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Quality of life of seniors living in the community and in long term care facilities : a comparative study; Calidad de vida de los ancianos de la comunidad y en instituciones de larga estancia : estudio comparativo

Vitorino, Luciano Magalhães; Paskulin, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi; Vianna, Lucila Amaral Carneiro
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
Objetivos: comparar a percepção da qualidade de vida entre idosos da comunidade de Porto Alegre, RS, e idosos institucionalizados do interior de Minas Gerais e identificar fatores associados à qualidade de vida entre esses idosos. Método: trata-se de investigação que utilizou dados secundários, a partir de dois estudos epidemiológicos transversais. A amostra foi de 288 idosos da comunidade e 76 institucionalizados. Utilizaram-se instrumentos de caracterização sociodemográfica e Whoqol-bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. Resultados: na análise bivariada, evidenciou-se que idade, sexo, escolaridade, autoavaliação de saúde e lazer apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre ser institucionalizado ou não. Da mesma forma, os domínios de qualidade de vida psicológico e relações sociais apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes. Na análise multivariada, as variáveis que permaneceram com correlação significante no domínio psicológico foram escolaridade, avaliação de saúde e lazer e no domínio relações sociais, escolaridade e idade. Conclusão: o fato de o idoso ser institucionalizado não influenciou na percepção da qualidade de vida dos idosos, mas, sim, as características sociodemográficas e de saúde.; Objetivos: comparar la percepción de la calidad de vida (CV) entre ancianos de la comunidad en Porto Alegre / RS y ancianos institucionalizados en Minas Gerais e identificar factores asociados a la calidad de vida entre esos ancianos. Método: en esa investigación...

Experiências de conjugalidade em idade tardia : fatores motivacionais assumidos

Martins, Marta Sofia da Silva
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
Dissertação submetida como requisito parcial para a obtenção do grau de Mestre em Sociologia; Embora vejamos um aumento de pessoas idosas a viver mais anos, o estudo do casamento/conjugalidade entre os “velhos” não tem sido uma opção para os investigadores. Os idosos começam a pensar numa alternativa para fazer face à solidão. Este trabalho tem como tema “As experiências de conjugalidade em idade tardia. Fatores motivacionais assumidos.”, e o seu objetivo global: conhecer quais os motivos que levam os indivíduos, na velhice, a assumir novas conjugalidades. Com os objetivos da investigação pretende-se conhecer e compreender a construção destas novas relações conjugais e quais as modificações sofridas na vida dos idosos com a nova relação conjugal. A metodologia da investigação centrou-se numa abordagem qualitativa com doze entrevistas, semi-dirigidas, abrangendo diferentes subgrupos de idosos: idosos frequentadores de centro de dia, idosos que residem na sua própria residência sem estarem afetos a qualquer instituição, e idosos que residem em meio rural ou urbano. De uma forma geral, os resultados da análise dos testemunhos indicam que, as finalidades de uma relação conjugal poderão ser: paixão...

Use of health services by residents at a seniors-only living facility

Teston,Elen Ferraz; Rossi,Robson Marcelo; Marcon,Sonia Silva
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo, Escola de Enfermagem
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.21%
The objective of the study was to compare the use of medical and dental services by seniors residing at a seniors-only living facility and in the general community. It was a quantitative study, among 50 residents of the living facility and 173 in the general community. The data were collected between November 2011 and February 2012 through a questionnaire, and subjected to statistical analysis. Performance of clinical exams and satisfaction with health services was greater among seniors living in the general community; however, physical therapy treatment was more common among those living in the facility. The use of medical and dental services showed a statistically significant difference. The seniors in both groups need oral health monitoring and those living in the facility also require coverage by the Family Health Strategy. The presence of professionals with the right profile to adequately serve residents and the network of available services are determining factors for the success of this new housing policy.

Measuring the transportation needs of seniors

Wasfi,Rania; Levinson,David; El-Geneidy,Ahmed
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Planejamento dos Transportes Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Planejamento dos Transportes
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.45%
Transportation systems are built with the intention to serve communities by providing accessibility and mobility. Yet seniors residing in these communities face different challenges compared to regular commuters. Seniors have special needs in terms of desired destinations and challenges faced due to limitations in mobility and decline of accessibility levels where they reside. In this research paper we discuss major findings from a mail-out mail-in survey conducted in Hennepin County, Minnesota to measuring met and unmet urban transportation needs of seniors. Compared to previous research this study uses primary collected data rather than relying on travel surveys, which does not measure the unmet urban transportation needs of seniors. The findings from this survey is consistent in term of measuring the existing travel behavior of seniors, which raises our confidence in the information being collected related to the unmet transportation needs of seniors. Seniors are found to be generally independent and rely mainly on auto usage to reach desired destinations at higher rates compared to the rest of the population. The majority of seniors reported although they are currently independent they do know that such independency is not permanent and they have to learn more about alternatives available to them. This study helps transportation engineers and planners in better understanding the current and future challenges that they will face with an aging population.

Impact on Seniors of the Patient-Centered Medical Home: Evidence From a Pilot Study

Fishman, Paul A.; Johnson, Eric A.; Coleman, Kathryn; Larson, Eric B.; Hsu, Clarissa; Ross, Tyler R.; Liss, David; Tufano, James; Reid, Robert J.
Fonte: Oxford University Press Publicador: Oxford University Press
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.42%
Purpose: To assess the impact on health care cost and quality among seniors of a patient-centered medical home (PCMH) pilot at Group Health Cooperative, an integrated health care system in Washington State. Design and Methods: A prospective before-and-after evaluation of the experience of seniors receiving primary care services at 1 pilot clinic compared with seniors enrolled at the remaining 19 primary care clinics owned and operated by Group Health. Analyses of secondary data on quality and cost were conducted for 1,947 seniors in the PCMH clinic and 39,396 seniors in the 19 control clinics. Patient experience with care was based on survey data collected from 487 seniors in the PCMH clinic and of 668 in 2 specific control clinics that were selected for their similarities in organization and patient composition to the pilot clinic.Results: After adjusting for baseline, seniors in the PCMH clinic reported higher ratings than controls on 3 of 7 patient experience scales. Seniors in the PCMH clinic had significantly greater quality outcomes over time, but this difference was not significant relative to control. PCMH patients used more e-mail, phone, and specialist visits but fewer emergency services and inpatient admissions for ambulatory care sensitive conditions. At 1 and 2 years...

Chronotype, bed timing and total sleep time in seniors

Monk, Timothy H.; Buysse, Daniel J.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.21%
Many older adults (seniors) experience problems with getting enough sleep. Because of the link between sleep and circadian rhythms, changes in bedtime lead to changes in the amount of sleep obtained. Although primarily determined genetically, chronotype changes with advancing age towards a more morning-type (M-type) orientation. In a 2006 study, we have found a linear relationship, by which the earlier a senior’s bedtime, the more sleep she/he will obtain. The aim of this study was to see whether this relationship differs for M-type seniors, as compared to seniors outside the M-type category. Retired seniors (n = 954, 535 M, 410F, 65 years+, mean age 74.4 years) taking part in a telephone interview were divided into M-types and Other types (O-types) using the Composite Scale of Morningness (CSM). The relationship between bedtime and Total Sleep Time (TST), and between rise-time and TST, was tested using linear regression separately for M-types and O-types. For each participant, habitual bedtime, rise-time and total Sleep Time (TST) [after removing time spent in unwanted wakefulness] were obtained using a telephone version of the Sleep Timing Questionnaire (STQ). Both chronotype groups showed a significant linear relationship between bedtime and TST (p<0.001); with earlier bedtimes leading to more TST (M-type 5.6 min; O-type 4.4 min per 10 min change [slope difference p = 0.05]); and an opposite relationship between rise-time and TST with earlier rise-times leading to less TST (M-type 6.7 min; O-type 4.2 min per 10 min change [slope difference p 0.001]). M-types retired to bed 56 min earlier (p<0.001)...

Factorial validity of an abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale for seniors in the Nurses’ Health Study

Starnes, Heather A; McDonough, Meghan H; Tamura, Kosuke; James, Peter; Laden, Francine; Troped, Philip J
Fonte: BioMed Central Publicador: BioMed Central
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.21%
Background: Using validated measures of individuals’ perceptions of their neighborhood built environment is important for accurately estimating effects on physical activity. However, no studies to date have examined the factorial validity of a measure of perceived neighborhood environment among older adults in the United States. The purpose of this measurement study was to test the factorial validity of a version of the Abbreviated Neighborhood Environment Walkability Scale (NEWS-A) modified for seniors in the Nurses’ Health Study (NHS). Findings: A random sample of 2,920 female nurses (mean age = 73 ± 7 years) in the NHS cohort from California, Massachusetts, and Pennsylvania completed a 36-item modified NEWS-A for seniors. Confirmatory factor analyses were conducted to test measurement models for both the modified NEWS-A for seniors and the original NEWS-A. Internal consistency within factors was examined using Cronbach’s alpha. The hypothesized 7-factor measurement model was a poor fit for the modified NEWS-A for seniors. Overall, the best-fitting measurement model was the original 6-factor solution to the NEWS-A. Factors were correlated and internally consistent. Conclusions: This study provided support for the construct validity of the original NEWS-A for assessing perceptions of neighborhood environments in older women in the United States.

Second to None: Secondary Suites and Affordable Housing for Seniors in Kingston, Ontario

Bolduc, Jacob
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
EXECUTIVE SUMMARY Canadian cities are facing a housing crisis, as the cost of homeownership and rental rates are increasing beyond the affordability of many Canadians. As the number of purpose-built rental units has remained stagnant for the last 15 years, and the average cost of a new home has nearly doubled from 2001 to 2010, municipalities are facing a major challenge in providing housing at affordable levels while ensuring a quality stock of all dwelling types. Secondary suites are units built within existing dwellings, or in accessory buildings, that have private entrances, kitchen and washroom facilities and living space. These units utilize the existing housing stock and are a form of intensification that capitalizes on Canada’s primary dwelling type: single-detached homes. The City of Kingston is a medium-sized Ontario municipality that has recently developed a secondary suites program to combat increasingly unaffordable rents. The City is marred by low vacancy rates and a comparatively low number of rental units considering the demand for rental units by seniors, students and other demographics. Kingston has one of the highest percentages of senior residents in the province and it is estimated that the number will continue to rise as the baby-boomers enter retirement and seek the amenities and services provided in the City...

Future Seniors: Is the Hospitality Industry Ready for Them?

Pederson, Elizabeth B.
Fonte: FIU Digital Commons Publicador: FIU Digital Commons
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.96%
Persons age 55 and over will become the biggest market for hospitality throughout the next 30 years. This future senior market will not have the same needs and characteristics of current seniors. The author discusses the similarities and differences of the current and future senior markets and offers recommendations for meeting the needs of the future senior market.

An analysis of Delayed Entry Program (DEP) attrition by high school seniors

Henderson, Beulah I.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
In fiscal year 1998, the Navy missed its recruiting goal by about 7, 000 people and the Army fell short by 800. The Delayed Entry Program (DEP) allows new recruits to delay their entry into active military service; and, when individuals already recruited drop out of the DEP, the manpower planning process becomes even more difficult. High school seniors account for a relatively large proportion of individuals who leave the DEP. The primary purpose of this research was to identify factors that explain why high school seniors drop out of the DEP in such large numbers. Multivariate data analysis was used on archival data files from the Defense Manpower Data Center for fiscal years 1990 through 1996 to identify factors that explain the high attrition rate of high school seniors. A data set from Commander, Navy Recruiting Command was also used to conduct multivariate analysis. Additionally, descriptive data analysis examined high school seniors who left the DEP by their race, gender, service, and other characteristics. The results show that high school seniors who are older, female, and in the lower enlistment test categories have a comparatively high probability of dropping out of the DEP. Recommendations are offered for further research in this area.

The origins of exercise adherence in the Canadian seniors population

Kilfeather, Karen.
Fonte: Brock University Publicador: Brock University
Tipo: Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
This research identified and examined the responses of 19 physically active seniors to determine why they were physically active. The participants were physically active seniors, from the Niagara region who participated in physical activity 2, or more times per week. The purpose to this research was to determine what specific experiences or characteristics those seniors' possessed which motivated them to follow an exercise regime in later life. Three focus group interviews were conducted and participants responded to a set of predetermined questions. Responses to the interview questions were transcribed and analysed by comparing words and participant responses. This method of analysis is known as ethnographic summary. Themes, concepts, and experiences that emerged from the focus group interviews were also recorded according to systematic coding by way of content analysis. From this study, factors that predispose, enable, reinforce and prevent seniors from participating in exercise have been identified. Nine recommendations for improving seniors quality of life have also emerged from the study. Additionally, the findings from the study illustrate that those responsible for planning programs for seniors need to consider senior's wants and needs. Finally...

“They come here because it’s a place of refuge”: Residential Care Facilities with Cultural Affiliations

Harhaj, NATALIA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
With the increase in Canada’s seniors population (age 65 and over), there is a need to understand the residential requirements of this population. Almost 90 percent of seniors in Ontario reside in urban areas (Hodge 2008) and the majority live in the Greater Toronto Area. Of particular concern is the decrease in availability of informal care for aging and weakening individuals due to changes in economy and family relations. These changes are likely to result in a large influx of seniors into residential care facilities (RCFs) because not everyone is able to stay at home or is eligible to live in a long term care (LTC) facility. Seniors’ reasons for relocating as well as an analysis of their experiences after the move are required as the need for RCFs increases. Cultural and/or religious groups have become important providers of RCFs in Canada by offering necessary services for an aging population. The goal of this thesis is to analyse the importance of culture and the built environment within a push-pull framework associated with the decision to move to an RCF through a case study. The guiding question of the research is: Why do seniors choose facilities with cultural affiliations? In 2013, interviews were conducted with 15 residents...

How Age-Friendly Are Kingston's Suburban Streets? A Comparative Case Study Analysis of Kingston, Ontario

Thibault, Jenna
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Outros
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.34%
Overview: There is a growing need to develop age-friendly communities to meet the challenges seniors face as they age (Cerda and Bernier, 2013). By the year 2050, the population will be comprised of a greater proportion of older people (aged 60 and over) than children (aged 0 to 14) for the first time in human history (Plouffe and Kalache, 2010). The World Health Organization (WHO) is trying to encourage cities to become more age-friendly and has identified eight key themes, relating to a city’s structures, environment, services and policies, which are conducive to a community that promotes active aging (WHO, 2007a). Although active aging is a complex concept and extends beyond solely ensuring that seniors remain physically active, designing neighbourhoods that promote mobility is critical since many seniors want to “age in place” (Smith, 2009). Seniors that experience fewer limitations on their mobility maintain a stronger sense of independence and control over their lives (Hodge, 2008). Since 2012, the City of Kingston has been engaged in the process of becoming classified as an age-friendly city (City of Kingston, 2012). The City’s commitment to this initiative provided the rationale for conducting age-friendly research in Kingston. Specifically...

Seniors as Volunteers at the Kingston Region - Seniors Association

BRIDGEN, JENNIFER
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 409592 bytes; application/pdf
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.42%
The goals of this study are to examine why seniors volunteer and how where they volunteer affects their everyday lives. A group of volunteers from a seniors association in southeastern Ontario are used to investigate how seniors become volunteers, why individuals continue to volunteer at a particular place, what tasks senior volunteers perform, and the number of years and hours seniors volunteer at a particular organization. The study makes use of 23 interviews with volunteers aged 54 to 89. The findings from the interviews were then compared to national data on senior volunteers gathered from the 2004 Canada Survey of Giving, Volunteering, and Participating (CSGVP). The secondary data were used to examine such things as, the tasks senior volunteers perform and the reasons seniors volunteer across Canada. The analysis reveals that the group of volunteers show several similarities to volunteers aged 55 and over across Canada. The interviews show that the specific characteristics of the place influence why seniors volunteer and continue to volunteer at this particular organization. In addition to the characteristics of the place, the interviews disclose the potential to view the seniors centre as a therapeutic landscape, where healing...

The planning and creation of an e-learning and recreational platform for seniors

Freitas, Ricardo de
Fonte: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa Publicador: Instituto Universitário de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.34%
Europe is facing great demographic changes. It is predicted that seniors will represent almost 30% of the European population by the year 2050. Ambient Assisted Living (AAL) solutions may provide an answer to the challenges that these demographic changes bring. AAL as a concept is to interconnect Information and Communication Technology (ICT) with certain devices in order to create products and services to assist its users in all periods of life (e.g. difficulty in climbing stairs can be compensated for by a mechanical stair lift). One important area of AAL is lifelong learning which aims to allow continuous education during the course of a person's life. One way of enabling lifelong learning for seniors is by using electronic-learning platforms (E-Learning). These platforms enable their users to access learning content from almost any location. However, the level of complexity of these platforms may arise as an obstacle for seniors. The Ambient Assisted Living for All (AAL4ALL) project was launched to create a wide range of AAL-related products and services. One of the services which will be offered by this project is an E-Learning and recreational platform especially designed for seniors. The objective of this dissertation is to plan and create the prototype of such a platform. In order to develop a prototype of this nature...

Tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use: racial and ethnic differences among U.S. high school seniors, 1976-2000.

Wallace, John M.; Bachman, Jerald G.; O'Malley, Patrick M.; Johnston, Lloyd D.; Schulenberg, John E.; Cooper, Shauna M.
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2002 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
OBJECTIVE: This study examines differences in adolescents' use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs by racial and ethnic groups. METHODS: The authors analyzed questionnaire data from large, nationally representative samples of U.S. high school seniors to examine differences in drug use prevalence and trends among racial and ethnic groups between 1976 and 2000. RESULTS: On average, American Indian seniors showed the highest levels of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drug use. Cuban American and white seniors also tended to have relatively high levels of substance use, followed by Mexican American and Puerto Rican seniors. Other Latin American, African American, and Asian American seniors reported the lowest levels of drug use. Most of these differences are longstanding, but some have widened and others narrowed during the past 25 years. CONCLUSION: Significant differences exist in adolescent use of tobacco, alcohol, and illicit drugs by racial and ethnic groups, and these differences have changed over time. Future research should examine these differences and seek to identify the sources and consequences of the disparities.

Quality of life of seniors living in the community and in long term care facilities: a comparative study

Vitorino,Luciano Magalhães; Paskulin,Lisiane Manganelli Girardi; Vianna,Lucila Amaral Carneiro
Fonte: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo Publicador: Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto / Universidade de São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
OBJECTIVES: to compare the perceptions of quality of life (QOL) and to identify factors associated with QOL among seniors living in the community in Porto Alegre, RS and institutionalized seniors from the countryside of Minas Gerais, Brazil. METHOD: this study used secondary data from two cross-sectional epidemiological studies. The sample consisted of 288 seniors living in the community and 76 institutionalized seniors. An instrument addressing socio-demographic data and the WHOQOL-BREF were administered. RESULTS: bivariate analysis showed that age, gender, schooling, self-reported health, and leisure presented statistically significant differences between institutionalized and non-institutionalized seniors. The Psychological and Social Relationships domains also presented statistically significant differences. The variables that presented significant correlation in multivariate analysis in relation to the Psychological domain were education, assessments of health, leisure and in relation to the Social domain, education and age. CONCLUSION: being institutionalized did not influence the older adults' perceptions of QOL, but the socio-demographic characteristics and self-assessments of health did.

Prevalência de depressão nos idosos institucionalizados na morada do idoso do instituto de gerontologia de Brasília; Depression Prevalence in Seniors Who Live in Morada do Idoso Long-Term Care Facility – Brasília Geronthology Institute

Póvoa, Thaís Rocha e; Amaral, Amanda Spínola; Cárdenas, Carmen Jansen de; Viana, Lucy Gomes; Tavares, Adriano Bueno; Machado, Flávio Vieira
Fonte: Universidade Católica de Brasília Publicador: Universidade Católica de Brasília
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: Texto
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
Objetivo. O trabalho consistiu em uma pesquisa para rastreamento de depressão em 35 idosos (10 homens e 25 mulheres) maiores de 60 anos, institucionalizados no Instituto de Gerontologia de Brasília. Método. Aplicou-se primeiramente o miniexame do estado mental para excluir idosos com demência. Dezessete (48,6%) foram excluídos por apresentarem índice compatível com quadro demencial. Nos dezoito restantes (51,4%), sendo treze mulheres e cinco homens, aplicou-se a Escala de Depressão Geriátrica de Yesavage em versão reduzida (EDG-15) para investigar prevalência de depressão dentro dessa população. Resultados. Do total de indivíduos incluídos na pesquisa, verificou-se que quatro (22,2%) tiveram índice menor que 5, ou seja, sem sintomas de depressão; quatorze (77,8%) apresentaram índice superior ou igual a 5, sendo suspeitos de depressão e destes, apenas dois (11,1%) tiveram índice maior ou igual a 11, sugerindo depressão grave, segundo o ponto de corte adotado pela EDG-15. Em relação ao sexo, das treze mulheres entrevistadas, onze (84,6%) apresentaram quadro depressivo comparados a apenas três homens (60%) dos cinco entrevistados. Os dois entrevistados que obtiveram índice maior que 11 (depressão grave) foram mulheres. Conclusões. A prevalência de depressão nesta amostra de idosos institucionalizados foi maior do que na população geral e o sexo mais acometido foi o feminino...

Qualidade de vida de idosos da comunidade e de instituições de longa permanência: estudo comparativo; Calidad de vida de los ancianos de la comunidad y en instituciones de larga estancia: estudio comparativo; Quality of life of seniors living in the community and in long term care facilities: a comparative study

Vitorino, Luciano Magalhães; Paskulin, Lisiane Manganelli Girardi; Vianna, Lucila Amaral Carneiro
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Escola de Enfermagem de Ribeirão Preto
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em 01/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.28%
OBJETIVOS: comparar a percepção da qualidade de vida entre idosos da comunidade de Porto Alegre, RS, e idosos institucionalizados do interior de Minas Gerais e identificar fatores associados à qualidade de vida entre esses idosos. MÉTODO: trata-se de investigação que utilizou dados secundários, a partir de dois estudos epidemiológicos transversais. A amostra foi de 288 idosos da comunidade e 76 institucionalizados. Utilizaram-se instrumentos de caracterização sociodemográfica e Whoqol-bref para avaliação da qualidade de vida. RESULTADOS: na análise bivariada, evidenciou-se que idade, sexo, escolaridade, autoavaliação de saúde e lazer apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes entre ser institucionalizado ou não. Da mesma forma, os domínios de qualidade de vida psicológico e relações sociais apresentaram diferenças estatisticamente significantes. Na análise multivariada, as variáveis que permaneceram com correlação significante no domínio psicológico foram escolaridade, avaliação de saúde e lazer e no domínio relações sociais, escolaridade e idade. CONCLUSÃO: o fato de o idoso ser institucionalizado não influenciou na percepção da qualidade de vida dos idosos, mas, sim, as características sociodemográficas e de saúde.; OBJETIVOS: comparar la percepción de la calidad de vida (CV) entre ancianos de la comunidad en Porto Alegre / RS y ancianos institucionalizados en Minas Gerais e identificar factores asociados a la calidad de vida entre esos ancianos. MÉTODO: en esa investigación...

Motivational factors for the development of Mobile serious games with focus on seniors: a literature review; Focus on seniors: a literature review; Fatores motivacionais para desenvolvimento de mobile serious games com foco no público da terceira idade: uma revisão de literatura

Carvalho, Roberta Nogueira Sales de; Ishitani, Lucila
Fonte: ETD - Educação Temática Digital Publicador: ETD - Educação Temática Digital
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Revisão de Literatura; Revisão de Literatura Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/02/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
37.11%
 Serious games have been studied with the objective to provide ways of combining learning/knowledge with entertainment. In Brazil it is known that a small proportion of older people have access to computers, and that a larger part already has access to cell phones. Therefore, we performed a literature review to identify items that mobile serious games should have to captivate the public's interest and motivation of seniors in playing them. We studied the needs, preferences and interests of the elderly in relation to digital games on smart phones and motivational factors that influence the use of serious games on smart phones. After the study, it was concluded that usability is a key factor for the elderly using digital games and that due to age restrictions it should be considered during the development of software. However, considering only aspects of usability is not sufficient to ensure the use of games by the elderly. It is necessary to awaken the motivation of the user, or in other words the user must be able to realize the benefits that the game will provide him/her. From this literature review, it will be possible to develop mobile serious games more suitable for the elderly population.; Serious games têm sido estudados com o objetivo de fornecer formas de aprendizagem aliando educação/conhecimento e entretenimento. No Brasil sabe-se que uma pequena parte dos idosos tem acesso a computadores...