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Financiamento público e gestão financeira em saúde nas microrregiões de Cachoeira do Sul e Montenegro, RS, 2008 - 2010.; Public funding and financial management in health in the regions of Cachoeira do Sul and Montenegro, Rio Grande do Sul, from 2008 to 2010

Ramm, Cíntia Ramson
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Trabalho de Conclusão de Curso Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
88.02271%
Este estudo apresenta uma abordagem sobre o financiamento público e a gestão financeira em saúde em duas microrregiões do RS. O trabalho foi desenvolvido com o objetivo geral de analisar as características orçamentárias do gasto público em saúde nas microrregiões de Cachoeira do Sul e Montenegro nos anos de 2008 a 2010. A metodologia utilizada foi a análise de dados de domínio público do Sistema de Orçamentos Públicos em Saúde (SIOPS), na “Sala de situação em Saúde” do Ministério da Saúde. Evidenciou-se que a União transfere mais recursos aos municípios que o Estado. E que os municípios aplicam mais recursos próprios em saúde do que recursos transferidos por outras esferas de governo. O cumprimento da EC 29/2000 ocorreu de acordo com o estabelecido em todos os municípios. Também se verificou que o gasto público em saúde per capita não parece estar vinculado a porcentagem aplicada em saúde pelos municípios. A subfunção orçamentária de saúde Atenção Básica foi a única que recebeu recursos em todos os municípios, enquanto a subfunção Alimentação e Nutrição foi expressivamente a que menos recebeu recursos.; This study presents an approach to public finance and financial management in health in two micro regions of RS. The study was conducted with the overall objective of analyzing the financial characteristics of the government health expenditures in the regions of Cachoeira do Sul and Montenegro in the years 2008 to 2010. The methodology used was the analysis of public domain data of the Government Health Budgets System (SIOPS)...

Bhutan - Public Financial Management Accountability Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.260635%
This summary assessment uses indicator-led analysis to provide an integrated assessment of the Public Financial Management (PFM) system which draws on international standards developed by various development partners. The purpose is to measure PFM performance across a wide range of development over time. The Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) methodology includes the best conditions that some Organization for Economic cooperation and Development (OECD) countries demonstrate and in this assessment it is important to consider the Bhutanese context, that it is a small country, traditionally with an agricultural base society with relatively lesser industry and commerce. It is unable to support a financial sector infrastructure in terms of accountancy and audit standard setting and the availability of international standards is of great assistance. The 31 indicators for the PFM system focus on the basic qualities of a PFM system operating to existing good international practices, and assessments are classified A (excellent)...

Kingdom of Thailand - Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability : Public Financial Management Assessment

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.142%
The Government of Thailand has been undertaking wide ranging public financial management reforms since 1999 across the six core dimensions of Public Financial Management (PFM) performance identified in the performance measurement framework. Key reforms include: (i) the deployment of an integrated Government Fiscal Management Information System (GFMIS) for budget execution and reporting; (ii) implementation of Strategic Performance Based Budgeting (SPBB) framework; (iii) implementing the International Public Sector Accounting Standards for reporting; (iv) conducting financial, procurement, performance, and risk based audits; and (v) putting in place a system of key performance indicators (KPIs) to foster greater service delivery responsiveness by government agencies. This Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability (PEFA) report aims to assess the status of the PFM system in Thailand across the six core dimensions of PFM performance using the standard PEFA methodology of 28 high level indicators, excluding the donor practices indicators.

Local Public Financial Management

Shah, Anwar
Fonte: Washington, DC: World Bank Publicador: Washington, DC: World Bank
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.272974%
This volume provides an overview of local government financial accounting and reporting and where better practices in cash management are documented. The use of transparent procurement processes to mitigate corruption is also elaborated on while practical guidance is imparted on how and when to use debt, how to assess debt affordability, what debt to use, how to issue debt, and how to manage debt. The use of internal controls and audits to ensure efficiency and integrity is highlighted in this volume with particular emphasis on the role of external audit in combating corruption. Audit methods to detect corruption are also presented and discussed. The volume represents a collaborative effort of the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency and the World Bank Institute to support reform of the public expenditure management and financial accountability systems in developing countries, especially in Africa.

India : Synthesis Study of Public Financial Management and Accountability in Urban Local Bodies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.185806%
This study assesses the current state of Public Financial Management and Accountability (PFMA) systems in Indian urban local bodies. It identifies, analyzes, and documents good practices, focusing on their existing context, success factors, and replicability. It is important to mention that urban governance in India is a state subject and there are vast differences in the levels of reform that have achieved in different states. For the purpose of comparison, this study has developed good practice benchmarks in each PFMA area and used those to compare practices across Urban Local body (ULB)s. The study analyzes linkages between the legislative, budgeting, implementation, reporting, and oversight process in urban local bodies. Benchmarks and indicators have been developed for each strategic area. Analysis of policy, practice, and progress in each strategic area has also been conducted. This study synthesizes existing literature on PFMA in urban local bodies, identifies key PFMA areas where focused attention was required...

The Islamic Republic of Iran : Report on Public Financial Management, Procurement, and Expenditure Systems in Iran

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.97558%
This review aims to describe, and to the extent possible, analyze public expenditure management systems in Iran, including those involved in budget formulation and execution, financial management, procurement, and oversight (but not the management of the civil service). As such, it contains elements of a Public Expenditure Review, a Country Financial Accountability Assessment, and a Country Procurement Assessment Report. The report stops short of recommending additional or different reforms or action programs, pending further collaborative work within the agreed multiyear program. This report presents a baseline of understanding, bolstered by selected analytical and comparative diagnoses, on which the Bank can begin to tailor its work with Iran in the area of public financial management. The main chapters of the report thus summarize the size, structure, and functioning of the Iranian budget system, covering public spending performance, resource allocation, and expenditure execution. The final chapter contains a framework for assessing public financial risk in Iran, which summarizes the salient risk characteristics of the Iranian system and efforts to attenuate them. This framework could provide an agenda for future discussions on follow-up work.

Syrian Arab Republic : Modernization of Public Financial Management

Radev, Dimitar; Fouad, Manal; Gardner, John; Messali, Pierre; Petrie, Murray; Webber, David
Fonte: International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: International Monetary Fund and the World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.40408%
The authorities have made good recent progress in important public financial management (PFM) areas. They have strengthened the overall regulatory framework of the budget process by adopting a new basic finance law, and further deepened budget integration by transferring the responsibilities for the capital budget from the State Planning Commission (SPC) to the Ministry of Finance (MoF). They have also improved the budget presentation by providing information to parliament for selected ministries on the base of a simple program structure.The main purpose of this report is to assist the authorities in advancing their reform agenda for modernization of the PFM system. To this end, the report: Develops an action plan for PFM reform. The plan sets out specific activities in a selection of reform areas identified as priorities in discussion with the Minister of Finance, as well as the suggested timing and possible requirement of technicalassistance (TA); and elaborates, in detail, actions that need to be undertaken in four broad PFM areas as identified in the plan: (i) medium-term orientation of the budget; (ii) budget integration reforms; (iii) budgetary treatment of public economic entities; and (iv) treasury reforms. Key recommendations of the report include:Prepare a three-year fiscal forecast and link fiscal projections to an approved debtsustainability and fiscal strategy framework; present as part of the budget documentation information on the revenues and expenditures of the public economic entities; and progressively strengthen governance of the sector; gradually extend the use of programs for presentation purposes in the budget by adding up to five to six new ministries in 2010...

Small and Medium Enterprise Finance

Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion; International Finance Corporation
Fonte: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC Publicador: International Finance Corporation, Washington, DC
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.217617%
This update considers new findings since the initial Stocktaking report, substantiating the contribution of the private sector, and of small and medium enterprises (SMEs) in particular, for new jobs and investment. These findings further illustrate the key role access to finance plays in SMEs abilities and willingness to add jobs including the special circumstances of fast-growing SMEs, or gazelles. The new findings further detail availability and gaps in SME financing, including for specific subsectors such as women-owned firms and agri-enterprises. New trends include progress made in recent years to improve financial markets infrastructure, and expanded lending in countries such as China, which have made progress in this area. The findings also include key private sector innovations pioneered by the SME Finance Challenge winners and other private sector institutions, focusing on key sector opportunities (such as agribusiness and energy), product innovation (such as expanded local currency options), and risk management alternatives. The new findings and trends highlight the potential of collaborative platforms that have emerged from the G-20/GPFI (Global Partnership for Financial Inclusion) process to combine resources to improve SME access to finance...

Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Assessment

Government of Nepal Ministry of Finance
Fonte: World Bank, Kathmandu Publicador: World Bank, Kathmandu
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.292393%
The objective of this assessment is to update the public expenditure and financial accountability (PEFA) assessment published in early 2008. The assessment is expected to assist the Government of Nepal to: (a) establish indicator led assessment of the country’s public financial management (PFM) system, (b) update the fiduciary environment of the PFM systems and processes of the country, and (c) assist in identifying those parts of the PFM system that may need further reform and development. The institutional and organizational approach taken by the Government of Nepal ensured coordination among various government institutions. The assessment included collection of additional documentation, including meeting minutes, and interviews with government counterpart teams and main stakeholders. The report was updated and refined following advice from a World Bank team. A specialist in the use of PEFA methodology assisted in the later drafts and visited Nepal in August 17-20, 2014. Meetings were held with the PEFA Secretariat at the Financial Comptroller General Office (FCGO) and with the Ministry of Finance (MoF) Budget Division. This final draft of the report addresses all the comments received up to November 31...

Kingdom of Bhutan - Public Sector Accounting and Auditing : A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.92707%
The objectives of this report are: (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-founded knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. The analysis in this report has been conducted in light of the strong measures being taken in the Kingdom of Bhutan to reform the accounting and auditing processes. The report addresses several issues such as: adopting international accounting standards in major public enterprises; implementing professional leadership in accounting and financial management; implementing a fully integrated, computerized government accounting system; drafting new acts on public financial management and combating corruption; strengthening the Royal Institute of Management (RIM); and providing training for finance...

Ghana - 2009 External Review of Public Expenditures and Financial Management : Volume 1. Main report

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
89.03163%
The 2009 External Review of Public Expenditures and Financial Management (ERPEFM) is the fifth in a series of annual assessments by some of the development agencies that contribute to the Multi-Donor Budgetary Support (MDBS) in Ghana. The review was prepared in close collaboration and after extensive discussions with senior government officials in the Government of Ghana, in particular with officials from the ministry of finance and economic planning. The main purpose of the review is to inform based on research findings the policy dialogue on public financial management that takes place in Ghana. The implementation of the 2009 budget is happening against the backdrop of the Government's stated objective of reducing the overall fiscal deficit to 9.4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), down from an estimated 14.5 percent in 2008. The remainder of this chapter is organized as follows. Section B recapitulates the change in Ghanaian public finances in 2008. Section C discusses the country's fiscal outlook and the policy challenges ahead. Section D closes the chapter with the main conclusions and recommendations.

Ghana - 2009 External Review of Public Expenditures and Financial Management : Volume 2. The medium term expenditure framework

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
89.01717%
The 2009 External Review of Public Expenditures and Financial Management (ERPEFM) is the fifth in a series of annual assessments by some of the development agencies that contribute to the Multi-Donor Budgetary Support (MDBS) in Ghana. The review was prepared in close collaboration and after extensive discussions with senior government officials in the Government of Ghana, in particular with officials from the ministry of finance and economic planning. The main purpose of the review is to inform based on research findings the policy dialogue on public financial management that takes place in Ghana. The implementation of the 2009 budget is happening against the backdrop of the Government's stated objective of reducing the overall fiscal deficit to 9.4 percent of gross domestic product (GDP), down from an estimated 14.5 percent in 2008. The remainder of this chapter is organized as follows. Section B recapitulates the change in Ghanaian public finances in 2008. Section C discusses the country's fiscal outlook and the policy challenges ahead. Section D closes the chapter with the main conclusions and recommendations.

Ukraine : Public Financial Management Performance Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Country Financial Accountability Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.057207%
Improvements to the Public Financial Management (PFM) systems in Ukraine, introduced over the last decade, have contributed to improved fiscal management at an aggregate level and helped Ukraine to maintain budget discipline during a period of serious economic and political disturbance in 2008-9. A well established and transparent budget process, a strong centralized Treasury system and improved tax collection provided the foundations for this relatively good performance. Ukraine has a well established budget process that allows for orderly consultations with line ministries and with the legislature. Political events that took place during the period under review resulted in a significant delay in legislative approval of the budget in 2010 that accounts for the lower score compared to 2005. In 2011 budget preparation is back on track. The 2010 budget code which came into effect in the current financial year promises some further strengthening of the links between policy and the budget. Previously government prepared medium term fiscal forecasts...

Ghana - Joint Review of Public Expenditure and Financial Management

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
89.13268%
This Chapter discusses Ghana's efforts in 2009 and 2010 to restore macro-economic stability through fiscal consolidation. It underlines that a substantial fiscal adjustment was undertaken, and yielded important results in terms of foreign currency reserves position, consumer prices and exchange rate stability. The adjustment mostly took the form of expenditure containment, and had initially a significant impact on overall economic activity through its negative impact on aggregate demand. This effect was compounded by the absence of relay from the private sector, which found it difficult to access credit from a domestic financial sector crippled with non performing loans, the latter originating for a large extent from the continued accumulation of public expenditure arrears. Meanwhile, Ghana improved domestic resource mobilization, though from a low base. This joint review of public expenditure and financial management is an attempt to fill this gap and re-focus attention on public expenditure effectiveness. The review aims at providing a comprehensive picture of public expenditure patterns. It focuses on a set of sectors...

Mali - Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review : Main Report; Mali - Revue des depenses publiques et de la responsabilite financiere de l'etat

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.97467%
The public financial management (PFM) performance assessment in Mali covered all central government revenues and expenditures and the institutions responsible for their management. This means that the assessment covered central government ministries and institutions, along with their de concentrated units in the regions (governors' staff); and autonomous government agencies, of which there were 82 at the time of the assessment. The report consists of: a brief review of Mali's economic situation and the legal and institutional framework for public financial management (section two); a description of the background and the scores attributed to each PEFA performance indicator (section three); and a summary of the Government's reform program and the institutional factors that are likely to impact planning and implementation of reforms (section four).

Mali - Public Expenditure Management and Financial Accountability Review : Public Financial Management Performance Report; Mali - Revue des depenses publiques et de la responsabilite financiere de l'etat

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
78.98493%
The public financial management (PFM) performance assessment in Mali covered all central government revenues and expenditures and the institutions responsible for their management. This means that the assessment covered central government ministries and institutions, along with their de concentrated units in the regions (governors' staff); and autonomous government agencies, of which there were 82 at the time of the assessment. The report consists of: a brief review of Mali's economic situation and the legal and institutional framework for public financial management (section two); a description of the background and the scores attributed to each PEFA performance indicator (section three); and a summary of the Government's reform program and the institutional factors that are likely to impact planning and implementation of reforms (section four).

Service Delivery and Financial Management in a New Province : Gorontalo Public Expenditure Analysis 2008

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Public Expenditure Review; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.084253%
As one of Indonesia's recently established provinces, 2001 Gorontalo has faced numerous challenges, the most daunting being one of the country's highest levels of poverty. Gorontalo's sub-national governments shoulder a heavy responsibility in ensuring the rapid development of the region, alleviating poverty and improving the provision of basic public services especially in education and health and making sure those services reach the poorest and most vulnerable groups. In performing these crucial tasks, the success of sub-national governments depends to a large degree on three factors: the ability of sub-national governments to define and then translate their visions for development into effective development plans; the existing capacity of the government bureaucracy; and the availability of budgetary resources. A clear and well-articulated vision is needed to guide regional development, one that should serve to synergize the efforts of multiple stakeholders to make full use of the latent potential that exists in Gorontalo. Moreover...

Bosnia and Herzegovina : A Fiduciary Update on Public Financial Management

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Financial Sector Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.404155%
Bosnia and Herzegovina (BH) hopes to successfully conclude the Stabilization and Association Agreement (SAA) with the European Union (EU) by the end of 2006, upgrading BH as a potential candidate for EU membership. Entry into the EU will increasingly shape the future reform program of BH in several areas, including public financial management. Strategic planning has improved, and ownership is more evident. A key development was the country-wide Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP), known as the Medium Term Development Strategy (MTDS), which was prepared jointly by the three governments. These efforts have helped to familiarize the governments with policy-based frameworks in a multiannual context, yet the link between policy and budget is still very weak. Externally financed technical assistance has helped to ameliorate the lack of capacity within the finance ministries. It is too early to say whether the medium-term expenditure framework (MTEF) will be sustained without continuing external support although there are indications that it is becoming the starting point for the preparation of annual budget rather than remaining as a standalone document. The overall financial management risk to Bank development policy lending (DPL) funds is moderate. Ample safeguards exist in the central bank to record and track foreign currency funds received under the Bank's DPL program. However...

Bhutan : Public Sector Accounting and Auditing, A Comparison to International Standards

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work; Economic & Sector Work :: Accounting and Auditing Assessment (ROSC)
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.26272%
The objectives of this report are: (a) to provide the country's accounting and audit authorities and other interested stakeholders with a common well-founded knowledge as to where local practices stand in accordance with the internationally developed standards of financial reporting and audit; (b) to assess the prevailing variances; (c) to chart paths to reduce the variances; and (d) to provide a continuing basis for measuring improvements. The analysis in this report has been conducted in light of the strong measures being taken in the Kingdom of Bhutan to reform the accounting and auditing processes. The report addresses several issues such as: adopting international accounting standards in major public enterprises; implementing professional leadership in accounting and financial management; implementing a fully integrated, computerized government accounting system; drafting new acts on public financial management and combating corruption; strengthening the Royal Institute of Management (RIM); and providing training for finance...

Montenegro : Public Expenditure and Financial Accountability Assessment; Crna Gora - Ocjena javne potrosnje i finansijske odgovornosti

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Integrated Fiduciary Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
79.092007%
The purpose of the assessment is to provide the Montenegrin authorities with an internationally-recognized benchmark evaluation of the performance of the Montenegrin Public Financial Management (PFM) systems in order that they may thereafter consider the systems' strengths and weaknesses and develop strategies to strengthen them. The assessment comes at a critical juncture. After double-digit growth in 2007, economic growth has slowed considerably. On the fiscal side, the boom contributed to fiscal surpluses which cannot be sustained in the current economic climate and additional challenges in fiscal management have emerged. The potential to contain recurrent expenditure and implement institutional reforms on the integration path will require increasing efficiency in public administration. The management of the surge in tax and other revenues represented a special challenge for the government particularly given the significant revenues realized from the-one-off foreign investment in privatized state-owned enterprises. The level of public debt...