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Poder, autoridade e liderança institucional na escola e na sala de aula : perspectivas sociológicas clássicas; Power, authority and institutional leadership at school and in the classroom : classic sociological perspectives; Poder, autoridad y liderazgo institucional en la escuela y en la clase : perspectivas sociológicas clásicas

Gomes, Carlos Alberto
Fonte: Fundação Cesgranrio Publicador: Fundação Cesgranrio
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
56.4%
O presente artigo apresenta, de forma resumida, a visão sociológica de três autores clássicos – Émile Durkheim, Willard Waller e Philip Jackson – sobre a relação entre professores e alunos no quadro da relação educativa e pedagógica. Os três autores defendem uma visão hierárquica da educação e do ensino, considerando ser esse modelo institucional a melhor forma de encarar uma dinâmica interactiva inevitavelmente condicionada por um elevado potencial de conflito. Todos consideram que o sucesso da educação, em geral, e da educação escolar, em particular, depende, de modo decisivo, da eficácia da acção disciplinar, no quadro de uma liderança institucional que assegure a autoridade dos professores. É uma visão por muitos considerada tradicional e conservadora – os próprios autores tendem a considerá-la simplesmente realista – que desafia várias correntes pedagógicas antihierárquicas, e que, claramente, se opõe aos pressupostos e lógicas de acção que caracterizam o processo de personalização individualista, narcisista e hedonista da actual sociedade (pós) moderna.; The following article presents, in a summarized way, the sociological view of three classic authors – Émile Durkheim...

O papel das lideranças institucionais na motivação, satisfação e desenvolvimento pessoal dos colaboradores das CCAM : uma abordagem comparativa

Matos, Maria Heliodora Vieira Geraldes de
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em 23/09/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.32%
Tese de doutoramento em Ciências Empresariais (área de especialização de Organização e Políticas Empresariais); No contexto de acréscimo da concorrência a nível global a Banca nacional teve que adotar estratégias para aumentar a competitividade. Para o efeito, tem vindo a utilizar a maximização dos recursos disponíveis, o controlo mais apertado dos custos e a utilização do excesso de capacidade gerado pela introdução corrente de novas tecnologias. O sector bancário nacional - funcionamento, atividades e estratégias - é muito diversificado em função da dimensão, da localização, do contexto económico, social e jurídico e das experiências. Tendo presente o cenário exposto, a escolha das organizações sobre as quais incide o estudo recaiu no Crédito Agrícola (CA), sobre o qual pouco se tem estudado, em particular no que respeita aos seus colaboradores. A área escolhida para objeto de análise é Portugal Continental e a Região Autónoma dos Açores, composta pela Caixa Central e por 84 Caixas de Crédito Agrícola Mútuo (CCAM), num total de 686 balcões. O principal propósito deste estudo consiste em analisar o papel das lideranças institucionais como atores determinantes no seio desta organização...

Compliance and leadership: the susceptibility of leaders to the risk of corruption in organizations

Santos,Renato Almeida dos; Guevara,Arnoldo José de Hoyos; Amorim,Maria Cristina Sanches; Ferraz-Neto,Ben-Hur
Fonte: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein Publicador: Instituto Israelita de Ensino e Pesquisa Albert Einstein
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/03/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
In the field of organizational management, the term "compliance" designates the set of actions to mitigate risk and prevent corruption. Programs are composed by formal control systems, codes of ethics, educational actions, ombudsmen, and reporting channels - to mention the most recurrent, which vary according to the sector, the institutional culture, and the strategy. Leadership has a fundamental role in the process of compliance, not only due to its power to implement it, but precisely because it exercises this power, in itself, the object of reflections on ethics. The goal of this research was to evaluate the susceptibility of leaders to the risk of breaching organizational rules that involve ethical aspects. For quantitative investigation, we used social and descriptive statistical analysis of secondary data provided by ICTS Global, a company specialized in risk reduction. The study analyzed deals with non-probabilistic sampling by convenience, carried out between the years 2004 and 2008 with employees and candidates of 74 private companies located in Brazil. The final number of individuals studied is 7,267. The indicators analyzed are contained in the index of moral perception of comprehension of individual vision of the concerning hypotheses of ethical conflicts. According to the information obtained in the investigation...

Leadership for child health in the developing countries of the Western Pacific

Subhi, Rami; Duke, Trevor
Fonte: Edinburgh University Global Health Society Publicador: Edinburgh University Global Health Society
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /06/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
The content and landscape of global child health is increasingly complex. There is strong evidence for the effectiveness of local, national and institutional leadership in reducing child mortality, but this has not been a focus of global health initiatives. Interventions to strengthen health systems should include support for local leadership: building-up institutions of training, empowering national paediatric professional associations, creating opportunities for contribution and leadership at national, provincial and local level, and networks of support for staff working in child health in remote areas. In the poorer high mortality burden countries of the Pacific, to meet the clinical and public health gaps, there is a need for increases in the education of child health nurse practitioners, and development of systems of continuing professional development for paediatric doctors and nurses. Involvement in local research, especially that which contributes directly to critical issues in child health policy or strengthening national data systems builds capacity for leadership.

Leadership and the Independent Regulator

Jamison, Mark A.
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
Being a utility regulator has perils because the independence of the regulator necessarily removes power from politicians, operators, and others. Furthermore, regulators are sometimes scapegoats for unpopular policies and unavoidably become involved in shaping the policies that they are supposed to implement. As a result of such frictions, regulators are sometimes removed from office or marginalized in some way. How can regulators not only survive in such an environment, but also thrive? Jamison describes a leadership concept called adaptive leadership that regulators can use to help their countries adapt to new policies and changing situations, while allowing the regulator to stay in the game. The first leadership skill he discusses is the ability to get on the balcony to see what is really going on with operators, politicians, consumers, and others. Once this perspective is obtained, then the regulator can engage stakeholders in an adaptive process in which people make necessary changes to traditions and expectations, while hanging on to the things that are truly important. Regulators can do this by bringing attention to problems that people want to ignore because they involve difficult tradeoffs, providing certainty and stability when tensions become too high for work to be done...

Burundi - Investing in Leadership Development through the Rapid Results Approach

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
The government of Burundi appealed to the World Bank Institute (WBI) for help in strengthening the capacities of leadership to implement policies and programs that would achieve measurable results. The new government needed to make tough decisions on competing priorities, including allocating an estimated US$12 billion to achieve the millennium development goals, and carrying out reforms to ensure efficient allocation of public resources. The government understood it would need to invest in leadership development in order to drive change at the institutional level and achieve results, and that this would require more than the traditional classroom method of leadership training. Instead, the following approaches were needed: 1) training programs adapted to the needs of leaders; 2) a learning-by-doing approach to capacity development; and 3) a participatory approach to action planning, work planning, and defining modalities for resource management.

The Rapid Results Approach : A Tool for Leadership Development and Institutional Change

Mastri, Lawrence
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.52%
The World Bank is using the rapid results approach (RRA) to link leadership to managing for results through practical capacity support to clients. The Bank helps leaders engage operational teams in government to achieve tangible results in 100 days. In the process the RRA reveals institutional bottlenecks; and diagnosing and removing these can help make a government more effective. The RRA has been applied in about 23 Bank operations in 21 countries since 2002, primarily in Africa, and also in South Asia, Latin America, the Middle East, North Africa, and to a lesser extent in Eastern and Central Europe, with some notable successes. The RRA has been used by the Bank and its clients to: (i) improve capacity for diagnosing institutional constraints; (ii) improve capacity for project/program planning and implementation; (iii) increase the results focus of a project/program; (iv) strengthen a sense of accountability; (v) enhance engagement between leadership and other stakeholders across multiple sectors; and (vi) jump-start implementation of difficult or problem projects. For public sector reform...

Leadership and Communication Capacity for National Renewal : Timor-Leste, Year Two - Final Report

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.26%
In year two, the LCCNR program trained 106 Timorese from three distinct sectors: those working to return the Internally Displaced (IDP); youth; and government officials participating in the National Priorities Program (NP). The sector approach permitted the development of more effective working relationships between leaders, better retention of the skills and tools as leaders had a reason to use the skills to address common problems, and offered a new model of leadership to key Timorese constituencies. The focus of the LCCNR program was on enhancing the knowledge and the skills necessary to assess and change (as needed) the attitudes, assumptions and behaviors of a leader. The one area that did not receive the attention it required was what could be called the institutional systems and processes. A leader needs to be able to translate their capacity-building experience into making their organization more effective, managing disputes, relationships and differing interests, as well as informing others. Any new leadership training should consider a systems perspective as well as skills. The LCCNR program has come to a close and in keeping with our commitment to sharing our learning...

Institutional Arrangements for Nutrition in India : An Assessment of Capacity

Kathuria, Ashi Kohli; Orbach, Eliezer; Anand, Deepika
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.3%
The report consists of the following seven chapters. The present chapter provides the context and the rationale for the study, and outlines the methodology. Chapter two describes the nutrition system in detail and discusses the capacity issues related to the division of labor (DoL) between the two primary programs of the nutrition system and within the Integrated Child Development Services, or ICDS. Chapter three delves into the factors that constrain leadership capacity at all levels chapter four discusses the key capacity constraints related to HR that limit the effective delivery of nutrition services. Chapter five discusses the training system as a sub-system of HR and its capacity constraints, and Chapter six covers the capacity assessment pertaining to monitoring, evaluation and management of information in the nutrition system. Chapter seven discusses the capacity constraints related to General Management Practices, or GMPs in the ICDS, especially focusing on supervision, accountability and work practices and procedures.

The language of leadership: prime ministers as political institutions

Uhr, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 276285 bytes; 352 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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This paper reviews leadership roles of the prime ministership, particularly the prominent public role as leader of a national government and advances three contentions. First, prime ministers see the institutional development of the prime ministership as a core part of the ‘constitution-building’ of the Australian system of democratic governance. Secondly, prime ministers see their most fundamental public role in terms of specific form of institutionbuilding that can be called ‘citizen-building’. Thirdly, the Australian governance system can cope with absences of prime ministerial leadership. This is due to the constitutional system of dispersed sources of leadership, originally intended to free the new nation from dependence on concentrated greatness.; no

Explaining political leadership : Germany’s role in shaping the fiscal compact

SCHOELLER, Magnus G.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.48%
This paper explores the origins and the impact of political leadership: Why and how do political leaders emerge? And, once in charge, how do these leaders influence outcomes? What determines their success or failure? In order to answer these questions, the paper presents a theory of political leadership which takes into account both the structural and the behavioral aspects of the concept. More precisely, it argues that the emergence and the impact of leadership represent two different analytical steps. A leader emerges if there is a supply of and demand for leadership. While the supply depends on a leader’s expected benefits, the demand is determined by the followers’ status quo costs. Both demand and supply are also influenced by the relevant institutions’ capacity to manage situational challenges. The second step, in contrast, concerns a leader’s impact. Since leadership as a process consists in the use of strategies, there can be an impact only if the intensity of the strategies employed by the leader is greater than the intensity of the strategies required by the situational circumstances. While a leader’s capacity to employ strategies is determined by the material, institutional and ‘soft’ power resources at disposal...

The evolution of the Palestinian leadership (1993-2007)

CHALLAND, Benoît
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.29%
L'article analyse les mutations du leadership palestinien depuis Oslo, mutations qu'il faut placer dans une double perspective historique (querelles intestines à l'Organisation de libération de la Palestine depuis sa fondation en 1964) et sociologique (qui gouverne quoi, par quels biais et au nom de qui?). L'article suggère que, pour pouvoir apprécier la nature du conflit qui oppose actuellement le Fatah au Hamas, il faut remonter à 1994-et comprendre comment une ancienne garde de l'Organisation de libération de la Palestine (OLP) de retour d'exil (les «returneesD>>) a alors noué une alliance avec certains leaders des Territoires, faisant de l'Autorité palestinienne le véhicule privilégié pour le maintien d'un réseau néopatrimonial autour d'Arafat. En se basant sur plusieurs interviews et une analyse sociologique de quelques institutions clés palestiniennes (Parlement, Forces de sécurité, Ministère de l'intérieur, etc.), l'article offre de nouvelles pistes pour comprendre l'émergence d'une nouvelle génération de militants, aussi bien au sein du Fatah que du Hamas, qui a au final débouché sur une impasse après le coup militaire du Hamas à Gaza en juin 2007.; This paper analyzes the evolution of the Palestinian leadership since Oslo against the backdrop of long-term institutional changes within the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) since 1964. It argues that the current clashes between Hamas and Fatah can be in part understood as a continuation of the tension that arose after Oslo between the so-called 'PLO-returness' and the 'insider' leadership. In this respect...

Open all hours? Institutional models for open access

Steele, Colin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Parte de Livro Formato: 37925 bytes; 377 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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46.17%
Conclusion: In H G Wells’s ‘Country of the Blind’ the “one-eyed man is king’, while Canadian author Margaret Atwood has said, “an eye for an eye only leads to more blindness”! Many in the academic community remain “blind” to OA issues and are often constrained in taking action by historical practices, and more importantly by reward systems, both perceived and real. They thus occupy the academic institutional “country of the blind”. Informed institutional leadership, combined with vibrant advocacy programmes and enhanced reward systems, is required for relevant eyes to be opened to the nature and benefits of OA. Institutions now have the chance to accelerate the OA scholarly communication process. Such “action does not require total agreement with the OA movement's beliefs and proposals, but it requires an active engagement with them.”(Bailey, 2005) This “engagement” with individual researchers in institutions will be the key to scholarly communication change.; no

Public Officials and Their Institutional Environment : An Analytical Model for Assessing the Impact of Institutional Change on Public Sector Performance

Manning, Nick; Mukherjee, Ranjana; Gokcekus, Omer
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
To perform well, public officials must be confident enough about the future, to be able to see a relationship between their efforts, and an eventual outcome. Their expectations are shaped by their institutional environment. If the rules are not credible, or are unlikely to be enforced, of if they expect policies to be contradicted, or resources to flow unpredictably, results will be uncertain, so there is little point in working purposefully. The authors present an analytical framework, used to design a series of surveys of public officials' views of their institutional environment, and to analyze the information generated in fifteen countries. They describe how survey results help map public sector's strengths, and weaknesses, and offer an approach to identifying potential payoffs from reforms. The framework emphasizes how heterogeneous incentives, and institutional arrangements are within he public sector. It emphasizes how important it is for policymakers to base decisions on information (not generalizations) that suggests what is most likely to work...

Bulgaria - Resourcing the Judiciary for Performance and Accountability : A Judicial Public Expenditure and Institutional Review

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Legal and Judicial Sector Assessment; Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.41%
This report examines why, given the increasing resources allocated to the judiciary, there seem to have been only modest improvements in judicial performance. It lifts the veil on the conflicting opinions on the reasons for slow progress on performance and efficiency by analyzing the institutional environment within which the judiciary functions and the key incentives propelling the policy stances and actions of major institutional actors. A supply-demand approach is then used to review the challenges behind improving judicial performance, focusing on resource allocation and management issues on the supply side and on case inflow on the demand side. This perspective enables consideration of both supply and demand issues impacting judicial performance and offers an opportunity to suggest actions and policy responses that could enable policy makers to manage demand more effectively while strengthening access to justice. Overall, therefore, improving judicial performance now requires a shift from increasing the overall level of resources to approaches that do not increase the burden on the central budget. The key challenge now confronting Bulgaria's judiciary is to build on the reforms so far by developing...

Republic of Paraguay Institutional and Governance Review Breaking with Tradition : Overcoming Institutional Impediments to Improve Public Sector Performance; Evaluacion institucional y de gobernabilidad - rompiendo con la tradicion : superando los impedimentos institucionales para majorar el desempeno del sector publico

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Institutional and Governance Review (IGR); Economic & Sector Work
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.27%
The present study uses examples from all three branches of Government - the Ministry of Finance, the ordinary courts, and the Congress in its budgetary role - to examine the institutional obstacles to their improved performance and the opportunities for targeted changes. It builds on recent analytic work done by Paraguayan academics and others, highlighting the historical and persisting impact of the traditional political practices. The arguments emphasize that the particularistic use of public resources has been and remains key to obtaining and holding political power in Paraguay. The study's goals were eminently practical to provide Paraguay's reformers with insights as to how they can escape a series of vicious circles. As they understand the basics quite well, the emphasis here was on their more detailed application at the organizational and sub-organizational levels.

Distribution of Leadership as a Strategy for Institutional Improvement; La distribución del liderazgo como estrategia de mejoramiento institucional; A distribuição da liderança como estratégia de melhoramento institucional

Riveros-Barrera, Augusto; University of Alberta
Fonte: Universidad de la Sabana Publicador: Universidad de la Sabana
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; Teórico; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.51%
The concept of distributed leadership is presented in this article as an alternative to the hierarchical models of leadership. According to this concept, leadership is a property of groups and organizations, and is not a personality trait. Research has focused traditionally on identifying the personality traits and ideal actions of leaders, while ignoring that leadership also is manifest collectively, as a multilevel phenomenon. An overview of the various school leadership models is provided, and the concept of distributed leadership is put forth as a recent alternative to the individualistic idea of leadership. It is argued that institutional change and improvement in the modern school depend largely on collective participation in decision-making and on the existence of leadership exercised by teachers at levels other than the administrative level.; En éste artículo se presenta el concepto de liderazgo distribuido como una alternativa a los modelos jerárquicos de liderazgo. Según éste concepto, el liderazgo es una propiedad de los grupos y organizaciones y no un rasgo de la personalidad. Tradicionalmente, la investigación se ha concentrado en identificar los rasgos de la personalidad y las actuaciones ideales de los líderes...

International Student Self-Efficacy of Leadership: A Within-Group Analysis

Nguyen, David H.K.
Fonte: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University Publicador: [Bloomington, Ind.] : Indiana University
Tipo: Doctoral Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.38%
Thesis (Ph.D.) - Indiana University, Educational Leadership and Policy Studies, 2015; International student enrollment has been increasing and remains a central focus for many institutions. Research on international student leadership and involvement is much less than that of their domestic peers. In addition, researchers regularly treat international students as a homogenous group, largely ignoring the significant within-group differences. Most studies have examined difficulties reported by international students, but very few have studied the positive impact of the campus environment. Student involvement and participation in co-curricular activities can have a positive effect on students’ academic and social outcomes on campus. In addition, leadership capacity and leadership efficacy are linked to important academic, career, and life benefits, such as career and leadership aspirations, work performance, the ability to cope and overcome stereotypes, and the adaptation to and persistence of challenging situations. This study used data from the Multi-Institutional Study of Leadership to examine within-group differences among international students' leadership self-efficacy. Leadership self-efficacy refers to one’s confidence to lead and often impacts whether one actually leads. The results reflected statistically significant differences between domestic and international students indicating that campus is less impactful to the leadership self-efficacy of international students. The within-group differences among the international students indicated that their choice of academic major was a greater impact to their efficacy than their international student status. While the models did not produce significant results among the various nationalities...

El liderazgo institucional o liderazgo del sistema : una investigación sobre su desarrollo en Chile

Alvear López, Luis Humberto
Fonte: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona Publicador: Universidade Autônoma de Barcelona
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
46.55%
En el artículo «El liderazgo institucional o liderazgo del sistema: una investigación sobre su desarrollo en Chile», el Dr. Luis Humberto Alvear refleja una concreción en un mode­lo de liderazgo de sistema experienciado en Bío-Bío (Chile), y establece sus posibles com­ponentes constituyentes. Dichos componentes son: proyectos educativos municipales, liderazgo directivo, capital humano, estilo de gestión, resultados e información y comuni­cación. Esta investigación puede ser un punto vital de partida para posteriores estudios del liderazgo institucional o de sistema y de la construcción de comunidades de liderazgo.; A l’article «El lideratge institucional o lideratge del sistema: una investigació sobre el seu desenvolupament a Xile», el Dr. Luis Humberto Alvear reflecteix una concreció en un model de lideratge de sistema experienciat a Bío-Bío (Xile), i estableix els seus possibles components constituents. Aquests components són: projectes educatius municipals, lide­ratge directiu, capital humà, estil de gestió, resultats i informació i comunicació. Aquesta recerca pot ser un punt vital de partida per a posteriors estudis del lideratge institucional o de sistema i de la construcció de comunitats de lideratge.; In this paper...

Christian religious leadership and the challenge of sustainable transformational development in post-military Nigeria: Towards a reappraisal

Agbiji,Obaji M.; Swart,Ignatius
Fonte: Koers Publicador: Koers
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.33%
This article seeks to make an initial contribution towards a reappraisal of how the Christian religious leadership in Nigeria is beginning to chart a new course in social transformation that has the potential to engender sustainable transformational development in the country. This aim is met by first providing the necessary contextual orientation of how the two broad areas of political governance and economic development present themselves as prevailing major social challenges in present-day post-military Nigeria. This is followed by a discussion of the role of leadership as a primary causal and redeeming factor in meeting the challenge of sustainable transformational development both in Nigeria and African society at large. The authors proceed then towards the main focus of the article, namely to move - on the basis of a literature and empirical exploration -towards a reappraisal of how the Christian religious leadership in present-day Nigeria is beginning to exert itself as an emerging movement for sustainable transformational development through particular institutional arrangements and modes of social engagement. This reappraisal leads the authors to end with a synthesising reflection on what they consider to be not only the most outstanding contribution to date by the Christian religious leadership in present-day Nigeria in advancing a sustainable transformational development agenda...