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A revolução demográfica dos povos indígenas do Brasil: a experiência dos Kaiabi do Parque Indígena do Xingu - Mato Grosso - 1970-1999; The demographic revolution of the Brazilian Indians: the experience of the Kaiabi a indigenous people of the Xingu river (Mato Grosso), 1970-1999

Pagliaro, Heloisa
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/08/2002 Português
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66.48%
Objetivo. Nesta investigação, analisa-se a dinâmica demográfica dos índios Kaiabi do Parque Indígena do Xingu (PIX), Mato Grosso, Brasil, no período 1970-1999. Métodos. Análise transversal e longitudinal da dinâmica demográfica, com base em nas informações do registro de eventos vitais da população das aldeias Kaiabi do PIX, gerados pelo programa de saúde da UNIFESP no Xingu, apoiados por levantamento histórico e etnográfico. Resultados. O contato com a sociedade nacional, nas décadas de 1920 a 1950, na região do rio Teles Pires, deu origem à depopulação das aldeias por confrontos e epidemias e à migração de parte dos Kaiabi para o Xingu. Em 1970, havia 204 no Parque e em 1999, 758. O crescimento da população foi de 4,5% ao ano, a taxas bruta de natalidade é alta ( 53,7 por mil habitantes) e de mortalidade baixa (8,1 por mil habitantes). Na população, 56,2% são menores de 15 anos de idade, sendo a taxa de mortalidade infantil de 15,2 por mil nascimentos vivos, em razão de um programa de saúde indígena existente na área desde 1965. A recuperação demográfica desta população se assemelha a do conjunto da população do Xingu, também atendida pelo programa de saúde. Destaca-se a analise da fecundidade por coortes acompanhadas por períodos de 35 anos...

A proteção constitucional das terras indígenas brasileiras no período republicano: evolução e estagnação; The protection of indigenous rights to their land in Brazil during the Republic evolution and stagnation

Marchini, Rodrigo Sérgio Meirelles
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/01/2012 Português
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56.52%
A proteção das terras indígenas sofreu, durante o período republicano, grandes modificações. No começo da República não havia uma política nacional voltada ao índio, é apenas no ano de 1934 que normas relativas às terras indígenas atingiram guarida constitucional. O Serviço de Proteção ao Índio (SPI), criado em 1910, que atuou no sentido de demarcar as terras indígenas, teve que se confrontar com os estados membros para proteger as terras indígenas. Durante este período, a política para os povos indígenas foi de educar os povos indígenas a um modo de vida ocidental, persuadindo os a abandonar seus costumes originais. Isso levou a redução do território necessário para a subsistência dos índio, já que a caça e coleta foram substituídos com a agricultura. Assim, a terra abandonada poderia ser vendida ou utilizada pelo governo federal. Hoje em dia, apesar de essas metas não serem mais apoiadas pela Constituição de 1988, as leis ordinárias não foram alteradas para refletir estes novos objetivos: o respeito à forma original de vida dos indígenas, de acordo com o direito internacional. O que mostra que há contradições no sistema jurídico brasileiro, no que diz respeito aos índios.; The protection of indigenous rights to their land in Brazil has greatly evolved since the early twentieth century. Back then Brazil was a newly established republic divided in states...

O aleitamento materno e a alimentação infantil entre os indígenas da região oeste do estado de São Paulo: um movimento entre a tradição e interculturalidade; Breastfeeding and infant feeding among indigenous people of the Western Region of the state of São Paulo : a movement between tradition and interculturality.

Silva, Larissa Mandarano da
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.46%
A população indígena brasileira sofre um acelerado e complexo processo de mudanças nos diversos aspectos de sua vida, inclusive quanto à prática de amamentação, à alimentação e ao reflexo no estado nutricional infantil, decorrentes do contato com não indígenas. Diante disso, buscou-se conhecer a prática da amamentação, da alimentação e o estado nutricional de crianças indígenas com até cinco anos de idade, em uma aldeia localizada na região oeste do estado de São Paulo. Realizou-se um estudo etnográfico, segundo os pressupostos teórico e metodológicos de Cliford Geertz 1, com a associação estatística para a descrição do estado nutricional das 24 crianças que atendiam aos critérios do estudo e 31 mulheres, mães e familiares das crianças do estudo, que auxiliavam nos cuidados alimentares das crianças. Os dados objetivos, sobre o estado nutricional infantil, foram coletados em prontuários, por medidas antropométricas das crianças e entrevistas estruturadas com as mães; os qualitativos foram obtidos por meio de entrevistas em profundidade com as mães, avós e bisavós. A análise das narrativas obtidas resultou em um conjunto de categorias antropológicas agrupadas em dois temas: Aleitamento: tradições e crenças indígenas e As comidas indígenas: reflexo da interculturalidade...

Incidence and transmission patterns of tuberculosis among indigenous populations in Brazil

Cunha,Eunice Atsuko; Ferrazoli,Lucilaine; Riley,Lee W; Basta,Paulo Cesar; Honer,Michael Robert; Maia,Rosalia; Costa,Izaias Pereira da
Fonte: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde Publicador: Instituto Oswaldo Cruz, Ministério da Saúde
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
Approximately 10% of the Brazilian indigenous population lives in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul (MS), where a large number of new cases of tuberculosis (TB) are reported. This study was conducted to assess TB occurrence, transmission and the utility of TB diagnosis based on the Ogawa-Kudoh (O-K) culture method in this remote population. The incidence of TB was estimated by a retrospective review of the surveillance data maintained by the Notifiable Diseases Surveillance System for the study region. The TB transmission pattern among indigenous people was assessed by genotyping Mycobacterium tuberculosis isolates using the IS 6110 restriction fragment length polymorphism (RFLP) technique. Of the 3,093 cases identified from 1999-2001, 610 (~20%) were indigenous patients (average incidence: 377/100,000/year). The use of the O-K culture method increased the number of diagnosed cases by 34.1%. Of the genotyped isolates from 52 indigenous patients, 33 (63.5%) belonged to cluster RFLP patterns, indicating recently transmitted TB. These results demonstrate high, on-going TB transmission rates among the indigenous people of MS and indicate that new efforts are needed to disrupt these current transmissions.

Os povos indígenas, o turismo e o território: um olhar sobre os Tremembé e os Jenipapo-Kanindé do Ceará; Indigenous people, tourism and territory: an investigation of the Tremembé and the Jenipapo-Kanindé of Ceará state

LUSTOSA, Isis Maria Cunha
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Geografia; Ciencias Humanas Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Doutorado em Geografia; Ciencias Humanas
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.6%
This thesis compares two situations in which Indigenous peoples of the Northeastern region of Brazil have been affected by projects of tourism which have become catalysts of ethnic affirmation. The situations focused in this thesis, of Indigenous peoples of Ceará state, localised in municipalities of the Eastern and Western Coastal Zones are similar, since these peoples have suffered pressures exerted by large consortia of companies which aimed to take over Indigenous Lands to construct projects of tourism. The Tremembé people of São José and Buriti Indigenous Land, in Marinheiros district, municipality of Itapipoca, have organized themselves as an Indigenous people and demand that the Brazilian National State recognize their Land Rights through the National Indian Foundation (FUNAI) since they are facing the threat of a project of tourism financed by foreign capital with support from the Brazilian government the Nova Atlântida Cidade Turística, Residencial e de Serviços LT. This tourism complex, considered to be a mega project of Spanish investments, is directed especially to the flow of foreign visitors. The investment came under investigation by the Council of Control of Financial Activities (COAF), of the Treasury Department...

Social Networks among Indigenous Peoples in Mexico

Skoufias, Emmanuel; Lunde, Trine; Patrinos, Harry Anthony
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
This paper examines the extent to which social networks among indigenous peoples have a significant effect on a variety of human capital investment and economic activities, such as school attendance and work among teenage boys and girls, and migration, welfare participation, employment status, occupation and sector of employment among adult males and females. The analysis uses data from the 10 percent population sample of the 2000 Population and Housing Census of Mexico and an empirical strategy that allows taking into account the role of municipality and language group fixed effects. The authors confirm empirically that social network effects play an important role in the economic decisions of indigenous people, especially in rural areas. The analysis also provides evidence that better access to basic services, such as water and electricity, increases the size and strength of network effects in rural areas.

Indigenous people in the Murray-Darling Basin: a statistical profile

Taylor, John; Biddle, Nicholas Grahame
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 4894147 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.41%
Within the framework of the Council for Australian Governments (COAG) requirements for benchmarking Indigenous disadvantage and reporting on strategies and performance towards redress, the Murray–Darling Basin Ministerial Council has moved to establish the Murray–Darling Basin Indigenous Action Plan. The plan is built around processes directing natural resource management, and fundamental to it is an understanding of Indigenous and non-Indigenous population numbers in the Basin, their characteristics, distribution and trajectory of change, as well as a measure of their relative socioeconomic status. Such demographic and socioeconomic information provides for assessment of the quantum of need in social and economic policy, and for assessment of the impact of that quantum in environmental policy. Accordingly, the Centre for Aboriginal Economic Policy Research was commissioned by the Murray–Darling Basin Commission to develop a baseline regional profi le. Indigenous people represent an increasing share of the population in the Murray–Darling Basin with particularly high proportions in the north and west. As with many other parts of the country, their labour force and income status remain relatively poor creating a challenge to COAG partners to ensure increased Indigenous participation in regional development planning and activity.; no

Indigenous people in the Alice Springs town camps: the 2001 census data

Sanders, W
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 1415482 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.54%
This paper analyses 2001 Census data relating to Indigenous people living in the Alice Springs town camps as compared to three other population groups: Indigenous people in the rest of Alice Springs, non-Indigenous people in Alice Springs and Indigenous people living in the outlying communities of the region around Alice Springs. The paper builds on earlier work which observed and reported on the collection of the 2001 Census in the Alice Springs town camps. The paper finds expected similarities between Indigenous town camp residents and Indigenous people in outlying communities. It also finds expected socio-economic differences between town camp residents and Indigenous people living in the rest of Alice Springs, and even greater differences in comparison with the non-Indigenous residents of Alice Springs. The paper identifies a number of shortcomings and inadequacies in the 2001 Census data used, but argues that these do not nullify the usefulness of the larger exercise. Rather they point the way to improvements in census collection procedures which may hopefully be implemented in 2006.; no

Tracking change in the relative economic status of Indigenous People in New South Wales

Taylor, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 862286 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.37%
Since its formation in 1990, CAEPR has produced a series of research papers tracking progress in the relative economic status of Indigenous people in New South Wales using mostly census data. Viewed in sequence, the findings have indicated a rise over time in the Indigenous employment rate and a slight decline in the unemployment rate, but with both of these remaining substantially below equivalent rates for the State’s non-Indigenous population. Also of note is a lack of improvement in income relativities, with one reason being a growing reliance on jobs in the Community Development Employment Projects (CDEP) scheme. Outputs from the 2001 Census can now be augmented by the increased availability of administrative data from government services as well as data from the 2002 National Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander Social Survey (NATSISS). Collectively, these data reveal a population that has barely gained in recent times against key indicators of relative economic progress, such as income and labour force status. The Indigenous population of New South Wales needs to maintain at least the level of recent absolute gains simply to keep up with the demands of an expanding working age group. The likelihood of this occurring is severely limited by continuing deficits in the crucial area of education together with sustained high interaction with the criminal justice system. Alongside low income...

Practical reconciliation and recent trends in Indigenous education

Hunter, Boyd; Schwab, Robert G.
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 381816 bytes; 355 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.52%
The release of 2001 Census data provides an opportunity to evaluate the Howard government’s performance in Indigenous affairs in broad terms. One major policy shift has been the call for a more ‘practical’ reconciliation that attempts to address the immediate needs of Indigenous people in areas such as employment, health, housing and education. If practical reconciliation were a reality, then one would expect there to be some evidence of a convergence in the last two censuses in the economic and educational status of Indigenous and other Australians. Furthermore, enhancing Indigenous education is important in ensuring that Indigenous engagement with the mainstream economy is sustainable, especially in view of the skill bias evident in recent economic growth. This paper analyses recent trends in the engagement of Indigenous people with the Australian education system between 1986 and 2001. A cohort analysis of changes in educational participation is presented, along with an analysis of the differences between the level and type of educational qualifications of Indigenous and non-Indigenous Australians over the last four censuses. The main finding is that while there have been some absolute improvements in Indigenous educational outcomes over the period 1986 to 2001...

Indigenous rights and the Australian Constitution - a litmus test for democracy

Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Conference item Formato: 163119 bytes; 353 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
Indigenous people are often seen as being the special situation in Australia and in discourse about law, in particular the Constitution, we tend to be treated as a special case. It is yes that we are in a unique position in Australian society given that we are the original owners of Australia. It is yes that issues of colonisation, dispossession and the implementation of assimilationist policies continue to place Indigenous people on the periphery. This special category approach to Indigenous rights overlooks the very important and central role that Indigenous people can play in assessing the performance of our Constitution. I argue that, as the poorest socioeconomic group in Australia, and the most marginalised cultural group, Indigenous people become the litmus test of whether the Constitution and the system of governance that it sets up works. To put this test of democratic standards another wayif our laws and institutions fail the most vulnerable sector of our society, how effective are they? This is the question we need to ask ourselves when we look at issues of human rights protection under the Constitution.

Enablers and barriers to the implementation of primary health care interventions for Indigenous people with chronic diseases: a systematic review

Gibson, O.; Lisy, K.; Davy, C.; Aromataris, E.; Kite, E.; Lockwood, C.; Riitano, D.; McBride, K.; Brown, A.
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.44%
BACKGROUND: Access to appropriate, affordable, acceptable and comprehensive primary health care (PHC) is critical for improving the health of Indigenous populations. Whilst appropriate infrastructure, sufficient funding and knowledgeable health care professionals are crucial, these elements alone will not lead to the provision of appropriate care for all Indigenous people. This systematic literature review synthesised international evidence on the factors that enable or inhibit the implementation of interventions aimed at improving chronic disease care for Indigenous people. METHODS: A systematic review using Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online (MEDLINE) (PubMed platform), Web of Science, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature (CINAHL), PsycINFO, Excerpta Medica Database (EMBASE), ATSIHealth, Australian Indigenous HealthInfoNet via Informit Online and Primary Health Care Research and Information Service (PHCRIS) databases was undertaken. Studies were included if they described an intervention for one or more of six chronic conditions that was delivered in a primary health care setting in Australia, New Zealand, Canada or the United States. Attitudes, beliefs, expectations, understandings and knowledge of patients...

Indigenous housing: a fair approach to basic needs. Response to 'Living in the Sunburnt Country- Indigenous housing: findings of the review of the community housing and infrastructure programme

Upward, Reka
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.61%
Indigenous people in Australian typically endure markedly lower standards of housing than non-indigenous Australians. This is reflected in high rates of homelessness, overcrowding, and affordability stress which disproportionately affect Indigenous people living in urban, regional and remote areas. The delivery of what are commonly considered 'essential services', such as water, electricity, sewerage, and medical care, is impeded by economic and logistical barriers particular to remote Indigenous communities. Adequate housing is strongly linked to better outcomes in health, education, and community safety, making it fundamental to strategies aimed at improving the wellbeing of Indigenous people. Questions of appropriateness, effectiveness, and accountability in Indigenous housing are therefore significant public policy concerns. However, a number of persistent conditions affecting both policy and debate in Indigenous affairs have hindered the achievement of improved housing outcomes over recent years. These include inadequate Commonwealth and State funding for the management, construction, and maintenance of housing stock, and a failure to address the large backlog of housing need. Furthermore, mainstream debate has consistently failed to engage Indigenous people in decisions affecting housing and development. The absence of a national representative body for Indigenous people...

Implications of developments in telecommunications for Indigenous people in remote and rural Australia

Daley, A. E
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 319036 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.39%
This paper considers the implications of changes in the technological and regulatory environment in the telecommunications industry in Australia for Indigenous Australians living in remote and rural areas. This group is particularly vulnerable to falling on the wrong side of the 'digital divide' because of their geographical location and their low socioeconomic status.

The paper surveys some of the important features of the industry that have implications for the provision of telecommunications services in rural and remote communities. These include economies of scale and scope, network externalities and the social and economic significance of the industry. The next section highlights some of the components of the regulatory environment that have particular implications for rural and remote Indigenous communities. These include price controls, the access regime, the Universal Service Obligation and the Customer Service Guarantee. Some of the government programs aimed at raising the quality of telecommunications services in rural and remote Australia are also discussed.

The paper presents evidence on the current availability and quality of services and the demand for these services in rural and remote Australia. The evidence suggests that the telecommunications services available to these communities are inferior to those in urban Australia but given the nature of the industry...

What is wrong with this picture?: Indigenous artists contest the "place" of Indigenous people in Canada

Loh, Paula
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.55%
Indigenous artists challenge cultural stereotypes by creating images that contest preconceived notions of the "place" of Indigenous people held by the Canadian population at large. This thesis research explores the question of identity and stereotypes and how this is transgressed through the work of contemporary Indigenous artists in Canada to adjust the position of Indigenous people in the social hierarchy that controls their "place." Many Indigenous artists incorporate political statements into their artworks that challenge the ongoing stereotypes that assign Indigenous people to their "place"; the political commentary is often the only aspect of their work that identifies it as "Indigenous," with a variety of techniques, media, and styles used in the creation of the art, reflecting the individuality of the artists. The normativity of whiteness and its impact on ideology and politics is examined, both in historical and contemporary times. Hegemonic images have promoted the Eurocentric concept that the White "race" is the norm and the standard by which others should be judged and put in their "place," contributing to the objectification of Indigenous peoples and the creation of the stereotypical "Indian," such as the "noble savage...

Indigenous People and Québec Identity: Revelations from the 2007 Bouchard-Taylor Commission on Reasonable Accommodation

Schaefli, Laura Marissa
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.42%
Many Indigenous leaders and public figures, as well as scholars of Indigenous culture and history, assert that non-Indigenous ignorance of Indigenous realities has systematically disadvantaged Indigenous peoples in Canada, weakened Canadian society, and makes it impossible to address the conditions of life for Indigenous people in Canada in a sustained or coherent way. Additionally, for many scholars silence and unawareness are deeply linked to colonialism and are implicated in the maintenance of unequal social relations. Drawing from this literature, I contend that in Canada, silence around Indigenous peoples and issues works as a spatial tactic of exclusion. I argue that unawareness is bound up in interests that work to render Indigenous peoples absent from the concerns of modern Canada, and that these interests are deeply intertwined with national and provincial identities such that silences around Indigenous peoples and issues are expressed differently in each Canadian province and territory. This thesis explores the nature of public unawareness of Indigenous realities in Québec. Using the remarkable public voice resource generated by the 2007 Reasonable Accommodation Commission in Québec, a public inquiry into Québec citizens’ opinions about the nature of Québec identity and its relationship to the integration of minorities in the province...

Universality, Multiculturalism, and Indigenous People Rights. An Approach from the Argentine Case; Universalidad, multiculturalismo y derechos de los pueblos originarios. Una aproximación desde el caso argentino

Cianciardo, Juan; Universidad Austral
Fonte: Universidade La Sabana Publicador: Universidade La Sabana
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
In this paper, the objectives are the following: a) to show the evolution on the recognition of rights for indigenous people in a specific American country: Argentina; b) to point out some of the problems which have risen from that recognition, as well as some notes that may contribute to solve them. The main focus will be on right of property and on the so called “right to the own Right”. Then we suggest the need of studying in depth the possible convergence point at the universalitymulticulturalism debate, which has taken place in Europe and has been developed in Latin America in relation with indigenous rights.; En el presente trabajo se pretende lo siguiente: a) poner de manifiesto la evolución que ha experimentado el reconocimiento de los derechos de los indígenas en un país americano concreto, Argentina; b) señalar algunos de los problemas que dicho reconocimiento ha provocado en ese país, junto con apuntes que, quizá, contribuyan a su solución. La mirada se concentrará, en el derecho de propiedad y en el llamado “derecho al propio Derecho”. A partir de allí, se sugiere la necesidad de estudiar más a fondo los posibles puntos de contacto entre el debate universalidadmulticulturalismo que se ha dado en Europa y el que se desarrolla en Iberoamérica con relación a los derechos de los indígenas.

School education policies aimed at indigenous people; Políticas públicas e educação para indígenas e sobre indígenas

Tassinari, Antonella Maria Imperatriz; Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina (UFSC); Gobbi, Izabel; Fundação Nacional do Índio (Funai)
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria Publicador: Universidade Federal de Santa Maria
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 23/04/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.39%
In Brazil the education system underwent broad reformulation as a result of the promulgation of the National Constitution in 1988 and the subsequent approval, in 1996, of the new Law of National Education Directives and Bases. Brazilian laws regognize indigenous knowledge and propose their inclusion in public schools curricula. They also recognize that indigenous people have their own teaching and learning process which each school needs to take into account and propose the formulation of diferenciated curricula. This presentation will attempt to assess the consequences and challenges brought about by these changes, with respect to the treatment of indigenous knowledges in the regular schools as well as in the indigenous schools, focusing the gaps between the law and the practice in the schools.; No Brasil, o sistema de ensino passou por uma ampla reformulação decorrente da promulgação da Constituição Federal, em 1988, e da conseqüente aprovação da nova Lei de Diretrizes e Bases da Educação Nacional, em 1996. A legislação brasileira reconhece os saberes indígenas e prevê sua inclusão nos currículos do ensino público e privado, como forma de valorizar a diversidade cultural. Em relação às escolas indígenas, estabelece que devem utilizar as línguas maternas e os processos nativos de aprendizagem e propõe a formulação de currículos diferenciados. Este artigo traz um balanço das conseqüências e desafios das mudanças ocorridas na legislação brasileira no que se refere ao tratamento dos conhecimentos indígenas nas escolas indígenas e não-indígenas...

Povos indígenas, conhecimentos tradicionais e recursos genéticos: a regulação jurídica da pesquisa "com" e "em" seres humanos; Indigenous people, traditional knowledge and genetic resources: juridical regulation of clinical trials "with" and "in" human being

Dantas, Fernando Antonio de Carvalho
Fonte: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Direito Sanitário da Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Núcleo de Pesquisa em Direito Sanitário da Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; AVALIADOS PELOS PARES; ; ; ; ; Peer-reviewed Article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/11/2008 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
O presente estudo visa refletir sobre as relações e processos externos que buscam, por meio da pesquisa científica, tomar como objeto as pessoas indígenas, suas corporalidades e seus modos de ser, viver e fazer. Pretende-se analisar até que ponto esses processos interferem nos modos de vida, na integridade corporal e, conseqüentemente, na saúde e qualidade de vida dos povos indígenas. As reflexões serão focadas, inicialmente, no processo de acesso ao conhecimento tradicional associado ao patrimônio genético como um âmbito da prática científica, sua caracterização e sujeitos envolvidos, os contextos e procedimentos para a sua autorização e quando for o caso de utilização econômica dos resultados, sua natureza, destinação e repartição de benefícios.; This study aims thinking about the external relations and processes of scientific research which has as subject the indigenous people. It intends to analyze the level of interference which these processes cause to the indigenous peoples' ways of living, body integrity, and so forth, in their health and quality of life. The considerations will be focused initially at the process of accessing the traditional knowledge associated to the genetic patrimony as a field of scientific practices...

Povos indígenas e a luta em defesa do rio São Francisco; Indigenous Peoples and the Struggle in Defense of the São Francisco River

Arruda, Rinaldo Sérgio Vieira; PUC-SP
Fonte: Editora de Livros IABS Publicador: Editora de Livros IABS
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ;
Publicado em 23/12/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.47%
O objetivo deste artigo é refletir sobre como os povos indígenas habitantes do semiárido, especialmente da região do rio São Francisco, atuam em defesa da preservação deste rio em um momento em que o agronegócio avança e grandes obras como barragens e a construção do canal para a transposição de suas águas estão em execução, transformando a relação que estes possuem com aquele manancial e gerando vários conflitos socioambientais naquela região do país. Os Estudos de Impacto Ambiental – EIA - não levam em conta a dinâmica daqueles povos originários com a terra onde vivem e sua relação com o rio São Francisco. Baseados em levantamento bibliográfico sobre os conflitos advindos destes projetos, concluímos que tais empreendimentos repetem os erros do passado em relação a estes povos indígenas.; The objective of this article is to reflect about the indigenous people who live in the São Francisco river area and how they act in defense of its preservation. In a time that agribusiness is becoming stronger and dams and the canal to divert that river are in construction, many social and environmental conflicts have arisen in that region. The Environment Impact Studies do not take in account the dynamic of those indigenous peoples with their land and how they relate to the São Francisco river. Based on bibliographical research about the conflicts that come with those projects...