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Multirões verticalizados em São Paulo: avaliação de qualidade dos projetos e satisfação dos moradores; Self-built vertical housing projects in São Paulo: evaluation of project quality and dweller satiscation

Nakashigue, Katia Luli
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/03/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.650063%
Esta dissertação tem o objetivo de avaliar os empreendimentos habitacionais verticalizados de interesse social, resultantes dos projetos elaborados pelas assessorias técnicas, contratadas pelos movimentos de moradia, com a parceria dos órgãos públicos responsáveis pela fomentação de habitação popular na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo. São denominados Mutirões Verticalizados. A compreensão histórica e ideológica da verticalização das habitações sociais, da sua inserção e/ou espoliação no espaço da cidade e das políticas de mutirão existentes na Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, pretende subsidiar uma reflexão a cerca dos resultados da ocupação dos projetos que tem como principal característica, o acompanhamento dos futuros moradores em todas as etapas da construção. Através da APO- Avaliação de Pós-Ocupação, aplicada em alguns mutirões verticalizados, localizados em vários pontos da Região Metropolitana de São Paulo, podemos apontar indicadores do desempenho da aferição de satisfação dos usuários, e as principais causas que levam aos mutirantes quererem repassar ou ficarem em sua atual moradia. Essa pesquisa visa contribuir para o aprimoramento de programas de processos de projeto e da produção dos conjuntos habitacionais...

Blocos de memórias: habitação social, arquitetura moderna e patrimônio cultural; Memory Blocks: Social Housing, Modern Architecture and Preservation

Nascimento, Flávia Brito do
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/12/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.248267%
Esta tese de doutorado estuda a preservação dos conjuntos residenciais modernos empreendidos entre 1930 e 1964 no Brasil. Tais conjuntos residenciais são exemplares importantes da história da arquitetura moderna brasileira e têm sua salvaguarda seriamente ameaçada. Integrando as agendas da preservação e da habitação social, propomos estudá-los e entendê-los como patrimônio cultural, objetivando definir parâmetros conceituais e traçar estratégias de gestão e de preservação. Pretendemos tomar parte no debate sobre a preservação da arquitetura e do urbanismo modernos a partir do tópico da habitação social, enfrentando as questões da atribuição de valor e da atualidade e obsolescência das propostas do morar moderno. Para tanto, estudamos a historicização e a atribuição de valor à arquitetura moderna, suas relações com a historiografia da arquitetura e a construção de memória da arquitetura moderna no Brasil a partir dos anos 80 e as preservações no exterior e no Brasil, feita pelo Iphan, Inepac e Condephaat. Debatemos a habitação social e patrimônio cultural por meio do estudo dos tombamentos de vilas operárias e conjuntos residenciais, com foco no Conjunto Residencial do Pedregulho, estudado em detalhe na sua trajetória desde construção até os desafios do presente.; This doctoral thesis studies the conservation of modern housing developments that was carried out in Brazil between 1930 and 1964. These housing developments are important examples for the history of modern Brazilian architecture and their conservation is under serious threat. Bringing together the preservation and social housing agendas...

Personalização de habitação de interesse social no Brasil : o caso da implantação urbana em conjuntos habitacionais; Customization of low-income housing in Brazil : the case of urban design in social housing developments

Leticia Teixeira Mendes
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.33789%
Há décadas o Brasil vem tentando solucionar seu problema de déficit de moradias, por meio de uma estratégia modernista de tipologias padronizadas e implantação repetitiva, o que tem resultado, na maioria das vezes, em espaços públicos de baixa qualidade espacial, pouco variados e carentes de uma gradação entre as áreas públicas e privadas que permita a criação de comunidades solidárias dentro dos grandes conjuntos habitacionais. Nesse contexto, adotando uma linha de pensamento estruturalista, esta tese tem como objetivo geral propor um método de projeto para o desenvolvimento de implantação urbana em conjuntos de Habitação de Interesse Social (HIS) que permita a criação de espaços comuns e áreas de lazer mais diversificados. O trabalho começa com a análise de alguns projetos de conjuntos habitacionais nacionais e internacionais, identificando suas principais características do ponto de vista da implantação, por meio da inferência de regras de composição utilizando o formalismo da Gramática da Forma, de Stiny e Gips. Em seguida, é feito um levantamento de exemplos de aplicação de métodos paramétricos e generativos no desenvolvimento de projetos de HIS, nos contextos da pesquisa e do ensino de projeto. Finalmente...

Challenges and benefits of building sustainable cooperative housing

Coimbra, José; Almeida, Manuela Guedes de
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.926177%
This research has the goal of determining, comparing and substantiating the actual outcome of using sustainable practices, from a financial and environmental comfort point of view. The selected context was of interest due to the challenge of quality sustainable construction at controlled costs, meant for inhabitants of the Portuguese cooperative housing, due to its economical implications and especially its social ones. Two case studies of cooperative housing developments built in Portugal are presented, the first with characteristics of traditional construction and the second including sustainable building features. With these examples, it is intended to demonstrate that it is possible to build below cost limits imposed by law in order to substantially reduce energy consumption costs for heating and cooling as well as for domestic water heating. So, calculations of energy savings in indoor heating and cooling, as well as for domestic water heating are presented in this article for two specific situations: first, for a standard comfort use of housing, as opposed to a situation of real consumption of housing developments as obtained by monitoring carried out for one year in the same dwellings studied for standard comfort. The causes that lead to a substantial decrease in energy consumption in the building of sustainable construction are also described...

Psychosocial predictors of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments

Epstein, J.; Williams, C.; Botvin, G.; Diaz, T.; Ifill-Williams, M.
Fonte: BMJ Group Publicador: BMJ Group
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.34135%
BACKGROUND—Adolescents residing in low-income public housing developments in inner-city regions may be particularly vulnerable to a variety of risk factors associated with cigarette smoking.
OBJECTIVE—To elucidate the aetiology of cigarette smoking among adolescents living in public housing developments.
DESIGN, SETTING, AND SUBJECTS—We examined predictors of smoking from four domains: background characteristics, social influences, behavioural control, and psychosocial characteristics using a sample of seventh graders (mean age 12.9 years) who reside in public housing developments in New York City (n = 624). The addresses of participants in a larger investigation of the aetiology and prevention of smoking were checked to determine if they lived in one of 335 public housing developments in New York City. All participants living in public housing developments were included in the current study.
MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES—African-American and Hispanic students completed questionnaires about their cigarette use, social pressures to smoke, smoking attitudes, smoking knowledge, and smoking resistance skills. Students also provided information on demographic and behavioural control (such as church and school attendance).
RESULTS—Logistic regression analyses indicated that social influences from friends and family members predicted smoking. Psychosocial characteristics such as advertising resistance skills...

Risk Behavior and Perception Among Youths Residing in Urban Public Housing Developments

Li, Xiaoming; Stanton, Bonita; Black, Maureen M.; Romer, Daniel; Ricardo, Izabel; Kaljee, Linda
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1994 Português
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The scientific literature and popular media suggest that variations in housing structure and neighborhood influence risk behaviors among youths living in low-income urban communities. To explore the importance of these factors on early sexual intercourse, substance use, drug trafficking, and school truancy, data from a community-based survey, conducted in six public housing developments in a major eastern metropolis, were analyzed. The survey group consisted of 300 youths aged 9 through 15 years. There were minimal differences in three potential mediators of risk behaviors (e.g., perceived social support, parenting style, and perceived risk exposure) and in self-reported adolescent risk behaviors among youths residing in different housing developments and between youths residing in high-rise and in low-rise structures. These findings do not support the hypothesis that within a risk-dense low-income environment, variations in building structure or in neighborhood are associated with differences in adolescent risk behaviors.

Arab Republic of Egypt : Analysis of Housing Supply Mechanisms, Final Note

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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The objective of this study, requested by the Minister of Housing, Utilities and Urban Development, is to assist the government of Egypt in: formulating a coherent national affordable housing strategy which puts in place an effective institutional and regulatory framework that creates the necessary conditions for an efficiently functioning housing market, devises the incentive structure needed to promote increased private sector participation in affordable housing supply and the subsidy package to enable limited-income households to access affordable housing, and addresses distortions in factor markets; and designing the foundations and key elements of the national affordable housing program for Egypt, which aims to enable the delivery of 500,000 affordable housing units in the coming six years. This study critically analyzes the existing situation on housing supply in urban areas in Egypt. This includes examining existing formal and informal mechanisms for the supply/ delivery of urban housing in Egypt, institutions responsible for supply and regulation...

Assessment of Housing for Low-income Groups in Danang : Phase I Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.16903%
Danang City is the capital and economic hub of the central region of Vietnam. As in all of the major urban centers of the country, Danang is currently experiencing rapid urbanization fueled by consistent economic growth and the resultant steady increase in population, much through rural-urban migration. For this reason, central and city government has been increasingly concerned with the urban development and housing sectors. The objective of the (LIHAS) Study is to undertake an assessment of the low-income housing sector in Danang with a view to: i) determining effective demand for low-income shelter in Danang; and ii) providing alternative models of housing production, including aspects of housing finance, construction and maintenance. The Study will take account of Government housing policy as it affects low-income households (LIH) in Danang. In this regard there has been a move away from direct Government involvement in house construction for the public sector service which was found to be financiallyunsustainable. The scope of work is based on two phases as follows: Phase I. Data Collection and Analysis: this will involve: i) agreement with the DPC on adefinition low-income households for Danang City to be used as basis for the Study; ii) a literature review of relevant reports and studies; iii) preparation of an inventory of all existing publicly constructed housing developments for low-income groups in Danang built since 1980; iv) a rough assessment of the current size and rate of expansion of informal housing in the City; v) an assessment of the type and level of private sector participation in low income housing provision; vi) a review and assessment of the roles and responsibilities of both DONRE and DOC in respect to the provision and maintenance of publicly sponsored low-income housing; vii) a financial assessment of DONRE and DOC operations withrespect to the provision and maintenance of low-income housing; viii) identification of the binding constraints on the creation of low-income housing generally and in Danang specifically.

Access to Affordable and Low-Income Housing in East Asia and the Pacific

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
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47.868066%
Across the world, the housing sector plays a key role in local and national economies, and expanding access to housing can encourage more equitably shared economic growth. This report surveys current policy interventions designed to encourage affordable housing in East Asia and the Pacific (EAP). The purpose of this report is to provide a general overview of the recent trends in urbanization and development in EAP and to consider different forms of government, market, and nonprofit actions that support housing affordability. It will also highlight key constraints and barriers that restrict the provision of low-cost housing in urban areas. Housing is important because it represents a significant household expenditure. The report assesses the strengths and limitations of affordable housing strategies used by different countries throughout EAP. This report offers broad conclusions that account for the broad social, political, and institutional variation among EAP countries; as such, these conclusions may well be applicable to more than one country context. The report also provides specific recommendations for improvement where existing interventions are new or have proven less successful. The report is divided into following chapters: chapter one gives introduction. Chapter two examines trends in urbanization rates...

Sustainability Assessment of Housing Developments: A New Methodology

Daniell, K.; Kingsborough, A.; Malovka, D.; Sommerville, H.; Foley, B.; Maier, H.
Fonte: ANU E Press; Canberra, ACT 0200 Publicador: ANU E Press; Canberra, ACT 0200
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2006 Português
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47.883525%
In order to combat the rapid degradation of the world’s ecosystems and depletion of natural resources, governments and planning authorities are searching for more sustainable forms of development. The need to assess the sustainability of development proposals is of great importance to policy and decision makers. However, effective methods of assessing the overall sustainability of housing developments (proposed or existing) have yet to be established. This research aims to address this problem by presenting a new methodology to assess the sustainability of housing development systems. The methodology uses a Sustainability Scale for indicators that are derived from percentiles of a population with resource use above a predetermined sustainable level. It has been coupled with a technique for modelling complex housing development systems using multiagent based simulation.The methodology was shown to be operational in the case study application of the Christie Walk housing development in inner-city Adelaide, Australia. The results of the assessment showed that the development compared favourably to the rest of the Adelaide metropolitan area. The case study also highlighted, through behavioural scenario analyses, the importance of good infrastructure and design in reducing the impacts of human behaviour on housing development sustainability. It is envisaged that this new methodology of combining sustainability assessment with an integrated modelling technique will provide the basis for a solution to many of the challenges currently facing sustainability researchers...

Las urbanizaciones tur??sticas de Isla del Moral (Ayamonte, Huelva)

Babinger, Frank
Fonte: Universidade de Granada Publicador: Universidade de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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47.633706%
El presente art??culo analiza la evoluci??n diacr??nica seguida por las urbanizaciones tur??sticas de Isla del Moral del municipio onubense de Ayamonte. El crecimiento casi continuo de la poblaci??n y de las construcciones, aunado a una planificaci??n tur??stica que data de los a??os sesenta del siglo pasado, se plasma en la ocupaci??n tur??stica de la primera l??nea de playa en un ambiente que no se hab??a urbanizado hasta inicios del presente milenio. Para mostrar esta evoluci??n se cuenta con los censos de poblaci??n y viviendas, pero tambi??n con fotograf??as a??reas del ??ltimo medio siglo que permiten una f??cil visualizaci??n de los mayores cambios acaecidos a lo largo del tiempo. Las nuevas urbanizaciones tur??sticas que se est??n levantando actualmente en Isla del Moral lo hacen sin tener en cuenta la din??mica natural del medio ambiente que encierra m??ltiples peligros, poniendo el desarrollo urbano-tur??stico en riesgo. La ordenaci??n del territorio debe contar con esta din??mica natural, principalmente con la futura subida del nivel del mar en ambientes marisme??os especialmente vulnerables. La planificaci??n territorial y sectorial (municipal, regional y estatal) aplicada hasta ahora no ha podido evitar numerosas disfuncionalidades ligadas a la ocupaci??n de espacios en riesgo. La Gesti??n Integral de Zonas Costeras...

Sustainability assessment of housing developments: A new methodology = l’évaluation de la durabilité des systèmes urbains: une nouvelle méthodologie; Sustainability assessment of housing developments: A new methodology = l'evaluation de la durabilite des systemes urbains: une nouvelle methodologie

Daniell, K.; Kingsborough, A.; Malovka, D.; Sommerville, H.; Foley, B.; Maier, H.
Fonte: CABM-HEMA-SMAGET Publicador: CABM-HEMA-SMAGET
Tipo: Conference paper
Publicado em //2005 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.08829%
In order to combat the rapid degradation of the world’s ecosystems and depletion of natural resources, governments and planning authorities are searching for more sustainable forms of development. The need to assess the sustainability of development proposals is thus of great importance to policy and decision makers. However, effective methods of assessing the overall sustainability of housing developments (proposed or existing) have yet to be established. This research aims to address this problem by presenting a new methodology to assess the sustainability of housing development systems. The methodology uses indicators with a common 'Sustanability Scale' which is derived from percentiles of a population with resource use above a predetermined sustainable level, and has been coupled with a technique for modelling complex housing development systems using multiagent based simulation. The methodology was shown to be operational in the case study application of the Christie Walk housing development in inner-city Adelaide, Australia. The results of the assessment showed that the development compared favourably to the rest of the Adelaide metropolitan area. The case study also highlighted, through behavioural scenario analyses, the importance of good infrastructure and design in reducing the impacts of human behaviour on housing development sustainability. It is envisaged that this new methodology of combining sustainability assessment with an integrated modelling technique will provide the basis for a solution to many of the challenges currently facing sustainability researchers...

Green Cities : Sustainable Low-Income Housing in Brazil

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
58.44179%
Housing development has direct and indirect impacts on the environment. Through its design, construction, and operation, housing represents a significant point of direct consumption of natural materials, water, and energy. Therefore, greenhouse gas emissions embodied in housing can be very significant. Moreover, in Brazil, civil construction is responsible for the largest percentage of solid waste volume generated in cities, resulting in additional environmental impacts. The housing sector also has substantial indirect environmental impacts associated with extended commuting distances from residents of housing developments and their resulting greenhouse gas emissions.The housing sector in Brazil offers substantial opportunities to improve enviromental performance. Housing developments, particularly large-scale low-cost programs, provide opportunities to minimize local and global environmental impacts through the use of energy efficient materials, design and construction guidelines, as well as performance standards. Many of these technologies and practices are appropriate to Brazilian conditions...

An Assessment of Housing for Low-income Groups in Danang : Phase II Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Urban Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.864106%
In August 2004, in response to a request from the Government of Vietnam (GOV), the WB/ IDA launched preparatory activities for the Priority Infrastructure Investment Project (PIIP) in Danang. The PIIP is a multi-sectoral infrastructure investment initiative aimed at poverty reduction and the promotion of economic growth. The Project reflects the national goals set out in the Comprehensive Poverty Reduction and Growth Strategy (CPRGS), and is in line with the overall development priorities of the City's Five-Year (2006-200) Socio-Economic Development Plan (SEDP). The (PIIP) Project objectives are to: i) improve the living conditions and productivity of low income residents through better access to basic services; ii) promote economic growth through strategic investments that enhance mobility and increase private sector participation in the City's economic development; and iii) improve city and district level management through institutional and human resource development and capacity building. During the course of (PIIP) Project preparation activities...

Outcomes of a randomized community-level HIV prevention intervention for women living in 18 low-income housing developments.

Sikkema, K J; Kelly, J A; Winett, R A; Solomon, L J; Cargill, V A; Roffman, R A; McAuliffe, T L; Heckman, T G; Anderson, E A; Wagstaff, D A; Norman, A D; Perry, M J; Crumble, D A; Mercer, M B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2000 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.89558%
OBJECTIVES: Women in impoverished inner-city neighborhoods are at high risk for contracting HIV. A randomized, multisite community-level HIV prevention trial was undertaken with women living in 18 low-income housing developments in 5 US cities. METHODS: Baseline and 12-month follow-up population risk characteristics were assessed by surveying 690 women at both time points. In the 9 intervention condition housing developments, a community-level intervention was undertaken that included HIV risk reduction workshops and community HIV prevention events implemented by women who were popular opinion leaders among their peers. RESULTS: The proportion of women in the intervention developments who had any unprotected intercourse in the past 2 months declined from 50% to 37.6%, and the percentage of women's acts of intercourse protected by condoms increased from 30.2% to 47.2%. Among women exposed to intervention activities, the mean frequency of unprotected acts of intercourse in the past 2 months tended to be lower at follow-up (mean = 4.0) than at baseline (mean = 6.0). These changes were corroborated by changes in other risk indicators. CONCLUSIONS: Community-level interventions that involve and engage women in neighborhood-based HIV prevention activities can bring about reductions in high-risk sexual behaviors.

HIV risk behaviors among women living in low-income, inner-city housing developments.

Sikkema, K J; Heckman, T G; Kelly, J A; Anderson, E S; Winett, R A; Solomon, L J; Wagstaff, D A; Roffman, R A; Perry, M J; Cargill, V; Crumble, D A; Fuqua, R W; Norman, A D; Mercer, M B
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1996 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.79582%
OBJECTIVES. This study describes the prevalence and predictors of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) risk behaviors among women living in low-income, inner-city housing developments. METHODS. Anonymous questionnaires were administered to 671 women living in 10 inner-city, low-income housing developments in five US cities to determine their levels of HIV risk behavior and predictors of HIV risk practices. RESULTS. Approximately one third of women were at high risk for HIV because of the risk behavior of their sexual partners. HIV risk was highest among women who accurately perceived themselves to be at increased HIV risk, held strong beliefs about barriers to condom use, and reported weak behavioral intentions to reduce risk. Women at higher risk were also younger and reported higher rates of alcohol and substance use. CONCLUSIONS. HIV prevention efforts are needed for inner-city women. Interventions should focus on overcoming women's barriers to condom use, strengthening their intentions to change behaviors, and managing the risk related to their use of substances.

Marijuana use among minority youths living in public housing developments

Williams, Christopher; Epstein, Jennifer A.; Botvin, Gilbert J.; Ifill-Williams, Michelle
Fonte: Springer-Verlag Publicador: Springer-Verlag
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /03/1999 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.911123%
Youths residing in public housing developments appear to be at markedly heightened risk for drug use because of their constant exposure to violence, poverty, and drug-related activity. The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model of marijuana etiology with adolescents (N=624) residing in public housing. African-American and Hispanic seventh graders completed questionnaires about their marijuana use, social influences to smoke maijuana, and sociodemographic and psychosocial characteristics. Results indicated that social influences, such as friends' marijuana use and perceived ease of availability of marijuana, significantly predicted both occasional and future use of marijuana. Individual characteristics such as antimarijuana attitudes and drug refsul skills also predicted marijuana use. The findings imply that effective prevention approaches that target urban youths residing in public housing developments should provide them with an awareness of social influences to use marijuana, correct misperceptions about the prevalence of marijuana smoking, and train adolescents in relevant psychosocial skills.

AVALIAÇÃO PÓS-OCUPAÇÃO: PRÉ-TESTE DE INSTRUMENTOS PARA VERIFICAÇÃO DO DESEMPENHO DE EMPREENDIMENTOS HABITACIONAIS EM SISTEMAS CONSTRUTIVOS INOVADORES; Post-occupancy evaluation: pre-test of tools for performance check of housing developments in innovative building systems

Ono, Rosaria; Ornstein, Sheila Walbe; Oliveira, Fabiana Lopes de; Galvao, Walter José Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Instituto de Arquitetura e Urbanismo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Avaliado Por Pares; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/08/2015 Português
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Este artigo discute a importância do pré-teste e os resultados da sua aplicação num procedimento para avaliação de desempenho de empreendimentos habitacionais em uso, visando contribuir para o conhecimento sobre a qualidade do ambiente construído e dos sistemas construtivos inovadores especificados dentro de uma visão sistêmica do ciclo de vida útil das edificações.  O procedimento padronizado englobando um conjunto de instrumentos otimizados para avaliação de desempenho, ora proposto, teve como base a metodologia da Avaliação Pós-Ocupação (APO) e os requisitos e critérios da norma brasileira ABNT/NBR 15575:2013.  Ressalta-se que esse conjunto de instrumentos foi concebido para permitir uma avaliação preliminar do atendimento do sistema construtivo inovador de empreendimentos habitacionais aos requisitos de desempenho definidos em normas brasileiras, considerando as suas principais características.  Os instrumentos propostos e pré-testados indicam ser fundamental a participação dos usuários (moradores) na avaliação das habitações em fase de uso, combinada com a aplicação de instrumentos para a avaliação técnica de desempenho realizada por especialistas, como forma de obtenção de insumos essenciais para aprimorar o processo e a gestão visando à garantia da qualidade arquitetônica e construtiva.; This article discusses the importance of pre-testing and the results of itsapplication in a procedure for performance evaluation of occupied residential buildings tocontribute for improving the knowledge about the quality of both the built environment andthe innovative building systems specified within a systemic view of the life cycle of buildings.The proposed standardized procedure...

When planning for new housing developments, we must make sure they are built where people actually want to live

Leunig, Tim
Fonte: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science Publicador: Blog post from London School of Economics & Political Science
Tipo: Website; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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With a growing population, government is under increasing pressure to build more and more housing developments. Previously used, or brownfield, land often offers an attractive alternative to building on greenfield sites. However, Tim Leunig warns that we must be certain that there is demand for new homes in these areas before we commit to redeveloping them at an often high cost.

Together, apart? Situating social relations and housing provision in the everyday life of new-build mixed-tenure housing developments

Kilburn, Daniel
Fonte: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis Publicador: London School of Economics and Political Science Thesis
Tipo: Thesis; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.986387%
Since 2000, mixed-tenure development has been advocated in planning policy guidance to local authorities in England, as a means of providing subsidised housing alongside market rate properties. This research explores residents’ experiences of three large, high-density, mixed-tenure housing developments in East London. A combination of in-depth interviews and survey responses provide insights into various aspects of daily life in these schemes, including interpersonal contacts and social relations between residents, attitudes towards tenure-based differences, and perceptions of the local neighbourhood. These insights are, in turn, situated within the context of an analysis of the provision process for mixed-tenure housing, based on interviews with key informants from housing associations, developers, architects and regeneration agencies. Policies for tenure-mixing ostensibly constitute a novel means of providing subsidised housing within a more social inclusive residential form. However, this research reveals a distinctly ordinary quality to everyday life in mixed-tenure schemes, within which the majority of interactions between residents were casual and infrequent, with relatively few close or sustained relationships, especially with between those from different social...