Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Combat Service Support Elements (CSSEs) for the U.S. Marine Corps deploy with a limited number of spare parts to keep the fighting unit at its highest level of readiness. Items that are requested by the unit, but not carried by the CSSE, are backordered, resulting in lower readiness and additional transportation costs. We show how to determine which items the CSSE should take, and in what quantities, to best support a fighting unit. We have tested our model on data from a recently deployed Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), and the results suggest that the MEU could have experienced 13 percent fewer backorders and saved $11,007 in shipping costs by using the model
The United States Marine Corps concept for the projection of naval power ashore is Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS). In order to carry out the concept in OMFTS, the Marine Expeditionary Unit is a force to project power. To ensure the MEU is successful it requires logistics support back to the sources of supply. The objective of this thesis is to introduce the current methods of supporting the MEU and to provide recommendations for improvements. It focuses on the support organizations, Traffic Management Office (TMO), Deployed Support Unit (DSU), MEU Service Support Group (MSSG), Preservation, Packing, Packaging (PP&P), and the expeditor concept. The thesis also examines the existing technology in the Global Transportation Network (GTN) using In- Transit Visibility (ITV) to track shipments.
The Marine Corps has embraced the concepts of Operational Maneuver From The Sea (OMFTS) and Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM) as the next progression in the evolution of amphibious warfare. These related concepts envision harnessing emerging technologies to allow the projection of naval power ashore faster and from greater distances than in the past. Additionally, both concepts identify the ability to conduct sea-based logistics (SBL) as a key requirement for successful implementation. Sea-based logistics involves executing a wide range of logistical functions from a sea-base rather than from sites traditionally established ashore. Acknowledged enhancements are required to realize a complete SBL capability; however, the ability to provide some measure of sea-based sustainment exists today. This thesis models the sea-based sustainment of Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU(SOC)) forces deployed from Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) ships. Missions are developed for analysis; each is coupled with an appropriate force package of personnel and equipment density. Sustainment requirements and available transportation capacities are then determined and compared for each mission. This comparison along with several excursions provides insight into the nature of sea-based sustainment feasibility. It also gauges potential limitations for sea-based sustainment.
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação NavalPublicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
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Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The USMC Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is commonly referred to as the nation's 911 force. It must be capable of executing a full spectrum of missions from low-intensity humanitarian assistance and noncombat evacuations to high-intensity major combat operations. The MEU's structure and equipment are designed around this multi-mission requirement. However, the USMC owns the fixed-winged Shadow unmanned aircraft system (UAS) and is in the process of acquiring a small fixed-wing UAS, the small tactical UAS to provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. The USMC is also researching a cargo resupply UAS based on helicopter technology. The USMC focus on single-mission UAS does not fit with the MEUs mission requirements. This thesis will examine MEU mission requirements and recommend a UAS capability set that best supports MEU operations. From this recommended set of requirements, the thesis will use a cost analysis to determine a future UAS program of record.
Lovelace, Daniel; Lesnowicz, Ed; Michel, Christopher; Teague, Edward; Vandervleit, Scott
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação NavalPublicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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from Scythe : Proceedings and Bulletin of the International Data Farming Community, Issue 2 Workshop 14; Problem Statement: The team objective was to compare the ground-based
fire support capabilities of the Marine Expeditionary
Unit (MEU) in order to gain insights that are relevant
to organizing the MEU for operations. Specifically,
two systems, the Expeditionary Fire Support System
(EFSS) and the 155mm lightweight howitzer (M777),
were the focus of the analytic effort. The scenario for
the comparison employed Ship-To-Objective
Maneuver (STOM) tactics and USMC Expeditionary
Maneuver Warfare doctrine.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; In order to improve the effectiveness of the United States Marine Corps (USMC) response to future international humanitarian assistance/disaster relief (HA/DR) missions, an analysis of the demands created by such disasters as well as the capabilities of the USMC is necessary. This research focuses on the primary response organization within the USMC, the Marine expeditionary unit (MEU),and those resources available to the MEU to conduct HA/DR operations. Recent HA/DR events will be examined to determine how common demands were met by the USMC as well as any gaps that may exist that should be addressed to improve future effectiveness. In this research, we explore the capabilities of the USMC MEU that satisfy demands arising from natural disasters. We follow the humanitarian and military core competencies framework for studying the USMC capabilities to match the supply with the demand from certain past disasters. Compiling and analyzing data from multiple USMC publications, historical records of disasters, and the USMC response to those disasters we identify those capabilities provided by the USMC that are the most critical and unique with respect to the conduct of HA/DR missions. We have collected data for the 2007 cyclone on the southwest coast of Bangladesh...
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação NavalPublicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
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Annual Acquisition Research Symposium batch 1; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Acquisition Research Program Sponsored Report Series; In order to improve the effectiveness of the United States Marine Corps
(USMC) response to Humanitarian Assistance and Disaster Relief (HADR), the
capabilities of the USMC will need to be matched to the demand created by future
disasters. In this research, we study the USMC resources that are primarily
responsible for the response, the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). We study recent
HADR events to determine how demands were met by the USMC. We identify the
supplies by examining both assets and capabilities. We explore significant gaps, if
any, that can be improved by the USMC MEU.
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This research explores the viability of qualifying and manning Visit, Board, Search, and Seizure (VBSS) teams with Marine infantrymen from the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) that are deployed with amphibious readiness groups. The VBSS element is an area that needs to be certified for surface combatants before deployment, and is required according to the Required Operational Capabilities, Projected Operational Environment, but it consumes time, material, and personnel from multi-mission naval ships. The sailors who execute VBSS do so as collateral duty, and the missions are considered evolutions (temporarily manned watch stations). This results in VBSS teams that are insufficiently trained and not performing the mission as described in the Navy Tactics, Techniques and Procedures 3–07–11M Maritime Interception Operations (MIO). The author used an analytical approach that the Combined Maritime Forces could use to assign Marine VBSS teams to ships tasked with MIO. The findings of this research recommend the elimination of sailors in the execution of Required Operational Capabilities element Missions of State 4.4 (VBSS mission). It is further recommended to use MEU Marines to execute the VBSS mission onboard surface combatants.; This research explores the viability of qualifying and manning Visit...
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The United States Marine Corps will bring toughness, vision, and refined tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) from a 13-year desert fight into the next major combat operation or small contingency. This Marine Corps proclivity for action is reflected in driven Marines, doctrine and the personnel carriers or vehicles used by Marines to execute maneuver warfare from the sea. The first responder for the next contingency will likely be the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU), which is the smallest seabased configuration of a Marine Air Ground Task Force. The MEU provides rapid crisis response from U.S. Navy ships and is likely to be the principal component of the future force at sea. This research informs the top procurement priorities for the United States Navy by evaluating the MEU’s expeditionary amphibious assault capability and the use of ship-to-shore connectors. In hundreds of thousands of simulated assaults, it identifies TTPs and mission profiles that achieve increased operational effectiveness, while employing less operational energy. The major results quantify the benefits of debarking amphibious forces at closer distances...
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This thesis describes the design and employment of a general transportation and distribution simulation toolbox and an extension to that toolbox used to model the instream offload of a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) Slice of a Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF). The Simulated Mobility Modeling and Analysis Toolbox (SMMAT) is a toolbox of object oriented modules written in M0DSIM II by faculty and students, including the author, of the Naval Postgraduate School for transportation and distribution modeling. The MEU Slice offload model is built as an extension to SMMAT, with itself being easily extendible to model other aspects of MPF operations. The objective of this thesis was twofold, (1) to build SMMAT and demonstrate its feasibility as a toolbox, and (2) to determine which of four asset distribution setups ashore, at varying levels of equipment reliability, will allow for the fastest offload and throughput of the MEU slice. This thesis successfully demonstrated SMMAT's usefulness as a transportation and distribution simulation toolbox, and the MEU Slice study indicates that no one distribution setup ashore is statistically faster than any other one; http://archive.org/details/maritimepreposit00bate; Captain...
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This research explores the capability requirements for the employment of a Marine Rifle Company organized to conduct Enhanced Company Operations (ECO). It uses a simulation model, built in an agent-based simulation tool called MANA, to evaluate the logistical impact of ECO on a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). ECO involves reorganizing and augmenting the traditional rifle company in a manner that contributes to "enhanced" command and control, intelligence, logistics, and fires capabilities. The end state is to develop the company's ability to become the base maneuver element of the Marine Air Ground Task Force, a role traditionally held by the infantry battalion. This research used a robust design of experiments method called the Nearly Orthogonal Latin Hypercube to vary a set of design factors in an efficient manner, culminating in over 5,460 simulated missions. Statistical results indicate that it is possible to support an enhanced company with current MEU assets, and that resupply responsiveness is more important than the unit's distance to the seabase. This research also confirms the validity of investing in the MV-22, due to the increased capabilities it brings to the MEU commander.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author
The U. S. Marine Corps realizes its goal of being ready to fight in any location primarily through the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). An important component of the MEU's readiness is the availability of critical equipment repair parts when they are needed. We test with three sets of past MEU data an availability based sparing model that builds repair parts blocks and show that the model outperforms the current methodology in every case.; NA; U.S. Marine Corps (U.S.M.C.) author.
Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) is a Marine Corps concept that shifts the emphasis from blue-water superiority to power projection in the littorals. OMFTS treats the sea as maneuver space, and moves forces directly from ship to objectives ashore with little or no prior build-up of supplies ashore. This thesis develops the Sea-Based Logistic Optimization Model (SBLOM), an integer programming model that assesses the feasibility of conducting sea- based logistics in an OMFTS scenario based on capabilities of current and future assets, e.g., the Landing Craft Air Cushion and the MV-22 Osprey aircraft. SBLOM minimizes (when feasible) the initial fuel requirement of the Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU(SOC)) ashore, and develops a fuel-delivery schedule from the sea using the lift assets available on a group of three or four ships known as an Amphibious Readiness Group (ARG). Using two OMFTS scenarios, SBLOM is run with the ARG at stand-off distances of 50, 70, and 100 nautical miles. The scenarios involve a humanitarian mission and an amphibious raid. In all cases, the use of sea-based logistics is feasible: An optimal delivery schedule is developed that meets the daily fuel requirements of the MEU(SOC) and maintains sufficient fuel levels the throughout the mission's duration.; U.S. Navy (U.S.N.) author.
This research analyzes the critical logistical requirements of a U.S. Marine Distributed Operations Platoon with the goal of developing a sustainable support plan. The development of Distributed Operations (DO) is one of the Marine Corps' major transformational efforts. The concept is designed to make infantry units more lethal by leveraging training and technology to allow more dispersed and intelligence driven operations. Since a DO platoon will operate far from secure lines of communication and support bases, logistically supporting it will be challenging. Through the use of simulation, statistical analysis, and logistical modeling, this thesis identifies critical factors and capabilities that are important to the sustainment of a DO platoon operating from a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). The research concludes with a feasible support concept combined with the means to assess the effect that supporting a DO platoon has on other MEU missions. Results indicate that quick response time and dedicated support assets from the supporting agency, typically augmented by MEU helicopters, are critical to the success of a DO platoon. This limits the flexibility of the MEU aviation element to support other MEU missions. The biggest payoff in improving logistical effectiveness is given by reducing the response time.
The Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is the Marine Corps' forward deployed force in readiness and as such advertises that it is self-sustaining for 15 days. The MEU Commander has latitude as to what personnel and assets he wants to deploy with. Because of this, each of the MEUs is different. This is especially the case involving internal contracting support. This research explores the differences in contracting support commonly provided to the MEUs and the external support available to the MEUs in their Areas of Responsibility (AOR). Based on this research, the author provides conclusions and recommendations that will optimize the internal support to the MEUs while deployed.
MBA Professional Report; The Marine Corps-Navy team employs a concept of forward power projection under the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). The MEU is built around a reinforced infantry battalion and an attached aviation element. The logistical unit of the MEU is the Combat Logistic Battalion (CLB). The CLB is tasked with embarking with 15 days of supply (DOS) to support the entire MEU should it be tasked into an austere environment for actions across a range of military operations (ROMO). Over the course of this sustainment concept, the Marine Corps has developed logistics habits, often dubbed the "Iron Mountain," that have led to each CLB on each MEU embarking with as much materiel as possible in order to meet the deployed maintenance needs. This process has led to great waste and an unnecessarily large materiel footprint, both aboard U.S. Navy ships and on the ground. This project sought to create a method that can be used to create the sustainment block more efficiently and in far less time using historical usage data and better information about resupply lead times, criticality, and demand. This data was analyzed using a multiattribute decision-making tool to weigh all factors and found that it is possible to craft a better source of sustainment.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author
The USMC Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) is commonly referred to as "the nation's 911 force." It must be capable of executing a full spectrum of missions from low-intensity humanitarian assistance and noncombat evacuations to high-intensity major combat operations. The structure and equipment are designed around this multimission requirement. However, the USMC owns the fixed-winged Shadow unmanned aircraft system (UAS), and is in the process of acquiring a small fixed-wing UAS, the small tactical UAS (STUAS) to provide intelligence, surveillance, and reconnaissance. The USMC is also researching a cargo resupply UAS based on helicopter technology. The USMC focus on single mission UAS does not fit with the MEU's mission requirements. This thesis will examine MEU mission requirements and recommend a UAS capability set that best supports MEU operations. From this recommended set of requirements, the thesis will use a cost analysis to determine a future UAS program of record.; US Marine Corps (USMC) author
Sponsored Report (for Acquisition Research Program); The Marine Corps''Navy team employs a concept of forward power projection under the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU). The MEU is built around a reinforced infantry battalion and an attached aviation element. The logistical unit of the MEU is the Combat Logistic Battalion (CLB). The CLB is tasked with embarking with 15 days of supply (DOS) to support the entire MEU should it be tasked into an austere environment for actions across a range of military operations (ROMO). Over the course of this sustainment concept, the Marine Corps has developed logistics habits, often dubbed the Iron Mountain, that have led to each CLB on each MEU embarking with as much materiel as possible in order to meet the deployed maintenance needs. This process has led to great waste and an unnecessarily large materiel footprint, both aboard U.S. Navy ships and on the ground. This project sought to create a method that can be used to create the sustainment block more efficiently and in far less time using historical usage data and better information about resupply lead times, criticality, and demand. These data were analyzed using a multi-attribute decision-making tool to weigh all factors. This analysis verified that it is possible to craft a better source of sustainment.; Acquisition Research Program
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; This tradition has continued to the present day with the current Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable). The purpose of this thesis is first to assess Marine Corps hybrid operations in specific historical cases in order to rate the Marine Corps' historical performance in such roles. Secondly, the thesis will provide an assessment of the current MEU(SOC) program, with emphasis placed on its relevance in current and future operations, as well as deconfliction with established Special Operations Forces (SOF) that fall under the auspices of the United States Special Operations Command (USSOCOM).; http://www.archive.org/details/specfiunitedstat00walk; Lieutenant, United States Navy
Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; As the United States enters a new millennium, the armed forces, and in particular the Marine Corps, face new challenges in the manner that they deploy and operate. Reductions in both personnel and naval shipping, coupled with an ever-changing world political environment, have led to a dramatic shift in the way that the United States must project its power. As recent combat operations in Afghanistan have demonstrated, there is a valid requirement for forces to possess the ability to operate from the sea directly to an objective area with minimal or no amphibious landing support. This thesis provides an analysis of the most advantageous assault support aircraft allocation aboard a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) in operations such as this. With the MEU tasked as one of the prominent fixtures in the timely projection of power ashore for the United States, the capabilities (or lack thereof) of assault support aircraft become increasingly important as ship-to-objective distances increase. Our method of finding an optimal composition of aircraft consists of constructing an Assault Support Optimization Model (ASOM). ASOM is assists us in prescribing an ideal configuration of assault support aircraft while emulating the dynamic amphibious environment. ASOM analyzes the assignment of several aircraft combinations (4 CH-53E/12 MV-22...