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Jovens e adultos em processo de escolarização e as tecnologias digitais: quem usa, a favor de quem e para quê?; Youth and adults in the schooling process and the digital technologies: who uses them, in favor of whom, and for what?

Brito, Bianca Maria Santana de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 02/08/2012 Português
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As tecnologias digitais compõem um cenário de mudanças em diversas esferas da sociedade. O objetivo deste trabalho foi investigar a presença de tais tecnologias na EJA (educação de jovens e adultos), por meio dos usos que estudantes dizem fazer dessas tecnologias e as possíveis relações desses usos com o processo de escolarização e as aprendizagens que vivenciam. Foram aplicados trinta questionários a jovens e adultos matriculados em salas de EJA de escolas públicas da região da Freguesia do Ó e Brasilândia, na zona noroeste de São Paulo, e realizadas entrevistas de profundidade com cinco dos sujeitos que responderam aos questionários. Os resultados indicam que a maior parte dos sujeitos utiliza as tecnologias digitais fora das escolas para se comunicarem, para se divertirem e aprenderem sobre temas relacionados a projetos pessoais e conteúdos culturais de seu interesse. Também é possível afirmar que a apropriação das tecnologias, explorando suas diversas possibilidades para a realização de projetos individuais ou coletivos, depende de saberes prévios aprendidos na escola. Sem estarem alfabetizados, por exemplo, a capacidade de navegação pela rede fica comprometida, e quanto mais escolarizados, mais os sujeitos da EJA se apropriam das tecnologias digitais. A partir das análises destes resultados são desenhadas recomendações de como os projetos de EJA...

Arte/Arquitetura/Design: tecnologias atuais nas estações do metrô de São Paulo; Art/Architecture/Design: current technologies in the metro of São Paulo

Sandrin, Ewely Branco
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 22/11/2012 Português
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Esta tese investiga a arte nas estações da Companhia do Metropolitano de São Paulo, verifica as possibilidades de uso de tecnologias atuais e as condicionantes para propostas de intervenção ambiental, permanentes e temporárias, no espaço público em questão. A partir de repertório conceitual, histórico e técnico; de pesquisas em campo e de entrevistas realizadas com filósofo especialista em culturas urbanas; usuários/espectadores/atores, monitores e técnicos de manutenção no decorrer da Exposição Arte Cibernética: Acervo Itaú Cultural (2010) e das 1ª e 2ª edições do Festival Internacional de Linguagem Eletrônica-FILEPAI (2010 e 2011) e artistas, teve como meta comprovar a hipótese da possibilidade de aplicação e aceitação de tecnologias atuais (Diodo Emissor de Luz-LED, célula fotovoltaica, mídias eletrônica e digital, linguagem da projeção) em intervenções ambientais visando contribuir com a melhoria qualitativa dos espaços das estações futuras e em funcionamento. Para o entendimento da relevância da arte inserida no contexto da sociedade contemporânea e das formas de manifestação artística proporcionadas pelo uso de tecnologias atuais este estudo apresenta conceitos atuais de cidade, espaço público...

Environmental impact of novel thermal and non-thermal technologies in food processing

Pereira, Ricardo; Vicente, A. A.
Fonte: Elsevier Publicador: Elsevier
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //2010 Português
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During the last 25 years, consumer demands for more convenient and varied food products have grown exponentially, together with the need for faster production rates, improved quality and extension in shelf life. These requests together with the severity of the traditional food processing technologies were driving forces for improvements in existing technologies and for the development of new food preservation technologies. Therefore, many technological developments have been directed towards unit operations such as pasteurization, sterilization, cooking and drying, and currently the new technological approaches for food preservation are serious candidates to replace the traditional well-established preservation processes. The aim of this review is to discuss the environmental impact that some of the most promising novel food preservation technologies may represent in terms of energy efficiency, water savings and reduced emissions. The emergence of novel thermal and non-thermal technologies allows producing high quality products with improvements in terms of heating efficiency and, consequently, in energy savings. Most of these technologies are locally clean processes and therefore appear to be more environmentfriendly, having less environmental impact than the traditional ones. Novel processing technologies are increasingly attracting the attention of food processors once they can provide food products with improved quality and a reduced environmental footprint...

eHealth e a adoção da inovação em assisted living technologies : o caso das demências

Ribeiro, Óscar da Costa
Fonte: Universidade Nova de Lisboa Publicador: Universidade Nova de Lisboa
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Publicado em //2014 Português
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RESUMO - Assistimos hoje a um contexto marcado (i) pelo progressivo envelhecimento das sociedades ocidentais, (ii) pelo aumento da prevalência das doenças crónicas, de que as demências são um exemplo, (iii) pelo significativo aumento dos custos associados a estas patologias, (iv) por orçamentos públicos fortemente pressionadas pelo controlo da despesa, (v) por uma vida moderna que dificulta o apoio intergeracional, tornando o suporte proporcionado pelos filhos particularmente difícil, (vi) por fortes expectativas relativamente à prestação de cuidados de saúde com qualidade. Teremos assim de ser capazes de conseguir melhorar os serviços de saúde, ao mesmo tempo que recorremos a menos recursos financeiros e humanos, pelo que a inovação parece ser crítica para a sustentabilidade do sistema. Contudo a difusão das Assistive Living Technologies, apesar do seu potencial, tem sido bastante baixa, nomeadamente em Portugal. Porquê? Hamer, Plochg e Moreira (2012), no editorial do International Journal of Healthcare Management, enquadram a Inovação como “podendo ser imprevisível e mesmo dolorosa, pelo que talvez possamos não ficar surpreendidos se surgirem resistências e que, inovações bastante necessárias...

A seara das pr??ticas pedag??gicas inclusivas com tecnologias: com a palavra as professoras das salas de recursos multifuncionais; The harvest of inclusive pedagogical practices with technologies: the voice of multifunctional resource classroom teachers

MARTINS, Claudete da Silva Lima
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Educa????o; Programa de P??s-Gradua????o em Educa????o; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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In a world of constant and profound transformations, technologies emerge in the school context, creating new possible horizons for the developing of pedagogical practices able to promote the inclusion of students with special educational needs. Searching for knowing and understanding such practices, this study aims to investigate the technologies present in multifunctional resource classrooms in municipal schools in Bag??, RS, as well as the way such technologies are used in inclusive pedagogical practices performed by teachers. The investigation consists of a qualitative research, approaching the characterizing parameters of the multiple case study. The subjects were seven female teachers who work with Special Education, recognized by their pairs for developing good inclusive pedagogic practices. In order to do so, it was used questionnaires, empiric field observation, field diary, interviews, focal group and discursive textual analysis. The theoretical assumptions that beacon this study are based on Freire (2011), L??vy (2006), Moran (2000, 2007), Porto (2009, 2012), Mantoan (2001),Sassaki (2002), Galv??o Filho (2009) and Sartoretto and Bersch (2011), without any harm from other collaborations. The study results have showed that the multifunctional resource classrooms from the investigated schools have Assistive Technology resources as well as information and communication technologies which enable teachers to alter...

Le rôle des nouvelles technologies dans le travail et la construction identitaire des journalistes politiques de la presse écrite

Mathys, Catherine
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Les nouvelles technologies mobiles, Internet et les plateformes d’échanges réseautiques ont-ils un effet tangible sur les habitudes de travail des journalistes politiques de la presse écrite? Comment ces nouveaux outils participent-ils à la construction identitaire de ces journalistes? Dans le but de mieux comprendre leur contexte de travail et de (re)construction identitaire, nous avons choisi d’analyser le rôle qu’occupent les nouvelles technologies dans leur quotidien, tant du point de vue de leurs pratiques actuelles que du point de vue de leurs perceptions d’eux-mêmes et du métier. Dans cette étude qualitative, sept journalistes politiques francophones de médias traditionnels écrits ont été interviewés dans le but de nous aider à mieux cerner les libertés mais aussi les contraintes qui accompagnent l’adoption de nouveaux outils technologiques ainsi que les nouvelles pratiques qui y sont rattachées. Les nouvelles technologies et les plateformes réseautiques ne sont pas que de simples outils de travail, ils redéfinissent le rôle même du journaliste dans la société. Hormis les adaptations quotidiennes qu’elles supposent dans les changements de méthodes de travail, elles contribuent souvent à déstabiliser le journaliste dans ses valeurs traditionnelles les plus solidement ancrées. Ces nouveaux outils deviennent le lieu d’échanges accrus où le journaliste se retrouve...

Greening Global Value Chains : Innovation and the International Diffusion of Technologies and knowledge

Glachant, Matthieu; Dussaux, Damien; Ménière, Yann; Dechezleprêtre, Antoine
Fonte: World Bank, Washington, DC Publicador: World Bank, Washington, DC
Português
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Using novel data on patents, trade of equipment goods, and foreign direct investments and insights from the economic literature, the paper seeks to lay out the state of knowledge on the role of innovation and the diffusion of technologies in the greening of global value chains as well as some of the main policy issues. A special emphasis is put on developing countries -- distinguishing emerging economies and least-developed countries -- and on climate-mitigation technologies. Emerging economies are already reasonably well integrated in the global economy. As a consequence, technologies flow in through the imports of capital goods and local investments by multinational enterprises owning technologies. Pushing further technology transfer requires strengthening intellectual property rights, lowering barriers to trade and investments and improving technological absorptive capacities. In contrast, their role in innovation is limited. Standard tools of innovation policy - public research and development, public support to private research and development...

Health technologies for self-management : an ethical appraisal of the impact of self-management technologies on doctor-patient relationships.

Oprea, Liviu
Fonte: Universidade de Adelaide Publicador: Universidade de Adelaide
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Publicado em //2012 Português
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This thesis contributes to our understanding of the moral dimensions of using self-management technologies in general practice. Through qualitative interviews with general practitioners (GPs) and patients with experience in home blood pressure monitoring (HBPM) utilization, it examines the influences of HBPM on the general practitioner-patient relationship, patient responsibility for their health and patient autonomy. The first part of this thesis provides an account of the ethical implications of self-management technologies and their related practices for the doctor-patient relationship (DPR), patients’ responsibility for their health and patient autonomy. This account is contrasted with models of the DPR drawn from the bioethics and clinical literature, and with the conceptions of patient responsibility and patient autonomy that inform these models. Self-management technologies and their related practices have the potential to be more ethically robust than ordinary care. They may be able to influence patients’ health agency by promoting their cognitive and emotional abilities and, through this, change health outcomes for chronically-ill patients. However, there are a number of pertinent ethical issues concerning mutual trust in the DPR...

Comparing the Costs of Intermittent and Dispatchable Electricity Generating Technologies

JOSKOW, Paul L.
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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Economic evaluations of alternative electric generating technologies typically rely on comparisons between their expected life-cycle production costs per unit of electricity supplied. The standard lifecycle cost metric utilized is the “levelized cost” per MWh supplied. This paper demonstrates that this metric is inappropriate for comparing intermittent generating technologies like wind and solar with dispatchable generating technologies like nuclear, gas combined cycle, and coal. Levelized cost comparisons are a misleading metric for comparing intermittent and dispatchable generating technologies because they fail to take into account differences in the production profiles of intermittent and dispatchable generating technologies and the associated large variations in the market value of the electricity they supply. Levelized cost comparisons overvalue intermittent generating technologies compared to dispatchable base load generating technologies. These comparisons also typically overvalue wind generating technologies compared to solar generating technologies. Integrating differences in production profiles, the associated variations in the market value of the electricity at the times it is supplied, and the expected life-cycle costs associated with different generating technologies is necessary to provide meaningful economic comparisons between them. This market-based framework also has implications for the appropriate design of procurement auctions created to implement renewable energy procurement mandates...

Ambient Intelligence and the Right to Privacy: The challenge of detection technologies

MONTELEONE, Shara
Fonte: Instituto Universitário Europeu Publicador: Instituto Universitário Europeu
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
Português
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Unprecedented advances in Information Communication Technologies (ICT) and their involvement in most of private and public activities are revolutionizing our daily life and the way we relate to our environment. If, on the one hand, the new developments promise to make people’s lives more comfortable or more secure, on the other hand, complex social and legal issues arise, in terms of fundamental rights and freedoms. The objective of this study is to envisage some of the main legal challenges posed by the new Ambient Intelligence technologies (AmI) and in particular by the new security enforcement technologies for privacy and data protection.; Introduction - 1 The increasing use of social control technologies - 5 Privacy vs security issues - 6 Smart technologies in the ‘prevention age’ - 9 A preface - 9 How the increasing security measures post 9/11 affect the fundamental right(s) of privacy - 10 Profiling techniques and general concerns for HR framework - 11 Data-mining techniques (or… what if algorithms decide for us?) - 15 Biometric profiling and other features of AmI: old and new threats for HR - 16 Strengths and weaknesses of data protection legal framework - 19 Towards an Ambient Intelligent law - 21 Detection technologies - 23 Historical and legal context - 23 Counter-terrorism practices and conditions for privacy limitations - 26 Impact on other related rights - 27 ‘Permissible’ detection technologies in light of HR - 28 Some applications of detection technologies and related risks for privacy - 31 The gradual expansion of Full Body Scanners and the increasing concerns for HR - 34 Extension of the security measures and growth of a ‘culture of fear’ - 39 AmI security scenarios and the ECHR. Does Art 8 ECHR still exert a ‘dynamic influence’ on new surveillance technologies? - 40 Soft surveillance technologies anchored to HR - 43 The Marper case (or…the careful consideration of the necessity principle) - 44 Implications of new surveillance practices on other rights and the relevance of privacy protection - 47 ‘Controlling’ technologies. Smart technologies and the new risks of stigmatization - 49 The value of Self-determination in new technological contexts - 51 The social dimension of privacy right(s) - 54 Challenges and opportunities under the Lisbon Treaty - 56 A new comprehensive (legal-technical) framework? Concluding remarks - 60 REFERENCES - 63; (Published version of EUI LLM thesis...

The use of information technologies and audiovisual media in ELT: the Department of English in El Jadida, Morocco, as a case study

Erguig, Reddad
Fonte: Universidad de Granada Publicador: Universidad de Granada
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Within the framework of the New Reform evaluation, this article addresses the issue of the use of Information Technologies and Audiovisual Media in English Language Teaching at the university level, with a particular emphasis on a set of language courses in the ???DEUG??? cycle in the Department of English in El Jadida. A semi-structured interview was used to elicit the students??? and teachers??? attitudes towards these technologies, the ways they use these technologies to serve their teaching goals and learning needs, respectively, and the problems they face in their attempts to implement such technologies. The aim is to find out whether the attitudes teachers and students have and the discourse produced about the perceived effects of these technologies match with the actual practices. The results obtained indicate that both teachers and students have positive attitudes towards these technologies, but they neither frequently nor regularly use them due to factors related to students??? lack of motivation, the unavailability of these technologies and the related infrastructure. We conclude that, despite the little use of such technologies, the positive attitudes that both parties have are a factor that could lead to their frequent...

Key drivers of Marines' willingness to adopt energy-efficient technologies

Ciarcia, Jason C.
Fonte: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School Publicador: Monterey, California: Naval Postgraduate School
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited.; Why individuals adopt or resist technologies is a central question in technology management and energy conservation research. Much academic attention focuses on functional and economic advantages, but perceptions, habits, and norms play a more substantial role and are a particularly strong driver of resistance. Recognizing this, the Marine Corps Expeditionary Energy Office has called for research to better understand how messaging and behavioral factors will influence the shaping of a combat-effective energy posture within the Marine Corps. This research examines how particular individual attributes may affect Marines assessments of energy-efficient technologies. Drawing on a framework developed from the academic literature, this research focuses on the impact of a persons prior conditions, knowledge, and perception of technologies on the decision to adopt, postpone, or resist new technologies. The research produced a summary of extant findings and implications for the United States Marine Corps concerning the typology of United States Marines perceptions and willingness to adopt energy-efficient technologies. The research findings may offer the Marine Corps a clearer understanding of acceptance and resistance drivers...

Renewable technologies for energy security: institutions and investment in Fiji's electricity sector

Dornan, Matthew
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Thesis (PhD); Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
Português
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Renewable energy technologies have been advocated in Fiji's electricity sector on the basis that they improve energy security and serve as a risk-mitigation measure against oil price increases. This follows a decade of significant oil price volatility and historically high oil prices, which negatively affected the oil-dependent electricity sector in Fiji and other Small Island Developing States in the Pacific. This dissertation examines the extent to which renewable technologies can improve energy security in the electricity grid and in rural off-grid areas of Fiji. The main contributions from the research are a novel empirical analysis of generation cost-risk in the electricity grid; an analysis of institutions governing power sector investment; a survey, interview and focus group-based analysis of rural electricity supply; and an evaluation of implications of the research findings for policy. In Fiji's electricity grid, threats to energy security are primarily the result of increased generation costs and their impact on electricity prices. Risk is therefore financial. In this thesis, it is assessed using portfolio theory. Detailed data on costs and variability is fed into a stochastic portfolio model, which is developed to analyse the impact of renewable technologies on generation costs and financial risk in Fiji's electricity grid looking forward to 2025. The analysis demonstrates that renewable technologies can be expected to significantly improve the security of electricity supply through diversification...

Scanning new horizons: the past, present and future of health technologies in Australia

Ko, Desmond
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
Português
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The ageing population and the high demand and expectations that the Australian public places on the health system have led to an increased interest in health technologies. Health technologies are crucial for successful modern medical interventions and have significantly improved the treatment standards and number of people treated. Definition of health technologies: Health technologies can include pharmaceuticals, devices, equipment, diagnostic tools, surgical procedures, prostheses and ICT. Australian pharmaceutical assessment and implementation procedures are considered world class due to presence of the PBS which ensures that assessment and implementation are efficiently and meticulously handled. As non­-pharmaceutical technologies are not publicly funded in the same way (that is, there is not a national subsidy scheme like the PBS for medical devices) the assessment and implementation procedures are less formalised and regulated which starkly contrasts with a very well organised and funded pharmaceutical process. Health Technology Assessment (HTA): Health technology assessment ideally focuses on three elements: safety, efficacy and economic evaluation. HT.A for non-pharmaceuticals in Australia are handled by the Therapeutic Goods Administration (TGA) and the Medical Services Advisory Committee (MSAC). The assessment process is broken into three separate processes: Horizon scanning (quick-fire assessment of any possible upcoming technologies without economic evaluation)...

Viability of Current and Emerging Technologies for Domestic Solid Waste Treatment and Disposal : Implications on Dioxin and Furan Emissions

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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This study was undertaken to identify and assess the technologies available worldwide for treatment and disposal of municipal solid waste (MSW), and to make a general assessment of the applicability of these technologies to various waste management 'settings' within the Latin American and Caribbean (LAC) Region. Each technology was evaluated for a number of key attributes, including demonstrated commercial viability, economics, institutional factors, sustainability metrics, and environmental attributes, including emissions of dioxins and furans. The study focused on the waste treatment technologies that have been commercially demonstrated worldwide; however, selected alternative and emerging technologies were also considered. After profiling the available waste management technologies, an assessment was then made of the general applicability of these technologies to various characteristic settings found within the LAC region. Technology applicability assessment at specific locations within the LAC region will require detailed...

Information and Communication Technologies : A World Bank Group Strategy

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Publication; Publications & Research :: Publication
Português
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Information and communication technologies provide the basis for increasing and applying knowledge in the private and public sectors. Countries with strong information infrastructures that employ innovative information technology applications, have many advantages for sustained economic growth and social development. This book is, primarily, a business strategy which explains the World Bank's role in the development of information infrastructure. It details a plan for expanding the institutional development capacity within the World Bank and in the regions in order to successfully implement this strategy. This book also discusses issues relating to information technology quality assurance and improving the World Bank's capacity to ensure such quality.

Introducing Energy-efficient Clean Technologies in the Brick Sector of Bangladesh

World Bank
Fonte: World Bank Publicador: World Bank
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
Português
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This study's objectives are: (i) to present the pros and cons of existing and alternative brick technologies in Bangladesh with specific focus on pollution and energy efficiency; (ii) to estimate the private and social benefits of these technologies (iii) to summarize China's experience in the development of the brick industry, as the world leader brick producer and (iv) to provide concrete recommendations for adopting cleaner technologies in Bangladesh. The study focuses on the brick cluster located in northern Dhaka, which comprises 530 Fixed Chimney Kiln (FCKs) that produce 2.1 billion bricks annually (14 percent of the country's brick production). As the brick sector is a prominent contributor to air pollution in Dhaka, it is important to distinguish its contribution to the city's air pollution from other sources, including transport and other industries. Because of limited data availability, the analysis relies on the most realistic assumptions drawn from monitored data in Bangladesh or neighboring countries (i.e....

Technical and Economic Assessment of Off-grid, Mini-grid and Grid Electrification Technologies

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Publications & Research :: ESMAP Paper; Publications & Research
Português
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This report is part of the Energy and Water Department's commitment to providing new techniques and knowledge which complement the direct investment and other assistance to electrification as provided by the International Bank for Reconstruction and Development (IBRD) and the International Development Association (IDA). The purpose of this report is to convey the results of an assessment of the current and future economic readiness of electric power generation alternatives for developing countries. The objective of the technical and economic assessment was to systematically characterize the commercial and economic prospects of renewable and fossil fuel-fired electricity generation technologies now, and in the near future. The study was designed to cover the widest possible range of electrification applications faced by energy services delivery and power system planners, whether supply is provided through grid networks or stand-alone or mini-grid configurations. The assessment was conducted using a standard approach and is presented in a consistent fashion for each power generation technology configuration. The assessment time frame includes current status and forecast development trends over the period 2005-15...

Advanced Biofuel Technologies : Status and Barriers

Cheng, Jay J.; Timilsina, Govinda R.
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
Português
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Large-scale production of crop based (first generation) biofuels may not be feasible without adversely affecting global food supply or encroaching on other important land uses. Because alternatives to liquid fossil fuels are important to develop in order to address greenhouse gas mitigation and other energy policy objectives, the potential for increased use of advanced (non-crop, second generation) biofuel production technologies has significant policy relevance. This study reviews the current status of several advanced biofuel technologies. Technically, it would be possible to produce a large portion of transportation fuels using advanced biofuel technologies, specifically those that can be grown using a small portion of the world's land area (for example, microalgae), or those grown on arable lands without affecting food supply (for example, agricultural residues). However, serious technical barriers limit the near-term commercial application of advanced biofuels technologies. Key technical barriers include low conversion efficiency from biomass to fuel...

Changements et évolution des universités conventionnelles sous l’influence des technologies de l’information et de la communication (TIC): le cas du contexte universitaire nord-américain

Amemado, Dodzi
Fonte: Université de Montréal Publicador: Université de Montréal
Tipo: Thèse ou Mémoire numérique / Electronic Thesis or Dissertation
Português
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Cette recherche part du constat de l’utilisation des nouvelles technologies qui se généralise dans l’enseignement universitaire (tant sur campus qu’en enseignement à distance), et traite cette question sous trois aspects institutionnel, pédagogique et technologique. La recherche a été menée à travers quinze universités canadiennes où nous avons interrogé vingt-quatre universitaires, nommément des responsables de centres de pédagogie universitaire et des experts sur la question de l’intégration des technologies à l’enseignement universitaire. Pour le volet institutionnel, nous avons eu recours à un cadre théorique qui met en relief le changement de structure et de fonctionnement des universités à l’ère d’Internet, suivant le modèle théorique de l’Open System Communications Net de Kershaw et Safford (1998, 2001). Les résultats, à l’aune de ce modèle, confirment que les universités conventionnelles sont dans une phase de transformation due à l’utilisation des technologies de l'information et de la communication (TIC). De plus, les cours hybrides, la bimodalité, des universités entièrement à distance visant une clientèle estudiantine au-delà des frontières régionales et nationales...