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Desempenho e background familiar: um estudo no acesso a uma instituição de ensino técnico federal no Brasil; The infuence of Family background in the access to Federal Technical Education in Brazil

Assunção, Marcus Vinicius Dantas de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This paper comprises an investigation on the influence of the variable family backgrounds (father school level, mother school level and family income) over the pupil s performance in admissions examination (entrance test or PROITEC) at Instituto Federal de Educação, Ciência e Tecnologia do Rio Grande do Norte (IFRN). From that point of view, the main goal of this research is to analyze the influence of the family background as a determiner of the pupil´s performance in the access to Technical and Professional education at IFRN. Secondary data were used from two databases (entrance test and PROITEC) adding up to 19.226 observations to the vacancies offered in the year of 2013. Aiming at achieving the proposed goal, a conceptual model composed of three hypothesis was developed. The results were presented in four stages: stage I presentation of the descriptive statistical results of the two databases; stage II separation of the campi in clusters; stage III analysis of multiple regressions; stage IV analysis of the logistics regressions. Two statistical tests were used to validate the hypothesis: T-test and Wald test. Hypothesis 1 and 2 were confirmed and H3 was refused. The results presented favorable causal connections to the family income and the father school level variables (with bigger effect for fathers with a higher education degree). The mother school level variable did not provide statistical significance for this research. Based on this result...

Recherche qualitative examinant les liens entre un programme de bourses, le parcours scolaire des bénéficiaires et leur contexte familial au Bénin

Dargis, Luc
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.76215%
Le contexte familial influence probablement plus le succès scolaire des élèves de pays en voie de développement que ce que certaines recherches indiquaient jusqu’à présent (Nonoyama-Tarumi, 2008). Ce mémoire explore les relations entre le contexte familial et le parcours scolaire d’élèves Béninois dans le cadre d’une évaluation d’implantation et de processus du programme de bourses de la Fondation Sophie Lavigne (FSL). Au total 18 informateurs ont participé à la recherche. Les données ont fait l’objet d’analyses qualitatives. Les résultats montrent que le programme de bourses est mis en œuvre conformément à ce qui était attendu. Ce dernier facilite le parcours scolaire de toutes les participantes et parfois celui de leur fratrie. Par contre, les critères de renouvellement des bourses, en fonction de la réussite scolaire, ont peu d’influence positive sur leur parcours scolaire. Les causes d’échecs scolaires rapportées par les participants sont de deux ordres, (a) une accumulation de difficultés qui entravent l’étude et (b) un obstacle ponctuel important qui empêche la poursuite des études. Les familles interrogées valorisent grandement l’instruction. Dans la mesure de leurs moyens, elles tentent d’offrir les meilleures conditions de réussite scolaire possibles à leurs enfants. L’accès à du soutien scolaire tel des cours de rattrapage est nécessaire pour assurer des conditions d’étude optimales. À la lumière des résultats...

Attrition in Longitudinal Household Survey Data : Some Tests for Three Developing-Country Samples

Alderman, Harold; Behrman, Jere R.; Kohler, Hans-Peter; Maluccio, John A.; Cotts Watkins, Susan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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For capturing dynamic demographic relationships, longitudinal household data can have considerable advantages over more widely used cross-sectional data. But because the collection of longitudinal data may be difficult and expensive, analysts must assess the magnitudes of the problems, specific to longitudinal, but not to cross-sectional data. One problem that concerns many analysts is that sample attrition may make the interpretation of estimates problematic. Such attrition may be especially severe where there is considerable migration between rural, and urban areas. And attrition is likely to be selective on such characteristics as schooling, so high attrition is likely to bias estimates. The authors consider the extent, and implications of attrition for three longitudinal household surveys from Bolivia, Kenya, and South Africa that report very high annual attrition rates between survey rounds. Their estimates indicate that: 1) the means for a number of critical outcome, and family background variables differ significantly between those who are lost to follow-up, and those who are re-interviewed. 2) A number of family background variables are significant predictors of attrition. 3) Nevertheless, the coefficient estimates for standard family background variables in regressions...

The psychosocial functioning and family background of children experiencing significant placement instability in Australian out-of-home care

Osborn, A.; Delfabbro, P.; Barber, J.
Fonte: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd Publicador: Pergamon-Elsevier Science Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2008 Português
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66.97436%
This paper profiles the family and social background, and psychosocial wellbeing of 364 children (Mean age = 12.9 years) with a high level of placement instability in Australian out-of-home care. Children were selected based on reliable predictors of instability and detailed interviews were conducted with case-workers, along with extensive case-file readings. The children in this population were found to originate from families that share many risk factors. In most cases, a family history of domestic violence, physical abuse, and parental substance abuse dominated over a history of sexual abuse and neglect. Based on the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ), over 75% of children were found to have clinical level conduct disorder, two-thirds have peer problems, and around a half are clinically anxious or depressed. The results provided some evidence that children with the poorest overall psychosocial adjustment were most prone to placement breakdowns, but there was no clear relationship between the overall number of family background problems and the level of placement instability. However, individual risk factors, including a history of family violence and abuse were related to more disrupted placement histories for children in care.; http://www.elsevier.com/wps/find/journaldescription.cws_home/556/description#description; Alexandra L. Osborn...

Elterliche Hausaufgabenhilfe unter dem Blickwinkel sozialer Disparitäten: Eine Untersuchung pädagogisch-psychologischer Prozesse; Parental Homework Involvement and Family Background: A Process Analysis

Dumont, Hanna
Fonte: Universidade de Tubinga Publicador: Universidade de Tubinga
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.265176%
Das Verstehen der Entstehung sozialer Disparitäten des Kompetenzerwerbs im deutschen Schulsystem ist sowohl für die empirische Bildungsforschung als auch für die Öffentlichkeit von zentraler Bedeutung. Diesbezüglich herrscht mittlerweile Einigkeit darüber, dass die im Elternhaus stattfindenden Prozesse und Mechanismen identifiziert werden müssen, die zu unterschiedlichen Kompetenzen und Lernvoraussetzungen von Kindern und Jugendlichen führen. Vor diesem Hintergrund geht die Arbeit der Frage nach, ob die Entstehung der sozialen Disparitäten im deutschen Schulsystem zu einem Teil auf Unterschiede in der elterlichen Hausaufgabenhilfe zwischen sozial privilegierten und benachteiligten Familien zurückgeführt werden kann. Diesbezüglich wurden drei Fragestellungen aufgestellt: (1) Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen Merkmalen des sozialen Hintergrunds und elterlicher Hausaufgabenhilfe? (2) Gibt es einen Zusammenhang zwischen elterlicher Hausaufgabenhilfe und dem Schulerfolg von Kindern und Jugendlichen? (3) Fungiert die elterliche Hausaufgabenhilfe als Mediator zwischen sozialem Hintergrund und Schulerfolg von Kindern und Jugendlichen? Zur Untersuchung dieser Fragestellungen wurden vier Teilstudien, in denen Schülerinnen und Schüler der 5. bis 8. Jahrgangsstufe über die Qualität der Hausaufgabenhilfe ihrer Eltern befragt wurden...

The Importance of the Common Family Background for the Similarity of Divorce Risks of Siblings: a Multi-level Event History Analysis

DRONKERS, Jaap; HOX, J.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Português
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This study examines the effect of family and individual children’s characteristics on the probability of having a divorce. Current research shows a clear indication of increased divorce risks if an individual’s parents or siblings have experienced a divorce. Explanations include both shared family characteristics (including genetic effects) and common characteristics of the individual children involved. This study analyses the effect of shared family background characteristics on the divorce risk of individuals. By analyzing siblings within families and including individual children’s characteristics in the analysis it is possible to separate individual level and family level effects. In addition to a multilevel structure of individual siblings nested within families, the data are also censored. For all individuals in the data the length of the marriage and the divorce status are known, but the divorce status is interpreted differently for individuals who have or have not experienced divorce. For divorced individuals, the final divorce status is known, but for individuals who have not experienced divorce the final marriage status is unknown or censored. The proper analysis model for such data is event history (also called survival) analysis. This study therefore employs a multilevel event history model. Our results show that there is a similarity in the divorce risks of siblings from the same family...

Family Background, School System and Academic Achievement in Germany and in Japan

OJIMA, Fumiaki; VON BELOW, Susanne
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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This paper investigates why the effect of family background on student’s educational achievement is so different in Germany and in Japan in spite of their similarity over a huge variance of student performance scores in the PISA 2003 study. We intend to clarify the factors which produce the difference and the similarity simultaneously. For this purpose, we analyzed the PISA 2003 data of both countries. The strong tracking system with early stage selection and with grade retention in Germany, and the entrance examination system in Japan contribute to produce the difference and similarity of student’s test performance in the two countries. In addition, we found that the role of the mother in the family, connecting family background and student performance, differs according to each school system.

The benefit of educational inclusiveness for early school leavers in the European labour market

VAN ALPHEN, Stan
Fonte: Wiley-Blackwell Publicador: Wiley-Blackwell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Previous research suggests that the ongoing educational expansion is a negative development for early school leavers (ESLrs) in the European labour market, since it increases the level and educational attainment of their competition, and in the worst case creates credential inflation. Findings from the 2005 cross-sectional EU-SILC data show, however, that the negative effect of early school leaving on income is reduced by educational inclusiveness at the country level. The explanation, it is said, is that educational expansion decreases the influence of a disadvantaged family background, which accounts for the net interacting effect of educational inclusiveness itself. Results from two-level hierarchical analyses indicate that the influence of family background is indeed conditional upon the level of educational inclusiveness at country level. This is true for all but one of the indicators of family background included in this article.

Family Background of Alcohol Abuse in Relationship to Alcohol Consumption Among College Students: An Unexpected Finding

Engs, Ruth
Fonte: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs Publicador: Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Other research PUBLICATIONS and PAPERS on university students drinking, drug use and health concerns and behaviors can be found at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17130/browse?type=title; https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17127/browse?type=title and https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17124/browse?type=title. Further information about the questionnaire, calculations, and the original data base used can be found in the following item records within IUScholarworks repository. Details about the reliability and validity of the SAQ are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17337; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17154; http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17181. The classic 1975 copy of the SAQ is found at http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17153. The Health Concern Questionnaire is found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17250. Reliability and validity of this instrument are found at: http://hdl.handle.net/2022/17251. ALL QUESTIONNAIRES developed by Engs are found in the repository at: https://scholarworks.iu.edu/dspace/handle/2022/17141/browse?type=dateissued; The purpose of this study was to determine the possible association between positive family background of alcohol abuse (having a parent or grandparent who sometimes or often drank too much) and the amount of alcohol consumed per week among college students. It was additionally to determine the possible differences between students with positive...

The effect of a military family background on midshipmen performance at the United States Naval Academy and USNA Graduate performance in the Fleet

Michael, James C.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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This research analyzes USNA and fleet performance of midshipmen who come from career military family backgrounds. It is hypothesized that a military family background provides children with values that help them succeed at the Academy and in the Fleet. This thesis uses USNA classes of 1988 - 1992 to judge performance at the Academy and USNA classes of 1980 - 1985 to measure fleet performance. Performance was measured in terms of graduation rates, attrition rates and final aggregate multiples. In judging officer performance, retention rates to the LCDR boards and career promotion rates to LCDR and CDR were examined. Results suggest that a military family background may be significant in determining success at the Academy and in the Fleet. However, more research is necessary to adequately isolate the effect of a military family background.

Are the Children of Uneducated Farmers Doubly Disadvantaged?; Farm, Nonfarm and Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Rural China

Emran, M. Shahe; Sun, Yan
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Working Paper; Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This paper relaxes the single-factor model of intergenerational educational mobility and analyzes heterogeneous effects of family background on children’s education in villages, with a focus on the role of nonfarm occupations. The analysis uses data from rural China that cover three generations, and are not subject to coresident sample selection. Evidence from a battery of econometric approaches shows that the mean effects of parents’ education miss substantial heterogeneity across farm-nonfarm occupations. Having nonfarm parents, in general, has positive effects, but children of low educated non-farmer parents (with higher income) do not enjoy any advantages over the children of more educated farmer parents. Estimates of cross-partial effects without imposing functional form show little evidence of complementarity between parental education and nonfarm occupation. The role of family background remains relatively stable across generations for girls, but for boys, family background has become more important after the market reform. The paper explores causality using three approaches: Rosenbaum sensitivity analysis...

An assessment of the effects of changing family circumstances on the size and diversity of future military accessions

Weis, Jeffrey S.; Van Steenbergen, Alvin J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xi, 125 p.;28 cm.
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This thesis examines the relationship between changing family circumstances and the educational outcomes of children, and derives the implications of changes in family background on the quality and diversity of future military recruiting pools. The data sources for this thesis were the Panel Study of Income Dynamics, maintained and published by the University of Michigan, and the March Current Population Surveys, maintained and published by the U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics. We estimated the effect of family background variables such as family income, parental education levels, and number of siblings, on the likelihood of children either completing high school or attending college. We then used these relationships to simulate the rates of high school completion and college attendance for nationally representative samples of children selected from the March 1974/1975 and 1993/1994 Current Population Surveys. The results indicate that today's children from white families will likely complete high school at lower rates but attend college at somewhat higher rates, as compared to people who were children in the early 197Os. Today's children who are growing up in minority families will likely graduate from high school at lower rates...

Children with stable and unstable placements in South Australian out-of-home care: A comparison of their family background care history and behavioural functioning

Osborn, A.; Delfabbro, P.
Fonte: Australian College of Child and Family Protection Practitioners Publicador: Australian College of Child and Family Protection Practitioners
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.94221%
Previous research shows a clear connection between placement instability and poorer psychological outcomes for children and young people. The aim of this project was to gain greater insights into the factors that may contribute to greater placement success by comparing the family background, placement history and psychological profile of children with very unstable and stable placement histories. The data collection focused on the child's family and placement background as well as psychosocial functioning. It was found that children and young people in stable placements entered care at a younger age and presented with a lower prevalence of family and social background problems, including abuse and neglect, than those in unstable placements. Children in stable placements also scored significantly better on all subscales of the Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire. The paper discusses the implications of the findings for placement decision making and alternative placement options for children and young people in South Australian out of home care.; Alexandra Osborn and Paul Delfabbro

Gender, Geography and Generations : Intergenerational Educational Mobility in Post-reform India

Emran, M. Shahe; Shilpi, Forhad
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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India experienced sustained economic growth for more than two decades following the economic liberalization in 1991. While economic growth reduced poverty significantly, it was associated with an increase in inequality. Does this increase in inequality reflect deep-seated inequality of opportunity or efficient incentive structure in a market oriented economy? This paper provides evidence on economic mobility in post-reform India by focusing on the educational attainment of children. It uses two related measures of immobility: sibling and intergenerational correlations. The paper analyzes the trends in and patterns of educational mobility from 1992/93 to 2006, with a special emphasis on the roles played by gender and geography. The evidence shows that family background plays a strong role; the estimated sibling correlation in India in 2006 is higher than the available estimates for Latin American countries. There is a persistent gender gap in rural and less-developed areas. The only group that experienced substantial improvements is women in urban and developed areas, with the lower caste women benefiting the most. Almost 70 percent of the variance in children's education can be accounted for by parental education and geographic location. The authors provide possible explanations for the apparently puzzling improvements for urban women in a country with strong son preference.

Da transição à permanência no ensino médio: o papel da família na trajetória do aluno ao longo da última etapa da educação básica; The transition and permanence in High School: the role of families in the trajectory of the student throughout the last stage of basic education

Sant'Anna, Elder Generozo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 17/06/2015 Português
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Um dos desafios da educação brasileira é a grande quantidade de jovens que deveriam estar matriculados no Ensino Médio, mas que não estão frequentando a escola. Além disso, a taxa de abandono escolar nos anos iniciais do ensino médio é muito superior àquela encontrada no último ano do ensino fundamental. Nesse sentido, esse trabalho se propõe a investigar qual o papel da família no processo de transição e permanência no ensino médio. Para tanto, devido a disponibilidade de dados, será investigada uma coorte de alunos aprovados em 2010 no 9° ano do Ensino Fundamental no Estado do Ceará. Será estimado um sequential logit model, cujos regressores serão, além de algumas características individuais, informações referentes ao status socioeconômico da família e ao ambiente familiar. Existe uma vasta literatura que vem se desenvolvendo desde Mare (1980) buscando compreender o papel do background familiar na desigualdade educacional, tratando o processo de escolarização como uma sequência de decisões. Os resultados aqui encontrados, além de dialogar com essa literatura, apontam que a família é determinante, tanto para a entrada, como para a permanência no ensino médio, principalmente por meio da escolaridade dos pais. Esse efeito...

Relatório de estágio

Barata, João Carlos Luxembourg Lopes
Fonte: Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa Publicador: Escola Superior de Música de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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I (Prática Pedagógica) - O estágio foi realizado na Academia de Música de Almada (AMA) com três alunos de níveis diferentes: Aluno x, Iniciação Musical; Aluna y, 2º grau; e Aluna z, 5º grau. A planificação do trabalho foi feita com a colaboração do professor Vasco Broco e sob a supervisão do professor Pedro Saglimbeni Muñoz, tendo por base o programa da AMA e procurando corresponder às necessidades individuais de cada aluno, bem como respeitar os diferentes ritmos de aprendizagem. Dadas as diferenças de idade e de nível, os objectivos que procurei atingir com cada aluno durante o ano lectivo são naturalmente díspares, bem como a perspectiva de cada um em relação ao próprio instrumento e ao ensino da música. Enquanto que os mais novos encaram a aprendizagem musical como uma actividade meramente recreativa, pelo menos por enquanto, a Aluna z ambiciona fazer uma carreira como instrumentista. Mesmo entre os mais novos há diferenças, pois apesar de o Aluno x ainda estar a frequentar a Iniciação Musical, já iniciou a sua aprendizagem há mais tempo do que a Aluna y, encarando o ensino com mais seriedade. A AMA tem a vantagem de ter um pianista acompanhador disponível para cada dia da semana, o que tornou possível desenvolver um trabalho consistente com os alunos em termos de ensaios e audições. As audições e momentos de avaliação foram marcados em reuniões de Departamento Curricular...

Effects of family background on crime participation and criminal earnings: an empirical analysis of siblings

Pezzin,Liliana E.
Fonte: Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas - FIPE Publicador: Fundação Instituto de Pesquisas Econômicas - FIPE
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/09/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.065%
This study exploits the sibling structure of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data to measure the degree to which family background explains the variance in the propensity to engage in criminal activities and in the intensity and success of crime participation as measured by the level of criminal earnings. A multiple-equation model whose reduced form disturbances are connected by a common unobservable variable having a variance-components structure is developed and estimated. Estimation results indicate a high level of association (net of observable measures of family background) between the unobserved factors affecting siblings' propensity to engage in criminal activities in a family, with estimated intra-family correlations ranging from 0.44 to 0.55. Sharing a common family background explains around 25% of the variance of the unconditional criminal income. The results suggest that ignoring family background effects leads to a significant upward bias in the effects of race and education on the propensity to engage in income-generating crime.

Effects of family background on crime participation and criminal earnings: an empirical analysis of siblings

Pezzin, Liliana E.
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/09/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.125005%
This study exploits the sibling structure of the National Longitudinal Survey of Youth data to measure the degree to which family background explains the variance in the propensity to engage in criminal activities and in the intensity and success of crime participation as measured by the level of criminal earnings. A multiple-equation model whose reduced form disturbances are connected by a common unobservable variable having a variance-components structure is developed and estimated. Estimation results indicate a high level of association (net of observable measures of family background) between the unobserved factors affecting siblings' propensity to engage in criminal activities in a family, with estimated intra-family correlations ranging from 0.44 to 0.55. Sharing a common family background explains around 25% of the variance of the unconditional criminal income. The results suggest that ignoring family background effects leads to a significant upward bias in the effects of race and education on the propensity to engage in income-generating crime.; Este estudo usa dados do National Longitudinal Survey of Youth para medir a extensão pela qual interações sociais de família explicam a variância na probabilidade de participação em crime e na intensidade e sucesso em atividades criminais. A estimação é baseada em um mo-delo de equações múltiplas cujas perturbações são interligadas por uma variável inobservável comum. A virtude do método proposto é usar dados referentes a irmãos - que compartilham as mesmas características maternas e paternas em relação a fatores de família que possivelmente influenciam a sua própria decisão de engajar em atividades ilegais - para estimar o efeito do background familiar na decisão de participar em crime. Os resultados empíricos indicam um alto nível de correlação entre fatores inobserváveis medindo efeitos de família e a propensão de irmãos em participar de atividades criminosas (0.44 a 0.55). Efeitos de família explicam 25% da variância em renda criminal. Finalmente...

Medindo a Qualidade das Escolas: Evidências para o Brasil; Medindo a Qualidade das Escolas: Evidências para o Brasil

Curi, Andréa Zaitune; Souza, André Portela de
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/09/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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In this paper, we propose the creation of an index that reflects the quality of school associated with school factors and avoids two problems found in previous studies: indicators of proficiency level that reflect more the family background of the student than school quality; and estimations of value added very sensitive to measurement errors. Thus, indicators are obtained through a structural model that models the latent variable quality of the school to correct the potential bias of previous studies. We used Brazilian data for applications of such indicators and we revisited the factors of family, school and management. The results show that the ranking of schools by quality indicators differs fromthe ordering obtained by the indicators with the proficiency level and is less volatile than the ordering obtained from the indicators of value added.; Neste artigo propomos a criação de um indicador que reflita a qualidadeda escola associada aos fatores escolares e que evite dois problemasencontrados em estudos anteriores: indicadores de proficiência em nívelque refletem mais o background familiar do aluno do que a qualidade daescola; e estimações de valor adicionado muito sensíveis a erros de mensuração.Propomos indicadores que são obtidos através de um modeloestrutural em que se modela a variável latente de qualidade da escola demodo a corrigir o potencial viés dos estudos anteriores. Utilizamos dadosbrasileiros para aplicações desses indicadores e revisitamos a importânciarelativa dos fatores de família...

Avaliação psicométrica de três questionários sobre o historial familiar; Evaluation of psychometric properties of three questionnaires addressing early experiences in family context

Monteiro, Ivandro Soares; Maia, Angela da Costa
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Medicina. Instituto de Psiquiatria
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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CONTEXTO: A família é a arena primária na qual a criança desenvolve a sua sociabilização. As experiências tidas neste sistema podem constituir um factor protector ou de risco, contribuindo para a sua vulnerabilidade ou resiliência diante de desordens mentais quando adulto. A avaliação da história familiar de experiências emocionais relevantes é problemática, e o uso de instrumentos psicométricos pode auxiliar a superar certas limitações metodológicas. OBJECTIVOS: Desenvolver três subquestionários para avaliação das experiências emocionais decorridas no contexto familiar da infância até a adolescência. Esses instrumentos são adaptações para o português do Family Background Questionnaire (FBQ) tratando dos cuidados paliativos e do ambiente familiar e são administrados retrospectivamente a adultos. MÉTODOS: Três versões do FBQ que tratam de (1) cuidados paternos, (2) cuidados maternos e (3) ambiente familiar foram produzidas. Os questionários foram aplicados a 280 participantes. A avaliação das propriedades psicométricas desses questionários teve como base a determinação da consistência interna, análise factorial e correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS: Os três questionários mostraram-se adequados para avaliação de seus respectivos domínios. CONCLUSÕES: A avaliação objetiva das primeiras experiências emocionais no contexto familiar produz insights importantes para a compreensão do desenvolvimento psicológico...