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À cabeça carrego a identidade: o orí como um problema de pluralidade teológica

Dias,João Ferreira
Fonte: Universidade Federal da Bahia Publicador: Universidade Federal da Bahia
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/06/2014 Português
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O presente artigo pretende observar o sentido do orí, a cabeça, entre os yorùbá da África Ocidental, dando conta do complexo problema de natureza teológica subjacente à pluridimensionalidade discursiva dentro de um quadro cultural descrito como yorùbá, quadro esse que compreende a diáspora afro-brasileira com o Candomblé. Tal pluridimensionalidade - em matéria de predestinação, fabricação e natureza do orí e, bem assim, pela diversidade de entidades religiosas para as quais o bọrí, o ritual de alimento à cabeça mítica, se realiza - se inscreve na dimensão proposta por Berliner e Sarró de aprendizado e transmissão religiosas.

Fine mapping of replication origins (ori A and ori B) in Nicotiana tabacum chloroplast DNA.

Kunnimalaiyaan, M; Nielsen, B L
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 15/09/1997 Português
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27.29%
Using a partially purified replication complex from tobacco chloroplasts, replication origins have been localized to minimal sequences of 82 (pKN8, positions 137 683-137 764) and 243 bp (pKN3, positions 130 513-130 755) for ori A and ori B respectively. Analysis of in vitro replication products by two-dimensional agarose gel electrophoresis showed simple Y patterns for single ori sequence-containing clones, indicative of rolling circle replication. Double Y patterns were observed when a chloroplast DNA template containing both ori s (pKN9) was tested. Dpn I analysis and control assays with Escherichia coli DNA polymerase provide a clear method to distinguish between true replication and DNA repair synthesis. These controls also support the reliability of this in vitro chloroplast DNA replication system. EM analysis of in vitro replicated products showed rolling circle replication intermediates for single ori clones (ori A or ori B), whereas D loops were observed for a clone (pKN9) containing both ori s. The minimal ori regions contain sequences which are capable of forming stem-loop structures with relatively high free energy and other sequences which interact with specific protein(s) from the chloroplast replication fraction. Apparently the minimal ori sequences reported here contain all the necessary elements for support of chloroplast DNA replication in vitro.

The lytic origin of herpesvirus papio is highly homologous to Epstein-Barr virus ori-Lyt: evolutionary conservation of transcriptional activation and replication signals.

Ryon, J J; Fixman, E D; Houchens, C; Zong, J; Lieberman, P M; Chang, Y N; Hayward, G S; Hayward, S D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /07/1993 Português
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27.32%
Herpesvirus papio (HVP) is a B-lymphotropic baboon virus with an estimated 40% homology to Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). We have cloned and sequenced ori-Lyt of herpesvirus papio and found a striking degree of nucleotide homology (89%) with ori-Lyt of EBV. Transcriptional elements form an integral part of EBV ori-Lyt. The promoter and enhancer domains of EBV ori-Lyt are conserved in herpesvirus papio. The EBV ori-Lyt promoter contains four binding sites for the EBV lytic cycle transactivator Zta, and the enhancer includes one Zta and two Rta response elements. All five of the Zta response elements and one of the Rta motifs are conserved in HVP ori-Lyt, and the HVP DS-L leftward promoter and the enhancer were activated in transient transfection assays by the EBV Zta and Rta transactivators. The EBV ori-Lyt enhancer contains a palindromic sequence, GGTCAGCTGACC, centered on a PvuII restriction site. This sequence, with a single base change, is also present in the HVP ori-Lyt enhancer. DNase I footprinting demonstrated that the PvuII sequence was bound by a protein present in a Raji nuclear extract. Mobility shift and competition assays using oligonucleotide probes identified this sequence as a binding site for the cellular transcription factor MLTF. Mutagenesis of the binding site indicated that MLTF contributes significantly to the constitutive activity of the ori-Lyt enhancer. The high degree of conservation of cis-acting signal sequences in HVP ori-Lyt was further emphasized by the finding that an HVP ori-Lyt-containing plasmid was replicated in Vero cells by a set of cotransfected EBV replication genes. The central domain of EBV ori-Lyt contains two related AT-rich palindromes...

trans-acting requirements for replication of Epstein-Barr virus ori-Lyt.

Fixman, E D; Hayward, G S; Hayward, S D
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/1992 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) utilizes a completely different mode of DNA replication during the lytic cycle than that employed during latency. The latency origin of replication, ori-P, which functions in the replication of the latent episomal form of the EBV genome, requires only a single virally encoded protein, EBNA-1, for its activity. During the lytic cycle, a separate origin, ori-Lyt, is utilized. Relatively little is known about the trans-acting proteins involved in ori-Lyt replication. We established a cotransfection-replication assay to identify EBV genes whose products are required for replication of ori-Lyt. In this assay, a BamHI-H plasmid containing ori-Lyt was replicated in Vero cells cotransfected with the BamHI-H target, the three EBV lytic-cycle transactivators Zta, Rta, and Mta, and the EBV genome provided in the form of a set of six overlapping cosmid clones. By removing individual cosmids from the cotransfection mixture, we found that only three of the six cosmids were necessary for ori-Lyt replication. Subcloning of the essential cosmids led to the identification of six EBV genes that encode replication proteins. These genes and their functions (either known or predicted on the basis of sequence comparison with herpes simplex virus) are BALF5...

Surrogate origins of replication in the mitochondrial genomes of ori-zero petite mutants of yeast.

Goursot, R; Mangin, M; Bernardi, G
Fonte: PubMed Publicador: PubMed
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em //1982 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.22%
We have investigated the mitochondrial genome of eight ori-zero spontaneous petite mutants of Saccharomyces cerevisiae. The tandem repeat units of these genomes do not contain any of the seven canonical ori sequences of the wild-type genome. Instead, they contain one, or more, ori-S sequences. These 44-nucleotide long surrogate origins of replication are a subset of GC clusters characterized by a potential secondary fold with two sequences ATAG and GGAG , inserted in AT spacers, two AT base pairs just following them, a GC stem (broken in the middle, and, in most cases also near the base, by non-paired nucleotides), and a terminal loop. This structure is reminiscent of that of GC clusters A and B from canonical ori sequences and supports the view (Bernardi, 1982a ) that the GC clusters of the mitochondrial genome arose, by an expansion process, from the canonical ori sequences. Like the latter, ori-S sequences are present in both orientations, are located in intergenic regions, and can be used as excision sequences when tandemly oriented. Again as in the case of canonical ori sequences, the density of ori-S sequences on the repeat units of petite genomes are correlated with the replication efficiency of the latter, as assessed by the outcome of crosses with wild-type or petite tester strains.

Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ori-Lyt-Dependent DNA Replication: cis-Acting Requirements for Replication and ori-Lyt-Associated RNA Transcription

Wang, Yan; Li, Hong; Chan, Man Yee; Zhu, Fan Xiu; Lukac, David M.; Yuan, Yan
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /08/2004 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.27%
Herpesvirus lytic DNA replication requires both the cis-acting element, the origin, and trans-acting factors such as virally encoded origin-binding protein and DNA replication enzymes. Recently, the origins of lytic DNA replication (ori-Lyt) in Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) have been identified and a virally encoded bZip protein, K8, has been shown to specifically bind to the origin. To map cis-acting elements within KSHV ori-Lyt that are required for DNA replication function and to define the nature of K8 bZip protein binding to the origin, we constructed consecutive internal deletion mutations across the core domain of a KSHV ori-Lyt and tested them for DNA replication function in a transient replication assay. This mutagenesis study allowed the identification of four components within the ori-Lyt, and all were indispensable for ori-Lyt function. The first component contains eight CCAAT/enhancer binding protein (C/EBP) binding motifs that organize as four spaced C/EBP palindromes. Each palindrome contains two head-to-head CCAAT consensus motifs that are separated by a 13- or 12-bp space sequence. Substitution mutagenesis of these C/EBP motifs showed that these C/EBP palindromes are required for both K8 binding and ori-Lyt-dependent DNA replication. The second component is an 18-bp AT palindrome...

Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ori-Lyt-Dependent DNA Replication: Dual Role of Replication and Transcription Activator▿

Wang, Yan; Tang, Qiyi; Maul, Gerd G.; Yuan, Yan
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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Lytic replication of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) is essential for viral propagation and pathogenicity. In Kaposi's sarcoma lesions, constant lytic replication plays a role in sustaining the population of latently infected cells that otherwise are quickly lost by segregation of latent viral episomes as spindle cells divide. Lytic DNA replication initiates from an origin (ori-Lyt) and requires trans-acting elements. Two functional ori-Lyts have been identified in the KSHV genome. Some cis-acting and trans-acting elements for ori-Lyt-dependent DNA replication have been found. Among these, K8 binding sites, a cluster of C/EBP binding motifs, and a replication and transcription activator (RTA) responsive element (RRE) are crucial cis-acting elements. Binding of K8 and RTA proteins to these motifs in ori-Lyt DNA was demonstrated to be absolutely essential for DNA replication. In the present study, functional roles of RTA in ori-Lyt-dependent DNA replication have been investigated. Two distinct functions of RTA were revealed. First, RTA activates an ori-Lyt promoter and initiates transcription across GC-rich tandem repeats. This RTA-mediated transcription is indispensable for DNA replication. Second, RTA is a component of the replication compartment...

Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus Lytic Origin (ori-Lyt)-Dependent DNA Replication: Identification of the ori-Lyt and Association of K8 bZip Protein with the Origin

Lin, Cui Li; Li, Hong; Wang, Yan; Zhu, Fan Xiu; Kudchodkar, Sagar; Yuan, Yan
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology Publicador: American Society for Microbiology
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /05/2003 Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
Herpesviruses utilize different origins of replication during lytic versus latent infection. Latent DNA replication depends on host cellular DNA replication machinery, whereas lytic cycle DNA replication requires virally encoded replication proteins. In lytic DNA replication, the lytic origin (ori-Lyt) is bound by a virus-specified origin binding protein (OBP) that recruits the core replication machinery. In this report, we demonstrated that DNA sequences in two noncoding regions of the Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) genome, between open reading frames (ORFs) K4.2 and K5 and between K12 and ORF71, are able to serve as origins for lytic cycle-specific DNA replication. The two ori-Lyt domains share an almost identical 1,153-bp sequence and a 600-bp downstream GC-rich repeat sequence, and the 1.7-kb DNA sequences are sufficient to act as a cis signal for replication. We also showed that an AT-palindromic sequence in the ori-Lyt domain is essential for the DNA replication. In addition, a virally encoded bZip protein, namely K8, was found to bind to a DNA sequence within the ori-Lyt by using a DNA binding site selection assay. The binding of K8 to this region was confirmed in cells by using a chromatin immunoprecipitation method. Further analysis revealed that K8 binds to an extended region...

Kaposi's Sarcoma-Associated Herpesvirus ori-Lyt-Dependent DNA Replication: Involvement of Host Cellular Factors▿

Wang, Yan; Li, Hong; Tang, Qiyi; Maul, Gerd G.; Yuan, Yan
Fonte: American Society for Microbiology (ASM) Publicador: American Society for Microbiology (ASM)
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
Relevância na Pesquisa
27.19%
Herpesvirus lytic DNA replication requires both the cis-acting element, the origin, and trans-acting factors, including virally encoded origin-binding protein, DNA replication enzymes, and auxiliary factors. Two lytic DNA replication origins (ori-Lyt) of Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV) have been identified, and two virally encoded proteins, namely, RTA and K8, have been shown to bind to the origins. In this study, we sought to identify cellular factors that associate with ori-Lyt by using DNA affinity purification and mass spectrometry. This approach led to identification of several cellular proteins that bind to KSHV ori-Lyt. They include topoisomerases (Topo) I and II, MSH2/6, RecQL, poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase I (PARP-1), DNA-PK, Ku86/70 autoantigens, and scaffold attachment factor A (SAF-A). RecQL appears to associate with prereplication complexes and be recruited to ori-Lyt through RTA and K8. Topoisomerases, MSH2, PARP-1, DNA-PK, and Ku86 were not detected in prereplication complexes but were present in replication initiation complexes on ori-Lyt. All these cellular proteins accumulate in viral replication compartments in the nucleus, indicating that these proteins may have a role in viral replication. Topo I and II appear to be essential for viral DNA replication as inhibition of their activities with specific inhibitors (camptothecin and ellipticine) blocked ori-Lyt-dependent DNA replication. Furthermore...

FLAMES spectroscopy of low-mass stars in the young clusters sigma Ori and lambda Ori

Sacco, G. G.; Franciosini, E.; Randich, S.; Pallavicini, R.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 19/05/2008 Português
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Aims. We performed a detailed membership selection and studied the accretion properties of low-mass stars in the two apparently very similar young (1-10 Myr) clusters sigma Ori and lambda Ori. Methods. We observed 98 and 49 low-mass (0.2-1.0 M_sun) stars in sigma Ori and lambda Ori respectively, using the multi-object optical spectrograph FLAMES at the VLT, with the high-resolution (R=17,000) HR15N grating (6470-6790 AA). We used radial velocities, Li and Halpha to establish cluster membership and Halpha and other optical emission lines to analyze the accretion properties of members. Results. We identified 65 and 45 members of the sigma Ori and lambda Ori clusters, respectively and discovered 16 new candidate binary systems. We also measured rotational broadening for 20 stars and estimated the mass accretion rates in 25 stars of the sigma Ori cluster, finding values between 10^-11 and 10^-7.7 M_sun yr^-1 and in 4 stars of the lambda Ori cluster, finding values between 10^-11 and 10^-10.1 M_sun yr-1. Comparing our results with the infrared photometry obtained by the Spitzer satellite, we find that the fraction of stars with disks and the fraction of active disks is larger in the sigma Ori cluster (52+-9% and 78+-16%) than in lambda Ori (28+-8% and 40+-20%) Conclusions. The different disk and accretion properties of the two clusters could be due either to the effect of the high-mass stars and the supernova explosion in the lambda Ori cluster or to different ages of the cluster populations. Further observations are required to draw a definitive conclusion.; Comment: 14 pages...

Elemental abundances of low-mass stars in the young clusters 25 Ori and lambda Ori

Biazzo, K.; Randich, S.; Palla, F.; Briceno, C.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 16/03/2011 Português
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Aims. We aim to derive the chemical pattern of the young clusters 25 Orionis and lambda Orionis through homogeneous and accurate measurements of elemental abundances. Methods. We present FLAMES/UVES observations of a sample of 14 K-type targets in the 25 Ori and lambda Ori clusters; we measure their radial velocities, in order to confirm cluster membership. We derive stellar parameters and abundances of Fe, Na, Al, Si, Ca, Ti, and Ni using the code MOOG. Results. All the 25 Ori stars are confirmed cluster members without evidence of binarity; in lambda Ori we identify one non-member and one candidate single-lined binary star. We find an average metallicity [Fe/H]=-0.05+/-0.05 for 25 Ori, where the error is the 1sigma standard deviation from the average. lambda Ori members have a mean iron abundance value of 0.01+/-0.01. The other elements show close-to-solar ratios and no star-to-star dispersion. Conclusions. Our results, along with previous metallicity determinations in the Orion complex, evidence a small but detectable dispersion in the [Fe/H] distribution of the complex. This appears to be compatible with large-scale star formation episodes and initial non-uniformity in the pre-cloud medium. We show that, as expected, the abundance distribution of star forming regions is consistent with the chemical pattern of the Galactic thin disk.; Comment: Accepted by Astronomy and Astrophysics. 14 pages...

Close binary companions of the HAeBe stars LkHa 198, Elias 1, HK Ori and V380 Ori

Smith, K. W.; Balega, Y. Y.; Duschl, W. J.; Hofmann, K. -H.; Lachaume, R.; Preibisch, T.; Schertl, D.; Weigelt, G.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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27.19%
We present diffraction-limited bispectrum speckle interferometry observations of four well-known Herbig Ae/Be (HAeBe) stars, LkHa 198, Elias 1, HK Ori and V380 Ori. For two of these, LkHa 198 and Elias 1, we present the first unambiguous detection of close companions. The plane of the orbit of the new LkHa 198 companion appears to be significantly inclined to the plane of the circumprimary disk, as inferred from the orientation of the outflow. We show that the Elias 1 companion may be a convective star, and suggest that it could therefore be the true origin of the X-ray emission from this object. In the cases of HK Ori and V380 Ori, we present new measurements of the relative positions of already-known companions, indicating orbital motion. For HK Ori, photometric measurements of the brightness of the individual components in four bands allowed us to decompose the system spectral energy distribution (SED) into the two separate component SEDs. The primary exhibits a strong infrared excess which suggests the presence of circumstellar material, whereas the companion can be modelled as a naked photosphere. The infrared excess of HK Ori A was found to contribute around two thirds of the total emission from this component, suggesting that accretion power contributes significantly to the flux. Submillimetre constraints mean that the circumstellar disk cannot be particularly massive...

The CIDA Variability Survey of Orion OB1. I: the low-mass population of Ori OB 1a and 1b

Briceno, Cesar; Calvet, Nuria; Hernandez, Jesus; Vivas, A. Katherina; Hartmann, Lee; Downes, Juan J.; Berlind, Perry
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/10/2004 Português
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27.29%
We present results of a large scale, multi-epoch optical survey of the Ori OB1 association, carried out with the QuEST camera at the Venezuela National Astronomical Observatory. We identify for the first time the widely spread low-mass, young population in the Orion OB1a and OB1b sub-associations. Candidate members were picked up by their variability in the V-band and position in color-magnitude diagrams. We obtained spectra to confirm membership. In a region spanning ~ 68 deg^2 we found 197 new young stars; of these, 56 are located in the Ori OB1a subassociation and 142 in Ori OB1b. Comparison with the spatial extent of molecular gas and extinction maps indicates that the subassociation Ori 1b is concentrated within a ring-like structure of radius ~2 deg (~15 pc at 440 pc), centered roughly on the star epsilon Ori in the Orion belt. The ring is apparent in 13CO and corresponds to a region with an extinction Av>=1. The stars exhibiting strong Ha emission, an indicator of active accretion, are found along this ring, while the center is populated with weak Ha emitting stars. In contrast, Ori OB1a is located in a region devoid of gas and dust. We identify a grouping of stars within a ~3 deg^2 area located in 1a, roughly clustered around the B2 star 25 Ori. The Herbig Ae/Be star V346 Ori is also associated with this grouping...

Disk evolution in the Ori OB1 association

Calvet, Nuria; Briceno, Cesar; Hernandez, Jesus; Hoyer, Sergio; Hartmann, Lee; Sicilia-Aguilar, Aurora; Megeath, S. T.; D'Alessio, Paola
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 21/10/2004 Português
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27.19%
We analyze multi-band photometry of a subsample of low mass stars in the associations Ori OB1a and 1b discovered during the CIDA Orion Variability Survey, which have ages of 7 - 10 Myr and 3 - 5 Myr, respectively. We obtained UBVRcIc photometry at Mt. Hopkins for 6 Classical T Tauri stars (CTTS) and 26 Weak T Tauri stars (WTTS) in Ori OB1a, and for 21 CTTS and 2 WTTS in Ori OB1b. We also obtained L band photometry for 14 CTTS at Mt. Hopkins, and 10um and 18um photometry with OSCIR at Gemini for 6 CTTS; of these, all 6 were detected at 10um while only one was detected at 18um. We estimate mass accretion rates from the excess luminosity at U, and find that they are consistent with determinations for a number of other associations, with or without high mass star formation. The observed decrease of mass accretion rate with age is qualitatively consistent with predictions of viscous evolution of accretion disks. We find an overall decrease of disk emission from Taurus to Ori OB1b to Ori OB1a. This decrease implies that significant grain growth and settling towards the midplane has taken place in the inner disks of Ori OB1. We compare the SED of the star detected at both 10um and 18um with disk models for similar stellar and accretion parameters. We find that the low <= 18 um fluxes of this Ori OB1b star cannot be due to the smaller disk radius expected from viscous evolution in the presence of the FUV radiation fields from the OB stars in the association. Instead...

Orbital and physical properties of the $\sigma$ Ori Aa,Ab,B triple system

Simón-Díaz; Caballero, J. A.; Lorenzo, J.; Apellániz, J. Maíz; Schneider, F. R. N.; Negueruela, I.; Barbá, R. H.; Dorda, R.; Marco, A.; Montes, D.; Pellerin, A.; Sanchez-Bermudez, J.; Sódor, Á.; Sota, A.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/12/2014 Português
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27.19%
We provide a complete characterization of the astrophysical properties of the $\sigma$ Ori Aa,Ab,B hierarchical triple system, and an improved set of orbital parameters for the highly eccentric $\sigma$ Ori Aa,Ab spectroscopic binary. We compiled a spectroscopic dataset comprising 90 high-resolution spectra covering a total time span of 1963 days. We applied the Lehman-Filh\'es method for a detailed orbital analysis of the radial velocity curves and performed a combined quantitative spectroscopic analysis of the {$\sigma$ Ori Aa,Ab,B} system by means of the stellar atmosphere code FASTWIND. We used our own plus other available information on photometry and distance to the system for measuring the radii, luminosities, and spectroscopic masses of the three components. We also inferred evolutionary masses and stellar ages using the Bayesian code BONNSAI. The orbital analysis of the new radial velocity curves led to a very accurate orbital solution of the $\sigma$ Ori Aa,Ab pair. We provided indirect arguments indicating that $\sigma$ Ori B is a fast rotating early-B dwarf. The FASTWIND+BONNSAI analysis showed that the Aa,Ab pair contains the hottest and most massive components of the triple system while $\sigma$ Ori B is a bit cooler and less massive. The derived stellar ages of the inner pair are intriguingly younger than the one widely accepted for the $\sigma$ Orionis cluster...

GW Ori: Inner disk readjustments in a triple system

Fang, M.; Sicilia-Aguilar, A.; Roccatagliata, V.; Fedele, D.; Henning, Th.; Eiroa, C.; Müller, A.
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 18/07/2014 Português
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27.25%
(abridged) We study the young stellar system GW Ori, concentrating on its accretion/wind activity by using our high-resolution optical spectra and $U$-band photometry. We also characterize the disk properties of GW Ori by modeling its spectral energy distribution (SED). By comparing our data to the synthetical spectra, we classify GW Ori as a G8 star. Based on the RVs derived from the spectra, we confirm the previous result as a close companion in GW Ori with a period of ~242 days and an orbital semi-major axis of ~1 AU. The RV residuals after the subtraction of the orbital solution with the equivalent widths of accretion-related emission lines vary with periods of 5-6.7 days during short time intervals, which are caused by the rotational modulation. The H$\alpha$ and H$\beta$ line profiles of GW Ori can be decomposed in two central-peaked emission components and one blue-shifted absorption component. The absorption components are due to a disk wind modulated by the orbital motion of the close companion. Therefore, the systems like GW Ori can be used to study the extent of disk winds. We find that the accretion rates of GW Ori are rather constant but can occasionally be enhanced by a factor of 2-3. We reproduce the SED of GW Ori by using disk models with gaps ~25-55 AU in size. A small population of tiny dust particles within the gap produces the excess emission at near-infrared bands and the strong and sharp silicate feature at 10 $\mu$m. The SED of GW Ori exhibits dramatic changes on timescales of ~20 yr in the near-infrared bands...

V1647 Ori: The X-ray evolution of a Pre-main Sequence Accretion Burst

Kastner, Joel; Richmond, Michael; Grosso, Nicolas; Weintraub, David; Simon, Theodore; Henden, Arne; Hamaguchi, Kenji; Frank, Adam; Ozawa, Hideki
Fonte: University of Chicago Press: Astrophysical Journal Letters Publicador: University of Chicago Press: Astrophysical Journal Letters
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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37.15%
We present Chandra X-ray Observatory monitoring observations of the recent accretion outburst displayed by the pre-main sequence (pre-MS) star V1647 Ori. The X-ray observations were obtained over a period beginning prior to outburst onset in late 2003 and continuing through its apparent cessation in late 2005, and demonstrate that the mean flux of the spatially coincident X-ray source closely tracked the near-infrared luminosity of V1647 Ori throughout its eruption. We find negligible likelihood that the correspondence between X-ray and infrared light curves over this period was the result of multiple X-ray flares unrelated to the accretion burst. The recent Chandra data confirm that the X-ray spectrum of V1647 Ori hardened during outburst, relative both to its pre-outburst state and to the X-ray spectra of nearby pre-MS stars in the L1630 cloud. We conclude that the observed changes in the X-ray emission from V1647 Ori over the course of its 2003–2005 eruption were generated by a sudden increase and subsequent decline in its accretion rate. These results for V1647 Ori indicate that the flux of hard X-ray emission from erupting low-mass, pre-MS stars, and the duration and intensity of such eruptions, reflect the degree to which star-disk magnetic fields are reorganized before and during major accretion events.; Also archived in: arXiv:astro-ph/0607653 v1 Jul 28 2006

The V1647 Ori (IRAS 05436-0007) Protostar and its environment

McGehee, Peregrine; Smith, Allyn; Henden, Arne; Richmond, Michael; Knapp, Gillian; Finkbeiner, Douglas; Ivezic, Zeljko; Brinkmann, Jonathan
Fonte: Universtiy of Chicago Press: Astrophysical Journal Publicador: Universtiy of Chicago Press: Astrophysical Journal
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Português
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36.94%
We present Sloan Digital Sky Survey and United States Naval Observatory observations of the V1647 Ori protostar and surrounding field near NGC 2068. V1647 Ori, the likely driving source for HH 23, brightened significantly in November 2003. Analysis of SDSS imaging acquired in November 1998 and February 2002 during the quiescent state, recent USNO photometry, and published 2MASS and Gemini data shows that the color changes associated with brightening suggest an EXor outburst rather than a simple dust clearing event.; Also archived in: arXiv:astro-ph/0408308 v1 Aug 17 2004

Spectral classification of sources in XMM-Newton X-ray observation of the rapidly accreting young star V1647 Ori

Mu, Bo; Kastner, Joel; Grosso, Nicolas
Fonte: SPIE Publicador: SPIE
Tipo: Proceedings
Português
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36.8%
The XMM-Newton observatory is collecting a tremendous amount of X-ray imaging spectroscopy data. To deal with this huge volume of data, we are investigating more efficient methods to classify astronomical sources based purely on their X-ray spectra, and to understand the fundamental physical mechanisms responsible for X-ray emission. Multivariate statistics and pattern classification techniques are powerful tools to provide insight into the spectral similarities between a given target and its neighbors in the same observation. With this goal, we are developing approaches to classification of X-ray CCD spectra obtained by the XMM EPIC CCD instruments. Although X-ray CCD spectra have low resolution, they can be obtained in batches, whereas a high resolution spectrum can be only generated by the XMM RGS spectrometer for the brightest sources. Furthermore, X-ray CCD spectra can yield the relationship, if any, between the target source and other sources in the same field. The initial results are demonstrated by using a field centered on V1647 Ori, a young star that has recently displayed an accretion-driven optical, infrared and X-ray outburst. We applied Principle Component Analysis (PCA) to reduce the data dimensionality and Independent Component Analysis (ICA) to separate the CCD spectra as independently as possible. Then the Hierarchical Clustering classification method was employed to discriminate between this eruptive young star and other pre-main sequence X-ray sources in the field.; Paper from Space Telescopes and Instrumentation II: Ultraviolet to Gamma Ray held on 24 May 2006 at Orlando...

The mysterious Of?p class and the magnetic O-Star Θ¹ Ori C: confronting observations

Nazé,Yaël; Walborn,Nolan R.; Martins,Fabrice
Fonte: Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM Publicador: Instituto de Astronomía, UNAM
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/10/2008 Português
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36.8%
In recent years, the stars of the Of?p category have revealed a wealth of peculiar phenomena: varying line profiles, photometric changes, and X-ray over-luminosity are only a few of their characteristics. Here we review their physical properties to facilitate comparisons among the Galactic members of this class. As one of them has been proposed to resemble the magnetic oblique rotator Θ¹ Ori C, though with a longer period, this latter object is also included in our study to illuminate its similarities and differences with the Of?p category.