-selectivity problem: first, households self-select into emigration; second, in some emigrant households everyone moves while others leave members behind; and third, some emigrants choose to return to the origin country. Allowing for duration-dependent heterogeneity introduces a fourth form of selectivity -- one must now worry not just about whether households migrate, but also when they do so. This paper clearly sets out these selectivity issues and their implications for existing migration studies, and then addresses them by using survey data designed specifically to take advantage of a randomized lottery that determines which applicants to the over-subscribed Samoan Quota may immigrate to New Zealand. The analysis compares incomes and poverty rates among left behind members in households in Samoa that sent Samoan Quota emigrants with those for members of similar households that were unsuccessful in the lottery. Policy rules control who can accompany the principal migrant...

The Microeconomic Determinants of Emigration and Return Migration of the Best and Brightest : Evidence from the Pacific

Gibson, John; McKenzie, David
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
A unique survey which tracks worldwide the best and brightest academic performers from three Pacific countries is used to assess the extent of emigration and return migration among the very highly skilled, and to analyze, at the microeconomic level, the determinants of these migration choices. Although the estimates indicate that the income gains from migration are very large, not everyone migrates and many return. Within this group of highly skilled individuals, the emigration decision is found to be most strongly associated with preference variables such as risk aversion, patience, and choice of subjects in secondary school, and not strongly linked to either liquidity constraints or the gain in income to be had from migrating. Likewise, the decision to return is strongly linked to family and lifestyle reasons, rather than to the income opportunities in different countries. Overall the data show a relatively limited role for income maximization in distinguishing migration propensities among the very highly skilled...

Paper Walls are Easier to Tear Down : Passport Costs and Legal Barriers to Emigration

McKenzie, David J.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Increased attention to the development potential of international migration has led to calls for greater global cooperation and for industrial countries to consider temporary worker programs and other options for increasing the number of immigrants admitted. But less attention has been devoted to policies that migrant-sending countries pursue that impact on the ability of people to emigrate under the existing system. This paper documents the existence and impact of two such policies: passport costs and legal restrictions on emigration. New data collected on passport costs in 127 countries reveals enormous variation in the cost of a passport from one country to the next. One in every 10 countries in the sample is found to have passport costs exceeding 10 percent of annual per capita income. High passport costs are found to be associated with poor governance, especially in terms of the quality of the bureaucracy, and with lower levels of migration. Countries that place legal restrictions on the rights of women to emigrate are also found to have lower migration rates than countries with similar income and population levels. These findings suggest there is scope for some developing countries to receive greater benefits from migration by tearing down the paper walls they place around their own citizens.

Corridor report on the United Kingdom : the immigration, emigration and diaspora policies' effects on integration : Chinese and Indian migrants in the UK

UNTERREINER, Anne
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Relatório Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
INTERACT - Researching Third Country Nationals’ Integration as a Three-way Process - Immigrants, Countries of Emigration and Countries of Immigration as Actors of Integration; This paper presents the first results of the INTERACT project on Chinese and Indian migrants in the United Kingdom (UK). It is based on the data gathered by the project using a mixed method of data collection and analysis. We identify the policies of the states of origin (India and China) and destination (the UK), their implementation and their impact on migrants’ integration paths in the UK. In this paper, we first present an overview of the evolution of Chinese and Indian migration flows to the UK, and then present the current policy frameworks at both destination and origin, before analysing how they affect the integration trends of Chinese and Indian migrants in the UK. Even though contemporary Indian migrants – and to an even greater extent, Chinese migrants – living in the UK are highly skilled migrants, they do not automatically integrate into British society. Although Chinese migrants are better educated than Indian migrants, fewer hold a British passport, and more are unemployed. The position of Chinese and Indian migrants in British society seems to be the consequence of the combination of the origin and destination countries’ policies. These policies indeed influence current and past migration flows...

The Impact of Emigration on Source Country Wages : Evidence from the Republic of Moldova

Bouton, Lawrence; Paul, Saumik; Tiongson, Erwin R.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Thousands of Moldovans emigrated for work abroad over the last few years following nearly a decade of economic stagnation in their home country. At about 30 percent of the labor force, Moldova's emigrant population is in relative terms among the largest in the world. This study uses a unique household survey to examine the impact of emigration on wages in Moldova. The authors find a positive and significant impact of emigration on wages and the result is robust to the use of alternative samples and specifications. The size of the emigration coefficient varies depending on the sample and model specification, but the baseline result suggests that, on average, a 10 percent increase in the emigration rate is associated with 3.2 percent increase in wages. At the same time, there is evidence of significant differences across economic sectors in the estimated effect of emigration on wages. The authors speculate and provide some evidence that offsetting changes in labor demand, as revealed by information on employment growth by sector...

Sibling Relations in Spanish Emigration to Latin America, 1560-1620

ALMORZA HIDALGO, Amelia
Fonte: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd Publicador: Routledge Journals, Taylor & Francis Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.18%
Women and family groups participated significantly in early-modern Spanish emigration to Latin America between 1560 and 1620. Through an analysis of the personal correspondence contained in travel licences (Archivo General de Indias), in this paper the author studies the role of sibling relations in emigration. The relationship between brothers and sisters was a key factor in the different stages of emigration. Firstly, it sustained the transatlantic ties developed by the family groups that were divided. Secondly, the sibling tie was often behind the invitation of the wider family to emigrate from Spain. Finally, the relations between brothers and sisters were crucial in the creation of travel groups. The analysis of some case studies also shows how women made use of their direct siblings, and their siblings-in-law, in order to travel to America. The relationship between siblings thus appears as one of the fundamental mechanisms behind the high rate of female emigration at the end of the sixteenth and the beginning of the seventeenth centuries.

Demographic and Economic Pressure on Emigration out of Africa

Hatton, Timothy; Williamson, Jeffrey G
Fonte: Blackwell Publishing Ltd Publicador: Blackwell Publishing Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Two of the main forces driving European emigration in the late nineteenth century were real wage gaps between sending and receiving regions and demographic booms in the low-wage sending regions. Our new estimates of net migration for the countries of sub-

Dijeron que iba a levantar el dinero con la pala : a brief account of early Korean emigration to Mexico

Park, Hea-Jin
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Article; info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
In 1905, over one thousand Korean men, women and children crossed the Pacific Ocean in search of a better future to the one that their homeland could offer at that time. Many of these travellers did not have any knowledge of Mexico at all, nor of the type of labour they were going to engage in, as mass Korean emigration out of the Asian continent had only begun three years earlier. For many travellers this was going to be a short term overseas labour experience. However, diverse circumstances of the period greatly influenced on the fortune of these people and turned them from the first Korean sojourners in Latin America into the first Korean settlers in Mexico. This is a brief account of their story.; El 1905, més d’un miler d’homes coreans, dones i nens travessaren l’Oceà Pacífic a la recerca d’un futur millor que la seva terra d’origen els podia oferir . Molts d’aquests viatgers desconeixien del tot Mèxic, inclús el tipus de feina a la que es dedicarien, seguint la massa emigrant corena fóra del continent asiàtic iniciada tres anys abans. Per a molts d’aquests viatgers va ser una experiència laboral curta a ultramar. Diverses circunstàncies del període influiren sobre la fortuna d’aquestes gents que els convertiria en els primers coreans residents d’Amrèica Llatina i en els primers colons coreans en Mèxic. Aquest és un breu relat de la seva història.; En 1905...

High skilled emigration and wealth distribution

Magessi, Nuno Trindade; Antunes, Luis
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
Emigration is a social movement associated to the demand of better life conditions in different countries from those where one was born. In the specific case of skilled workers, this phenomenon is typically characterised in a negative way, due to the country’s loss of highly skilled resources, in whose education significant investment was done. While the impact of immigration on labour markets is widely studied and developed, the same is not true in what respects the impact of emigration at emigrant´s home countries. This article aims to analyse the effects of high skilled emigration from developed countries on wealth distribution at origin countries. For such purpose, an agent model was developed, and simulations are proposed to depict this phenomenon and discuss the inherent impacts.

La emigración como es y como se recuerda; A emigração como é e como é recordada; Emigration as Reality and as Remembered

Zamorano Blanco, Victor D.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade de Salamanca e Universia Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Universidade de Salamanca e Universia
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Artículo revisado por pares Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/03/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
Se analiza el trabajo de Esther Gambi La emigración castellano-leonesa a Brasil, 1946-1962, en el que se estudian las causas y características de la emigración de los naturales de esta comunidad autónoma y los avatares vividos en sus destinos migratorios brasileños, especialmente São Paulo, partiendo de la investigación histórica y los testimonios orales de los protagonistas.; O trabalho de Esther Gambi, La emigración castellano-leonesa a Brasil, 1946-1962, é analisado segundo as causas e características da emigração de castelhano-leoneses, e as suas vivencias nos destinos migratórios brasileiros, especialmente, São Paulo, partindo da pesquisa histórica e os testemunhos orais dos protagonistas.; An analysis of the work by Esther Gambi, La emigración castellano-leonesa a Brasil, 1946-1962, in which the author studies the causes and characteristics of the emigration of natives from this Spanish Autonomous Community and the ups and downs they experienced in their destinations in Brazil, especially in São Paulo, based on historical research and the oral testimonies of the those involved.

Emigration

Ng, Yuhay-Raymond
Fonte: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia Publicador: Rochester Instituto de Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.87%
A descriptive narration of a project to create a 3-D computer animated film, "Emigration," about the lives of people of different social classes in a high-rise apartment building in Hong Kong right around the time of the Chinese takeover in 1997. In particular it focuses on a rich family and a poor family who both try to emigrate from Hong Kong.

What Explains Emigration Out of Latin America?

Clark, Ximena; Hatton, Timothy; Williamson, Jeffrey G
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.23%
Why do emigration rates vary across Latin America? Since more than three-quarters of Latin America's emigrants go to the United States, the paper estimates a model of emigration to the United States to isolate the fundamentals driving Latin American emigration. The model is estimated separately for all sending countries and for Latin America, asking whether migrants from the two respond differently to fundamentals. They do not. The estimates are then used to identify the sources of Latin American emigration since the early 1970s and compares them with those of Africa and Asia.

Emigration, social capital and welfare access in vulnerable environments

Hernández,Diego; Ravecca,Paulo
Fonte: Cuadernos del CLAEH Publicador: Cuadernos del CLAEH
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.01%
The bulk of scholarship on emigration as a social and political process tends to focus on those who migrate and their situation in the host country. In contrast, only limited attention has been given to the study of those who remain in the home country. One of the distinctive features of this article is that it does not stress the classical migration issues or adopt the traditional focus on emigrants. On the contrary, and based on one of the most important emigratory waves in Uruguayan history (the one that took place in the first years of this new century), it seeks to explore emigration's effect on poor non-migrants' welfare. It argues that as a consequence of the erosion of social capital produced by the emigration of a household member, vulnerable households from Montevideo could be prone to welfare losses. This argument challenges the conventional wisdom about globalization's effects. In short, though non-migrants in developing countries receive emigrants' remittances, harmful effects are also possible.