Página 1 dos resultados de 180 itens digitais encontrados em 0.007 segundos

Gerenciamento de impressão em relatórios de sustentabilidade no Brasil: Uma análise do uso de gráficos; Impression management in sustainability reports in Brazil: An analysis of the use of graphics.

Penteado, Isabela Alves de Morais
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.641553%
O crescente número de empresas brasileiras que preparam e divulgam voluntariamente relatórios de sustentabilidade, bem como as motivações propostas pela Teoria da Legitimidade para a adoção dessa prática, causam questionamentos a respeito da idoneidade da informação oferecida. Dessa maneira, o presente trabalho investigou se os gráficos apresentados nos relatórios de sustentabilidade publicados por cinquenta empresas brasileiras de capital aberto foram utilizados como ferramentas para o gerenciamento de impressões, sendo manipulados de forma a melhorar a apresentação do desempenho obtido por essas organizações e auxiliar em seus processos de legitimação. A amostra final compreendeu 3.422 informações gráficas e as análises realizadas abrangeram duas formas de gerenciamento de impressões por meio do uso de gráficos abordadas na literatura: a seletividade e a distorção de medidas. Os resultados encontrados, embora explicativos, não forneceram evidências seguras de que os gráficos identificados foram empregados como ferramentas para o gerenciamento de impressão. Apesar da predominância da utilização de gráficos para a representação de notícias positivas e das distorções de medidas físicas identificadas...

Gerenciamento de impressão e produção de subjetividade em entrevista de seleção

Carvalho, Maria Luisa; Grisci, Carmem Ligia Iochins
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Este artigo resulta de uma pesquisa sobre relações entre o gerenciamento de impressão e os comportamentos de candidatos a cargos de gerência intermediária em entrevista de seleção. Trata-se de uma pesquisa exploratória realizada em duas empresas de consultoria de Recursos Humanos, tendo como sujeitos trinta candidatos a cargos de gerência intermediária e quatro selecionadoras. Os dados foram coletados através de entrevistas individuais, observações diretas e fontes documentais. A análise dos dados se deu à luz do referencial teórico de autores como Leary, Jones e Pittman, Ralston e Kirkwood, Guattari e Rolnik. Os resultados da pesquisa indicam uma homogeneização das orientações oferecidas aos candidatos, bem como do comportamento destes durante a entrevista de seleção. Tal homogeneização resulta de modos de subjetivação ou modos de produção de estilos de vida contemporâneos ou modos de existência que, diante do medo da exclusão fomentada pelos altos índices de desemprego, constroem sujeitos camaleônicos que se apresentam ao sabor das exigências do mercado.; This research discusses the relationships among the impression management and the behaviors of applicants for intermediate management positions and job interviewers. This is an exploratory research developed at two human resources consulting companies. The subjects were 30 applicants for intermediate management positions and 4 job interviewers. The data were collected through individual interviews...

Risk reporting practices by companies in the non finance sector: evidence from Portugal

Oliveira, Jonas; Rodrigues, Lúcia Lima
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.88564%
Some theories, as agency theory or signalling theory raised the problem related with the information asymmetry between the shareholders and the managers. One way of reducing this asymmetry is to pressure the companies to disclose more risk-related information. In our research we try to determine the risk reporting practices among Portuguese non-financial companies. For this purpose a content analysis of 81 individual and consolidated annual reports, from the year 2005, of Portuguese companies listed on the Eurolist Lisbon stock exchange market, and on the un-regulated market and not listed companies was made. We concluded that managers, at the time of reporting information about risk, adopt strategies of “impression management” consistent with the attribution theory. We also conclude that almost all of the information disclosed was generic, qualitative and backward-looking, expressing a gap between the risk reporting practices and the usefulness of this kind of information. Therefore, this study is relevant for risk disclosure regulation.

Impression management e o desempenho organizacional: o caso português

Borges, Maria de Fátima Ribeiro
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O estudo pretende avaliar o impacte do desempenho organizacional na adopção de estratégias de impression management. O estudo apresenta uma análise de conteúdo de 45 cartas do Presidente do Conselho de Administração, contidas nos relatórios e contas anuais de 2010, das empresas Portuguesas não financeiras. Os resultados indicam que o desempenho organizacional não influencia a adoção de estratégias de impression management. Consistente com a teoria psicológica social de impression management, as empresas de maior dimensão tendem a apresentar uma imagem corporativa mais favorecida, contudo consistente com a restante informação contida no relatório e contas anual. Estas empresas apresentam um maior nível de verbosidade, consistente com o argumento da racionalidade retrospetiva.; This study assesses the influence of performance in the adoption of impression management strategies. The study conducts a content analysis of a sample of 45 chairman’s statements, included in the annual reports for 2010 Portuguese companies in the non-finance sector. Findings indicate that performance does not explain impression management. Consistent with social psychology theory of impression management, larger companies present a favourable image of the firm...

A utilização de estratégias de impression management na carta do presidente : evidência nas empresas financeiras portuguesas

Pinheiro, Stéphanie Fernandes
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro Instituto Superior de Contabilidade e Administração de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.176074%
O presente estudo pretende analisar a utilidade da informação narrativa contida nas cartas do Presidente do Conselho de Administração das empresas financeiras portuguesas e avaliar o impacto da crise financeira nas estratégias de impression management. O objetivo é verificar se, de facto, há ou não utilização de estratégias de impression management nas 128 cartas incluídas no relatório de gestão, com o intuito de manipular a perceção dos stakeholders sobre o nível de desempenho organizacional de empresa. Para o efeito, e recorrendo à análise do conteúdo analisamos os Relatórios e Contas individuais de 27 instituições financeiras nos anos de 2006 a 2012. Concluímos que, mesmo em período de crise financeira, as empresas financeiras Portuguesas não tendem a adotar mais estratégias de IM, no entanto, há anos onde se evidenciam maiores tendências de utilização destas estratégias.; This study assesses the influence of performance in the adoption of impression management strategies in the CEO letters of the Portuguese financial companies. It also evaluates the impact of financial crisis on impression management strategies. The goal is to verify whether or not there is indeed an impact on the handling of the information contained in the 128 letters included in the management report...

A construção da imagem profissional nos oficiais da PSP: reflexos nas estratégias e resultados individuais

Silva, Fernanda do R. Carneiro da
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
48.106216%
Mestrado em Gestão de Recursos Humanos / JEL Classification System: M12 - Personnel Management; M51 - Firm Employment Decisions; Promotions.; Este projecto de investigação tem como objectivo central, estudar quais os comportamentos de gestão de impressões adoptados na construção e gestão da imagem profissional dos Oficiais de Polícia e a sua influência no alcance do sucesso na carreira. Estuda-se ainda o efeito moderador do grau de discrepância percepcionado, entre a imagem profissional actual e a imagem profissional desejada e do nível de auto-monitorização. Com base numa metodologia quantitativa, através da utilização de questionário e numa amostra total de 97 Oficiais da PSP. De acordo com os resultados obtidos acreditamos que o estudo das estratégias de GI merece maior atenção, uma vez que o seu recurso parece estar associado à percepção de realização profissional, à severidade da discrepância na imagem profissional e ao nível de automonitorização. Os resultados sugerem claramente um maior recurso dos Oficiais a comportamentos defensivos de GI, para (re)construírem ou reabilitarem a sua imagem profissional, que lhes permita serem aceites e reconhecidos pelos seus pares, subordinados e superiores. Observamos a existência de uma moderação da discrepância na imagem...

Impression Management in Survey Responding: Easier for Collectivists or Individualists?

Riemer, Hila; Shavitt, Sharon
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Three experiments indicate that when individualists and collectivists engage in impression management on self-reports, they do so through different psychological mechanism s. Collectivists do so through a relatively automatic process. Thus, they can impression manage even when cognitively busy. Individualists impression manage through a more effortful process. Therefore, they can do so only when the situation permits effortful processing. These findings highlight distinct conditions under which social norms may influence consumer self-reports across cultures.

Downplaying Positive Impressions: Compensation Between Warmth and Competence in Impression Management

Holoien, Deborah Son; Fiske, Susan T.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /01/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.534355%
The compensation effect demonstrates a negative relationship between the dimensions of warmth and competence in impression formation in comparative contexts. However, does compensation between warmth and competence extend to impression management? Two studies examined whether people actively downplay their warmth in order to appear competent and downplay their competence in order to appear warm. In Studies 1a and 1b, participants selected words pretested to be high or low in warmth and competence to include in an e-mail message to people they wanted to impress. As predicted, participants downplayed their competence when they wanted to appear warm (Study 1a) and downplayed their warmth when they wanted to appear competent (Study 1b). In Studies 2a and 2b, compensation also occurred when participants introduced themselves to another person, as evidenced by the questions they selected to answer about themselves, their self-reported goals, and their open-ended introductions. Compensation occurred uniquely between warmth and competence and not for other dimensions, such as healthiness (Study 2a) and political interest (Study 2b), which suggests that the compensation effect extends beyond a mere zero-sum exchange between dimensions.

O gerenciamento de impressões e a qualidade dos serviços nos hotéis da Paraíba

Lima, Karla Angélica Dantas de
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Administração; Políticas e Gestão Públicas; Gestão Organizacional
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
38.058174%
The present study has got as its aim to show how the impressions management is being used by the hotels in Paraiba State. For that, the dramma or role play perspective has been adopted as a model for service management. From the theater metaphor, the physical environment and its components can be seen as a scenery of the service show. We conduct the reader to notice the importance of the consummer about the service quality demand and its influence on his satisfaction. A methodology with exploring and qualifying nature has been adopted by using the analyses of content technique in interviews applied to hotel managers lebeled as having 4 and 5 stars in the State, trying to check how impression management takes place, identifying impression management tools used in relation to the physical evidences and to contacting people, as well as checking managers views in the survey about the use of impression management for client satisfaction make. The information revealed that managers, maybe for being unaware about impression management theory, haven t considered neither the physical evidences yet, nor contacting people as marketing tools. About the physical evidences, we could see that hotels take actions in a pulverized way referring to environment decoration and colors...

The Impact of Symbolic and Substantive Actions on Environmental Legitimacy

Berrone, Pascual; Gelabert, Liliana; Fosfuri, Andrea
Fonte: IESE Business School - University of Navarra Publicador: IESE Business School - University of Navarra
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Drawing on institutional theory and insights from stakeholder theory and impression management, we empirically analyze the impact of both environmental symbolic polices (participation in voluntary environmental programs, green trademarks, environmental-dedicated board committees, environmental pay policies and community communication) and substantive actions (environmental patents and pollution prevention practices) on environmental legitimacy. We show that (1) symbolic actions have a weaker positive effect on legitimacy than substantive actions, (2) that the impact of symbolic actions is greater when they are combined with substantive actions, (3) that this impact is only short-term while substantive actions have both short- and long-term effects.

The antecedents, moderators, and consequences of CEO impression management

Barlow, Cassie Beatrice
Fonte: Universidade Rice Publicador: Universidade Rice
Tipo: Thesis; Text Formato: 114 p.; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.418555%
To explore how CEOs justify organizational performance to shareholders, this study utilized content analysis of 250 CEOs' letters found in annual reports to shareholders. Results suggest that CEOs disclose a higher proportion of negative information and a lower proportion of positive information to the extent that their company performs poorly. CEOs used more total causal attributions and more external attributions to the extent that their company performed poorly. Variables such as CEO turnover and percentage of outside shareholders were found to moderate the relationship between performance of a company and the impression management techniques used in the CEO's letter. CEO turnover and percentage of outside shareholders moderated the relationship between performance and disclosures. A stronger correlation of negative disclosures with company was found when there was high CEO turnover than when turnover was low. Also, a stronger correlation between these two variables was found when there was a higher proportion of outside shareholders. Results additionally indicate that impressions of the company differ depending on the type of language utilized within the report. That is, subjects had more positive impressions of a CEO and company to the extent that the CEO disclosed positive information and utilized visionary language in the CEO's letter. These results provided partial support for the hypotheses that CEOs are influenced by previous corporate performance and the type of constituency in the letter of the annual report and that the wording of the letter influences impressions of the company.

Specialist nurse management programmes - Economic benefits in the management of heart failure

Stewart, S.; Horowitz, J.
Fonte: Adis International Ltd Publicador: Adis International Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.135764%
Chronic heart failure (CHF) is a modern-day epidemic in most developed countries. As such, it is both common and costly. Contrary to the impression given by clinical trial data, CHF mainly affects older individuals with approximately equal numbers of men and women and concurrent disease profiles likely to complicate or even prohibit the application of proven treatments. It is within this context that there has been an increasing interest in specific CHF-management programmes designed to limit costly hospital use in typically older individuals at high risk for poor quality of life, recurrent readmissions and premature death. This paper examines the evidence to suggest that CHF programmes involving individualised multidisciplinary post-discharge healthcare, with a major focus on specialist nurse management to ensure that the patient receives optimal treatment, are clinically and economically effective in reducing the typical burden imposed by CHF. These programmes appear to be most effective in 'high-risk' patients who typically have recurrent readmissions in high-cost units. Overall, the literature suggests that these programmes are able to reduce recurrent hospital stay by 30-50% relative to usual care (even in the presence of gold-standard treatment) in the short to medium term with comparable cost benefits. Recent data from a management programme involving a cohort of typically older and fragile patients with CHF in Australia showed that at 3 years post index admission...

Database As A Tool For Hospitality Management

O'Brien, William G.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.179265%
In his discussion - Database As A Tool For Hospitality Management - William O'Brien, Assistant Professor, School of Hospitality Management at Florida International University, O’Brien offers at the outset, “Database systems offer sweeping possibilities for better management of information in the hospitality industry. The author discusses what such systems are capable of accomplishing.” The author opens with a bit of background on database system development, which also lends an impression as to the complexion of the rest of the article; uh, it’s a shade technical. “In early 1981, Ashton-Tate introduced dBase 11. It was the first microcomputer database management processor to offer relational capabilities and a user-friendly query system combined with a fast, convenient report writer,” O’Brien informs. “When 16-bit microcomputers such as the IBM PC series were introduced late the following year, more powerful database products followed: dBase 111, Friday!, and Framework. The effect on the entire business community, and the hospitality industry in particular, has been remarkable”, he further offers with his informed outlook. Professor O’Brien offers a few anecdotal situations to illustrate how much a comprehensive data-base system means to a hospitality operation...

The Causes and Effects of Inferences of Impression Management in Consumption

Pancer, Ethan Leigh
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
68.25488%
Observers frequently make inferences of what consumers are like based on the products they use. The general view in social cognition is that the consumption behavior of others is taken at face value, where observers do not question the image being portrayed by product users. This assumption persists even though it is well known that consumers use products to manage the images they create. This dissertation aims to enrich our understanding of this issue by arguing that, under certain conditions, observers will make the inference that consumers use products to deliberately try to create certain impressions (i.e., perceptions as being phony, fake, or a poseur). Specifically, these inferences will undermine the impression, creating more negative attitudes towards the consumer. In fact, this dissertation argues that this inference can also play an important role in consumer decision making, impacting product evaluations directly (i.e., when consumers avoid products because they are concerned that others will infer they are impression managing). Five experiments examined elements of the product, the target, the situation, and the observer themselves to better understand the causes and effects of inferences of impression management. Taken as a whole...

Gerenciamento de impressões e comportamento não-verbal em entrevistas de emprego

Silva Moreira Ferreira, Aleciane da; Guedes Gondim, Sônia Maria
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.418555%
O objetivo desse estudo qualitativo foi analisar, pela perspectiva dos selecionadores, as es-tratégias de gerenciamento de impressão e os comportamentos não-verbais usados pelos candidatos durante a entrevista de emprego. Foram videogravadas catorze entrevistas de emprego, e as imagens geradas foram analisadas por técnicas de análise de conteúdo temá-tica e de dados visuais. A estratégia de autopromoção foi a mais percebida pelos entrevis-tadores, mediante a qual os candidatos enfatizam seus resultados positivos, habilidades e competências. Comportamentos não-verbais cinestésicos e de acentuação foram percebidos como associados ao uso da estratégia de autopromoção. São discutidas as implicações do uso dessas estratégias de gerenciamento e de comportamentos não-verbais na tomada de decisão de processos seletivos.; The purpose of this qualitative study was to analyze, from the perspective of the selectors, the impression management strategies and nonverbal behaviors used by candidates during the job interview. Fourteen job interviews were video recorded, and the images were ana-lized using thematic content and visual data analysis techniques. The strategy of self-promotion was the most perceived by the interviewers...

Living in Hell in the City of Angels: Identity Construction and Condition Management Among Black Homeless Men of Los Angeles' Skid Row

Habashi, Michael
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Publicado em 20/11/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.992834%
A growing body of research on homelessness has focused on the means by which marginalized individuals effectively engage in impression management in the absence of traditional resources for self-presentation. My research focuses on the varieties of talk that black homeless men employ in “identity construction” and “condition management.” This paper is based on a mixed methods study of the lives of 20 black homeless men of Los Angeles’ Skid Row. Analysis revealed that respondents utilized four patterns of talk in order to make sense of themselves and their situation: (a) blaming, (b) stereotyping, (c) distancing, and (d) redemptive storytelling. These varieties of talk represent strategic methods by which the individual makes meaning of and copes with their state of homelessness. The implications of this study for future research will be discussed.; Senior Honors Thesis, Winner of the Ida Harper Simpson Award for Best Honors Thesis in Sociology

Julgamentos de Plausibilidade e Reações Emocionais a Desculpas; Judgments of Plausibility and Emotional Reactions to Excuses

Saraiva, Renan Benigno; Universidade de Brasília; Iglesias, Fabio; Universidade de Brasília
Fonte: UFPR Publicador: UFPR
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 24/06/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.311357%
Excuses are frequently used to minimize internal causal attributions when social obligations are not fullfilled. This research investigated judgments of plausibility and emotional reactions to excuses, as well as their acceptability. One hundred and fifty five college students gave their ratings on several scenarios of excuse giving for routine situations. Situations involving motives perceived as legitimate received higher scores of plausibility and positive emotional reactions, followed by situations perceived as controllable, and those of internal causes. Results are discussed in the light of the impression management literature and its efficacy in maintaining informal bondings.; Desculpas são frequentemente utilizadas como forma de minimizar atribuições de causalidade interna após falhas na interação social. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar julgamentos de plausibilidade e reações emocionais a desculpas, assim como sua aceitabilidade. Participaram da pesquisa 155 estudantes universitários, que responderam a um instrumento contendo cenários com pedidos de desculpas para diversas situações de seu cotidiano. Foram julgadas mais plausíveis e geraram reações emocionais mais positivas as desculpas que envolveram argumentos percebidos como legítimos...

Job Simulation and Impression Management: A study about self-presentation in the selection of interns and trainees; Dinâmicas de grupo e gerenciamento de impressões: estudo sobre auto-apresentação na seleção de estagiários e trainees DOI:10.5007/2175-8077.2011v13n29p243

Hallak, Rodrigo Telles Pires; Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio de Janeiro; Carvalho, José Luis Felicio; Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Pesquisa teórico-empírica; Pesquisa descritiva; Revisão bibliográfica apoiada por estudo de campo de base qualitativa Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.641553%
Internships and trainee programs are two of the most important ways of entering the labor market. In selection processes for such opportunities, the job simulations are largely adopted by companies and human resources consultancies. Considering that this technique is a very subjective one, it’s possible for the candidates to make use of impression management. This study intends to analyze if business students resort to self-presentation strategies and tactics when they participate in this kind of selection. Additionally, it tries to identify if, according to their vision, the other competitors and the selecting companies use this resource. The empirical part of this study, that followed the literature review, consisted of a qualitative research based in a questionnaire answered by business students from two universities of Rio de Janeiro. The data treatment utilized was the content analysis. As central conclusions it is suggested that the impression management is not only used by those who answered but also by the organizations. Furthermore, there is evidence that the job simulation can be seen as an unfair process, that favors those who can act well.; Estágios profissionais e programas de trainees estão entre as modalidades mais importantes de ingresso no mercado de trabalho. Em processos seletivos para tais vagas...

Impression management in the selection Interviews: a propose of researches; Gerenciamento de Impressão nas entrevistas de seleção: proposição de uma agenda de pesquisa

Araújo, Maria Emília Barroso de Oliveira; Universidade de Brasília; Pilati, Ronaldo; Universidade de Brasília
Fonte: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho Publicador: Revista Psicologia: Organizações e Trabalho
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.641553%
This article aims to explain de relation between Impression Management (IM), also nominated self-presentation, and the validity of selection interviews. The interview is one of the most used techniques by brazilian psichologists in the selection process, wich justifys its sistematic analysis. The especialized literature shows that each higher the effetc of IM in the evaluation of interwiers, the lower its predicte validity. The effect of IM is analysed by the relation between self-presentation tatics used by the candidates and the kind of the questions asked in the interview, besides its structure. Consequently, this effect is also influenced by the socio-cultures variables – like age, social status and educational level - and by the psicossocial variables, like the degree of self-monitoring and the individual self-steam. This review allows to propose researches for the development of a more strong brazilian knowlegde about the interview validity in the personel selection context, by studying it´s relation with the use of IM tatics.; O presente estudo teórico tem como objetivo descrever a relação entre gerenciamento de impressão (GI) e a validade das entrevistas de seleção. A entrevista é uma das técnicas mais utilizadas em seleção de pessoal pelos psicólogos no Brasil...

The Psychological Dimensions of Context

Matsumoto,David
Fonte: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología Publicador: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
47.311357%
Psychologists acknowledge the powerful influence of context on behavior, and have attempted to identify the dimensions underlying context. Previous work, however, has focused mainly on either relationships or specific situations. In this study we explore the psychological dimensions underlying a wide range of contexts varying in physical locations and the presence or absence of others. Four dimensions emerged, and they were used as a basis to differentiate contexts from each other. One - being in the public eye with the potential to be judged - was the most important dimension that differentiated among contexts. This finding is commensurate with recent empirical work demonstrating unique human abilities in cognition (Tomasello, 1999) and previous theoretical works concerning impression management and the presentation of self in social contexts (Goffman, 1959). We suggest that this dimension is the elemental meaning unit ascribed to contexts by human cultures.