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Construção multicultural: reflexões sobre políticas alternativas para o ensino de língua estrangeira.; Multicultural construction: considerations about alternative policies for the foreign language teaching.

Santos, Katia Costa dos
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 27/11/2002 Português
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Esta pesquisa argumentativo-narrativa propõe-se a investigar a construção do multiculturalismo como conceito no Brasil, especialmente no contexto das propostas de diversidade, como tema contido nas propostas de currículo nacional (Parâmetros Curriculares Nacionais), no contexto do ensino de Língua Estrangeira. O ensino de línguas no Brasil é permeado por uma pedagogia tecnicista, em que o conceito de diversidade é vinculado à multiplicidade de experiências culturais, dissociado do conflito cultural, garantidor de tolerância e consenso. A Pedagogia Crítica, ao propor uma abordagem dialética de cultura, como fenômeno social em processo, e a educação/o currículo como uma forma de política cultural, possibilita uma crítica do currículo, da escola, e das propostas educacionais brasileiras, e reconhece tais espaços como interceptados por interesses particulares, posições macropolíticas específicas e narrativas mestras identificadas com um discurso neoliberal, que formatam nossas subjetividades e as práticas culturais que nos governam. Esta pesquisa, defendendo uma abordagem multicultural crítica, investiga um conceito de diversidade que reconheça o poder da diferença, que questione e desafie as estruturas de poder dominantes...

O cinema como mediador na (re)construção de crenças de professores de espanhol-língua estrangeira em formação inicial; Cinema as a mediator in the (re)construction of beliefs of preservice teachers of Spanish as a foreign language

Souza, Fábio Marques de
Fonte: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP Publicador: Biblioteca Digitais de Teses e Dissertações da USP
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 13/06/2014 Português
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A cultura de aprender e ensinar uma língua estrangeira baseia-se em teorias implícitas que são compostas por fatores como crenças, motivações, memórias, intuições e imagens, dentre outros. Dessa forma, as concepções dos agentes envolvidos na operação global do ensino de línguas exercem profunda influência em todo o processo, já que cada indivíduo, permeado por seu contexto sócio-histórico-discursivo tem suas crenças que embasam as atitudes que norteiam seu comportamento em face do complexo processo de ensino-aprendizagem de línguas. Diante do exposto, esta tese tem como escopo analisar as crenças de professores de espanhol-língua estrangeira (E-LE) em formação inicial, no que diz respeito ao processo de aquisição/aprendizagem da língua estrangeira e ao tratamento unidade e diversidade linguística experimentada pelo espanhol no contexto do ensino desta língua para brasileiros; todas essas reflexões mediadas pelo cinema. Guiamo-nos pela pergunta de pesquisa: se e como se transformam, com a mediação do cinema, as crenças de professores de espanhol em formação inicial acerca do processo de aquisição/aprendizagem da língua estrangeira e do tratamento da unidade e diversidade linguística no ensino de espanhol-língua estrangeira para brasileiros? Trata-se de uma pesquisa qualitativa de cunho etnográfico que se iniciou com a compreensão panorâmica do nosso contexto e...

Os limites e os alcances do tratamento da diversidade e variação linguísticas em livros didáticos de português; The limits and the scope of language diversity and language variation treatment in portuguese textbooks

Claudia Goulart Morais
Fonte: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp Publicador: Biblioteca Digital da Unicamp
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 26/02/2014 Português
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Esta tese tem como objetivo geral investigar como a diversidade e a variação linguísticas são tratadas no interior dos Livros Didáticos de Português (LDP) nos anos finais do ensino fundamental. Para tanto, verificamos se o conceito de língua anunciado pelos autores dos LDP nos Manuais do Professor (MP) é coerente com o conceito de língua que está na base das atividades apresentadas nos livros. O desdobramento dessa proposta é verificar se há, nessas atividades, questões que conduzam os alunos a uma reflexão sobre certos fenômenos importantes para se entender a diversidade e a variação linguísticas, já que a concepção de língua assumida pelos autores de LDP é aquela ligada ao processo dialógico, cujo discurso se manifesta por meio de textos e, portanto, de base interacionista. A partir de um corpus formado pelas cinco coleções didáticas recorrentes nos PNLDs de 2005 a 2011, investigamos como esses materiais promovem o conhecimento sobre três aspectos importantes para o desenvolvimento de habilidades, comportamentos e práticas de uso da língua necessárias tanto para o processo de progressão escolar dos alunos como também para a inserção deles no mundo social como cidadãos de uma sociedade democrática...

Language competences in the new on-line sports information and betting business: Runningball (Aveiro); Competências linguísticas no novo negócio on-line de informação e apostas desportivas: Runningball (Aveiro)

Maksimova, Valentina
Fonte: Universidade de Aveiro Publicador: Universidade de Aveiro
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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This project evaluates the role of languages and intercultural competence in the new and growing sports business, namely one of the biggest sports events real-time data providers – Runningball. The company provides over 30 000 football games a year in more than 70 countries worldwide as well as basketball, volleyball, and ice-hockey games. The dissertation investigates how multicultural diversity is accepted and received in everyday work at this new type of sports data business and what role the languages play in helping to provide real-time data while using the second or third language to get the best instant results. Dimensions of business are explored, and data analysis made in order to realize how the company runs its business and how languages have become a crucial asset of Runningball. The field study reflected on the role of a lingua franca in the multilingual society of today. Furthermore it has been revealed in a field study that not only English has taken the place of the most important language in international business, but a mixture of various languages is the key to greater success.; O projeto apresentado para esta dissertação teve como principal objectivo analisar a influência global de várias línguas e a capacidade de mediar a comunicação intercultural num mercado desportivo on-line em ascenção. O objetivo foi alcançado em parceria com uma das maiores empresas fornecedoras de dados de eventos desportivos em tempo real - Runningball. Esta empresa oferece um enorme portofólio de eventos desportivos...

Spatial Heterogeneity in the Effects of Immigration and Diversity on Neighborhood Homicide Rates

Sampson, Robert J.; Graif, Corina
Fonte: SAGE Publications Publicador: SAGE Publications
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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This article examines the connection of immigration and diversity to homicide by advancing a recently developed approach to modeling spatial dynamics—geographically weighted regression (GWR). In contrast to traditional global averaging, we argue on substantive grounds that neighborhood characteristics vary in their effects across neighborhood space, a process of “spatial heterogeneity.” Much like treatment-effect heterogeneity and distinct from spatial spillover, our analysis finds considerable evidence that neighborhood characteristics in Chicago vary significantly in predicting homicide, in some cases showing countervailing effects depending on spatial location. In general, however, immigrant concentration is either unrelated or inversely related to homicide, whereas language diversity is consistently linked to lower homicide. The results shed new light on the immigration-homicide nexus and suggest the pitfalls of global averaging models that hide the reality of a highly diversified and spatially stratified metropolis.; Sociology

Internet Radio: A New Engine for Content Diversity?

Smith, Emma; Compaine, Benjamin
Fonte: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology Publicador: MIT - Massachusetts Institute of Technology
Formato: 89157 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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Using preliminary data from Arbitron, MeasureCast and Real Networks, this study evaluates the role of Internet radio broadcasters according to five criteria intended to gauge the level of diversity being delivered to listeners online. By measuring the levels of format, channel, ownership, location and language diversity among Internet radio stations, it is possible to draw preliminary lessons about the new medium?s ability to provide Americans with diverse broadcasting options. This study finds that Internet radio broadcasters are in fact adding measurable diversity to the radio broadcasting industry. Internet broadcasters are providing audiences with access to an increasing number of stations, owners, formats, and language choices, and it is likely that technologies aiding in the mobility of access as well as broadband evolutions will reinforce these findings. Eventually there may be cause to monitor the early concentration of ownership, both among Internet radio station owners and content distributors. However at this time the net effect of Internet radio broadcasting has been to increase the diversity available to audiences.

Language diversity in Europe: can the EU prevent the genocide of the French linguistic minorities?

Jeanjean, Henri
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Working/Technical Paper Formato: 217891 bytes; 359 bytes; application/pdf; application/octet-stream
Português
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Introduction: All references about France, be they about French language, French culture, French arrogance or French cuisine seem to indicate that this country is homogeneous, mono-lingua and mono-cultural. If we consider some of its regions we can note a huge linguistic and cultural diversity: Corsica is Italo-Roman, Brittany is Celtic, Flemish is spoken in the North of France, Alsace is Germanic, the language in the Basque region is pre Indo-European while Catalan and Occitan both form part of the "occitano-roman group, half way between Gallo-Roman and Ibero-Roman." According to the new Atlas of Endangered World Naguages published by UNESCO, all these languages, with the exception of Corsican, are part of the 3000 languages in danger of extinction.; no

Diversidad cultural, lengua de signos y televisión en España; Cultural diversity, sign language and televisión in Spain

Utray Delgado, Francisco; Gil Sabroso, Esther
Fonte: Universidad de Salamanca Publicador: Universidad de Salamanca
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article
Publicado em //2014 Português
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Este artículo analiza la televisión en relación con la lengua de signos en España durante los años 2010-2012. Para ello se ha partido de los datos publicados sobre la presencia de la lengua de signos en la televisión estatal desde que la Ley General de la Comunicación Audiovisual impuso a los operadores las obligaciones de emisión, en 2010. La mayoría de los canales ha incorporado la lengua de signos siguiendo las directrices de la legislación nacional e internacional. ¿Cuáles son las motivaciones que han inspirado estos desarrollos legislativos y cuáles son las estrategias de las empresas de televisión que las implantan? Se trata de favorecer la accesibilidad a la televisión a las personas sordas que utilizan la lengua de signos. Pero también alrededor de esta lengua se articula la identidad cultural de la comunidad sorda. El objetivo del estudio ha sido evaluar en qué medida la televisión en lengua de signos constituye una expresión cultural de la comunidad sorda. Este análisis pone de manifiesto que mayoritariamente la incorporación de la lengua de signos que hacen los canales se ha planteado como práctica que favorece la accesibilidad alejándose de la perspectiva sociocultural; This article analyses television in connection with sign language in Spain during years 2010-2012. It is based on published data on the use of sign language in state television after the General Law on Audiovisual Communication imposed obligations on broadcasters in 2010. Most television channels have included sign language in their broadcasts as guided by national and international legislation. What has inspired such legal developments and what strategies have been put in place by complying companies? The aim is to encourage television accessibility for the deaf who use sign language. But sign language also articulates the cultural identity of the deaf community. The objective of the research is to assess the extent to which sign language in television is a cultural expression of the deaf community. This analysis highlights that the inclusion of sign language in television channels has been mostly envisaged as a practice that enhances accessibility letting the sociocultural approach aside.; Ministerio de Economía

Inclusion of English Language Learners in a Mainstream Classroom: A Case Study of the Beliefs and Practices of One Elementary Teacher

Fox, Carol
Fonte: Quens University Publicador: Quens University
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 726002 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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The purpose of this study was to describe the ways in which one elementary teacher included English language learners (ELLs) in her mainstream classroom. A case study design was chosen to obtain an in-depth understanding of this teacher’s beliefs and practices about ELLs and their inclusion. Descriptive data were collected from teacher interviews, classroom observations, and various artefacts. Data from these three sources were found to be highly consistent, indicating a close relationship between the teacher’s beliefs and practices. Two main themes emerged relating to the teacher’s ways of supporting and including young ELLs. The first theme was concerned with the teacher’s beliefs in and employment of broad-based instructional strategies such as differentiating instruction and assessment; emphasizing engagement through the use of a variety of meaningful activities and materials; focusing on oral language; stressing problem solving and cooperative learning; and encouraging students to take the lead. While the literature endorsed these general practices, it also stressed the need for teachers to address ELLs’ distinct language and cultural needs. Appreciating and incorporating diversity to facilitate ELLs’ inclusion was the second theme. Here...

Protocolo para Observação do Desenvolvimento Cognitivo e de Linguagem Expressiva - versão revisada (PODCLE-r): proposta de complementação; Protocol for Expressive Language and Cognition Development Observation - revised version (PELCDO-r): complementation proposal

FLABIANO, Fabiola Custódio; BÜHLER, Karina Elena Bernardis; LIMONGI, Suelly Cecilia Olivan; BEFI-LOPES, Debora Maria
Fonte: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia; São Paulo Publicador: Sociedade Brasileira de Fonoaudiologia; São Paulo
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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OBJETIVO: Proposição de complementação do Protocolo para Observação do Desenvolvimento Cognitivo e de Linguagem Expressiva (PODCLE), a partir da inclusão de dois quadros que permitem a análise da diversidade das realizações e produções apresentadas pela criança e um quadro com a síntese das produções relacionadas à linguagem expressiva, organizadas em conjuntos. MÉTODOS: Para a formalização de tal complementação, foram selecionados os indicadores mais significativos em relação ao desenvolvimento cognitivo e de linguagem expressiva, para os quais havia possibilidade de respostas diversificadas. Foi então desenvolvida uma escala de valores e pesos, de acordo com a complexidade das realizações e produções observadas em crianças. O Protocolo, em sua versão revisada, foi aplicado em diferentes populações para verificação de sua viabilidade e levantamento de possíveis dúvidas ou dificuldades durante sua aplicação ou análise dos dados. Juízes foram utilizados tanto para a seleção dos indicadores de desenvolvimento, quanto para a análise dos dados. RESULTADOS: O Protocolo para Observação do Desenvolvimento Cognitivo e de Linguagem Expressiva - versão revisada (PODCLE-r) é composto por sete quadros...

Desenvolvimento cognitivo e da linguagem expressiva: diversidade e complexidade das produções infantis; Expressive language and cognitive development: diversity and complexity of children's productions

FLABIANO, Fabíola Custódio; BÜHLER, Karina Elena Bernardis; LIMONGI, Suelly Cecilia Olivan
Fonte: Pró-Fono Produtos Especializados para Fonoaudiologia Ltda.; Barueri Publicador: Pró-Fono Produtos Especializados para Fonoaudiologia Ltda.; Barueri
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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TEMA: análise objetiva e sistematizada do processo de desenvolvimento cognitivo e da linguagem expressiva. OBJETIVO: caracterizar o desenvolvimento cognitivo e da linguagem expressiva considerando a diversidade e complexidade das produções realizadas por crianças com desenvolvimento típico. MÉTODO: o presente estudo compreendeu 20 sujeitos (10 do gênero masculino e 10 do feminino), com peso e idade gestacional adequados ao nascimento e ausência de intercorrências pré, peri e pós-natais. Os participantes foram submetidos a sessões mensais de observação da cognição e linguagem expressiva, com duração de 30 minutos cada, dos oito aos 18 meses de idade, utilizando-se o material sugerido de acordo com os procedimentos de aplicação do PODCLE-r. RESULTADOS: é apresentada e analisada a quantidade de esquemas, gestos e verbalizações diferentes produzidos pelas crianças (diversidade e complexidade), tanto em uma única sessão de 30 minutos a cada mês de idade, quanto de forma cumulativa, dos oito aos 18 meses. CONCLUSÃO: o PODCLE-r permitiu caracterizar o desenvolvimento cognitivo e da linguagem expressiva por meio da observação objetiva desse processo em termos da diversidade e complexidade das produções das crianças estudadas...

Many Peoples of Obscure Speech and Difficult Language: Attitudes towards Linguistic Diversity in the Hebrew Bible

Power, Cian Joseph
Fonte: Harvard University Publicador: Harvard University
Tipo: Thesis or Dissertation; text Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The subject of this dissertation is the awareness of linguistic diversity in the Hebrew Bible—that is, the recognition evident in certain biblical texts that the world’s languages differ from one another. Given the frequent role of language in conceptions of identity, the biblical authors’ reflections on language are important to examine. Of the biblical texts that explicitly address the subject of linguistic diversity, some are specific, as in references to particular languages (e.g., “Aramaic”), while others refer to linguistic multiplicity generally, as in the Tower of Babel episode (Gen 11:1–9). Linguistic difference is also indicated implicitly, as when the speech of Laban in Gen 29–31 exhibits Aramaic-like features that emphasize his foreignness. Building on previous studies of limited scope, my approach is to collect and analyse the evidence for awareness of linguistic diversity in the biblical books comprehensively. Drawing on concepts from sociolinguistics, including style-switching, code-switching, and language ideology, I categorize such evidence and explain its significance with respect to its literary and historical contexts. I thus contribute to wider debates on the sociolinguistics of ancient Hebrew...

Language Diversity across the Consonant Inventories: A Study in the Framework of Complex Networks

Choudhury, Monojit; Mukherjee, Animesh; Basu, Anupam; Ganguly, Niloy; Garg, Ashish; Jalan, Vaibhav
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 08/04/2009 Português
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n this paper, we attempt to explain the emergence of the linguistic diversity that exists across the consonant inventories of some of the major language families of the world through a complex network based growth model. There is only a single parameter for this model that is meant to introduce a small amount of randomness in the otherwise preferential attachment based growth process. The experiments with this model parameter indicates that the choice of consonants among the languages within a family are far more preferential than it is across the families. The implications of this result are twofold -- (a) there is an innate preference of the speakers towards acquiring certain linguistic structures over others and (b) shared ancestry propels the stronger preferential connection between the languages within a family than across them. Furthermore, our observations indicate that this parameter might bear a correlation with the period of existence of the language families under investigation.; Comment: In EACL 2009 Workshop on Cognitive Aspects of Computational Language Acquisition

Language Diversity of Measured Quantum Processes

Wiesner, Karoline; Crutchfield, James P.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/11/2006 Português
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The behavior of a quantum system depends on how it is measured. How much of what is observed comes from the structure of the quantum system itself and how much from the observer's choice of measurement? We explore these questions by analyzing the \emph{language diversity} of quantum finite-state generators. One result is a new way to distinguish quantum devices from their classical (stochastic) counterparts. While the diversity of languages generated by these two computational classes is the same in the case of periodic processes, quantum systems generally generate a wider range of languages than classical systems.; Comment: 9 pages, 4 tables; http://cse.ucdavis.edu/~cmg/compmech/pubs/ldmqp.htm

Markets and linguistic diversity

Caminal, Ramón
Fonte: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas Publicador: Conselho Superior de Investigações Científicas
Tipo: Documento de trabajo Formato: 419653 bytes; application/pdf
Português
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35 pages, 7 figures.-- Trabajo publicado como artículo en Journal of Economic Behavior and Organization 76(3): 774-790 (2010).-- http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jebo.2010.09.009; The choice of language is a crucial decision for firms competing in cultural goods and media markets with a bilingual or multilingual consumer base. To the extent that multilingual consumers have preferences over the intrinsic characteristics (content) as well as over the language of the product, we can examine the efficiency of market outcomes regarding linguistic diversity. In this paper, I extend the spokes model and introduce language as an additional dimension of product differentiation. I show that: (i) if firms supply their product in a single language (the adoption model) then the degree of linguistic diversity is inefficiently low, and (ii) if some firms supply more than one linguistic version (the translation model) then in principle the market outcome may exhibit insufficient or excessive linguistic diversity. However, excessive diversity is associated to markets where the fraction of products in the minority language is disproportionately high with respect to the relative size of the linguistic minority.; I also thank the Spanish Ministry of Science and Innovation (ECO2008-08150)...

A World of Diversity

Marga Adrover; Maria Carrasco
Fonte: Content and Language Integrated Learning. Semiimmersió Publicador: Content and Language Integrated Learning. Semiimmersió
Tipo: Recursos docents Formato: application/pdf; application/pdf
Publicado em //2012 Português
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Inclou el llibre de l'estudiant i del professor. CLASS/AGE: 4th ESO aged between 15 and 16. COE Level: B2; In this teaching unit, students are going to reflect on and discuss about world’s diversity. They will set out on a discovery trip through the 5 continents in order to discover how young people live; the issues that affect their way of life and how much the place you are born affects your outcome in life.

Language Landscape: Mapping the Dynamics of Language Diversity; Charting Vanishing Voices: A Collaborative Workshop to Map Endangered Oral Cultures

Ritchie, Sandy; Ritchie, Graham; Goodchild, Samantha
Fonte: Universidade de Cambridge Publicador: Universidade de Cambridge
Tipo: Conferência ou Objeto de Conferência
Português
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This presentation was given at the World Oral Literature Project 2012 workshop Charting Vanishing Voices: A Collaborative Workshop to Map Endangered Oral Cultures.; languagelandscape.org is a website designed to map language recordings where they were made. Users add audio or video recordings to the map and supply a wide range of linguistic and contextual annotation. The recording is then shown on the map where users can listen to it and browse the associated metadata. We have designed a flexible data schema which supports intelligent querying of the recording database allowing, for example, users to search for all recordings within a language family and then see all recordings on the map. The project has three main goals. The first is to offer speakers of minority and endangered languages an online platform where they can represent their language and culture. We also want to encourage more people to provide and access language data on the website in the hope that this will help raise awareness about language endangerment and related issues. Finally, we want to experiment with an innovative way of mapping languages. We map individual instances of language use according to where they happened. The resulting map is a series of snapshots of people engaging in communication at a certain time and place. We hope that as the project grows our underlying schema will facilitate mining of the data to reveal empirical patterns of global language use.

Genre as diversity, and rhetorical mode as unity in language use; Genre as diversity, and rhetorical mode as unity in language use

Meurer, José Luiz; UFSC
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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Current theorizing on genre within Systemic Functional Linguiscs (SFL) as well as other traditions of genre analysis have not paid much attention to the interrelationship between the notions of rhetorical mode and genre. In this paper I argue that rhetorical mode may be an important notion in genre studies and that it should thus be foregrounded. I elaborate on the different linguistic and functional status of genres and rhetorical modes attempting to show that it is essential for text/discourse analysis to draw a clear distinction between them. Within this perspective I propose that while genres stand for diversity and fit the notion of specific text type identifiable by specific format and used in specific social contexts to fulfil specific functions, rhetorical modes stand for unity as they constitute general patterns of language organisation strategically used by authors/ writers as linguistic resources in the creation of specific genres. I illustrate the discussion by analysing the strategic use of clause relations as rhetorical modes occurring in a specific genre, namely, a fable. The paper should be relevant for discourse analysis and genre studies within SFL and other genre traditions as well as for language teachers involved with reading and writing.; Current theorizing on genre within Systemic Functional Linguiscs (SFL) as well as other traditions of genre analysis have not paid much attention to the interrelationship between the notions of rhetorical mode and genre. In this paper I argue that rhetorical mode may be an important notion in genre studies and that it should thus be foregrounded. I elaborate on the different linguistic and functional status of genres and rhetorical modes attempting to show that it is essential for text/discourse analysis to draw a clear distinction between them. Within this perspective I propose that while genres stand for diversity and fit the notion of specific text type identifiable by specific format and used in specific social contexts to fulfil specific functions...

The psycholinguistic approach to unity and diversity; The psycholinguistic approach to unity and diversity

Cabral, Leonor Scliar; UFSC
Fonte: UFSC Publicador: UFSC
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2002 Português
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Some aspects of contemporary communication regarding unity and diversity will be examined as follows. On the one hand, globalization provided mainly by mass media, particularly by Internet and the on line electronic mail, will be scrutinized in relation to its psycholinguistic consequences: What are the differences that appear in human processing and how is the logical distinction between unity and diversity faced? How deep are the changes experienced by children, who are acquiring and learning their oral and written languages, using such media? On the other hand, despite globalization, the geometrical growth of science and technology brings with it a parallel lexical explosion: specific texts undermine the possibility of their comprehension by the outsider as if the text was written in a foreign language, and so, the unity of communication is broken and distortions may appear.; Some aspects of contemporary communication regarding unity and diversity will be examined as follows. On the one hand, globalization provided mainly by mass media, particularly by Internet and the on line electronic mail, will be scrutinized in relation to its psycholinguistic consequences: What are the differences that appear in human processing and how is the logical distinction between unity and diversity faced? How deep are the changes experienced by children...

The Use of Official Languages Act: diversity affirmed?

Pretorius,JL
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/04/2013 Português
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A full sixteen years after the coming into force of the 1996 Constitution, Parliament responded to the constitutional obligation to regulate and monitor, by legislative and other means, the use of official languages by adopting the Use of Official Languages Act 12 of 2012. The Act represents a very limited normative appreciation of this constitutional instruction. The official language clause of the Constitution expresses a normative commitment regarding the positive affirmation of linguistic diversity, which is directly informed by and closely aligned to the core normative values of the Constitution. The Constitutions positive evaluation of difference, including linguistic difference, inter alia, flows from the values of substantive equality, equal citizenship, dignity and proportionality. However, the way in which the Act institutionalises the promotion of inclusive linguistic diversity does not reflect an unambiguous recognition of this obligation being normatively embedded in the foundational value structure of the Constitution. The real responsibility for decisions regarding official language use is located in the policy-making competence of non-independent administrative bodies. The Act itself is devoid of instructive standards of its own to guide administrative decision-making regarding official language use. This results in the responsibility for making the most important normative choices regarding the use of official languages not being reserved for the legislative process...