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Transferência de conhecimento na cadeia de suprimentos: um estudo em cadeias no Brasil e no Peru.; Knowledge transfer into a supply chain: a study within supply chains from Brazil and Peru.

Villanueva Llapa, Ana Daneida
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/12/2009 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
O estudo da transferência de conhecimento no âmbito interorganizacional, dentro de uma cadeia de suprimentos, centra seu interesse nos fluxos de informação nos ganhos de eficiência. Embora a eficiente transferência de conhecimento seja vista como central para o sucesso da empresa, a maioria dos autores até o momento não especifica, ou testa os processos e mecanismos fundamentais através dos quais a transferência de conhecimento acontece entre as organizações de uma cadeia. Por esse motivo, para entender a transferência de conhecimento dentro da cadeia, definiu-se o seguinte objetivo: identificar as formas de transferência de conhecimento entre empresas participantes em uma cadeia de suprimentos e os fatores que influenciam o processo. Para tanto, foram estudadas empresas pertencentes a uma cadeia de suprimentos do setor têxtil: uma no Peru, a cadeia têxtil da fibra de alpaca e outra no Brasil, uma cadeia de fibras mistas (algodão e sintético). No embasamento teórico os principais temas abordados foram: a) as formas de transferência de conhecimento baseados no agrupamento de Argote et. al. (2000): movimentação de pessoal, treinamento, comunicação...

Adoção de práticas de Green Supply Chain Management e desempenho ambiental: um estudo em micro, pequenas e médias empresas da indústria sucroenergética brasileira; Adoption of green supply chain management practices and environmental performance: a research about small and medium enterprises in the Brazilian sugarcane industry

Stefanelli, Nelson Oliveira
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 21/03/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.3%
A variável ambiental é parte importante do atual corpo teórico-prático organizacional. Adentrou o mundo empresarial, sendo hoje um assunto em pauta em muitas organizações. Dessa forma, o desempenho ambiental das firmas vem se fortalecendo como um importante aspecto organizacional para análise por parte dos stakeholders. Gerenciar cadeias de suprimento em um mercado extremamente competitivo como o atual não é tarefa fácil. Além disso, as pressões de governos, clientes, fornecedores etc., no que tange questões ambientais, são cada vez mais fortes. Assim, o objetivo desta pesquisa é avaliar a relação entre práticas de Green Supply Chain Management e desempenho ambiental. A metodologia escolhida é a modelagem de equações estruturais, abordagem quantitativa em que é possível analisar a existência e força da relação entre construtos e variáveis. A amostra corresponde à micro, pequenas e médias empresas fornecedoras de usinas do setor sucroenergético. A revisão de literatura cobriu os assuntos-chave do trabalho: a) Gestão Ambiental, b) Green Supply Chain Management; c) Desempenho Ambiental e d) Setor Sucroenergético. Os resultados desta pesquisa indicam que a adoção de práticas de GSCM por empresas fornecedoras de usinas do setor sucroenergético encontra-se em um estágio inicial. De acordo com os resultados obtidos...

Análise do relacionamento entre treinamento ambiental e práticas externas de green supply chain management: survey com organizações possuidoras de certificação ISO 14001 localizadas no Brasil; Analysis of the relationship between environmental training and external practices of green supply chain management: survey with ISO 14001 certified firms located in Brazil

Teixeira, Adriano Alves
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.31%
A sustentabilidade ambiental vem ganhando cada vez mais espaço na área de Administração. Discussões recentes apoiam que uma boa gestão ambiental pode proporcionar fonte de vantagens competitivas significativas e duradouras. Assim, inúmeros estudiosos da área de gestão tem se dedicado ao tema e em meados da década de 1990 duas novas linhas de pesquisas surgiram: Green Human Resource Management (GHRM) e Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM). Pesquisas nestas áreas evidenciam que a gestão ambiental para ser efetiva precisa de práticas de Gestão de Recursos Humanos (treinamento, avaliação de desempenho, sistemas de recompensas, recrutamento e seleção), bem como de práticas que vão além dos "muros da organização", como compras verdes, eco-design, logística reversa e cooperação com os clientes. Apesar da importância que a literatura tem atribuído a esses dois construtos poucas pesquisas têm retratado, empiricamente, este relacionamento, principalmente, quando se visualiza a realidade brasileira e ainda mais quando se considerada a cadeia de suprimento das organizações. Assim, o objetivo desta pesquisa é verificar se há um relacionamento positivo entre práticas de treinamento ambiental e práticas externas de Green Supply Chain Management - compras verdes e cooperação com os clientes. Para tanto...

Maturidade em gestão ambiental e adoção de práticas de Green Supply Chain Management: proposta de um framework integrador à luz da análise de múltiplos casos em cadeias de alto impacto ambiental; Maturity levels of environmental management and adoption of practices of Green Supply Chain Management: proposal of an integrative framework the light of the analysis of multiple cases where chains of high environmental impact

Ferreira, Marco Antonio
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 18/08/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.38%
O objetivo deste trabalho é identificar a relação dos níveis de maturidade em gestão ambiental com a intensidade da adoção de práticas de Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM), por meio de um framework integrador desses dois conceitos e de evidências oriundas de múltiplos casos. Os fatores que motivaram a concepção de tal objetivo são: a inexistência, até o momento, de um framework integrador entre níveis de maturidade em gestão ambiental e práticas de GSCM; a ausência de estudos similares da relação maturidade da gestão ambiental-GSCM com empresas localizadas em países em desenvolvimento, como o Brasil; e, por fim, analisar a aderência desse framework integrador a empresas pertencentes a setores que tenham alto impacto ambiental antrópico. Para o alcance do objetivo, foi realizada uma sistematização junto à literatura que versa sobre maturidade de gestão ambiental, tipologia das práticas de GSCM, obtendo-se um conjunto mais amplo de práticas de GSCM, e um framework integrador original, aqui chamado de "Níveis de maturidade em GSCM". Para verificar sua aderência a situações práticas, foram analisados cinco casos inseridos em cadeias de suprimentos com alto impacto ambiental, sendo que duas empresas são pertencentes a cadeias de suprimentos de pilhas e baterias...

Relações entre dimensões culturais e a integração da cadeia de suprimentos: estudo de caso no setor aeronáutico; Relationships between cultural dimensions and supply chain integration: a case study in the aeronautical industry

Fogaça, Diego Rorato
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 19/09/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.24%
A gestão da Cadeia de Suprimentos (SCM) é hoje parte essencial do nosso dia a dia. Ela tem uma influência crescente sobre um grande número de atividades humanas e econômicas e, portanto, é um assunto crítico para a indústria e para a academia. Existe a necessidade de se entender como as pessoas podem ajudar no sucesso da Cadeia de Suprimentos. No entanto, há uma escassez de investigações empíricas das contribuições das variáveis humanas, em especial a cultura, para a Integração da Cadeia de Suprimentos (SCI). Este trabalho tem por objetivo investigar as relações entre as dimensões culturais e a SCI por meio de um estudo de caso exploratório em uma empresa do setor aeronáutico brasileiro. Estabeleceram-se considerações teóricas que determinadas práticas organizacionais contribuiriam para a maior integração de uma Cadeia de Suprimentos genérica (orientação a resultado, orientação a funcionário, sistema aberto, controle frouxo de trabalho, profissionalismo e pragmatismo) o que foi constatado na investigação empírica. Além disso, levou-se em conta a influência da cultura brasileira sobre as práticas organizacionais, de forma que a alta distância do poder e alta aversão à incerteza, por exemplo...

Measuring supply chain management practices

de Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes; Filho, Alceu Gomes Alves; Viana, Adriana Backx Noronha; Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 18-31
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%
Purpose: This paper aims to perform an empirical investigation about the constructs and indicators of the supply chain management practices framework. Design/methodology/approach: The measuring framework proposed is based on a survey that was carried out on 107 Brazilian companies. Statistical techniques were employed to verify, validate, and test the reliability of the constructs and their indicators. To validate this framework principal component analysis and structural equation modeling techniques were used. Findings: In general, previous studies suggest six constructs for measuring the supply chain management practices framework. However, in this study a framework was achieved with four constructs of supply chain management practices, namely, supply chain (SC) integration for production planning and control (PPC) support, information sharing about products and targeting strategies, strategic relationship with customer and supplier, and support customer order. This framework has adequate levels of validity and reliability. Research limitations/implications: The main limitation of this study was that only a small sample of companies in a single sector and country were surveyed, and therefore there needs to be further research considering the special conditions in other countries. Originality/value: This study investigated statistically set indicators to discuss the topic supply chain management practices. The framework obtained has good quality of validity and reliability indicators. Thus...

Supply Chain Management practices in the electro-electronics sector in Brazil: Evolutionary approach, information technology adoption and management actions

De Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes; Alves Filho, Alceu Gomes; Noronha Viana, Adriana Backx; Chiappetta Jabbour, Charbel José
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência Formato: 123-147
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.25%
This paper examines the current level of adoption of Supply Chain Management (SCM) practices in the electro-electronic sector in Brazil and aims to identify the management and Information Technology (IT) actions that have been implemented to support the adoption of those practices. An e-mail survey was conducted. Descriptive statistics techniques were employed for data analysis. This study makes contributions to the electro-electronics sector and to the topics related to SCM, such as identifi cation and level of adoption of SCM practices. Another contribution of this research is the investigation of whether approaches such as Enterprise Resources Planning (ERP), Workshop with Customers, Electronic Data Interchange (EDI), Workshop with Suppliers and electronic Kanban are commonly used to support SCM practices. So far, this is the fi rst research on SCM practices in the electro-electronics sector in Brazil. Copyright © 2012 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Factors affecting the adoption of green supply chain management practices in Brazil: Empirical evidence

de Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes; Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta; Govindan, Kannan; Kannan, Devika; Salgado, Manoel Henrique; Zanon, Celeste José
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 302-315
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.27%
The aim of this study is to identify and analyse the factors that affect the adoption of Green Supply Chain Management practices based on empirical evidence from the Brazilian electronics sector. Data are collected in a survey of 100 electronics companies and analysed using statistical analysis of variance and regression methods. The study finds that the size of the company, previous experience with Environmental Management Systems, and the use of hazardous inputs are positively correlated with GSCM practices adoption. Surprisingly, formal pressure from the stronger tier/player in the supply chain is not correlated with the adoption of GSCM practices. Finally, we present some explanations for these findings and suggestions for future research. © 2013 Copyright Taylor and Francis Group, LLC.

Green supply chain management: Mapping the territory

De Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes; Arantes, Ariana Fernandes; Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista
Tipo: Revisão Formato: 145-167
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
The objective of this paper is to identify the main definitions, related practices and to point out future directions in green supply chain management (GSCM). After a literature review and systematisation of the published articles in this field, it was possible to identify: a) the main research objectives of analysed papers; b) the research methods adopted; c) the predominantly analysed industrial sectors; d) the GSCM practices considered by the researchers. Results are presented in each of these analytical perspectives. The main findings are: 1) there are various classifications, nomenclatures and types of GSCM practices, but the most commonly used by studies in GSCM are cleaner production, product design, reverse logistic and green purchasing; 2) from the highlighted definitions, the tonic is to adapt operating activities and incorporate the supply chain management philosophy (integration/ collaboration) to environmental concerns (impact reduction) in relations between links in the chain. These results can be useful for those interested in environmental management as well as supply chain management, considering the growing interest in GSCM. We also propose a research agenda on this subject. This is one of the most recent literature review and systematisation on green supply chain management. © 2013 Inderscience Enterprises Ltd.

Adoção de práticas de Green Supply Chain Management: mecanismos de indução e a importância das empresas focais

Arantes, Ariana Fernandes; Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes De Sousa; Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 0-0
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.24%
The goal of this study is to analyze how green supply chain management (GSCM) practices are induced, both internally and externally, by focal companies on their supply chains located in the Brazilian high-tech segment. Eight case studies are conducted through the triangulation of data sources: interviews, observations and secondary data collection. The findings reveal specific mechanisms for inducing GSCM practices internally and externally, the principal of which are environmental training, logistics activities, the selection and evaluation of suppliers and green marketing. The focal firm is also identified as the vector in this process, inducing the adoption of green supply chain practices in the chain as a whole.; Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar como práticas de Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) estão sendo induzidas, tanto interna quanto externamente, por empresas consideradas focais em suas cadeias de suprimentos localizadas no Brasil e atuantes no segmento de alta tecnologia. Foram realizados oito estudos de casos por meio da triangulação de fontes de dados: entrevistas, observações diretas e obtenção de dados secundários. Há mecanismos específicos para induzir práticas de GSCM internamente e externamente e destacam-se os mecanismos: treinamento ambiental...

Quality management, environmental management maturity, green supply chain practices and green performance of Brazilian companies with ISO 14001 certification: Direct and indirect effects

Lopes de Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz; Chiappetta Jabbour, Charbel Jose; Latan, Hengky; Teixeira, Adriano Alves; Caldeira de Oliveira, Jorge Henrique
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 39-51
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.16%
This study aims to test a new conceptual model based on the relationship between quality management (QM), environmental management maturity (EMM), adoption of external practices of green supply chain management (GSCM) (green purchasing and collaboration with customers) and green performance (GP) with data from 95 Brazilian firms with ISO 14001. To our knowledge, such links and relationships are not simultaneously identified and tested in the literature. The results indicate the validation of all of the research hypotheses. This paper highlights that an improvement in green performance will require attention to quality management, environmental management maturity, and green supply chain. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

Adoção de práticas de Green Supply Chain Management: mecanismos de indução e a importância das empresas focais

Arantes, Ariana Fernandes; Jabbour, Ana Beatriz Lopes De Sousa; Jabbour, Charbel José Chiappetta
Fonte: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção Publicador: Associação Brasileira de Engenharia de Produção
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 725-734
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.24%
Fundação de Amparo à Pesquisa do Estado de São Paulo (FAPESP); Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Científico e Tecnológico (CNPq); Coordenação de Aperfeiçoamento de Pessoal de Nível Superior (CAPES); The goal of this study is to analyze how green supply chain management (GSCM) practices are induced, both internally and externally, by focal companies on their supply chains located in the Brazilian high-tech segment. Eight case studies are conducted through the triangulation of data sources: interviews, observations and secondary data collection. The findings reveal specific mechanisms for inducing GSCM practices internally and externally, the principal of which are environmental training, logistics activities, the selection and evaluation of suppliers and green marketing. The focal firm is also identified as the vector in this process, inducing the adoption of green supply chain practices in the chain as a whole.; Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar como práticas de Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) estão sendo induzidas, tanto interna quanto externamente, por empresas consideradas focais em suas cadeias de suprimentos localizadas no Brasil e atuantes no segmento de alta tecnologia. Foram realizados oito estudos de casos por meio da triangulação de fontes de dados: entrevistas...

Supply chain practices and firms’ operational performance: an empirical study of Vietnam garment industry

Huy Truong; Carvalho, Maria Sameiro; Fernandes, Ana Cristina; Sampaio, Paulo; Duong Thi Binh An; Duong Hoang Hiep
Fonte: ICQEM Publicador: ICQEM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.24%
Purpose: This study aims at providing an empirical evidence about the relationship between practices of supply chain management (SCM) and operational performance. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a comprehensive literature review and the practical experience in the field of the Vietnam garment industry, a set of management practices have been identified and selected to develop a conceptual model as well as to establish their relationship to companies’ operational performance. Structural equation modelling (SEM) was used to evaluate the validity of the model. The measurement instrument of practices was developed in 4 steps: (1) identification and development of initial instrument, (2) personal interviews and Q-sort, (3) large-scale data collection and (4) large-scale analysis in order to ensure unidimensionality, reliability and validity. Data were collected in Vietnamese garment enterprises. Findings: The study showed that the four practices: customer focus, supplier management, process control and improvement, top management support are positively related to operational performance. In addition, this study also showed that these SCM practices could explain 52.6% variance of operational performance. Research limitations/implications: There were some limitations that can guide academics to new lines of further research: (i) to extend the scope of the survey to include different countries and new situations...

An extensive structural model for supply chain quality management and firm performance

Huy Truong; Sampaio, Paulo; Carvalho, Maria Sameiro; Fernandes, Ana Cristina; Duong Thi Binh An
Fonte: ICQEM Publicador: ICQEM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.35%
Purpose: This study was carried out to create a research model investigating the impact of supply chain quality management (SCQM) practices on firm performance. Design/methodology/approach: Based on a comprehensive literature review, the practices were suggested. These SCQM practices will be analyzed and categorized into 4 dimensions: upstream (supplier assessment, supplier quality management), downstream sides of a supply chain (customer focus), internal process (product/service design, process management and logistics) and support practices (top management support, human resource management, information and supply chain integration). The measurement instrument of firm performance was developed including three aspects: operational performance, customer satisfaction and financial performance. Findings: A conceptual framework and a structural model were proposed as well as the development of hypotheses on the paths. Research limitations/implications: It is necessary to test the rationality of this model by empirical studies in different contexts. Originality/value: The research considers integration of quality and supply chain management still remains limited in the literature. Therefore, it is necessary to have a more focused approach in assessing quality management issues within the internal and external supply chain contexts. This study concentrates on the practices which improve quality aspects of supply chain...

Modelling resilience in supply chain

Carvalho, Helena
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.29%
Dissertação para obtenção do Grau de Doutor em Engenharia Industrial; Global supply chains are vulnerable to a number of disturbances that may affect negatively company’s operational and financial performance. The company’s ability to cope with supply chain disturbances, i.e. the ability to be resilient, is vital to sustain the company and respective supply chain competitiveness. The aim of this thesis is modelling resilience in a supply chain context. More specifically, it is intended to develop an explanatory framework of the supply chain resilience phenomena and to model supply chain resilience indices to be deployed at individual company level. These indices intend to measure the companies’ ability to be resilient in a supply chain context. Using a theory building approach, a case study was conducted in seven companies’belonging to the Portuguese automotive upstream supply chain. It was found that managers do not associate supply chain disturbances to a particular type of events, but with the negative effects that events provoke. When companies experience a disturbance, its ability to deliver on-time may be compromised. The resilient practices, adopted by companies, depend on the type of supply chain disturbances and their negative effects. The main failure modes arising from the case study are “capacity shortage” and “material shortage”. Eight propositions were derived from the case study empirical findings. They were used to develop the supply chain resilience explanatory framework...

Quality management, environmental management maturity, green supply chain practices and green performance of Brazilian companies with ISO 14001 certification: Direct and indirect effects (Reprint from vol 67C, pg 39-51)

Lopes de Sousa Jabbour, Ana Beatriz; Chiappetta Jabboura, Charbel Jose; Latan, Hengky; Teixeira, Adrian Alves; Caldeira de Oliveira, Jorge Henrique
Fonte: Elsevier B.V. Publicador: Elsevier B.V.
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: 139-151
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
86.16%
This study aims to test a new conceptual model based on the relationship between quality management (QM), environmental management maturity (EMM), adoption of external practices of green supply chain management (GSCM) (green purchasing and collaboration with customers) and green performance (GP) with data from 95 Brazilian firms with ISO 14001. To our knowledge, such links and relationships are not simultaneously identified and tested in the literature. The results indicate the validation of all of the research hypotheses. This paper highlights that an improvement in green performance will require attention to quality management, environmental management maturity, and green supply chain.

Supply chain integration model: practices and customer values

Anvar, Meysam Maleki
Fonte: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia Publicador: Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.39%
Dissertation to obtain PhD in Industrial Engineering; In order to increase partnership efficiency and truly meet the customers' demands, in today's business environment companies are operating in supply chains. Integration of supply chains facilitates minimizing diferent types of wastes and satisfying needs of the end customer. The first step toward supply chain integration is to understandand the customer values, and to reconfigure supply chain to support those values. The current research addresses supply chain integration through quantifying relations between supply chain practice and customer values. It employs Bayesian network and analytic network process as tools to quantify comparative relations among entities. The proposed approach starts with identifying trade-offs along customer values using Bayesian network. In parallel supply chain practices are comparatively analyzed through interviews with experts which is technically quantified using analytic network process. Thereafter, these two parallel phases join together to form a network of customer values and supply chain practices. The network is able to quantitatively identify relations among nodes; in addition, it can be used to plan scenarios and handle senstitivity analyses. This model is expected to be used by supply chain decision makers to have a quantitative measure for monitoring the influence of practices on preferences of the end customer. A survey and two case studies are discussed which go through aforementioned phases. The survey identifies and analyzes six customer values namely quality...

The effectiveness of supply chain management on firm's performance: A comparative case study

Dundalek, Conrad
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em /01/2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
76.22%
The purpose of the paper is to investigate the effectiveness of supply chain management (SCM) practices to increase a company’s performance based on a cross-border and cross-sector analysis. The paper follows a comparative case study approach which was achieved by interviewing supply chain management experts of three companies operating in different industries and positions in a supply chain. Practices that were mutually applied by the firms and their contribution to achieve quality, economic, cost, and time advantages were analyzed. The paper revealed practices, which contribute the most to increase specific performance areas.

How Small and Medium Enterprises in North Carolina Respond to Supply Chain Pressure for Sustainable Practices

Fritze, Kevin William
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.36%

More companies are beginning to manage the environmental impacts of their supply chain in addition to their own operations. Supply chain pressure has been shown to be generally effective at increasing practices with lower environmental practices (sustainable practices) in suppliers. However, questions have been raised about exactly how small and medium-sized enterprises (SMEs) in supply chains respond to pressure from business customers for sustainable practices and what factors influence their response. This study develops a framework for understanding what factors influence how SMEs respond to a variety of drivers of sustainability, which is then adapted to guide an empirical study of how SMEs respond to supply chain pressure for sustainable practices. A survey of 100 companies across North Carolina found suppliers generally comply with or exceed requirements from business customers. The role of supply chain pressure in suppliers' decisions to exceed requirements needs further research. The study also found evidence that supply chain pressure can act as a ceiling on what practices companies adopt by causing suppliers to abandon practices that exceeded customer requirements and were not recognized or rewarded. Care needs to be taken in designing supply chain management strategies to avoid supply chain pressure being counterproductive at increasing proactive SME sustainability.

; Thesis

Maturity and Challenges of Water Sustainability across the Supply Chain

Spear, Emily
Fonte: Universidade Duke Publicador: Universidade Duke
Tipo: Masters' project
Publicado em 29/04/2011 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
66.26%
Corporate engagement in water sustainability from a supply chain perspective is limited but growing, as a clear business case is manifesting. Increasingly, water is becoming a serious risk for companies with global operations, since water stress and water access problems are growing. To date, companies have cited water as a sustainability priority but often fall short of reporting sufficient data and progress on goals. However, the food and beverage industry has been active in this space, because water is an integral part of their business and touches most aspects of the supply chain. This project attempts to map the current landscape where companies are engaging in water sustainability across their supply chains and to identify various types of engagement, in order to draw out leading practices that will help companies better understand ways of advancing their level of engagement. Three companies were chosen for analysis – Nestlé Waters North America, PepsiCo, Inc., and The Coca-Cola Company – as they met the criteria of being engaged for two or more years, were within the food and beverage industry, and were willing to be interviewed. I created my own Sustainable Value Chain Collaboration Index to map out the companies’ maturity levels based on my own research and corporate interviews. The Index encompasses four key indicators (“Corporate...