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Improving the command and control organization in expeditionary operations

Eriksen, David W.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The military is developing new doctrine, such as Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM), to take advantage of emerging technology. The problem is that new command and control organizations are not being developed to execute this new doctrine. The insistence that the tried and true Commander, Amphibious Task Force/Commander, Landing Force (CATF/CLF) organization or similar structure will do the job hinders the full effectiveness of this new doctrine. STOM removes the need for massive build up ashore in an amphibious operation. Instead, using naval forces as a sea base, the assault force moves sufficient military strength directly to a point at which it can accomplish the mission. This allows the landing force commander to stay on board, thus negating the need for two commanders. The Expeditionary Battle Staff (EBS) is a possible solution to this problem. A combination of the Amphibious Squadron and Marine Expeditionary Unit staffs, EBS has one commander. Using emerging C2 technology, the commander directs the assault from the sea. EBS is designed to have a commander from either the Navy or Marine Corps, with the staff providing the tactical expertise to support him in his mission.

The Maritime Preposition Force Ship 2010

Calvano, Charles N.; Harney, Robert C.; Anderson, Thomas; Kan, Joseph; Vaidyanathan, Rajan; Weekly, Randolph R.; Arrington, Jess; McKerrow, Gary
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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The views expressed in this report are those of the authors and do not reflect the offical policy or position of the Department of Defense or the U.S. Government.; A systems engineering approach to the design of a ship which will satisfy the requirements for a Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) for the year 2010 and beyond is presented. This ship, the MPF 2010, will provide the means by which the United States Marine Corps will be able to successfully employ the tenets of Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) and the Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM) against an objective. The current Maritime Prepositioning Ship (MPS) squadrons are used to preposition supplies, vehicles, and equipment throughout the world for use by a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) of Marine Expeditionary Force - Forward, MEF (FWD) size, in times of crisis. However, these squadrons presently require that a secure airfield and port (or beachhead) be available so that the prepositioned MPS assets can be offloaded and married with arriving MAGTF personnel ashore. As such, the current MPS squadrons do not support the concepts of OMFTS and STOM. The MPF 2010 will provide the capability to embark a MEF (FWD), marry the MEF (FWD) with its prepositioned equipment while en route to the objective...

Sea-based logistics and lessons from the Falklands

Schrady, David A.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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Opinions, conclusions, and recommendations expressed or implied within are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the views of the Naval Postgraduate School, the Department of Defense or any other U.S. Government agency.; The Marine Corps sees Operational Maneuver From The Sea (OMFTS) and Ship To Objective Maneuver (STOM) as the way they would like to fight in the future. Sea-Based Logistics (SBL) is a key supporting capability. This report reviews studies of the feasibility of sea-basing logistics functions in OMFTS and STOM, and identifies a number of issues which relate to the viability of SBL. As a recent and relevant example of OMFTS, the 1982 Falklands War is examined for the lessons it offers for the viability of SBL.

Modeling sea-based sustainment of Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU(SOC)) operations ashore

Hagan, Robert Martin
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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The Marine Corps has embraced the concepts of Operational Maneuver From The Sea (OMFTS) and Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM) as the next progression in the evolution of amphibious warfare. These related concepts envision harnessing emerging technologies to allow the projection of naval power ashore faster and from greater distances than in the past. Additionally, both concepts identify the ability to conduct sea-based logistics (SBL) as a key requirement for successful implementation. Sea-based logistics involves executing a wide range of logistical functions from a sea-base rather than from sites traditionally established ashore. Acknowledged enhancements are required to realize a complete SBL capability; however, the ability to provide some measure of sea-based sustainment exists today. This thesis models the sea-based sustainment of Marine Expeditionary Unit (Special Operations Capable) (MEU(SOC)) forces deployed from Amphibious Ready Group (ARG) ships. Missions are developed for analysis; each is coupled with an appropriate force package of personnel and equipment density. Sustainment requirements and available transportation capacities are then determined and compared for each mission. This comparison along with several excursions provides insight into the nature of sea-based sustainment feasibility. It also gauges potential limitations for sea-based sustainment.

An evaluation of Sea-Based sustainment of forces.

Frey, Christopher Mark
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
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The Marine Corps has formed a vision of how to conduct future amphibious warfare through its development of Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS), Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM), and Sea-based Logistics (SBL) concepts. These concepts have forces deploying directly from ship to objectives ashore with a reduction or elimination of logistics infrastructure ashore. Combat forces operating ashore will be sustained directly from a sea-base with support from ship-to-shore transporters. By sea basing logistics functions, there will be a much greater demand upon these transporters. This thesis models the sea-based sustainment of Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) forces deployed from amphibious warfare ships. A scenario for analysis is developed with force packages of personnel and equipment located at certain locations ashore during different days of an operation. Sustainment requirements and available transporter capacity are then determined and compared for twenty-seven cases comprising different ship-to-shore distances, different levels of aircraft attrition due to enemy interdiction, and different footprints of mobile logistics forces deployed ashore. This comparison provides insight into the ability of SBL to sustain forces ashore conducting rations in accordance with OMFTS and STOM concepts.

The maritime preposition force ship 2010

Calvano, Charles N; Harney, Robert C.; Anderson, Thomas; Arrington, Jess; Kan, Joseph; McKerrow, Gary; Vaidyanathan, Rajan; Weekly, Randolph R.
Fonte: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório
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Systems Engineering and Design capstone project.; A systems engineering approach to the design of a ship that will satisfy the requirements for a Maritime Prepositioning Force (MPF) for the year 2010 and beyond is presented. This ship, the MPF 2010, will provide the means by which the United States Marine Corps will be able to successfully employ the tenets of Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) and the Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM) against an objective. The current Marine Prepositioning Ship (MPS) suqadrons are used to preposition supplies, vehicles, and equipment throughout the world for use by a Marine Air-Ground Task Force (MAGTF) of Marine Expeditionary Force - Forward, MEF (FWD) size, in times of crisis. However, these squadrons presently require that a secure airfield and port (or beachhead) be available so that the prepositioned MPS assets can be offloaded and married with arriving MAGTF personnel ashore. As such, the current MPS squadrons do not support the concepts of OMFTS and STOM. The MPF 2010 will provide the capability to embark a MEF (FWD), marry the MEF (FWD) with its prepositioned equipment while en route to the objective, and then act as sea base from which it will be able to employ air, ground and amphibious assets to project power ashore.

Team 10: Comparison of Ground-based Fire Support Capabilities of the Marine Expeditionary Unit

Lovelace, Daniel; Lesnowicz, Ed; Michel, Christopher; Teague, Edward; Vandervleit, Scott
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
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from Scythe : Proceedings and Bulletin of the International Data Farming Community, Issue 2 Workshop 14; Problem Statement: The team objective was to compare the ground-based fire support capabilities of the Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) in order to gain insights that are relevant to organizing the MEU for operations. Specifically, two systems, the Expeditionary Fire Support System (EFSS) and the 155mm lightweight howitzer (M777), were the focus of the analytic effort. The scenario for the comparison employed Ship-To-Objective Maneuver (STOM) tactics and USMC Expeditionary Maneuver Warfare doctrine.

An Analysis of STOM (Ship to Objective Maneuver) in Sea Based Logistics

Kang, Keebom; Doerr, Kenneth H.; Bryan, Kyle A.; Ameyugo, Gregorio
Fonte: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval Publicador: Escola de Pós-Graduação Naval
Tipo: Conference Paper
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Proceedings of the 2002 Winter Simulation Conference E. Yücesan, C.-H. Chen, J. L. Snowdon, and J. M. Charnes, eds.; Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) and its implementing concept, Sea Based Logistics (SBL) stress the need for logistically supporting forces ashore directly from a sea base. This study analyzes the capability of a current LHD-class amphibious ship to sustain a force deployed ashore through direct Ship-To-Objective Maneuver (STOM) of replenishment and logistics support. We have developed a simulation model that can evaluate performance of STOM operations using an LHD-class amphibious ship as a sea base. Results indicate a substantial increase in the number of aircraft, and reliability of those aircraft, and/or a substantial reduction in sustainment requirements are needed in order to successfully accomplish the scenarios used in this study. The results of this study could support the design of future LHD-class ships.

Assessment of the operational requirements for the transformable craft in Seabasing Missions

Scheibe, Sebastian
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 97 p. : ill. ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; In 2005, the Broad Agency Announcement (BAA) #05-020 called for research and development efforts to design the Transformable Craft (T-Craft), a transport craft that will create a "game-changing" capability for the U.S. Navy's Seabasing concept. The TCraft is intended to advance the concepts of Operational Maneuver from the Sea (OMFTS) and Ship-to-Objective Maneuver (STOM). In this thesis, we examine various T-Craft operational and performance requirements using discrete event simulation modeling, statistical design of experiments, and robust analysis techniques. The model is used to investigate the rates at which the T-Craft/Sea base system, as specified in BAA #05-020, can deliver materiel to shore. We use robust analysis to evaluate the impact of both operational and performance design choices for the T-Craft across a spectrum of conflict conditions. The result is a set of design and policy recommendations that are targeted toward achieving mission success in a broad variety of used scenarios.; Outstanding Thesis; German Army author

A simulation of the Joint Tactical Radio System bandwidth requirements to support Marine Corps Ship-to Objective Maneuver in 2015

Turner, Thomas E.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 58 p.;ills.: 28 cm.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited; The United States Marine Corps is exploring the concepts of Operational Maneuver From the Sea (OMFTS) and Ship-To-Objective Maneuver (STOM) as methods for employment of maritime forces in the future. At the same time, the Department of Defense (DoD) is pursuing the acquisition of the Joint Tactical Radio System (JTRS), a multi-band, multi-channel, multi-mode family of radios, designed to form self-organizing, self-healing communications networks. The JTRS will have to support Marine forces in combat at long distances from the forces' support and higher headquarters units. This extended range will require the use of relay radios in order to maintain connectivity between the attacking force and its support. This thesis explores the relay station bandwidth requirements to support Marine forces. The question is analyzed through the use of a discrete-event simulation written in Java, which models the behavior of a JTRS network in a STOM scenario. Quality of service of the communication network is measured by timely delivery of messages. The results of the simulation indicate that the JTRS network performance is insensitive to relay station bandwidth. Rather, the subordinate headquarters involved in the scenario were the most overloaded nodes in the network; http://www.archive.org/details/simulationofjoin00turn; Major...

Sea force: a sea basing platform

Calvano, Charles Natale; Harney, Robert; Papoulias, Fotis; Ashton, Robert; Warnock, Dwight; Fodrea, Lynn; Alvarez, Luis; Korkut, Murat; Savur, Mehmet; Chong, Keng Shin; Miller, Seth; Steeno, Matt; Higgins, Brian; Boulares, Jihed; Teh, Chong-ann
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Relatório Formato: xvi, 341p.: ill.; 28 cm.
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Includes supplementary material; The need for effective operation from the sea while conducting amphibious operations ashore has never been more evident than in today's modern conflicts. As important as this task is it has not significantly changed since World War I. Sea Force is an attempt to show that sea basing, as discussed by the Chief of Naval Operations (CNO) in Sea Power 21, can be accomplished by the year 2020 with reasonable advances in technology. The concept of sea basing implies a number of capabilities that are not inherent in current expeditionary forces, among these are Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM), indefinite sustainment, selective offload, reconstitution of forces ashore, long range Naval Surface Fire Support (NSFS), and an increased capability in command and control. The Marine Corps has also established the requirement of a 3.0 Marine Expeditionary Brigade (MEB) lift capability that is not currently met by the existing force structure. The Total Ship Systems Engineering Program undertook the task of designing a system of ships that could be brought together to enable the sea basing of one MEB for an indefinite period of time. The Sea Force design completely supports all of the operational requirements of STOM in addition to providing a path for re-supply and a method for reconstitution of forces ashore. Sea Force also is designed to be reconfigurable from a warship to a supply ship during a shipyard availability period with minimal effort through the use of modularity. The first design analysis was based on combining the capabilities of the MPF...

IEEE 802.16 Commercial Off The Shelf (COTS) technologies as a compliment to Ship To Objective Maneuver (STOM) communications

Munoz, Ramon J.; Guice, Robert J.
Fonte: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California. Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xxvi, 112 p. : ill. (some col.), col. maps ;
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; This research evaluates the IEEE 802.16 standards and technologies that are currently being developed in the commercial sector. The robust capability of this standard lends itself potentially to numerous military applications. This research explores how this technology might address the shortcomings of existing military radio and data systems; specifically, with respect to the issues surrounding the Ship to Objective Maneuver (STOM) communications. The intent of this research is to provide recommendations on the necessary 'adapt from COTS' changes for this technology to address STOM networking requirements. This research includes discussions on the military requirements for an IEEE 802.16 adapted waveform. The requirements are for the IEEE 802.16 'adapt from COTS' are derived from researched on the Concept of Employment for STOM operations and the specification of the Joint Tactical Radio Systems (JTRS) Wideband Networking Waveform (WNW). These discussions offer an illustration of the complex networking demands the COTS adapted systems would need to address. Through detailed exploration of the current IEEE 802.16 standards and implementation testing with pre-standard IEEE 802.16a equipment...

A proposed fire support communication architecture for extending the littoral battlespace (ELB) Advanced Concept Technology Demonstration (ACTD) '01

Kish, Scott J.; Mansfield, Shawn E.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: xx, 126 p.;28 cm.
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Extending the littoral battlespace (ELB) is vital to the United States Navy and Marine Corps. Fast, accurate, and reliable fire support will continue to be essential to the execution of Operational Maneuver From The Sea (OMFTS) and Ship To Objective Maneuver (STOM). The emergence of new technology has made these concepts possible. Technology will allow Marines to reach their objectives faster and farther then ever before. Information gathering, dissemination, and targeting will be key factors to the success of these new concepts. The development of low earth orbiting satellites that provide a seamless command, control, communications and intelligence (C4I) network will be necessary for ELB. This network will provide worldwide coverage, emphasize light forces with the ability to connect to larger forces and have a near zero footprint. The emerging communication architectures must have the capacity for voice, data, and video handling from high to narrow bandwidth. Developing a light communications architecture that supports these emerging concepts will allow ELB to be responsive for joint operations in the twenty-first century.; U.S. Marine Corps (U.S.M.C.) authors.

Optimal allocation of assault support aircraft in the sustainment of Marine Corps expeditionary maneuver warfare

Powell, Michael J.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Formato: xx, 56 p. : ill. (some col.) ; 28 cm.
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; As the United States enters a new millennium, the armed forces, and in particular the Marine Corps, face new challenges in the manner that they deploy and operate. Reductions in both personnel and naval shipping, coupled with an ever-changing world political environment, have led to a dramatic shift in the way that the United States must project its power. As recent combat operations in Afghanistan have demonstrated, there is a valid requirement for forces to possess the ability to operate from the sea directly to an objective area with minimal or no amphibious landing support. This thesis provides an analysis of the most advantageous assault support aircraft allocation aboard a Marine Expeditionary Unit (MEU) in operations such as this. With the MEU tasked as one of the prominent fixtures in the timely projection of power ashore for the United States, the capabilities (or lack thereof) of assault support aircraft become increasingly important as ship-to-objective distances increase. Our method of finding an optimal composition of aircraft consists of constructing an Assault Support Optimization Model (ASOM). ASOM is assists us in prescribing an ideal configuration of assault support aircraft while emulating the dynamic amphibious environment. ASOM analyzes the assignment of several aircraft combinations (4 CH-53E/12 MV-22...