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Desenvolvimento e validação preliminar de uma escala multidimensional de satisfação de vida para adolescentes; Development and preliminary validation of a multidimensional life satisfaction scale for adolescents

Segabinazi, Joice Dickel; Giacomoni, Claudia Hofheinz; Dias, Ana Cristina Garcia; Teixeira, Marco Antonio Pereira; Moraes, Denis Altieri de Oliveira
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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67.265146%
O objetivo deste estudo foi desenvolver uma Escala Multidimensional de Satisfação de Vida para Adolescentes (ESMVA). Participaram 425 adolescentes (224 meninos e 201 meninas), com idade média de 16,1 anos (DP=1,2). Os itens foram selecionados por meio de procedimentos de análise de componentes principais, e a versão final da ESMVA contou com 52 itens, distribuídos em sete componentes: Família, Self, Escola, Self Comparado, Não-violência, Auto-eficácia e Amizade. O resultado mostrou uma estrutura que explicou 54% da variância. A análise da consistência interna, medida pelos valores de alfa de Cronbach, foram adequadas para cada uma das subescalas, assim como para a escala total (α = 0,93). Evidências de validade foram obtidas também por meio de correlações com uma medida de auto-estima.; The purpose of this study was to develop a Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale for Adolescents (MLSSA). Participants were 425 adolescents (224 boys and 201 girls) with a mean age of 16,1 years (SD=1,2) attending schools in the city of Santa Maria/RS. Items selection occurred on basis of the results from principal components analysis, and the final form of the MLSSA included 52 items, distributed over 7 factors: Family, Self, Compared Self...

Escala multidimensional de satisfação da vida para crianças : estudos de construção e validação; Multidimensional life satisfaction scale for children: development and validation studies

Giacomoni, Claudia Hofheinz; Hutz, Claudio Simon
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.642676%
Os objetivos deste trabalho foram desenvolver uma escala, que foi intitulada de Escala Multidimensional de Satisfação de Vida para Crianças, assim como apresentar informações substanciais sobre as propriedades psicométricas do instrumento. Paralelamente, viabilizou-se a testagem do Modelo Multidimensional de Satisfação de Vida Infantil de Huebner. Foram realizados estudos de construção e de validação da escala. A versão final da Escala Multidimensional de Satisfação de Vida para Crianças contém 50 itens, distribuídos em seis fatores: self, self Comparado, Não-Violência, Família, Amizade e Escola. Foram encontradas consistências internas adequadas para cada uma das sub-escalas, assim como para a escala total. A validade concorrente das sub-escalas da escala multidimensional de satisfação de vida para crianças foi confirmada por correlações médias com medidas critério.; The main purpose of this study was to develop a Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale for Children, as well as to present significant psychometric information. In parallel, we tested Huebner’s Children’s Life Satisfaction Multidimensional Model. Construction and validation studies were carried out. The final version of the Multidimensional Life Satisfaction Scale for Children includes 50 items...

The influence of bmi and predictors of disordered eating and life satisfaction on postmenopausal women

Gonçalves, Sónia; Silva, Elsa Marina da Costa e Silva; Gomes, António Rui
Fonte: Taylor & Francis Publicador: Taylor & Francis
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2015 Português
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This study aims to compare eating behaviours, body satisfaction, exercise and life satisfaction between normal-weight and overweight postmenopausal women, and to examine the predictors of disordered eating and life satisfaction among postmenopausal women (n= 294) . The overweight group had more eating disordered behaviour, more body dissatisfaction, and lower physical quality of life. The increase of age predicted less disordered eating. Higher BMI, the perception of an ideal weight lower than the current one, lower body satisfaction, and physical quality of life predicted disordered eating. Higher body satisfaction, less psychosocial discomfort, and a greater degree of sexual symptom discomfort predicted life satisfaction.

Social cognitive predictors of academic adjustment and life satisfaction in Portuguese college students : a longitudinal analysis

Lent, Robert W.; Taveira, Maria do Céu; Sheu, Hung-Bin; Singley, Daniel
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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A social cognitive model of well-being [Lent, R. W. (2004). Toward a unifying theoretical and practical perspective on well-being and psychosocial adjustment. Journal of Counseling Psychology, 51, 482–509.] was adapted to the context of academic adjustment and tested using a longitudinal design. Participants were 252 students at a university in northern Portugal. They completed measures of academic self-efficacy, environmental support, goal progress, and adjustment, along with global measures of positive affect and life satisfaction. Path analyses indicated that the model fit the data well overall. As expected, self-efficacy and environmental support were predictive of goal progress and academic adjustment, and the latter was predictive of students’ global life satisfaction. Self-efficacy and positive affect were found to be reciprocally related to one another. Contrary to expectations, goal progress did not contribute uniquely to the prediction of academic adjustment or life satisfaction. We consider directions for future research applying the social cognitive model to satisfaction in, and adjustment to, educational and work settings.

Informing the structure of subjective well-being through examining changes in life satisfaction, positive affect, and negative affect

Metler, Samantha Jeannine
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Subjective well-being (SWB) refers to how individuals evaluate and experience their lives in positive ways, and encompasses global judgments of life satisfaction (LS), as well as the frequency of positive and negative affect (PA and NA, respectively) in one’s life. To inform the current ambiguity concerning the structure of SWB, the aim of this Masters thesis was to evaluate the structure of SWB based on whether the three components of SWB change together or independently naturally, over time and following experimental manipulation. In Study 1, associations among changes in LS, PA, and NA were evaluated using a longitudinal approach tracking natural changes in the components over periods of three months and three years. Results indicated that change in one component was related to change in the other two components. In Study 2, an experimental design was used to manipulate each SWB component individually, and evaluate changes in all three components following each manipulation. Manipulation materials designed to target LS only were effective (i.e., led to heightened focus on LS, and not PA or NA) and created an increase in both LS and PA. Manipulation materials designed to target PA and NA only were not effective (i.e., led to heightened focus on the target component...

Correlations among Coping Skills and Life Satisfaction in Ethnic Older Caregivers

de la Osa, Didiana
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The purpose of the present study is to extend our current understanding of the effects of caregiver burden on life satisfaction by examining whether or not there are ethnic differences in coping strategies used to manage caregiving. Several specific hypotheses were tested in order to determine the linkages among age, gender, ethnicity (i.e., familism, filial piety), caregiver burden, coping with caregiving, and life satisfaction. A total of 103 Hispanic and Non-Hispanic White participants ages 60 and older were included in this study (mean age was 67.42; 16.5% male; 83.5 % female; 52.4% Hispanic; 47.6% Non-Hispanic White). The results suggest that demographics and certain coping skills can influence levels of life satisfaction and burden experienced by caregivers. The findings from this study shed light on how to structure effective psychoeducational interventions, facilitate adaptive coping, reduce burden, and improve life satisfaction for older adult caregivers.

Socio-economic status, health shocks, life satisfaction and mortality: evidence from an increasing mixed proportional hazard model

Frijters, Paul; Haisken-DeNew, John P; Shields, Michael A
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 236116 bytes; 350 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
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The socio-economic gradient in health remains a controversial topic in economics and other social sciences. In this paper we develop a new duration model that allows for unobserved persistent individual-specific health shocks and provides new evidence on the roles of socio-economic characteristics in determining length of life using 19-years of high-quality panel data from the German Socio-Economic Panel. We also contribute to the rapidly growing literature on life satisfaction by testing if more satisfied people live longer. Our results clearly confirm the importance of income, education and marriage as important factors in determining longevity. For example, a one-log point increase in real household monthly income leads to a 12% decline in the probability of death. We find a large role of unobserved health shocks, with 5-years of shocks explaining the same amount of the variation in length of life as all the other observed individual and socioeconomic characteristics (with the exception of age) combined. Individuals with a high level of life satisfaction when initially interviewed live significantly longer, but this effect is completely due to the fact that less satisfied individuals are typically less healthy. We are also able to confirm the findings of previous studies that self-assessed health status has significant explanatory power in predicting future mortality and is therefore a useful measure of morbidity. Finally...

Satisfação com a vida, condições e autoavaliação da saúde entre idosos residentes na comunidade; Life satisfaction, self-evaluation conditions and health among olders adults in the community

Efigênia Passarelli Mantovani
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/07/2015 Português
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Objetivos: Três estudos independentes envolvendo duas amostras probabilísticas de idosos brasileiros residentes na comunidade (65 anos e mais) investigaram relações entre condições de gênero, idade e renda familiar. Adicionalmente, o Estudo 1 (N=1207) trabalhou os efeitos das doenças crônicas, número de medicamentos, capacidade funcional , satisfação global com a vida e de satisfação referenciada a domínios (memória, capacidade, relações familiares, ambiente, acesso aos serviços de saúde e serviços de transporte); o Estudo 2 (N=1242) investigou os significados de felicidade e velhice saudável e a associação com a satisfação global com a vida e de satisfação referenciada a domínios (memória, capacidade, relações familiares, ambiente, acesso aos serviços de saúde e serviços de transporte), e o Estudo 3 (N=1247) investigou relações entre autoavaliação negativa da saúde, variáveis sociodemográficas e indicadores de saúde (saúde física, acesso e uso de serviços de saúde, fragilidade, independência para o desempenho de atividades instrumentais de vida diária - AIVD e sintomas depressivos). Os estudos foram realizados em Campinas, Região Sudeste, e em Belém, Região Norte. A primeira tinha um Produto Interno Bruto (PIB) per capita de R$ 29.731...

How well do individuals predict their future life satisfaction? Rationality and learning following a nationwide exogenous shock

Frijters, Paul; Haisken-DeNew, John P; Shields, Michael A
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 183041 bytes; 350 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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Over recent years a number of papers have used individual or household longitudinal survey data to investigate the rationality of income expectations. In this paper we provide a novel contribution to this literature by examining the ability of individuals to correctly predict their own future life satisfaction using longitudinal data for East Germans. The environment in which this analysis is based is the decade following reunification of Germany, and it is generally accepted that reunification was completely unexpected and delivered a particularly large shock to the future prospects of the inhabitants of the former East Germany. We therefore take it as a 'natural' experiment through which to study the rationality of expectations and the adjustment of expectations over a period of substantial transition. Our results show that the majority of East Germans significantly over-estimated the gains from reunification. As with the recent literature on income expectations, we find strong evidence of micro-heterogeneity with the largest prediction errors being for the young, the poorly educated and those with children. An important result, however is that expectations and realisations of life satisfaction in East Germany had essentially converged only five years after reunification...

The Relationship between In-School Physical Activity and Life Satisfaction, Self-Rated Health, Academic Performance, and Out-of-School Physical Activity: A Canadian Study

Choudhury, Moaz
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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The growing prevalence of childhood and adolescent physical inactivity and obesity are major concerns in Canada. Physical activity promoted within schools should be seen as a way to address these problems, since the majority of children receive public schooling. Research highlighting in-school physical activity helps influence school board and public health officials to create a physically active school environment. Consequently, this study has two objectives. The first is to describe the prevalence of in-school physical activity and four dependent variables in a nationwide sample of 9717 students, using data from the Health Behavior in School–aged Children survey. Dependent variables include life satisfaction, self-rated health, academic performance, and out-of-school physical activity. The second objective examines the association between in-school physical activity levels and these dependent variables, while controlling for potential confounders. Using existing data from the 2005/06 Health Behaviour in School-aged Children Survey, a partial proportional odds model form of ordinal logistic regression was fitted in order to investigate the relationship between in-school physical activity and self-rated health, life satisfaction...

Duchenne muscular dystrophy: quality of life among 95 patients evaluated using the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents; Distrofia muscular de Duchenne: avaliação da qualidade de vida em 95 pacientes através do Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents

SIMON, Valdecir A.; RESENDE, Maria Bernardete Dutra; SIMON, Margarete A.V.P.; ZANOTELI, Edmar; REED, Umbertina Conti
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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67.634697%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in different stages of the disease, by means of the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents (LSI-A). The practicality of this scale was also verified. The LSI-A was applied four times to 95 patients with DMD who were undergoing steroid therapy, at three-month intervals. The patients were divided into four groups according to age. The results from the four applications and the inter and intra-examiner concordance were treated statistically. Comparing the different age groups, patients with DMD did not lose QoL, even with disease progression. We concluded that, in spite of the progressive course of the disease, the QoL in patients with DMD does not get worse. The use of a scale that embraces a great diversity of circumstances in patients' lives, without considering clinical aspects excessively, is a good alternative for assessing the QoL of these patients.; O objetivo deste estudo foi de quantificar a qualidade de vida (QV) em crianças com distrofia muscular de Duchenne (DMD) em diferentes idades através do uso do questionário Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents (LSI-A). Foi também avaliada a praticidade do questionário. O LSI-A foi aplicado a 95 pacientes com distrofia muscular de Duchenne em corticoterapia...

Relações entre condições socioeconômicas, de saúde, psicossociais e satisfação com a vida em idosos cuidadores comparados com não cuidadores; Relationship between socioeconomics, health and psychosocial conditions and life satisfaction in older caregivers compared to non-caregivers

Monica Regina Scandiuzzi Valente Tomomitsu
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
57.810986%
Objetivo: Explorar as relações entre prestar cuidado e as condições socioeconômicas, de saúde e de bem estar em fase da velhice. Idosos que prestam cuidado no contexto familiar foram comparados com idosos não cuidadores, quanto às condições socioeconômicas (idade, gênero e renda familiar), de saúde (número de doenças, fadiga, insônia), psicossocial (sintomas depressivos, suporte social percebido), funcionalidade (envolvimento em atividades avançadas de vida diária, desempenho de atividades instrumentais de vida diária) e sua relação com satisfação com a vida. Métodos: Estudo multicêntrico, de corte transversal, desenvolvido a partir de dados provenientes do banco de dados do Estudo FIBRA das cidades de Campinas-SP, Ivoti-RS e Parnaíba-PI. Integraram a amostra para este estudo 676 idosos, dentre os quais 338 cuidadores e 338 não-cuidadores, emparelhados aos cuidadores conforme critérios de cidade de origem, gênero, idade e renda familiar. A base de dados completa continha 1581 idosos que compuseram a amostra probabilística dos selecionados por pontuação superior à nota de corte no Mini Exame do Estado Mental. Os cuidadores foram identificados por responder afirmativamente a questão sobre cuidado contida no Elders Life Stress Inventory (ELSI)...

Duchenne muscular dystrophy: quality of life among 95 patients evaluated using the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents

Simon,Valdecir A.; Resende,Maria Bernardete Dutra; Simon,Margarete A.V.P.; Zanoteli,Edmar; Reed,Umbertina Conti
Fonte: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO Publicador: Academia Brasileira de Neurologia - ABNEURO
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
67.410903%
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the quality of life (QoL) of patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) in different stages of the disease, by means of the Life Satisfaction Index for Adolescents (LSI-A). The practicality of this scale was also verified. The LSI-A was applied four times to 95 patients with DMD who were undergoing steroid therapy, at three-month intervals. The patients were divided into four groups according to age. The results from the four applications and the inter and intra-examiner concordance were treated statistically. Comparing the different age groups, patients with DMD did not lose QoL, even with disease progression. We concluded that, in spite of the progressive course of the disease, the QoL in patients with DMD does not get worse. The use of a scale that embraces a great diversity of circumstances in patients' lives, without considering clinical aspects excessively, is a good alternative for assessing the QoL of these patients.

Poor and dissatisfied? Income poverty, poverty transitions and life satisfaction in Chile

Samman, Emma; Santos, Maria Emma
Fonte: Policy Press Publicador: Policy Press
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:ar-repo/semantics/artículo; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Chile is an interesting country in which to study the relationship between poverty and subjective wellbeing, having experienced a remarkable fall in poverty over the past two decades. This paper explores how poverty status and transitions in and out of poverty contributed to life satisfaction in the late 2000s. Using new data for 2006 and 2009, we ind that poor people were more dissatisfied with life than the non-poor and that income gains did not appreciably affect the satisfaction of the poor while they remained below the poverty line. People who were not poor in either period exhibited higher satisfaction than those who were poor in both periods, while those who escaped poverty between 2006 and 2009 exhibited higher satisfaction than those who remained poor. In addition, people who fell into poverty in 2009 were no more or no less satisfied with their lives than those who were poor in both periods. The evidence suggests poor people may not have adapted to their circumstances, in contrast to much literature exploring income dynamics and life satisfaction, and also that people’s recent experiences appear to affect their perceptions more than more distant ones.; Fil: Samman, Emma. Overseas Development Institute; Reino Unido;; Fil: Santos...

Effects of Pilates-Based Exercise on Life Satisfaction, Physical Self-Concept and Health Status in Adult Women

Cruz-Ferreira, Ana; Fernandes, Jorge; Gomes, Dulce; Bernardo, Lisa Marie; Kirkcaldy, Bruce; Barbosa, Tiago; Silva, António
Fonte: Publisher Routledge Publicador: Publisher Routledge
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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67.726606%
The objective of this study was to determine the effect of Pilates- based mat exercises on life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status in healthy women. A randomized controlled trial was con- ducted in Évora, Portugal, in 2008, in which 62 healthy adult women were randomized to a Pilates-based mat (experimental group) (n D 38, mean age ̇ SD, 41.08 ̇ 6.64 years) or a control group (n D 24, mean age ̇ SD, 40.25 ̇ 7.70 years). Experimen- tal group participants performed the Initial Mat of Body Control Pilates twice per week, 60-minutes per session. Repeated measure- ments were performed at baseline, 3 months and 6 months. No significant differences between the two groups were observed in life satisfaction, perception of appreciation by other people, perception of physical appearance, perception of functionality, total physical self-concept, and perception of health status at three time point measures (baseline, after 3 months, and after 6 months). No sig- nificant differences were observed in the control group over time. The experimental group showed significant improvements between baseline and six months in life satisfaction (p D .04)...

Geographically varying associations between personality and life satisfaction in the London metropolitan area

Jokela, Markus; Rentfrow, Peter J.; Bleidorn, Wiebke; Lamb, Michael E.; Gosling, Samuel D.
Fonte: National Academy of Sciences Publicador: National Academy of Sciences
Tipo: Article; accepted version
Português
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This is the accepted manuscript of the paper. The final version is available from PNAS at http://www.pnas.org/content/112/3/725.; Residential location is thought to influence people?s wellbeing, but different individuals may value the same residential areas differently. We examined how life satisfaction and personality traits are geographically distributed within the U.K. London metropolitan area, and how the strength of associations between personality traits and life satisfaction vary by residential location (i.e., personality?neighborhood interactions). Residential area was recorded at the level of postal districts (216 districts, n=56,019 participants). The strength of associations between personality traits and life satisfaction were dependent on neighborhood characteristics. Higher openness to experience was more positively associated with life satisfaction in postal districts with higher average openness to experience, population density and ethnic diversity. Higher agreeableness and conscientiousness were more strongly associated with life satisfaction in postal districts with lower overall levels of life satisfaction. The associations of extraversion and emotional stability were not modified by neighborhood characteristics. These findings suggest that people?s life satisfaction depends...

Public Support, Family Support, and Life Satisfaction of the Elderly: Evidence from a New Government Old-Age Pension in Korea

Kim, Erin Hye-Won
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Dissertação
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Population aging is a global phenomenon occurring both in developed and less developed countries. While families are still playing an important role in providing support for elderly people, governments are also expanding their public old-age support programs in many societies. Public pensions are one of the major policy tools geared to social protection of the elderly. However, little is known about how the programs affect elders particularly in terms of their subjective well-being. Such effectiveness depends in part on the extent to which public pension income displaces or `crowds out' family elder support. Using the introduction of the Basic Old-Age Pension (BOAP), a non-contributory old-age pension in Korea, this dissertation examines the relationship among public support, family support, and life satisfaction of the elderly.

As an introductory chapter, chapter 1, "The continuing importance of children in relieving elder poverty: evidence from Korea," describes the actual financial status of elderly Koreans and the amount of financial support they receive from children. Analysis of the 2006 Korean Longitudinal Study of Ageing shows that almost 70 per cent of Koreans aged 65 or more years received financial transfers from children and that the transfers accounted for about a quarter of the average elder's income. While over 60 per cent of elders would be poor without private transfers...

Perceived emotional intelligence, self-esteem and life satisfaction in adolescents

Rey,Lourdes; Extremera,Natalio; Pena,Mario
Fonte: Psychosocial Intervention Publicador: Psychosocial Intervention
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/08/2011 Português
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The present study examined the relationship between perceived emotional intelligence, selfesteem and life satisfaction in a sample of 316 Spanish adolescents (179 females and 137 males), ranging in age from 14 to 18. Demographic information was collected, along with data through the use of three self-report measures: the Trait Meta-Mood Scale, the Rosenberg Self-Esteem Scale and the Satisfaction with Life Scale. As expected, perceived emotional dimensions, particularly mood clarity and repair, showed positive associations with life satisfaction. Self-esteem also correlated significantly and positively with levels of adolescents´ satisfaction with life. More interestingly, results of structural equation modeling indicated that mood clarity and emotional repair had a significant direct and indirect link (via selfesteem) with life satisfaction in adolescents. The present study contributes to an emerging understanding of the underlying process between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction. Our findings encourage moving beyond the examination of direct association between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction and focusing on the role of potential mechanisms such as self-esteem involved in the link between perceived emotional intelligence and life satisfaction in adolescents. Implications of the present findings for future research are discussed...

Core Self-Evaluations, life satisfaction, and sport satisfaction

Baudin,Nicolas; Blanch,Angel; Rolland,Jean-Pierre; Martí-Guiu,Maite; Aluja,Antón
Fonte: Escritos de Psicología (Internet) Publicador: Escritos de Psicología (Internet)
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; journal article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion Formato: text/html; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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We investigated the association between Core Self-Evaluations (CSE) and life and sport satisfaction to assess whether the Core Self-Evaluations scale was a better predictor of life satisfaction or sport satisfaction. The study included three hundred and thirteen athletes (231 men and 82 women; age range to 47 years (Mage=22.9 years, SDage=5.9 years)). Participants completed the French language version of the CSE scale, the Satisfaction with Life Scale, and the Satisfaction with Sport Scale. As demonstrated in previous studies, life satisfaction and sport satisfaction were highly correlated. Path analyses showed that CSE was a strong predictor of life and sport satisfaction when integrated in a structural equation model. In a combined structural model, CSE predicted 39% and 13% of the variance in life satisfaction and sport satisfaction, respectively. The results suggest that CSE is a good predictor of life satisfaction. The results are discussed in the theoretical context of CSE, life satisfaction, and sport satisfaction.

Acculturation Clusters and Life Satisfaction

Brown,Carrie M.; Gibbons,Judith L.; Hughes,Honore M.
Fonte: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología Publicador: Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Facultad de Psicología
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2013 Português
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The purpose of our study was to determine if acculturation variables from different acculturation domains form empirically extracted acculturation clusters [based on Berry's (1997) model], and if the clusters are related to the life satisfaction of first and second generation immigrant college students. One hundred twenty-two students attending a university in the Midwestern USA (70% female), representing more than 20 countries of origin, completed an online questionnaire. Hierarchical cluster analysis using Ward's method and a k-means analysis revealed four acculturation clusters that were labeled (1) Bicultural Attitudes, (2) Bicultural Practices & Heritage Identity, (3) U.S. Practices, and (4) Heritage Practices. Participants in the two clusters most closely resembling Berry's (1997) acculturation category of integration (i.e., Bicultural Attitudes, and Bicultural Practices & Heritage Identity) reported significantly higher life satisfaction than participants in the cluster most closely resembling Berry's (1997) acculturation category of separation (i.e., Heritage Practices). The findings of the present study lend additional support to the use of clustering methods as a way of including multiple domains of acculturation...