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Os aprendizes de ingles geral e instrumental e suas atitudes face a gramatica; Learners of general english and english for specific purposes and their attitudes toward grammar

Joana de São Pedro
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/01/2006 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.52%
Este trabalho investiga as atitudes de aprendizes de Inglês face ao aprendizado da gramática. É uma pesquisa de base que focaliza uma questão relevante para os desafios atuais que vêm sendo enfrentados na área de ensino de línguas. Na tentativa de priorizar as opiniões reais dos sujeitos, fizemos entrevistas orais semi-estruturadas com grupos de universitários aprendizes de Inglês. Essas entrevistas revelaram várias idéias diferentes sobre a gramática. Tais idéias foram usadas para construir o questionário propriamente dito, o qual as apresentou numa escala tipo Likert. Os sujeitos que responderam ao questionário eram alunos de Inglês Geral ou Instrumental em uma universidade pública do estado de São Paulo. Os escores variavam de 1 (mais baixo) a 7 (mais alto) conforme o grau de concordância desses alunos com as declarações propostas. Posteriormente os resultados foram submetidos a uma análise fatorial que gerou 30 fatores independentes, os quais foram correlacionados com certas variáveis, como sexo, área de estudo (humanas, exatas e biológicas) e tipo de curso de Inglês (Geral ou Instrumental). Ao agrupar os itens que os alunos vêem como semelhantes, os fatores revelaram o que subjaz suas respostas e foram nomeados...

Predictors and Outcomes of Early vs. Later English Language Proficiency Among English Language Learners

Halle, Tamara; Hair, Elizabeth; Wandner, Laura; McNamara, Michelle; Chien, Nina
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.47%
The development of English language learners (ELLs) was explored from kindergarten through eighth grade within a nationally representative sample of first-time kindergartners (N = 19,890). Growth curve analyses indicated that, compared to native English speakers, ELLs were rated by teachers more favorably on approaches to learning, self control, and externalizing behaviors in kindergarten and generally continued to grow in a positive direction on these social/behavioral outcomes at a steeper rate compared to their native English-speaking peers, holding other factors constant. Differences in reading and math achievement between ELLs and native English speakers varied based on the grade at which English proficiency is attained. Specifically, ELLs who were proficient in English by kindergarten entry kept pace with native English speakers in both reading and math initially and over time; ELLs who were proficient by first grade had modest gaps in reading and math achievement compared to native English speakers that closed narrowly or persisted over time; and ELLs who were not proficient by first grade had the largest initial gaps in reading and math achievement compared to native speakers but the gap narrowed over time in reading and grew over time in math. Among those whose home language is not English...

Pesquisa Etnográfica : desvendando os significados culturais de uma professora e seus alunos sobre a língua inglesa e seu aprendizado; Ethnographic research: uncovering the cultural mean-ings from a teacher and his students about the english language and its learning

LUZ, Rosângela Medeiros da
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Letras e Linguística; Lingüística, Letras e Artes
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.49%
This ethnographic research sought to identify and understand how English language learners in a higher technology course in the business field attributed cultural meanings to the English language and its teaching and learning, and investigated how these cultural meanings interfered with the classroom dynamics. Some examples of this interference could be seen in the resistance of students towards the language taught, on the various forms of social interaction in the group during class, and in the resistance towards the methodology adopted by the teacher in the classroom, since there were comments from students about "ideal model / methodology for teaching foreign language (FL). This study took the form of participant observation, in which behavior, communication, actions and / or events of learners in the English classroom were observed and recorded and analyzed in order to identify the cultural domains, through the analysis of semantic relationship offered by Spradley (1980), and thus reveal the cultural meanings to such attitudes and behaviors, those cultural explanations have been built on the foundation of the emic principle, common in ethnographic studies. Through the analysis we realized that there were different cultural understandings about what was learning to the teacher and to her students. These cultural differences resulted in conflicts about the expectations regarding to the roles that these participants should take in the foreign language classroom...

Language learning strategy use by colombian adult English language learners: A phenomenological study

Paredes, Elsie Elena
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.47%
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe how Colombian adult English language learners (ELL) select and use language learning strategies (LLS). This study used Oxford’s (1990a) taxonomy for LLS as its theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group interview, were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for 12 Colombian adult ELL. A communicative activity known as strip story (Gibson, 1975) was used to elicit participants’ use of LLS. This activity preceded the focus group session. Additionally, participants’ reflective journals were collected and analyzed.^ Data were analyzed using inductive, deductive, and comparative analyses. Four themes emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) learning conditions, (b) problem-solving resources, (c) information processing, and (d) target language practice. Oxford’s classification of LLS was used as a guide in deductively analyzing data concerning the participants’ experiences. The deductive analysis revealed that participants do not use certain strategies included in Oxford’s taxonomy at the third level. For example, semantic mapping, or physical response or sensation was not reported by participants. The findings from the inductive and deductive analyses were then compared to look for patterns and answers to the research questions. The comparative analysis revealed that participants used additional LLS that are not included in Oxford’s taxonomy. Some examples of these strategies are: using sound transcription in native language and help from children. ^ The study was conducted at the MDC InterAmerican campus in South Florida...

Language Learning Strategy Use by Colombian Adult English Language Learners: A Phenomenological Study

Paredes, Elsie E
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.52%
The purpose of this phenomenological study was to describe how Colombian adult English language learners (ELL) select and use language learning strategies (LLS). This study used Oxford’s (1990a) taxonomy for LLS as its theoretical framework. Semi-structured interviews and a focus group interview, were conducted, transcribed, and analyzed for 12 Colombian adult ELL. A communicative activity known as strip story (Gibson, 1975) was used to elicit participants’ use of LLS. This activity preceded the focus group session. Additionally, participants’ reflective journals were collected and analyzed. Data were analyzed using inductive, deductive, and comparative analyses. Four themes emerged from the inductive analysis of the data: (a) learning conditions, (b) problem-solving resources, (c) information processing, and (d) target language practice. Oxford’s classification of LLS was used as a guide in deductively analyzing data concerning the participants’ experiences. The deductive analysis revealed that participants do not use certain strategies included in Oxford’s taxonomy at the third level. For example, semantic mapping, or physical response or sensation was not reported by participants. The findings from the inductive and deductive analyses were then compared to look for patterns and answers to the research questions. The comparative analysis revealed that participants used additional LLS that are not included in Oxford’s taxonomy. Some examples of these strategies are: using sound transcription in native language and help from children. The study was conducted at the MDC InterAmerican campus in South Florida...

A Comparison of the Effects of Classroom and Multi-User Virtual Environments on the Perceived Speaking Anxiety of Adult Post-Secondary English Language Learners

Abal, Abdulaziz
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.57%
The population of English Language Learners (ELLs) globally has been increasing substantially every year. In the United States alone, adult ELLs are the fastest growing portion of learners in adult education programs (Yang, 2005). There is a significant need to improve the teaching of English to ELLs in the United States and other English-speaking dominant countries. However, for many ELLs, speaking, especially to Native English Speakers (NESs), causes considerable language anxiety, which in turn plays a vital role in hindering their language development and academic progress (Pichette, 2009; Woodrow, 2006). Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT), such as simulation activities, has long been viewed as an effective approach for second-language development. The current advances in technology and rapid emergence of Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVEs) have provided an opportunity for educators to consider conducting simulations online for ELLs to practice speaking English to NESs. Yet to date, empirical research on the effects of MUVEs on ELLs’ language development and speaking is limited (Garcia-Ruiz, Edwards, & Aquino-Santos, 2007). This study used a true experimental treatment control group repeated measures design to compare the perceived speaking anxiety levels (as measured by an anxiety scale administered per simulation activity) of 11 ELLs (5 in the control group...

English Language Learners: A Correlational Study of the Relationship Between A Proficiency Level Assessment and End of Course Test Scores at one Georgia High School

Ellis, Jacqueline Caroline
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.45%
Understanding the language of one’s cultural environment is important for effective communication and function. As such, students entering U.S. schools from foreign countries are given access to English to Speakers of Other Languages (ESOL) programs and they are referred to as English Language Learner (ELL) students. This dissertation examined the correlation of ELL ACCESS Composite Performance Level (CPL) score to the End of Course tests (EOCTs) and the Georgia High School Graduation Tests (GHSGTs) in the four content courses (language arts, mathematics, science, and social studies). A premise of this study was that English language proficiency is critical in meeting or exceeding state and county assessment standards. A quantitative descriptive research design was conducted using Cross-sectional archival data from a secondary source. There were 148 participants from school years 2011-2012 to 2013- 2014 from Grades 9-12. A Pearson product moment correlation was run to assess the relationship between the ACCESS CPL (independent variable) and the EOCT scores and the GHSGT scores (dependent variables). The findings showed that there was a positive correlation between ACCESS CPL scores and the EOCT scores where language arts showed a strong positive correlation and mathematics showed a positive weak correlation. Also...

I English Language: section 11, Second Language Acquisition

Lozano, Crist??bal
Fonte: Oxford University Press (OUP); English Association Publicador: Oxford University Press (OUP); English Association
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.53%
This is a pre-copyedited, author-produced PDF of an article accepted for publication in "Year???s Work in English Studies" following peer review. The definitive publisher-authenticated version "Lozano, C. I English Language: section 11, Second Language Acquisition. Year???s Work in English Studies, 92(1): 109-124 (2013)" is available online at: http://ywes.oxfordjournals.org/cgi/reprint/mat006v1?ijkey=JZOeGz0tYrkDM&keytype=ref&siteid=ywes.; Applied linguistics has been traditionally understood as embracing both second language acquisition (SLA) research and second language teaching (SLT) research. SLA is a discipline that dates back to the 1970s, when research showed that learners construct their own mental grammatical representations (interlanguage grammars) worth investigating in their own right, irrespective of pedagogical concerns. This review therefore focuses on L2 (inter)language as a system and it covers child and adult L2 acquisition, with a focus on L2 English empirical studies. The general term L2 acquisition will be used to refer both to the acquisition of English as a second language (L2) in naturalistic settings and as a foreign language (EFL) in instructed settings. I will exclude other acquisition contexts, for example heritage speakers of English...

The Effects of Trained Teachers’ Integration of Dialogic Reading Discourse on Hispanic English Language Learners’ Literacy Skills in Kindergarten

Rodriguez, Isela S.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.35%
This quasi-experimental Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) study explored whether the vocabulary and reading comprehension mean scores of Hispanic Kindergarten ELs whose teachers were trained to utilize Dialogic Reading (DR) discourse were higher than the mean scores of Hispanic ELs in kindergarten whose teachers were not trained to utilize DR discourse strategies. Sixty-three self-identified Hispanic, English Language Kindergarten students and four teachers participated in the study. The teachers were randomly assigned to either the experimental group (DR trained) or control group by drawing names from a hat. Student assignment to experimental versus comparison group was based on the teacher’s assignment to either the experimental or comparison group. Thirty-one were assigned to the control group and 32 to the experimental group. The teachers were instructed to read the story to a group of six students (maximum) at a time, utilizing the DR discourse strategies they had been trained to implement. Subjects were read a story each week during the 8-week duration of the study. Teachers in the experimental group collaboratively selected 10 words each week from the Read Together Talk Together (RTTT) instructional stories that were utilized for vocabulary instruction. A test of homogeneity was conducted to evaluate whether the variance among the dependent variables was the same across the groups. An Analyses of Covariance (ANCOVA) was applied to analyze students’ vocabulary and comprehension mean scores in the experimental group and the comparison group. The results of the study demonstrated a significant increase in the vocabulary and reading comprehension mean scores for the students whose teachers had been trained in DR discourse strategies. When comparing the two groups...

A comparison of the effects of classroom and Multi-User Virtual Environments on the perceived speaking anxiety of adult post-secondary English Language Learners

Abal, Abdulaziz
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.57%
The population of English Language Learners (ELLs) globally has been increasing substantially every year. In the United States alone, adult ELLs are the fastest growing portion of learners in adult education programs (Yang, 2005). There is a significant need to improve the teaching of English to ELLs in the United States and other English-speaking dominant countries. However, for many ELLs, speaking, especially to Native English Speakers (NESs), causes considerable language anxiety, which in turn plays a vital role in hindering their language development and academic progress (Pichette, 2009; Woodrow, 2006). ^ Task-based Language Teaching (TBLT), such as simulation activities, has long been viewed as an effective approach for second-language development. The current advances in technology and rapid emergence of Multi-User Virtual Environments (MUVEs) have provided an opportunity for educators to consider conducting simulations online for ELLs to practice speaking English to NESs. Yet to date, empirical research on the effects of MUVEs on ELLs' language development and speaking is limited (Garcia-Ruiz, Edwards, & Aquino-Santos, 2007). ^ This study used a true experimental treatment control group repeated measures design to compare the perceived speaking anxiety levels (as measured by an anxiety scale administered per simulation activity) of 11 ELLs (5 in the control group...

Testing Mathematics? or Testing English? The Education Quality Accountability Office (EQAO) Grade 9 Mathematics Assessment for English Language Learners

Wong, Queenie Chi Wah
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.46%
Research on English Language Learners’ (ELL) test performance in relation to their language use at home and attitudes towards mathematics have rarely been investigated. This study examines the effects of different test formats and constructs, learner characteristics, and attitudes towards mathematics on ELLs’ performance in the Education Quality Accountability Office (EQAO) Grade 9 mathematics test. The participants include a total of 2867 ELLs in Grade 9 who participated in the EQAO Grade 9 mathematics test (1887 from the academic course and 980 from the applied course). The overall results of the study supported the following conclusions. First, ELLs tend to score better in Multiple Choice Questions (MCQ) over Open Response Questions (ORQ), and language use at home has interaction effects on their performances on various test formats and constructs. Secondly, significant interactions occurred between language use at home and ELLs’ performance of test formats and constructs. In addition, ELLs who speak another language (only another language) scored higher in performance in both test formats and constructs than ELLs who spoke only English at home. From the ELLs’ questionnaire responses at both the academic and applied levels...

Inclusion of English Language Learners in a Mainstream Classroom: A Case Study of the Beliefs and Practices of One Elementary Teacher

Fox, Carol
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 726002 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.45%
The purpose of this study was to describe the ways in which one elementary teacher included English language learners (ELLs) in her mainstream classroom. A case study design was chosen to obtain an in-depth understanding of this teacher’s beliefs and practices about ELLs and their inclusion. Descriptive data were collected from teacher interviews, classroom observations, and various artefacts. Data from these three sources were found to be highly consistent, indicating a close relationship between the teacher’s beliefs and practices. Two main themes emerged relating to the teacher’s ways of supporting and including young ELLs. The first theme was concerned with the teacher’s beliefs in and employment of broad-based instructional strategies such as differentiating instruction and assessment; emphasizing engagement through the use of a variety of meaningful activities and materials; focusing on oral language; stressing problem solving and cooperative learning; and encouraging students to take the lead. While the literature endorsed these general practices, it also stressed the need for teachers to address ELLs’ distinct language and cultural needs. Appreciating and incorporating diversity to facilitate ELLs’ inclusion was the second theme. Here...

The Experiences and Perceptions of Chinese English Language Learners Taking the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test: Is a Picture Worth 1000 Words?

Knarr, Dana
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.54%
The public education system in Ontario, like many other education systems worldwide, is currently undergoing drastic changes effected by globalization. The globalization of education, which can be understood as “the worldwide discussions, processes, and institutions affecting local education practices and policies” (Spring, 2009, p. 1), has led to Ontario’s curriculum being used in over 20 schools located outside the province (Ontario Ministry of Education, 2011). Because these schools grant the Ontario Secondary School Diploma (OSSD), students must satisfy the same graduation requirements as those students who attend secondary school located in Ontario. A requirement for graduation includes the successful completion of the Ontario Secondary School Literacy Test (OSSLT), a large-scale assessment intended to measure literacy. English Language Learners (ELLs) have more difficulty passing the OSSLT than their peers who speak English as their first language (Doe, Cheng, Klinger, & Zheng, 2011; Fox & Cheng, 2007). This issue is of particular concern to educators and students at these schools. Because the majority of these schools are located in China, my study focuses on ELLs in one school in China which uses the Ontario curriculum. The purpose of my study is twofold: 1) to understand how Chinese English Language Learners perceive the news report on the OSSLT...

Perspectives Of Professional Learning Policy Implementation For Supporting English Language Learners In A Rural Ontario School Board

Milnes, TERRY
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.49%
The issue of lower academic achievement for English language learners (ELLs) compared to their English-speaking peers has been identified in the research literature. Professional learning for classroom teachers, English as a second language (ESL) teachers, and ESL paraprofessionals has been promoted as one strategy to address this achievement gap. In some rural school boards, ELLs represent a small proportion of the overall student population. Academic achievement, however, is as much an equity issue for ELLs in rural as in urban school boards. The purpose of this study was to describe how the implementation of ELL-related professional learning policy was perceived in a rural school board in the province of Ontario, Canada from 2007 to 2013. Honig’s (2006) conceptualization of education policy implementation guided the study. The unit of analysis for this descriptive case study was a rural school board in which ELLs were approximately 2% of the student population. Data were collected through semi-structured interviews with 20 participants: board-level ESL consultants, ESL teachers, classroom teachers, ESL paraprofessionals, and a secondary school principal. ELL-related learning materials published by the school board were also collected. Five themes emerged from data analysis: first...

Inglês nos anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental público : de representações de professores a políticas linguísticas; English language in early years of public Basic Education : from teachers representations to language policies

Karina Aparecida Vicentin
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 31/07/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.6%
O objetivo da pesquisa descrita nesta dissertação de mestrado foi refletir acerca das políticas linguísticas de ensino de língua inglesa para os anos iniciais do Ensino Fundamental I público, considerando, para tanto, representações presentes em discursos de dez professores de inglês que atuam nesse contexto de ensino na cidade de Campinas, São Paulo e o documento Diretrizes Curriculares de Língua Inglesa dos Anos Iniciais, por eles sistematizado e elaborado. A pesquisa em questão é de base qualitativa interpretativista e se insere na área da Linguística Aplicada. A investigação foi dividida em três etapas. A primeira incluiu a definição do tema da pesquisa, a escolha do arcabouço teórico geral e a revisão de autores relevantes presentes na literatura especializada, com especial ênfase naqueles que tratam de políticas linguísticas; do papel de professores como policy makers; e de questões específicas do ensino de Línguas Estrangeiras para Crianças (LEC). Na segunda etapa, foi definido o cenário da pesquisa e o processo de geração de dados, os quais foram coletados em entrevistas semiestruturadas individuais com os professores participantes da investigação e em notas de diários de campo de encontros de formação continuada da Secretaria Municipal de Educação de Campinas. Na terceira etapa...

The process of identity (re)construction of six brazilian english language learners

Carazzai, Marcia Regina Pawlas
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 196 p.| il.
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.5%
Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Inglês, Florianópolis, 2013.; Este estudo qualitativo investiga o processo de (re)construção identitária de seis aprendizes brasileiros de língua inglesa. O estudo enfocou nas experiências mais memoráveis dos participantes em relação à aprendizagem da língua inglesa ao longo de suas vidas; nos seus investimentos na aprendizagem de inglês; nas comunidades imaginadas significativas em suas experiências de aprendizagem da língua; nas posições de sujeito que os participantes assumiram em suas turmas na universidade; e nas posições de sujeito que assumiram em relação à língua inglesa. Os dados foram gerados com seis alunos fazendo o curso de graduação em Letras-Inglês na UFSC, de 2011 a 2013, enquanto eu fazia Estágio de Docência, e incluíram observação de aulas, notas de campo, uma ficha do aluno, uma narrativa escrita, um questionário aberto, definições escritas de língua e cultura, apresentações orais, entrevistas, e e-mails. A análise seguiu algumas estratégias da teoria fundamentada nos dados, com um foco em investimentos e comunidades imaginadas (Norton, 2000; 2001...

3rd grade English language learners making sense of sound

Suarez, Enrique; Otero, Valerie
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 06/10/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.44%
Despite the extensive body of research that supports scientific inquiry and argumentation as cornerstones of physics learning, these strategies continue to be virtually absent in most classrooms, especially those that involve students who are learning English as a second language. This study presents results from an investigation of 3rd grade students' discourse about how length and tension affect the sound produced by a string. These students came from a variety of language backgrounds, and all were learning English as a second language. Our results demonstrate varying levels, and uses, of experiential, imaginative, and mechanistic reasoning strategies. Using specific examples from students' discourse, we will demonstrate some of the productive aspects of working within multiple language frameworks for making sense of physics. Conjectures will be made about how to utilize physics as a context for English Language Learners to further conceptual understanding, while developing their competence in the English language.; Comment: 4 pages, PERC 2012

Teaching English Language Learners: A Comparison of Dual Immersion and English as a Second Language Programs

Harless, Erin
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em /12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
96.55%
This paper compares two different programs designed to teach Spanish-speaking English Language Learners (ELLs). The first, English as a Second Language (ESL), utilizes English-only instruction to facilitate English acquisition, while the second, Dual Immersion, provides instruction in both Spanish and English in order to promote comprehension of curriculum. Based on conceptual arguments in the literature regarding ELLs, I hypothesize that Dual Immersion programs are at least as effective, and likely more effective, than ESL programs in promoting the academic and social success of ELLs. To examine this hypothesis, I conduct a formal literature review of the existing research on Dual Immersion programs, as well as a case study of an elementary school with both programs in Siler City, North Carolina. Although the methodology contains limitations, the evidence is consistent with my original hypothesis.; Honors thesis

Teaching Life Sciences to English second language learners: what do teachers do?

Ferreira,Johanna G
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.66%
South Africa has eleven official languages and legally learners receive tuition in their mother tongue until the end of Grade 3. From then on teachers are required to teach through the medium of English or Afrikaans. The implication is that the majority of learners in the senior secondary school phase study Life Sciences in their second language, which is English. This has a major effect on the performance of learners in Life Sciences. A review was done of possible strategies teachers could use to assist English second language learners. Focus group interviews were held with Life Science teachers in an attempt to determine what the impact of teaching Life Sciences to English second language learners is and what teachers can do to assist English second language learners master concepts and terminology. The findings and recommendations of this research are reported here.

Semantic processing skills of Grade 1 English language learners in two educational contexts

Jordaan,Heila
Fonte: South African Journal of Education Publicador: South African Journal of Education
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.72%
This paper reports on part of the first phase of a longitudinal project investigating the development of academic language in English as the Language of Teaching and Learning (LoLT) by Foundation phase learners in two different educational contexts. In the first context, the learners were all English additional language (EAL) learners taught by EAL teachers. In the second context EAL and English first language (L1) learners were taught by L1 teachers in integrated classes. The three groups of Grade 1 learners were assessed on the semantic subtests of the Diagnostic Evaluation of Language Variation Criterion, Referenced Edition, which evaluate the psycholinguisticprocessing skills underlying lexical acquisition and organization. Vocabulary learning is central to the development of academic language and literacy. There were statistically significant differences between the three groups on all measures. The EAL learners in the first context had significantly lower scores than the EAL and L1 learners in the second context, and the EAL learners in the second context had significantly lower scores than their L1 peers. Pre-school exposure to English and gender did not have significant effects, except on the subtest assessing fast mapping of novel verbs. The results provide information on what can reasonably be expected from EAL learners in Grade 1...