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Mobilidade urbana e padrões sustentáveis de geração de viagem: um estudo comparativo de cidades brasileiras; Urban mobility and sustainable trip generation patterns: a comparative study of Brazilian cities

Oliveira, Gláucia Maia de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 25/07/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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O objetivo geral deste estudo é identificar desafios e perspectivas para avaliação e melhoria da mobilidade urbana através de padrões sustentáveis de geração de viagens. A investigação se baseia na aplicação de procedimentos específicos, que têm início com o cálculo do Índice de Mobilidade Urbana Sustentável (IMUS), em seis cidades brasileiras selecionadas: Belém, Curitiba, Goiânia, Juazeiro do Norte, Uberlândia e Itajubá. Além de permitir comparações entre as cidades, a aplicação do índice em vários locais serve também para identificar as mudanças que poderiam ser implementadas em sua estrutura para torná-lo mais flexível na utilização em distintos contextos. O estudo também se concentra em estratégias de planejamento para a melhoria da mobilidade urbana sustentável, com duas abordagens. Na primeira, uma avaliação simultânea de custo, prazo e risco político é levada em conta. Na segunda abordagem, um cenário hipotético é utilizado para avaliar os impactos de padrões sustentáveis de geração de viagem sobre a mobilidade urbana. Os resultados do índice indicaram que Curitiba, Uberlândia e Goiânia tiveram um desempenho melhor do que Itajubá...

Estágios evolutivos em gestão da inovação sustentável: estudo longitudinal multicasos em empresas industriais; Sustainable innovation management evolutionary stages: longitudinal multi-case study in industrial companies

Delai, Ivete
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/11/2014 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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Os desafios do desenvolvimento sustentável apresentam inúmeras oportunidades e ameaças às organizações. Nesta realidade, inovar passa a ser ainda mais imprescindível para a competitividade organizacional, mas não a inovação tradicional, um novo tipo que integre as questões da sustentabilidade - a inovação sustentável. Compreender as competências relacionadas à sua gestão e sua forma de desenvolvimento é fundamental para o sucesso. Apesar dessa importância, verificou-se a inexistência de pesquisas com foco sistêmico considerando a evolução de todas as competências da gestão da inovação bem como o seu relacionamento com a evolução das gestões da inovação e da sustentabilidade. Neste contexto, esta pesquisa descritiva exploratória propõe um modelo de estágios evolutivos em gestão da inovação sustentável e suas características e competências específicas. Para tanto, realizou-se três estudos de caso longitudinal em empresas industriais multinacionais líderes em sustentabilidade e inovação, analisando-se a situação atual e evolução individual dos seus sistemas de gestão da inovação, da sustentabilidade e da inovação sustentável. Como resultado, propõe-se um padrão evolutivo da gestão da inovação sustentável de três estágios - reativo...

Guidelines for sustainable refurbishment of residential buildings

Pires, Carla Malta; Bragança, L.; Mateus, Ricardo
Fonte: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development Publicador: Green Lines Institute for Sustainable Development
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 23/05/2012 Português
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This paper gives an overview of the objectives in a research project currently under development, which is intended to provide a guideline for the sustainable refurbishment of existing residential buildings. It is based on the adaptation of the criteria defined in the methodology of evaluation and certification of sustainability of buildings: SBToolPT. Aiming to develop a guideline on sustainable refurbishment, the present research project investigates two different cases, in order to find out how the refurbishment is done and which possibilities and barriers there are to achieve a sustainable refurbishment. It also aims to find the best rehabilitation practices, and more sustainable solutions, which enhance the balance between environmental and economic benefits, suitable for the needs of the users. This paper identifies the aspects that should be improved and also identifies new parameters of evaluation, presenting a list of different indicators, while establishing new values for the conventional practices and best practices (benchmarks) applicable in the refurbishment of residential buildings. The final outcome of this research work is to give guidance on how to quantify the indicators of SBToolPT during a refurbishment project and also to help the residential building owners to understand the importance of implementing the principals of sustainable refurbishment.

Portugal SB10 : sustainable building affordable to all : low cost sustainable solutions

Bragança, L., org.; Pinheiro, Manuel
Fonte: Universidade do Minho Publicador: Universidade do Minho
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em 17/03/2010 Português
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The conference Portugal SB10 - Sustainable Building Affordable to All is organized by University of Minho – UM, Technical University of Lisbon – IST and the Portuguese delegation of the International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment – iiSBE Portugal in Vilamoura, Algarve - Portugal, from the 17th till the 19th of March 2010. This conference is included in the “SB10” series of international conferences that are being organized all over the world. The event is supported by high prestige partners, such as the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment (iiSBE), Ordem dos Engenheiros (OE – Portuguese Engineers Professional Association) and Ordem dos Arquitectos (OA – Portuguese Architects Professional Association). Currently it is undeniable the importance of buildings on sustainable development due to their potential environmental impacts. It is also undeniable the role that the construction sector can play against climatic changes through the integration of high performance and low emission construction solutions, contributing to the reduction of the environmental impacts throughout the buildings life cycle. Several solutions are already available on the market that allow performance improvements...

A critical review of approaches to sustainable land management among rangeland industries and stakeholders.

Lawlor, Clare
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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Australia is one of the richest countries in terms of biodiversity, but this richness is increasingly under threat with biodiversity loss accelerating in recent years. This loss is particularly apparent in the rangelands of Australia. This area comprises approximately 75% of the Australian continent and consists primarily of arid and semi arid lands, with a smaller area of tropical savanna lands. Since many industries and stakeholders operate or inhabit the rangelands, it is thought that through encouraging these groups to adopt measures such as an environmental code of practice, that biodiversity loss could be reversed or at least be conserved. This report sets out to examine the approaches to sustainable land management among rangeland industry stakeholders in Australia and to identify ways in which various industries or stakeholders could improve their approach to land management, based on existing comprehensive approaches to sustainable land management. The industries/stakeholders found to have the most comprehensive approaches to sustainable land management were Defence and Pastoral (wool). The next most comprehensive approach came from mining, closely followed by conservation and cropping (cotton). Cropping grains and Indigenous Lands came a close fourth...

The global values within education for sustainable development : a case study of education for sustainable development in the Australian national curriculum.

de Leo, Joy M.
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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History shows that society looks to education to develop the values, knowledge and skills needed to address contemporary challenges and to create the kind of society and lifestyles that are appropriate to the time, place and context. This is particularly so in times of crisis and rapid change such as those encountered today. The inter-related issues of climate change, environmental degradation, globalisation and the global financial crisis (GFC), population explosion, growing intercultural and inter-religious conflict, and increasing social concerns and inequities, confront education with many complex challenges. This policy-oriented study examines the nature of these global challenges and ways of addressing them through values-based Education for Sustainable Development (ESD), with specific reference to key international documents and reports. It identifies the most commonly expressed values, knowledge and skills involved in Education for Sustainable Development (ESD) in a selection of United Nations (UN) documents and international agreements relevant to key socio-cultural, socio-economic, and environmental perspectives of sustainable development. These are collated, analysed and presented as a guide for schooling to address, while complementing local cultural and national values. The global values are compared to Australian values...

Integrating affordable housing and sustainable housing: bridging two merit goods in Australia

Zillante, G.; Pullen, S.; Wilson, L.; Davidson, K.; Chileshe, N.; Zuo, J.; Arman, M.
Fonte: Industrialised, Integrated, Intelligent Construction; UK Publicador: Industrialised, Integrated, Intelligent Construction; UK
Tipo: Parte de Livro
Publicado em //2013 Português
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Interest among planning and policy makers in environmentally sustainable housing has risen in recent years as a response to the global goal of attaining sustainable development. In Australia, there has long been concern that the market might under-provide affordable housing and, more recently, concerns have been raised over the capacity of the market to provide sustainable housing. Governments in Australia have intervened through subsidies, tax incentives and more direct forms of support for the provision of affordable and sustainable housing. Providing environmentally sustainable housing is thus perceived to be a “merit good” in Australia. That is, a good that has social merit but one that is underprovided by markets. Contemporary housing policy debate in Australia has emphasised the need to respond to a growing housing affordability challenge. Affordable housing might also be seen to be a merit good in Australia. Nevertheless there has been a reluctance to consider housing sustainability in the same context as housing affordability. This chapter addresses the debate over affordable and sustainable housing in Australia by drawing on learnings from the Ecocents Living research project to suggest a conceptual basis to understand the issues at hand. Ecocents Living is a project that seeks to integrate the concepts of affordable and sustainable housing into a model to guide industrial implementation of sustainable and affordable housing. It is argued that the concepts of sustainable housing and affordable housing have synergies that warrant consideration and the further development of an embryonic model for integrating sustainable and affordable housing is offered in this chapter.; George Zillante...

Developing a project management maturity model to initiate sustainable project performance and modernisation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Alzahrani, Sami Salem
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2015 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
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This research thesis involves the analysis of sustainable development activities in project management and project management maturity, taking organisational culture as a contributing factor to success in project-driven organisations (PDO) in Saudi Arabia. It was felt that the best way to do this was to introduce a model that would provide insight and increase our understanding of current performance levels of projects in Saudi Arabia’s organisations, with a view to integrating concepts of sustainability into project management in the country. Saudi Arabia’s need to diversify its economic productivity and be less reliant on oil reserves in the long run and by implementing projects like those currently undertaken in infrastructure and construction gaining long-term value through sustainable project management will serve to maximise investment. A key element in the process is to better appreciate the importance of achieving a suitable organisational culture in project driven organisations. This is regarded as an important condition for improving professional capability in project managers. This research extends previous research by creating a model for evaluating and assessing the maturity of the sustainable dimension into project management practice. Assessing the project management maturity will help organisations integrate the ideas of sustainable development and modernisation through projects and project management by highlighting the areas in which an organisation should focus in order to reach project management best practice. The commitment of project stakeholders...

The implementation of sustainable development in regional trade agreements : a case study on the European Union and MERCOSUR

DE ANDRADE CORRÊA, Fabiano
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.684543%
Examining Board: Professor Marise Cremona, European University Institute (Supervisor) Professor Ernst Ulrich Petersmann, European University Institute Professor Markus Gehring, University of Cambridge, England Professor Adriana Dreyzin de Klor, Universidad Nacional de Córdoba, Argentina.; Defence date: 5 June 2013; This thesis addresses the implementation of sustainable development in the legal frameworks of regional integration agreements (RIAs). Sustainable development is reaffirmed as one of the main priorities of the international community, while poverty eradication and the integration of socio-environmental concerns into all governance levels remain the most pressing challenges to its implementation. Furthermore, the role of law is considered fundamental for sustainable development, but there remains a lack of analysis of how legal frameworks are effectively advancing this objective. In this regard, the thesis focuses on the laws and policies of two of the most important RIAs in force, the European Union and MERCOSUR, with a twofold objective: 1) to analyze how RIAs can provide enabling legal frameworks for the promotion of sustainable development, going beyond trade liberalization and serving as a building block between multilateral goals and their implementation at the national level; 2) to provide case studies of norms and policies developed at the regional level addressing a) poverty eradication and social justice within their internal spheres; b) trade policies and instruments that more effectively integrate socioenvironmental objectives. The research undertaken has also a comparative element that enables the consideration of whether the EU...

Sustainable Transport: An Integrative Approach in the Australian Context: A case for a holistic approach to the transport debate in Australia

Suraidi, Muhammad Taufiq bin
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.698467%
Transport is an important infrastructure for the economy. The movement of people and goods is an important aspect of how people arrange their lives and expectations and how businesses plan their activities. However, the transport sector is also a main contributor of Greenhouse Gas (GHG) emissions and noise pollution - it contributes some one-third of the entire GHG emissions. Therefore, transport policies have far-reaching consequence for the economy, society and the environment. Also, Australia as a country is facing real issues brought about by congestion, GHG emissions, social exclusion and oil vulnerability brought about by the current transport sytem. It is therefore important that economic, social and environmental sustainability be central to transport policy if Australia hopes to continue enjoying economic growth, social and environmental stability. However, sustainable transport is a very much debated topic. There are some concepts of sustainable transport that focuses solely on environmental goals without considering the economic and social aspect of transport vice versa. In response, an integrative approach to sustainable transport is proposed. This integrative approach demands that a transport policy be assessed on whether it promotes an economically...

Policy Note : Environmental Management for a Sustainable Economic Development Strategy for Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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36.737964%
This policy note, Environmental Management for a Sustainable Economic Development Strategy for Nanggroe Aceh Darussalam, investigates six environmental management topics which will affect the capacity of the province to develop the economy and need to be underpinned by strong environmental and natural resource management. The six topics cover: agriculture, forestry, fisheries, land and water, environmental law and regulations, and spatial planning. Each topic provides the context for and some background on the sector, key issues facing the management of the sector, potential sustainable development opportunities and initiatives and recommendations on actions to improve the development and management of the sector. The policy note includes a framework to develop nine elements of an enabling environment that would support the development of the province's natural resources, as well as a set of specific recommendations and initiatives.

Sustainable design education: learning strategies for multidisciplinary education of undergraduates and professionals.

de Eyto, Adam
Fonte: Bournemouth University Publicador: Bournemouth University
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis; all_ul_research; ul_published_reviewed; ul_theses_dissertations
Português
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peer-reviewed; The concept of sustainable design as a specialism within design, business and manufacture is not a new one. Writers and educators such as Victor Papanek (Papanek 1971) and Buckminster Fuller (Fuller and Snyder 1969) were advocating a change in the way we taught students how to design and look at the world in which they live. In parallel with this, many other experts (Carson 1962; Lovelock 1979) were highlighting the difficulties being caused by industrialisation and global trade in the natural environment. Issues such as the dramatic impact of the global population on ecosystems; the strains on the global and local economic systems and the challenges meted by social inequity were starting to be raised by scientists, economists and even designers as early as the 1960s. These are now finally accepted as real problems for today's students and professionals and for the world as a whole. They now provide clear opportunity both to graduates and to businesses as fields in which they can provide and develop expertise with a view to mitigating past and future problems. This research grew out of an opportunity to examine how students and professionals learn to contextualise their design training through a sustainable design lens. Over a five year period from 2004-09 the research sought to evaluate how the learner understands and· applies their knowledge and skills and to begin the process of developing a sustainable design mindset. Through the development of a series of case studies the research goes on to develop learning strategies that can assist the learner to work in a multidisciplinary environment and to develop a sustainable literacy with their colleagues from non design disciplines. The work outlined here deals with how undergraduate students learn about sustainable design in a studio based environment over an extended period. It looks at the use of elearning...

An Investigation into Sustainable Building Evaluation Strategies for use within the Canadian Forces and the Department of National Defence

Basso, TINA
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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36.684543%
Environmental sustainability in regards to infrastructure and the built environment is a significant consideration for the Department of National Defence (DND). As the 2nd largest landowner in Canada, the DND is making great efforts to operate in a sustainable manner through the creation and implementation of sustainable building policies. Meeting the green/sustainable buildings requirements of the recent Federal Sustainable Development Strategy, and the 2006 DND Sustainable Development Strategy to achieve accreditation within generic green building systems, has proven to be extremely challenging given the mandate and the nature of Canadian Forces (CF) operations, both domestically and overseas. This line of research was conducted in order to identify the unique requirements and the sustainability factors/criteria that are applicable to the CF / DND and to investigate how to best align these requirements within the context of sustainable development strategies. Input data was obtained through an analysis of literature and relevant documents, as well as a series of interviews with individuals at all levels within the Federal Government. The result of this research undertaking was, in part, the creation of a Sustainable Development for DND based on a thorough...

Diretrizes para projetos habitacionais sustentáveis baseadas na categoria 1 do processo AQUA; Guidelines for sustainable residential projects based on the first category of the AQUA Process

Esmeraldo, Lara Barrocas Soares
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia Publicador: Universidade Federal de Uberlândia
Tipo: Dissertação
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.684543%
Para se obter uma construção sustentável é necessária atenção especial à fase de concepção de projetos, uma vez que esta dará as diretrizes para a execução, operação e manutenção da edificação. Os projetistas desempenham papel fundamental na concepção dos princípios de sustentabilidade dos edifícios e, o projeto deve ser orientado desde o início a esse objetivo, ajudando a modificar toda a cadeia produtiva do ambiente construído. No Brasil, em geral, há uma inércia para a elaboração de projetos sustentáveis, e apesar de existirem profissionais engajados em movimentos ambientalistas, é muito incipiente. Assim, torna-se urgente a incorporação das novas demandas ambientais ao processo de projeto. Dessa forma, nesta pesquisa se propõe investigar a respeito da concepção de projetos habitacionais sustentáveis. A temática central dessa proposta está voltada para a realização de um estudo sobre as dificuldades enfrentadas no processo de projeto de edifícios habitacionais certificados, especificamente com relação à Categoria 1 do Referencial Técnico da Certificação AQUA, objeto de estudo deste trabalho. Neste contexto, busca-se compreender a percepção dos profissionais quanto à aplicação dos requisitos de sustentabilidade no projeto de edifícios habitacionais...

Portugal SB13: contribution of sustainable building to meet EU 20-20-20 targets

Bragança, L., ed. lit.; Mateus, Ricardo, ed. lit.; Pinheiro, Manuel, ed. lit.; International Conference Portugal SB13, Guimarães, 2013
Fonte: Multicomp Publicador: Multicomp
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Publicado em /10/2013 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.72992%
Proceedings of the International Conference Portugal SB13: contribution of sustainable building to meet EU 20-20-20 targets; The international conference Portugal SB13 is organized by the University of Minho, the Technical University of Lisbon and the Portuguese Chapter of the International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment in Guimarães, Portugal, from the 30th of October till the 1st of November 2013. This conference is included in the Sustainable Building Conference Series 2013-2014 (SB13-14) that are being organized all over the world. The event is supported by high prestige partners, such as the International Council for Research and Innovation in Building and Construction (CIB), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP), the International Federation of Consulting Engineers (FIDIC) and the International Initiative for a Sustainable Built Environment (iiSBE). Portugal SB13 is focused on the theme â Sustainable Building Contribution to Achieve the European Union 20-20-20 Targetsâ . These targets, known as the â EU 20-20-20â targets, set three key objectives for 2020: - A 20% reduction in EU greenhouse gas emissions from 1990 levels; - Raising the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources to 20%; - A 20% improvement in the EU's energy efficiency. Building sector uses about 40% of global energy...

Sustainable hospitality in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta: how to develop a sustainable hospitality industry in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta, Colombia taking the case of Turtle Bay Resort in Hawai'i as a model

Mont??far Fandi??o, Enrique Alberto
Fonte: Universidad EAFIT; Maestr??a en Ingenier??a; Escuela de Ingenier??a Publicador: Universidad EAFIT; Maestr??a en Ingenier??a; Escuela de Ingenier??a
Tipo: masterThesis; Tesis de Maestr??a; acceptedVersion
Português
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This research attempts to provide necessary context in order to present recommendationsand to evaluate the need for the development of the sustainable hospitality industry in the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta -- This research presents sustainable hospitality as an alternative for economic development, based on the analysis of data gathered at Turtle Bay Resort in Hawai???i and validated by a literature review -- This analysis focuses mainly on the management of important resources: energy, water and waste, following sustainable principles like the ones presented by systems theories, such as Cradle to Cradle (Braungart, McDonough & Bollinger, 2006) and Blue Economy (Dijk, Tenpierik & Dobbelsteen, 2013) -- Sustainable hospitality1 provides an eco-effective alternative, for the sustainable economic development of the Sierra Nevada de Santa Marta Region -- The world has changed -- Today, we live in a world with highly competitive markets and volatile economic environments -- No organization, especially those that rely on limited or declining natural resources, can operate the way they did a decade ago (COSO, 2013) -- The 20th century taught us that economic growth does not necessarily mean social development, and that unbounded growth is unsustainable -- Growing energy demand and damaging greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions...

Sustainable venture capital - catalyst for sustainable start-up success?

Bocken, N. M. P.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Article; published version
Português
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This is the final version. It was first published by Elsevier at http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jclepro.2015.05.079; To address global sustainability challenges, major investments are required in sustainable businesses that deliver triple bottom line results. Although interest in sustainable businesses is on the rise, these businesses are not yet widespread. Venture capital investment has a key role to play in the development of sustainable start-ups. The research area of ?sustainable? venture capital is still emerging. More research is required to understand how venture capital can support the development of sustainable businesses. This paper provides insight into how venture capitalists can contribute to sustainable business success, by investigating their role, motivations, investment theses, and barriers and enablers to success of sustainable ventures. The following question is investigated: How can sustainable venture capitalists contribute to the success of sustainable start-ups? Interviews were conducted with an expert sample of leading sustainable venture capitalists and other key stakeholders in sustainable entrepreneurship. It was found that next to financial support, venture capitalists provide triple bottom line business advice and network support. Key success factors include business model innovation...

Student perception of sustainable campus landscapes: University of Delaware Laird Campus case study

Saksa, Kristen
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.745127%
Susan Barton; Sustainable landscapes are increasingly recognized for their potential to restore ecological benefits to urban and suburban landscapes. Greater adoption of sustainable landscapes requires public acceptance of sustainable landscaping paradigms and practices. Sustainable landscaping practices have been implemented on the University of Delaware's Laird Campus, but the landscape management has been met with some reluctance from the university community. Environmental interpretation, recognized as a method of cultivating public acceptance of sustainable landscape management, has been added to the sustainable landscape sites on campus to increase positive perception. This research examines student perception of the sustainable landscape on Laird Campus and the impact of interpretation on student perception of the landscape. Students living on Laird Campus were surveyed before and after an interpretive campaign designed to describe the benefits of sustainable landscaping. The results of this study found that the majority of students perceive the landscape to be attractive, sustainable, well maintained, and functional, providing encouragement for the use of sustainable landscaping practices on university campuses. Reduced mowing...

Climate change and sustainable development: an analysis of China's integration of these policy strategies

Tian, Jun
Fonte: University of Delaware Publicador: University of Delaware
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
36.762559%
Byrne, John; Climate change and sustainable development are both challenging issues for developing countries, as they need to allocate their limited financial, human and technical resources to more immediate and urgent needs such as education, sanitary and infrastructure construction. Policy objectives on climate change and development may be conflicting in the short term but they could also be complementary. This dissertation explores potential synergies between climate change mitigation and sustainable development policies and proposes to integrate policy objectives of climate change mitigation and sustainable development in developing countries. Particularly, this dissertation focuses on China as China is currently undergoing a fundamental change in the social economy and China already became the largest GHGs emissions in the world. This dissertation investigates, at the national level, whether China's sustainable development policies climate friendly and whether China's climate change mitigation policies contribute to national sustainable development. Integration of climate change mitigation and sustainable development policy objectives in the development and implementation of CDM program is examined, which is partially because that CDM is designed with twin objectives on emissions reduction and sustainable development...

The role of international sustainable development law principles in enabling effective renewable energy policy - A South African perspective

Barnard,M
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/08/2012 Português
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It is universally accepted that renewable energy is an important contributing factor towards the promotion of sustainable development. The implementation of renewable energy needs to be regulated in an effective manner which in turn necessitates the formulation of law and policy geared towards sustainable development. Recent policy developments in South Africa propose to facilitate the promotion of sustainable development through the implementation of renewable energy, among others. In terms of existing energy policy in South-Africa, the interconnectivity of renewable energy and sustainable development is evident. Most notably, the White Paper on Renewable Energy of 2003 promotes increased access to affordable renewable energy in order to contribute to sustainable development. Moreover, the 2008 first review of the National Energy Efficiency Strategy of the Republic of South-Africa of 2005 states that in order for the country's renewable energy policy to be considered sustainable, it needs to facilitate development in the social, economic and environmental spheres. Notwithstanding, attaining the goal of sustainable development depends on whether all its effecting principles are catered for in the policy developments. Accordingly, in order to ascertain whether South-African law and policy can successfully facilitate/enable sustainable development via the implementation of renewable energy...