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Um estudo sobre as concepções, crenças e atitudes dos professores em relação a matematica; A study on the conceptions, beliefs and attitudes of the teachers in relation to the mathematics

Roseline Nascimento de Ardiles
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.48%
Estudos na área da Psicologia e Educação Matemática apontam que as Concepções, Crenças e as Atitudes do professores são elementos importantes a serem considerados na elaboração e realização de suas atividades. Deste modo, este estudo teve como propósito investigar, ao nível do discurso, as Concepções dos professores da primeira fase do ensino fundamental (1ª a 4ª série) sobre o Conhecimento Matemático, suas Crenças para com a Matemática, a Confiança e a Utilidade Matemática dos professores, bem como verificar as suas Atitudes em relação à Matemática. Buscou-se também verificar a existência de relação entre esses constructos. Os resultados revelaram que os professores apresentaram: mais concepções do tipo construtivista, atitudes mais positivas que negativas em relação à Matemática, a crença instrumentalista acerca da Matemática, foram mais confiantes e, apresentaram atitudes mais favoráveis para com a utilidade Matemática. Dos que revelaram ser mais confiantes e ter atitudes mais positivas para com a utilidade Matemática, tenderam a apresentar atitudes mais positivas para com a Matemática, concepções do tipo construtivista e alta autopercepção do desempenho em Matemática. Assim, os constructos...

Matematicas nos usos e jogos de linguagem : ampliando concepções na educação matematica; Mathematics in their uses and language-games : broadening concepts in the mathematicas education

Denise Silva Vilela
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 20/09/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Como o termo matemática vem sendo usado na literatura acadêmica da Educação Matemática? Esta é a questão inicial que orienta este estudo investigativo realizado com base em publicações e pesquisas acadêmicas recentes em Educação Matemática. Com base nesses documentos, verificou-se a ocorrência, em freqüência significativa, de diversas adjetivações do termo matemática tais como: matemática escolar, matemática da rua, matemática acadêmica, matemática popular, matemática do cotidiano, etc. A partir da análise de alguns desses textos, constatou-se que as adjetivações, que ocorrem geralmente aos pares, apontam especificidades das matemáticas, tais como, diferenças em resultados, processos, valores, significados, conceitos, etc. A partir de uma visão de conjunto das especificidades apontadas nos textos pesquisados, as diversas adjetivações são interpretadas como jogos de linguagem que não possuiriam uma essência, mas apresentariam semelhanças de famílias, no sentido dado por Wittgenstein a este conceito. Para formular a questão acima, inspiramo-nos nos conceitos desse filósofo, bem como em sua concepção de filosofia, que possui uma perspectiva de ampliação dos significados alcançada mediante as descrições dos usos de um conceito...

Um estudo sobre as concepções, crenças e atitudes dos professores em relação a matematica; A study on the conceptions, beliefs and attitudes of the teachers in relation to the mathematics

Roseline Nascimento de Ardiles
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2007 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.48%
Estudos na área da Psicologia e Educação Matemática apontam que as Concepções, Crenças e as Atitudes do professores são elementos importantes a serem considerados na elaboração e realização de suas atividades. Deste modo, este estudo teve como propósito investigar, ao nível do discurso, as Concepções dos professores da primeira fase do ensino fundamental (1ª a 4ª série) sobre o Conhecimento Matemático, suas Crenças para com a Matemática, a Confiança e a Utilidade Matemática dos professores, bem como verificar as suas Atitudes em relação à Matemática. Buscou-se também verificar a existência de relação entre esses constructos. Os resultados revelaram que os professores apresentaram: mais concepções do tipo construtivista, atitudes mais positivas que negativas em relação à Matemática, a crença instrumentalista acerca da Matemática, foram mais confiantes e, apresentaram atitudes mais favoráveis para com a utilidade Matemática. Dos que revelaram ser mais confiantes e ter atitudes mais positivas para com a utilidade Matemática, tenderam a apresentar atitudes mais positivas para com a Matemática, concepções do tipo construtivista e alta autopercepção do desempenho em Matemática. Assim, os constructos...

O movimento da matemática moderna na região de Ribeirão Preto : uma paisagem; The moviment of Modern Mathematics in the Ribeirão Preto region : a landscape

Zionice Garbelini Martos Rodrigues
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 11/02/2010 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.48%
Este trabalho tem como objetivo estudar o processo de apropriação de propostas do Movimento da Matemática Moderna por um grupo de professores de Matemática da região de Ribeirão Preto-SP, nas décadas de 1960, 1970 e 1980. Em nossa investigação, alicerçada na História Oral, realizamos entrevistas com dez professores de Matemática da região de Ribeirão Preto e produzimos, a partir dos relatos orais registrados em áudio, os documentos principais de nosso estudo. Esses documentos foram complementados por outros tipos de fontes escritas. Em nosso diálogo com as fontes, diversas facetas da matemática escolar em tempos de Matemática Moderna se destacaram. Três dessas facetas - Ginásios Estaduais Vocacionais do Estado de São Paulo, Centro Regional de Aperfeiçoamento do Ensino de Matemática, CRAEM, e Livros Didáticos de Matemática Moderna são discutidas neste trabalho.; This work aims to study the process of appropriation of the proposals of the Movement of Modern Mathematics by a group of mathematics teachers in the region of Ribeirão Preto, in the 1960, 1970 and 1980. In our research, based on oral history, conducted interviews with ten teachers of mathematics in Ribeirão Preto and produce, from oral accounts recorded in audio...

As práticas de formação no estágio curricular supervisionado na licenciatura em matemática : o que revelam as pesquisas acadêmicas brasileiras na década 2001-2010; The formative practices in the supervised curricular apprenticeship in mathematics education : what reveals brazilian academic research in the decade 2001-2010

Marisol Vieira Melo
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 30/08/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Nosso estudo tem como objeto de análise as práticas formativas desenvolvidas no Estágio Curricular Supervisionado na Licenciatura em Matemática (ECSLM), identificadas nas dissertações e teses brasileiras defendidas no país entre os anos de 2001 e 2010. Optamos por uma investigação meta-analítica buscando responder à seguinte questão: Como o Estágio Curricular Supervisionado na Licenciatura em Matemática vem sendo concebido e descrito nas pesquisas brasileiras (2001-2010), que práticas formativas são desenvolvidas e investigadas, e, que relações e parcerias entre sujeitos e instituições são estabelecidas nesse processo? Para constituir o corpus de nossa investigação foram selecionadas 15 dissertações e teses da última década sobre ECSLM que atendiam os seguintes critérios: (i) Estágio Curricular Supervisionado realizado se, e somente se, na Licenciatura em Matemática; (ii) Estágio Curricular Supervisionado tido como um cenário/ambiente constituinte da formação do futuro professor de Matemática; (iii) Sujeitos deveriam estar cursando ou realizando Estágio Curricular Supervisionado durante a pesquisa; (iv) Pesquisas que desenvolvessem alguma prática de formação (e não apenas estudos sobre as práticas...

Do pre-service elementary school teachers still have mathematics anxiety? Some factors and correlates

Çatlıoğlu,Hakan; Gürbüz,Ramazan; Birgin,Osman
Fonte: UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Matemática Publicador: UNESP - Universidade Estadual Paulista, Pró-Reitoria de Pesquisa; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Educação Matemática
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.48%
This study aims to provide new evidence from Turkish pre-service elementary school (PES) teachers and to identify some correlations and factors associated with mathematics anxiety (MA). 480 Turkish PES teachers participated in this study. Data was collected using a Personal Information Form, Mathematics Anxiety Scale, and Mathematics Attitude Scale. Data was analyzed using the SPSS 17.0 statistics program. It was revealed that the MA level of the participants was low, and the difference based on gender was not significant. Cross-sectional comparison indicated that freshmen were more inclined to have MA than the seniors. Based on self-reported perceptions, we found that there were significant differences related to mathematics. There was a tendency for participants with negative attitudes towards mathematics and low achievers to possess higher levels of MA. It was also found that there was a significant correlation among mathematics anxiety, mathematics achievement, and mathematics attitudes. This study will provide some guidance for the revision of course requirements and teaching strategies, and promotes collaboration between mathematics educators and counselors.

Purpose and Education: The Case of Mathematics

Harouni, Houman
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Why do schools teach mathematics, and why do they teach the mathematics that they do? In this three-part dissertation, I argue that the justifications offered by national education systems are not convincing, and that students are tested on content whose purpose neither they nor their teachers clearly understand. In the first part of the dissertation, I propose a theoretical framework for understanding the content and pedagogy of school mathematics as a set of practices reflecting socio-political values, particularly in relation to labor and citizenship. Beginning with a critical study of history, I trace the origins of modern mathematics education, in the process unearthing common, unexamined assumptions regarding the place and form of mathematics education in contemporary society. In the second part of the dissertation I use the above theoretical framework to re-examine the literature on mathematical word problems. Word problems have interested research because they operate at the intersection between mathematics, education, and labor. I argue that scholarly discussions of word problems have so far adopted unexamined assumptions regarding the role of history, the structure of everyday life, and the relationship between mathematics and other disciplines. Through the lens of political economy I examine these assumptions and offer new categories and explanation for understanding word problems. In the final part of the dissertation...

AS INFLUÊNCIAS DOS FORMADORES SOBRE OS LICENCIADOS EM MATEMÁTICA DO IME-UFG; THE INFLUENCES OF TRAINERS ON THE GRADUATES IN MATHEMATICS OF IME-UFG

SANTOS, Ronan Santana dos
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática; Ciências Exatas e da Terra Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática; Ciências Exatas e da Terra
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.48%
The aim of this search, whose central theme is training of teachers of mathematics, is to study the influences of trainers course in mathematics degree in exercise of the graduates of this course. In the case of a course of study in an institution of higher education, this research is characterized as a case study in a qualitative approach that seeks to establish relations between the uniqueness and complexity of teacher training. In the discussions were addressed various aspects of the issue: public policies for the Brazilian Education, curriculum guidelines for undergraduate courses, particularly for the degree in mathematics, knowledge and expertise relevant to teachers and dichotomies in teacher education in mathematics. The theoretical contributions substantiate that these discussions were made of contributions from various national and international researchers. Of national literature in Education: Ludke (1996), Rosa (2003), André (2007). The international literature: Shulman (1986), Zichner (1993), Marcelo García (1999) and Tardif (2004). Brazilian literature of specific IFIC s Mathematics Education: Fiorentini (2005), Lins (2005), Garnica (2006). International literature of Mathematics Education: Bridge (1992), Sztajn (2002)...

Ensino de Matemática com o apoio do TelEduc: experiência etnográfica em um curso de Administração; Mathematics Teaching with TelEduc support: an ethnographic experience on an Administration Course

SOUZA, Renato Sardinha de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática; Ciências Exatas e da Terra Publicador: Universidade Federal de Goiás; BR; UFG; Mestrado em Educação em Ciências e Matemática; Ciências Exatas e da Terra
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
The investigation presented here is based on the scoop of the Teaching and Learning of Science and Mathematics, from the Post-Graduation program in Education in Science and Mathematics, from the Federal University of Goiás and its main goal is to study a group of second-year students from the Administration Course, evening-course, from a private college, located in Goiânia, state of Goiás, Brazil. This study relates to the Learning of Mathematics applied to administration, to Internet usage and to a free virtual learning ambience which is used as a support to face-to-face teaching - the TelEduc. Besides, the contribution given by the students presently called Monitors of applied Mathematics, Applied Mathematics: virtual resources, offered on the TelEduc ambience were also studied. Throughout the pages on this dissertation, there is a feedback , a kind of descriptive memorial of the academic life of the researcher, exploring his initial contacts with the Mathematics Learning Process and also his contacts with Educational Technology. Lately, the choice of this work methodology is justified, inspired by the principle of the utility for the research reflection, in Edgard Morin. In order to offer theoretical support, the methodology of ethnographic type research was adopted...

An analysis of performance in mathematics for technology undergraduates and an investigation of teaching interventions for these students

Faulkner, Fiona
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
peer-reviewed; Declining standards in students’ mathematical competency levels has become a major issue in mathematics education both nationally and internationally (Smith 2004; Kajander and Lovric 2005; Gill et al 2010). This decline in standards, which has commonly become known as the ‘Mathematics Problem’, refers to issues such as poor numeracy skills in beginning undergraduates, difficulties with basic arithmetic and algebraic manipulations and an inability to cope with mathematics which is presented in unfamiliar formats (Hourigan and O’Donoghue 2007). Economists and educationalists agree that competent citizens in the area of mathematics and science are necessary for a successful economy (OECD 2006; Breen et al 2009; IBEC 2010). The need to try and overcome, or at least alleviate somewhat, the ‘Mathematics Problem’ has therefore been a priority of many third level institutions worldwide (Croft 2000; Tonkes et al 2005; Symonds et al 2008). Third level institutions have introduced a variety of different mathematical support structures in an attempt to support their mathematically less prepared students. One popular example of this is the introduction of diagnostic testing which aims to establish where students’ difficulties may lie and to identify the students within a particular cohort who are most ‘at risk’ of failing university mathematics courses. The University of Limerick (UL) introduced diagnostic testing in 1997. The same diagnostic test is still distributed today and so a large dataset has been created which currently consists of data on almost 8...

Promoting Value Beliefs in Mathematics: A Multidimensional Perspective and the Role of Gender

Gaspard, Hanna
Fonte: Universität Tübingen Publicador: Universität Tübingen
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Students’ value beliefs for subjects such as mathematics are important predictors for their course and career choices (Wigfield, Tonks, & Klauda, 2009). Fostering students’ value beliefs for mathematics in school is one way to address the leaking pipeline towards science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) because mathematics can be seen as a gatekeeper for STEM careers. As females are underrepresented in many STEM disciplines compared to males and tend to show lower motivation in related subjects, they are a particular target group for motivational interventions in STEM. Previous intervention studies have shown that helping students understand the value of the course material can be an effective tool to promote motivation, achievement, and course choices in mathematics and sciences (e.g., Hulleman & Harackiewicz, 2009). However, a number of questions with regards to the effects of such interventions still remain unanswered. The three empirical studies that were conducted within this dissertation address some of these questions. Specifically, the dissertation closely examines (a) the effectiveness of value interventions from a multidimensional perspective on value beliefs and (b) the role of gender for value beliefs in mathematics and how gender differences in these beliefs are affected through value interventions. Each of the three studies used data from an intervention project that aimed to promote ninth grade students’ value beliefs for mathematics. Within a cluster randomized trial...

Mathematics Teaching Experiences of Elementary Preservice Teachers with High and Low Mathematics Anxiety during Student Teaching: A Multiple Case Study

Nisbet, Leslie
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
This study investigated the teaching experiences of six elementary preservice teachers (EPTs), three with high mathematics anxiety and three with low mathematics anxiety, during their student teaching semester. The EPTs were selected from an initial pool of 121 EPTs who took the Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Scale. The cases were compared in a cross case analysis to highlight mathematics teaching experiences among EPTs. Data sources included EPT and researcher journal entries, interview transcripts, pre-lesson surveys, field notes, lesson plans, and artifacts of observed lessons. Data were coded using Shulman’s content knowledge, Graeber’s mathematics pedagogical content knowledge, and mathematics anxiety characteristics. Findings revealed both similarities and differences across EPTs as related to four major categories: (a) planning and resources used, (b) role of the cooperating teacher, (c) content knowledge, and (d) pedagogical content knowledge. All EPTs used mostly direct instruction and relied on the course textbook and their respective cooperating teacher as their primary resources for planning. Additionally, across participants, the cooperating teacher influenced EPTs’ perceptions of students and teaching. Also, EPTs with high mathematics anxiety were weaker with respect to content knowledge and pedagogical content knowledge. Findings suggest a need to re-design methods courses to address improving the pedagogical content knowledge of EPTs with mathematics anxiety. Findings also suggest a need to develop content specific mathematics courses for EPTs to improve their content knowledge. Future studies could include a longitudinal study to follow highly anxious EPTs who take content specific elementary mathematics courses to observe their content knowledge and mathematics anxiety.

Strengthening Mathematics Education in Sri Lanka

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Working Paper; Publications & Research
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
A well-informed and knowledgeable community is of vital importance for the economic and social development of a modem society. The knowledge and skills required for present day activities are much more complex than those required in the past. Today, many jobs require expert thinking and non-routine analytical skills, to identify and solve problems. Mathematics education focuses on developing a person's analytical and problem solving abilities. Thus a high quality mathematics education win ensure that students develop the skills that are essential not only in science and technology, but also in everyday life and the workplace. The government of Sri Lanka, recognizing the need for a high quality mathematics education has implemented several reforms in the recent past. Although the progress achieved is commendable, there is still room for improvement in certain important aspects of the learning teaching process. The main aim of the mathematics curriculum under these reforms is to create individuals who are able to think mathematically and apply mathematical knowledge effectively and responsibly in problem solving and decision making.

Improving mathematics teaching at second level through the design of a model of teacher knowledge and an intervention aimed at developing teachers’ knowledge

O'Meara, Niamh
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
peer-reviewed; The importance of mathematics is recognised and acknowledged worldwide and its importance as a school subject has been confirmed universally. A primary concern in Ireland among educators, policy makers and the Department of Education and Skills is the finding that many students complete their second level studies with a poor grasp of mathematics and are not prepared for the mathematics they will face at third level or in the workplace. Researchers now accept that the supply of well qualified second level students in mathematics for higher education or the workplace is crucially dependent upon the quality of teaching they receive especially in the formative years. Teachers’ levels of knowledge helps determine the quality of mathematics teaching and underpin much of what is done in the mathematics classroom. Research has shown that numerous attributes of effective teaching are affected by, inter alia, a mathematics teacher’s knowledge base. Furthermore an extensive knowledge base on the part of teachers will allow them to teach for understanding and foster an appreciation of mathematics among their students while research also suggests that this knowledge can result in increased uptake and attainment levels in mathematics. However...

An investigation into the integration of mathematics and science at junior cycle in Irish mathematics and science at junior cycle in Irish post primary schools

Treacy, Páraic
Fonte: University of Limerick Publicador: University of Limerick
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
peer-reviewed; Within the mathematics education community there have been calls for a greater range of assessment practices as well as a more holistic approach to learning as research has shown that the current approach to instruction that has generally been adopted is producing students who struggle to solve problems and display large gaps in their Mathematical knowledge and understanding. One of the main necessities, according to research, is the need for mathematics to be placed in context and, thus, linked with other subjects. As such, a range of international education groups (NCTM, NRC, SSMA, Curriculum Corporation) have lent their support to the drive to integrate mathematics with other subject areas, especially science, within second level education. Attempts at integrating mathematics and science have been made but no definitive, widely adopted teaching model has been developed to date. Research suggests that hands-on, practical, pupil-centred, authentic activities should form a central element when designing an effective model for the integration of mathematics and science. The ‘Authentic Instruction’ model, developed by Fred Newmann and his associates in the early 1990’s, provides the basis for a model for the integration of mathematics and science as it is integrative in its very nature...

THE EFFECTS OF A MATHEMATICS COURSE ON CANDIDATES’ BELIEFS ABOUT LEARNING AND TEACHING MATHEMATICS

KERR, GINA MORGAN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
This qualitative case study examined a cohort of prospective teachers who completed a university mathematics course during which they were given the opportunity to relearn geometry conceptually and gain experience teaching using contemporary approaches. The course embedded mathematics content using the context of (a) problem solving in university-based seminar classes and (b) a concurrent Grade 7 and 8 teaching placement. Questionnaires, administered at the beginning and end of the semester, and individual interviews were used to obtain data about the prospective teachers’ beliefs about the nature of mathematics and its teaching, and about their pedagogical content knowledge. The pre-course profile was that of a group who held comparable views about mathematics teaching as passive, learning as procedural, and mathematics itself as instrumental. The post-course profile, however, was of a radically different group who once again claimed to hold comparable beliefs about reform-based teaching methods, conceptual learning, and a dynamic view of the utility of mathematics. There are five findings from this study with import for preservice mathematics teacher education. First, learning best occurs within a community. Second, an inquiry-based approach to mathematics provides a rich learning opportunity for students. Third...

Preservice Teachers' Beliefs about the Nature of Mathematics and Effective Use of Information and Communication Technology

Beaudette, SEAN
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
The purpose of this mixed methods study was to document and examine the beliefs held by preservice elementary teachers prior to entering a teacher education program concerning the nature of mathematics and their perceptions about the effective use of information and communication technology (ICT) for mathematics instruction. Through an online questionnaire (N=132) followed by interviews of purposefully selected respondents (n=8), the following questions were addressed: (1) What beliefs do preservice elementary mathematics teachers hold upon entering teacher education programs regarding the nature of mathematics? (2) What beliefs do preservice elementary mathematics teachers hold upon entering teacher education programs about how ICT should be used in the classroom? and (3) How do preservice elementary mathematics teachers’ beliefs about the nature of mathematics relate to their views about the use of ICT in teaching mathematics? Video-elicitation was used in the interviews to determine how respondents perceived various uses of interactive whiteboards. Respondents were grouped based on their beliefs about the nature of mathematics and their reactions to the videos that they were shown. It was discovered that interview respondents who held contrasting views about the nature of mathematics also held differing beliefs about teaching and learning as well as the benefits of ICT. Respondents who saw mathematics as a set of fixed naturally occurring rules...

A Case Study of Social Justice Mathematics: The Experiences of Secondary Students and Preservice Teachers in Mathematics Teaching and Learning

Lam, MANDY
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
This case study described the experiences of secondary students and preservice mathematics teachers in the teaching and learning of social justice mathematics (SJM). Specifically, participants’ experiences in making connections among the mathematics curricula and the real world, perceptions about mathematics, and responses to an integrated curriculum approach were described. Students participated in SJM activities designed by preservice teacher participants: one component of a pre-existing extracurricular Social Issues Club at a high school in Southeastern Ontario. Mathematics activities, led by the researcher or one of the preservice teacher participants, were designed to complement the social justice issues that were being explored by the members of the Social Issues Club. Data were obtained through observations, questionnaires, focus group, individual interviews, written reflections, and artifacts. Results demonstrated that preservice teacher participants had unique professional and educational encounters prior to SJM that they connected to their SJM experience. Subsequent to this experience, preservice teachers suggested limited ideas about integrating curriculum into their future teaching practice beyond the content and contexts made familiar to them through SJM. With limited exposure to examples of curriculum integration identified by preservice teachers as a barrier...

The Alignment of Preservice Elementary School Teachers’ Beliefs concerning Mathematics and Mathematics Teaching

Penn, Alexandra
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Preservice teachers bring to their studies a host of beliefs concerning the nature of mathematics. These mathematical beliefs have been shown to influence teachers’ instructional practices. Research that examines the alignment of beliefs about the nature of mathematics and beliefs about effective instructional practices have left many unanswered questions including, do beliefs concerning the nature of mathematics held by preservice primary-junior mathematics teachers align with beliefs concerning effective mathematics instruction at the beginning of teacher education programs? In this study, the beliefs Ontario preservice primary-junior (grades JK-6) teachers bring to their teacher preparation programs were examined and the alignment of beliefs concerning the nature of mathematics and the teaching and learning of mathematics was explored. Specifically, I investigated the beliefs of preservice teachers who displayed contradictory views on the nature of mathematics and effective instructional practice; preservice teachers who held absolutist beliefs about mathematics but intended to teach using a constructivist approach. A questionnaire was used to identify participants with misaligned beliefs, and interviews, with a focus on manipulative use...

Engenheiros, mulheres, matemáticos: interesses e disputas na profissionalização da matemática na Bahia (1896-1968).; Engineers, women, mathematicians: interests and disputes in profissionalization of mathematics in Bahia (1896-1968).

Dias, Andre Luis Mattedi
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 12/04/2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
35.49%
Apresento aqui o resultado da pesquisa que realizei sobre a história da matemática na Bahia no período demarcado pela fundação da Escola Polytechnica da Bahia (EP) em 1896; pela fundação da Faculdade de Filosofia da Bahia (FF), em 1941; pela fundação Instituto de Matemática e Física da Universidade da Bahia (IMF) em 1960; e pelo desmembramento desse último nos dois atuais Instituto de Matemática (IM) e Instituto de Física (IF) da Universidade Federal da Bahia (UFBA) em 1968, por ocasião da implantação da Reforma Universitária. Essa pesquisa vem juntar-se a outras também dedicadas aos problemas da difusão, recepção, apropriação e institucionalização da matemática moderna de raízes européias no contexto sociocultural brasileiro. Estava interessado em contribuir para a análise histórica da institucionalização das atividades matemáticas no Brasil, em particular, daqueles processos resultantes da implantação no país das primeiras universidades e das suas respectivas faculdades de filosofia a partir da terceira décadas do século XX. Como ocorreu a transição da matemática dos engenheiros da EP para a matemática da FF? Como foi o processo de implantação do IMF, primeiro instituto de matemática autônomo no âmbito da Universidade da Bahia (UBa)? Quando e como os matemáticos ocuparam o lugar dos engenheiros no exercício da matemática? Quais estratégias...