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A legitimidade do estado civil na teoria política de Jean-Jacques Rousseau; The legitimacy of the civil state in the political theory of Jean-Jacques Rousseau

Pinto, Marcio Morena
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/09/2007 Português
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O objetivo deste trabalho é conduzir um estudo sobre o tema da legitimidade do Estado civil no Contrato Social de Jean-Jacques Rousseau, por meio da análise da construção e do desenvolvimento de sua teoria política, bem como dos principais conceitos a ela inerentes.; The objective of this work is to focus the theme of legitimacy of the civil State on Jean-Jacques Rousseau´s Social Contract, analyzing the construction and development of his political theory, as well as his most important concepts related with it.

Análise da legitimidade da proteção penal da ordem econômica; Analysis of the legitimacy of the criminal protection of the economic system

Souza, Luciano Anderson de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 04/05/2011 Português
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A imperiosidade de uma eficaz tutela do ambiente econômico parece indiscutível nos dias atuais. A estrutura do sistema capitalista pós-industrial revela, contraditoriamente, características não desejadas pelo próprio modo de produção vigente, o que a sociologia contemporânea entende ser o consectário da reflexividade da sociedade do risco. Neste sentido, os agentes econômicos empreendem comportamentos atentatórios à conformação econômica da sociedade, pondo em risco o regular funcionamento da própria economia. Nesse contexto, o Direito, mormente o campo penal, é utilizado para tentar rechaçá-los. Ocorre que tal emprego do ramo jurídico-criminal entra em confronto com seus tradicionais contornos, delineados desde a Ilustração. Complexas condutas econômicas são penalmente vedadas, no mais das vezes por meio de formulações tipificadoras antecipatórias, pouco consistentes e com caráter de meio de conformação de comportamentos de alçada administrativa, consagrando-se a administrativização do ramo jurídico-criminal. O presente estudo tem, então, por objetivo investigar a legitimidade do Direito Penal Econômico. Inicialmente, analisar-se-á o histórico da intersecção entre Direito Penal e economia, para fins de constatação de um possível traço evolutivo. A seguir...

Gerenciamento de impressão em relatórios de sustentabilidade no Brasil: Uma análise do uso de gráficos; Impression management in sustainability reports in Brazil: An analysis of the use of graphics.

Penteado, Isabela Alves de Morais
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/10/2013 Português
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O crescente número de empresas brasileiras que preparam e divulgam voluntariamente relatórios de sustentabilidade, bem como as motivações propostas pela Teoria da Legitimidade para a adoção dessa prática, causam questionamentos a respeito da idoneidade da informação oferecida. Dessa maneira, o presente trabalho investigou se os gráficos apresentados nos relatórios de sustentabilidade publicados por cinquenta empresas brasileiras de capital aberto foram utilizados como ferramentas para o gerenciamento de impressões, sendo manipulados de forma a melhorar a apresentação do desempenho obtido por essas organizações e auxiliar em seus processos de legitimação. A amostra final compreendeu 3.422 informações gráficas e as análises realizadas abrangeram duas formas de gerenciamento de impressões por meio do uso de gráficos abordadas na literatura: a seletividade e a distorção de medidas. Os resultados encontrados, embora explicativos, não forneceram evidências seguras de que os gráficos identificados foram empregados como ferramentas para o gerenciamento de impressão. Apesar da predominância da utilização de gráficos para a representação de notícias positivas e das distorções de medidas físicas identificadas...

Legitimidade e decisão: a construção do julgamento dos casos difíceis pela teoria da decisão judicial de Ronald Dworkin; Legitimacy and adjudication: the process of building hard casess judgments by Ronald Dworkins theory of adjudication

Silva, Aline Prado
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 10/05/2013 Português
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O presente trabalho tem por objetivo discutir a teoria proposta por Ronald Dworkin para resolver os casos difíceis pela perspectiva da construção da decisão judicial e da sua legitimidade. A abordagem, no que se refere à decisão, procura esclarecer o conceito de Direito para Dworkin, a teoria da decisão judicial que ele propõe, e, por fim, como se opera a decisão nos casos difíceis, de modo a abordar as etapas da interpretação e o método de Hércules; o poder discricionário do juiz; os direitos institucionais e jurídicos e a tese da única resposta certa nos casos controversos. No que se refere à legitimidade, são discutidas as questões atinentes ao modelo de Estado de Direito em referência ao papel a ser desempenhado pelos juízes; o problema da coerção nos casos controversos e a eventual violação da Democracia pela teoria proposta por Dworkin; This work focuses on analyzing the Ronald Dworkin´s theory on hard cases from the perspective of adjudication and legitimacy. The approach, in relation of adjudication, intends to clarify the Dworkin´s concept of Law, the theory of adjudication, and, lastly, how works adjudication in hard cases, in order to, adjudication, and, lastly, how works adjudication in hard cases...

O relato de negócio do setor bancário português em contexto de crise financeira : um estudo de caso

Cunha, Elsa Susana Peixoto
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Dissertação de mestrado em Contabilidade; Nos últimos vinte anos, o sector bancário português sofreu diversas alterações significativas, como a globalização, a crescente desregulamentação, a liberalização e o papel desempenhado pelas novas tecnologias (Dias, 2011). Porém, foi a crise financeira internacional, a partir do segundo semestre de 2007, que o mais abalou. Esta teve a sua origem nos Estados Unidos de América (EUA), no mercado de subprime, mas rapidamente se alastrou para o resto do mundo, caracterizando-se como a maior contração económica desde a segunda guerra mundial (Barth & Landsman, 2010). A presente dissertação procura compreender de que forma a crise financeira internacional de 2008 se repercutiu no relato de negócio ao nível do setor bancário português. Para alcançar este objetivo é desenvolvido um estudo de caso interpretativo, baseado na noção de legitimidade e considerando a Teoria da Legitimidade e a Teoria dos Stakeholders, centrado num estudo de caso único, nomeadamente o caso do Banco Português de Investimento (BPI), através da análise das narrativas das cartas do Conselho de Administração, para o período 2005 a 2011. O estudo demonstra que a crise financeira internacional constituiu de facto uma ameaça à legitimidade do BPI...

Social and environmental accounting: a case study on a Portuguese cement company

Eugénio, Teresa Cristina Pereira
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2009 Português
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PhD in Management. Specialization in Accounting; The aim of this thesis is to study Social and Environmental Accounting (SEA) in the light of the results of an intensive case study of a Portuguese cement company (Secil), that although operating in an environmental sensitive industry, has been recognised for being socially responsible. The evidence collected through an in-depth qualitative case study is treated in four studies, which compose this thesis, and each is developed as an independent contribution. Firstly we analysed the recent developments in social and environmental accounting research (SEAR). This paper seeks to analyse 6 years of publications in SEAR in the 19 top accounting journals, allowing us to conclude about content, methodologies, research questions, data, industry type and countries of domicile which are nowadays more frequent in SEAR. Following that we analyse the environmental accounting regulation as a reasons for the increase of environmental disclosures by the companies, to confirm if legitimacy theory explains Secil’s environmental disclosures, exploring the regulation proxy. In paper 3 we examine the use of the Internet for social responsibility information disclosure by Secil and compare and contrast corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure practices on Secil’s web page and on its annual report. We also conclude if Secil uses a legitimacy strategy to communicate with its stakeholders through these media. Finally...

COGNITIVE LEGITIMACY, RESOURCE ACCESS, AND ORGANIZATIONAL OUTCOMES

CRUZ-SUAREZ,ANA; PRADO-ROMÁN,ALBERTO; PRADO-ROMÁN,MIGUEL
Fonte: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo Publicador: Fundação Getulio Vargas, Escola de Administração de Empresas de S.Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2014 Português
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Previous research has demonstrated the importance of developing legitimacy initiatives in order to create new business opportunities, satisfy shareholders, and obtain access to resources. Within this framework, cognitive legitimacy plays a key role. Through a case study of six Spanish public universities, the authors measure the relationship between cognitive legitimacy, access to resources, and organizational results. The results support the assertion that organizations with more cognitive legitimacy have greater access to resources and improved their results. This study contributes with muchneeded empirical research on cognitive legitimacy and demonstrates its usefulness as an explanative factor of organizational success.

Bringing legitimacy back in to neo-Weberian state theory and international relations

Seabrooke, Leonard
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 316663 bytes; 349 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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Within international relations one seldom finds discussion of how legitimacy affects ‘state capacity’—a state’s capacity to enact and adapt to domestic and international change. This is especially surprising for neo- Weberian approaches that have viewed state capacity as a major concern for over two decades. And although legitimacy was a key ingredient to Max Weber’s approach to the state, the concept is eschewed or ignored in the three discernible neo Weberian approaches to state capacity. The first two of these approaches, ‘isolated autonomy’ and ‘embedded autonomy’, produce functionalist view of a state which responds to an anarchical international system. The third, ‘social embeddedness’, conceives of the state–society complex as a contested rather than functional space but does not produce a substantive conception of legitimacy. I argue that a reinvigorated conception of legitimacy provides us with a substantive neo-Weberian ‘historicist’ approach that provides a deeper understanding of how both norms and material interests shape the state. This approach is applied to a brief case study of financial reform in the United States and Japan to illustrate that bringing legitimacy back in provides a better means of understanding state capacity.; yes

Legitimacy and economy in deliberative democracy

Dryzek, John
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 70350 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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Deliberative democracy is usually presented as a polity in which legitimacy is achieved by deliberative participation on the part of those subject to a collective decision. But cast in these terms, the theory runs headlong into the long-recognized impossibility of directly involving more than a few members of any large-scale democracy in decision making. After canvassing the available solutions to this problem, an argument is made for conceptualizing deliberative democracy in terms of the contestation of discourses in the public sphere, and public opinion as the provisional outcome of this contestation as transmitted to the state. Legitimacy is then achieved to the degree collective outcomes respond to the balance of discourses in the polity, to the extent this balance is itself subject to dispersed and competent political control.; no

The Impact of Symbolic and Substantive Actions on Environmental Legitimacy

Berrone, Pascual; Gelabert, Liliana; Fosfuri, Andrea
Fonte: IESE Business School - University of Navarra Publicador: IESE Business School - University of Navarra
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/02/2009 Português
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Drawing on institutional theory and insights from stakeholder theory and impression management, we empirically analyze the impact of both environmental symbolic polices (participation in voluntary environmental programs, green trademarks, environmental-dedicated board committees, environmental pay policies and community communication) and substantive actions (environmental patents and pollution prevention practices) on environmental legitimacy. We show that (1) symbolic actions have a weaker positive effect on legitimacy than substantive actions, (2) that the impact of symbolic actions is greater when they are combined with substantive actions, (3) that this impact is only short-term while substantive actions have both short- and long-term effects.

Corporate social responsibility and tax aggressiveness: a test of legitimacy theory

Lanis, R.; Richardson, G.
Fonte: MCB University Press Ltd Publicador: MCB University Press Ltd
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2013 Português
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PURPOSE: The purpose of this paper is to empirically test legitimacy theory by comparing the corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosures of tax aggressive corporations with those of non-tax aggressive corporations in Australia. DESIGN/METHODOLOGY/APPROACH: A unique sample of 20 Australian corporations accused by the Australian Taxation Office of engaging in tax aggressive activities during the 2001-2006 period was hand-collected. These 20 tax aggressive corporations were then matched with 20 non-tax aggressive corporations (based on industry classification, corporation size and time period). This process generated a choice-based sample of 40 corporations for empirical analysis. Using content analysis techniques, financial accounting data were gathered from the Aspect-Huntley database and CSR disclosures were individually measured for each corporation in the sample. Various statistical techniques were then used (e.g. paired sample statistics, Pearson correlation analysis and ordinary least squares regression analysis) to test legitimacy theory. FINDINGS: Overall, the empirical results consistently show a positive and statistically significant association between corporate tax aggressiveness and CSR disclosure, thereby confirming legitimacy theory in the context of corporate tax aggressiveness. ORIGINALITY/VALUE: The paper provides empirical evidence in support of legitimacy theory as an explanation for why specific corporations disclose more CSR-related information than others. Additionally...

An organisational legitimacy perspective of corporate use of the GRI Guidelines

O'Neill, Joseph
Fonte: University of Limerick, Kemmy Business School Publicador: University of Limerick, Kemmy Business School
Tipo: Master thesis (Research); all_ul_research; ul_theses_dissertations; none
Português
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peer-reviewed; The purpose of this study is to gain an understanding of the role of the GRI Guidelines in corporate environmental disclosure practice. The study employs a theoretical framework, based on organisational legitimacy theory that investigates corporate use of the Guidelines. Three aspects of corporate use are examined: 1) managerial motivation for use of the GRI Guidelines, 2) stakeholder accountability practices of companies using the Guidelines and 3) the extent of international harmonisation of environmental disclosures/governance and management structures among companies using the Guidelines. The framework uses different perspectives of organisational legitimacy theory to gain an understanding of these three aspects of corporate use. The institutional perspective of legitimacy theory is used to investigate the managerial motivation aspect. The stakeholder management perspective is used to examine the stakeholder accountability aspect. The international variation perspective is used to examine the international harmonisation aspect. Three hypotheses were developed to test the legitimacy theory framework. These hypotheses were tested by means of a mail questionnaire. A total of 240 questionnaires were distributed to senior company managers of selected companies in France and the UK in November 2005. French and UK companies were chosen as GRI Guideline usage is most widespread in Western Europe and these countries constitute large economies within this region. A useable response rate of 23.3% was achieved. However...

Voluntary risk reportingto enhance institutional and organizational legitimacy: evidence from Portuguese banks

Oliveira, Jonas; Rodrigues, Lúcia Lima; Craig, Russell
Fonte: Emerald Group Publishing Publicador: Emerald Group Publishing
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Purpose – This paper aims to explore the factors that affected the voluntary risk-related disclosures (RRD) in the individual annual reports for 2006 of Portuguese banks. It also explores the extent to which those reports conformed to Basel II requirements in terms of the voluntary disclosure of operational risk and capital structure and adequacy matters.; Design/methodology/approach – The authors conduct a content analysis of the annual reports of a sample of 111 banks. Voluntary operational risk and capital structure and adequacy disclosures were assessed using a list of disclosure categories that were developed from the Third Pillar disclosure requirements of the Basel II Accord.; Findings – Stakeholder monitoring and corporation reputation are crucial factors that explain the risk reporting practices observed. Voluntary risk reporting appears to enhance legitimacy for two major reasons: first, by fulfilling institutional pressures to assure the effectiveness of market discipline; and second, by managing stakeholder perception of a corporation's reputation.; Originality/value – The voluntary RRD observed are shown to be explained by legitimacy theory and resources-based perspectives. This theoretical framework has not been tested hitherto in explaining the motives for banks to make voluntary RRD.

Economic rents and legitimacy: incorporating elements of organizational analysis institutional theory to the field of business strategy

Queiroz,Marco Aurélio Lima de; Vasconcelos,Flávio Carvalho de; Goldszmidt,Rafael Guilherme Burstein
Fonte: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração Publicador: ANPAD - Associação Nacional de Pós-Graduação e Pesquisa em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2007 Português
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Are sources of economic rent, as defined by the prevalent business strategy paradigm, sufficient to attain and maintain superior returns? The perspective developed within the conceptual framework of the Institutional Theory may offer managers a contribution towards understanding the strategy process and its potentialities, particularly by stressing the leading role played by legitimacy, the influence of many institutional spheres, the isomorphic pressures, ceremonial behavior and decoupling, among other elements, that mainstream business strategy fails to address directly, but which may have a significant effect on firm performance. We advance that these elements must be accounted for in the pursuit and acquisition of economic rents, even if the ability to articulate them purposefully is constrained by rationality, agency conditions and the manager's social embeddedness.

Economic rents and legitimacy: incorporating elements of organizational analysis institutional theory to the field of business strategy

Queiroz,Marco Aurélio Lima de; Vasconcelos,Flávio Carvalho de; Goldszmidt,Rafael Guilherme Burstein
Fonte: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração Publicador: Associação Nacional dos Programas de Pós-graduação em Administração
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.407202%
Are sources of economic rent, as defined by the prevalent business strategy paradigm, sufficient to attain and maintain superior returns? The perspective developed within the conceptual framework of the Institutional Theory may offer managers a contribution towards understanding the strategy process and its potentialities, particularly by stressing the leading role played by legitimacy, the influence of many institutional spheres, the isomorphic pressures, ceremonial behavior and decoupling, among other elements, that mainstream business strategy fails to address directly, but which may have a significant effect on firm performance. We advance that these elements must be accounted for in the pursuit and acquisition of economic rents, even if the ability to articulate them purposefully is constrained by rationality, agency conditions and the manager's social embeddedness.

The psychology of legitimacy: Implications for organizational leadership and change

Tost, Leigh Plunkett
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2010 Português
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Three distinct chapters explore the individual-level dynamics of legitimacy judgments and support for leaders and their initiatives. Chapter 1 develops a theoretical framework for understanding the content of legitimacy judgments and the process by which those judgments develop and change over time. Chapter 2 explores the role of group orientation in moderating the impact of instrumental, relational, and moral concerns in determining support for leaders. Chapter 3 explores the role of power in moderating leaders' assumptions about the types of behaviors that will elicit support for followers.

In Chapter 1, I build on institutional, social psychological, and sociological theory to develop a theoretical framework that specifies both the content underlying judgments of the legitimacy of social entities and a model of the process by which these judgments develop and change over time. With respect to the content of legitimacy judgments, I argue that individual-level judgments of the legitimacy of social entities are based on perceptions and beliefs about the entity that fall along three key dimensions: instrumental, relational, and moral. With respect to the process by which legitimacy judgments develop and change over time, I specify three modes of the legitimacy judgment process (evaluative...

A teoria da legitimidade e o custo político nas evidênciações contábeis dos governos estaduais da região sudeste do Brasil; Legitimacy theory and political costs in accountings statements from state governments in the southeastern region of Brazil

Beuren, Ilse Maria; Söthe, Ari
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Economia, Administração e Contabilidade de RP
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; ; ; ; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/04/2009 Português
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A entidade pública se utiliza da evidenciação de informações contábeis compulsórias e voluntárias para atender as exigências dos órgãos fiscalizadores e permitir que a sociedade acompanhe os resultados da gestão, buscando ampliar ou recuperar a legitimidade de seus atos e minimizar o custo político. O estudo tem como objetivo analisar a evidenciação de informações contábeis compulsórias e voluntárias que os governos estaduais da região sudeste do Brasil disponibilizam em suas páginas eletrônicas. Foi realizada pesquisa exploratória com abordagem qualitativa, por meio da análise das evidenciações compulsórias, conforme estabelecido pela Lei nº 9.755/1998 e Lei Complementar nº 101/2000, e voluntárias. Também foram analisadas as características qualitativas das informações contábeis definidas pelo Comitê de Pronunciamentos Contábeis (CPC) em seu Pronunciamento Conceitual Básico: compreensibilidade, relevância, confiabilidade e comparabilidade das demonstrações. Para determinar os níveis de evidenciação contábil, consideraram-se as categorias estabelecidas por Hendriksen e Van Breda (1999), que consistem de divulgação adequada, justa e completa. Os resultados da pesquisa denotam que a evidenciação de informações contábeis nas páginas eletrônicas não atende de forma completa as quatro características qualitativas e nem mesmo os três níveis de evidenciação pesquisados.; Public entities used compulsory and voluntary financial statements to attend to the demands of fiscal inspectors and to allow society to follow the results of management...

Investigating the role of legitimacy in the political order of conflict-torn spaces

Weigand, Florian
Fonte: Security in Transition, LSE Publicador: Security in Transition, LSE
Tipo: Monograph; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
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Conflict-affected spaces that are far from exhibiting a Weberian monopoly of the legitimate use of force have been categorised as ‘fragile’ and ‘failed’ states for years. However, there is a growing tendency to understand conflicts as a form of order and to adapt the definition of statehood accordingly. But while the post-Weberian approaches indeed help to overcome some of the flaws of the dominant understanding of statehood, they do not substantively consider the role of legitimacy. The statebuilding discourse illustrates the problematic implications of the limited understanding of legitimacy on the policy level. In response, this paper suggests in line with post-Weberian scholars to understand political order as a field with multiple authorities but to consider both force and legitimacy as sources underpinning obedience to social control. An analytical framework is developed that acknowledges multiple dimensions of legitimacy as well as its dynamics. This framework may help to analyse legitimacy in empirical cases to inductively advance the theoretical understanding of legitimacy and to enable statebuilding which strengthens those authorities and institutions that are actually considered to be legitimate.

Legitimacy as a hybrid phenomenon

Jenco, Leigh K.
Fonte: Cambridge University Press Publicador: Cambridge University Press
Tipo: Book Section; NonPeerReviewed Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2015 Português
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The chapters in this volume have each explored the idea of legitimacy in East Asia from various angles, often emphasizing the historical exchanges between nations within the region as well as the voluntary and involuntary encounters of East Asia with European and American powers. One salient feature of these studies is the sheer diversity and complexity of the cultural phenomena they each call “legitimacy.” Legitimacy appears variously as a philosophical justification for rule (Williams), a set of subjective judgments or citizen attitudes (Shin), or a recognition by citizens of the morality of the regime that rules them (Bell). Its character is described as exhibiting “traditional” East Asian features (Bell), stemming from what Gilley identifies as “a pervasive political culture” of the region (Gilley, p. 2)—even as it remains bound up with fundamental questions of modernity, including phenomena such as bureaucratization and rationalization that may have universal valence (Williams, Tan and Wong). In this concluding chapter, I suggest that hybridity is a concept which can profitably illuminate the definitions of legitimacy proposed by each of the preceding chapters. Drawing on both historical and contemporary sources...

(EN) On Justification, Justice, and Legitimacy; (EN) Justificação, Justiça e Legitimidade

Robinson, Robert C.
Fonte: Prim@ Facie - Law, History and Politics; Prima Facie - Direito, História e Política Publicador: Prim@ Facie - Law, History and Politics; Prima Facie - Direito, História e Política
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Análise filosófica Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 15/09/2012 Português
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I consider three main questions. First, what is the relationship between the concepts of Justification, Justice, and Legitimacy? I approach these concepts from the similar, though divergent, theories as found first in John Rawls, and his theory of Political Liberalism, namely his Justice as Fairness and second in Jürgen Habermas, in his Between Facts and Norms, namely his theories of Communicative Action and Discourse Ethics. Second, what is the proper level of legitimation and justice? Which social institutions are best described as doing the legitimation, and to which does it apply? Third, I offer an argument explaining that legitimacy is not sufficient for a full theory of justice. If justice and legitimacy are divergent concepts, then the latter, as the weaker, singularly fails to deliver a stable social structure. To make this argument, I look at the space between Habermas and Rawls on the subject of Political Liberalism.; Considero três questões principais. Em primeiro lugar, a relação ente os conceitos de Justificação, Justiça e Legitimidade. Eu abordo estes conceitos a partir de teorias similares, embora divergentes, como encontradas primeiramente em John Rawls e sua teoria do liberalimso político, nomeadamente em Justice as Fairness e depois em Jürgen Habermas...