MBA Professional Report; To facilitate a baseline economic assessment, the concept of Managed Print and Imaging Services (MPIS) is introduced first. Next, a transferable process to determine the most economical print and imaging option is outlined so that NAVSISA, as well as other organizations, can utilize it. A baseline economic assessment of NAVSISA's current nonstandardized procurement and use of print and imaging services follows. This data is then compared to the total cost of ownership of a MPIS with state-of-the-art multifunction devices to conduct a cost-benefit analysis, which is subsequently used to determine the feasibility and potential savings a MPIS offers. In addition to the costbenefit analysis, this project examines the cultural aspect of printing in an effort to reduce the demand for and waste of imaging resources.; US Navy (USN) authors
This study begins by examining the interconnections between print and nationalism in John Milton’s prose works in order to demonstrate that Milton’s interest in print—including print-related activities like reading, writing, and publishing—is not simply a byproduct of his vocation. Instead, I argue that Milton consciously registered his reliance on and use of print in writing the nation. Further, I argue that Milton’s writing of the nation is in keeping with a modern definition of nationalism as a unifying cultural construct that wields considerable emotional poignancy despite its lack of ideological specificity. In making this argument, I am adapting a modern definition of nationalism and arguing against scholars who see nationalism as a product of modernity.
I organize my dissertation into two sections: the first section, chapters 2 and 3, discusses the confluence of print and nationalism while the second section, chapters 4 and 5, examines Milton’s poems, Paradise Lost and Samson Agonistes, as nation-building texts. As chapters 2 and 3 demonstrate, Milton had an acute awareness of the role of print in the public life of the nation, and he shaped his own identity as an author based on his contribution to England’s print culture. In chapters 4 and 5...
En se basant sur l’histoire des Bradfords, l’une des plus grandes familles d’imprimeurs de l’histoire américaine, ce mémoire étudie la relation entre l’imprimé, les imprimeurs, et divers discours sur la liberté au cours du « long » 18e siècle. Il retrace la transition entre une ère de la « liberté de parole, » née des débats sur la liberté de presse et d’expression de la période coloniale, et une ère de la « parole de la liberté, » née au cours de la Révolution et entretenue sous la jeune république. Cette transition fut le produit de la transformation du discours des contemporains sur la liberté, mais s’effectua également en lien avec la transformation du milieu de l’imprimerie et de la culture de l’imprimé. Selon les circonstances politiques, sociales, économiques et culturelles particulières des périodes coloniale, révolutionnaire, et républicaine, l’imprimé et les imprimeurs américains furent appelés à disséminer et à contribuer au discours sur la liberté. Ils établirent ainsi une forte association entre l’imprimé et la liberté dans la culture de l’imprimé du 18e siècle, qui était destinée à être transmise aux siècles suivants.
Mots-; Based on the family history of the Bradfords...
The performance of water-based acrylic flexographic inks laboratory printed on three different polymer-coated boards, namely coated with LDPE, OPP and PP, have been analysed and interpreted. The print quality and resistance properties obtained were relate
On-demand digital-print service offers mass customization
and exemplifies personalized manufacturing services.
We describe a real-time and online optimization technique
based on genetic algorithms (GA) for print factory workflow
optimization. We have simulated digital-print factory manufacturing
activities as a heterogeneous, concurrent and integrated
system. The simulation is based on a virtual print factory,
which incorporates real factory characteristics such as successive
order acceptances, diverse production lines, various resource
types and quantities, and stochastic machine malfunctions. The
optimization objective is to reduce the number of orders that
miss deadlines, balance resource utilization, and ensure just-in time
production. The optimization technique has been integrated
into the virtual factory as a factory scheduler and resource assignment
engine. Significant improvements have been achieved
using the GA heuristic compared to baseline methods that are
currently implemented in an actual industrial setting.
As photography technology changes, the penetration of digital cameras is increasing, especially among young users. Compared to conventional camera users who print most of their images, digital camera users print about one-third of their digital images (PMA, 2009b, p. 10). Moreover, only 5 percent of camera phone users make photo prints (Henning, 2008, p. 4). One popular photo-finishing product is the photo book. The objective of this research was to determine whether people interacted differently with photographic content presented in print versus on screen. This research was focused on: 1. Time spent interacting with photo books. 2. Differences of recall and recognition by presentation modality. 3. Choices of medium preference.
An experimental study was administered at RIT with 64 participants. Half were shown the printed book, and half were shown the PDF displayed on a computer monitor.
The results showed that: 1. The average time spent interacting with the book was approximately 5 minutes for both printed book and screen views. There were no differences in the amount of time spent interacting with photographic content presented in print versus on screen. 2. There were no differences in how much participants remembered with photographic content presented on print versus on screen. 3. Overall...
Changes in information consumption habits have been especially rapid
and deep in the last five years. As examples, Facebook, with more than 90
millions users at the time of this writing, was launched on 2004, and YouTube, a
new model that has revolutionized the way the users are getting content, as well
as the content itself, started in 2005. These rapid changes are threatening the
printing industry. What will be the motivation and environment for consumers to
print? What content will consumers prefer to print? What values will consumers
appreciate in the print product versus the digital? What will be the role of the
printing industry in this new environment?
This research is focused exclusively on personal printed products that are
created by the current US college-aged population, and offers a prediction for the
research questions based mainly on the analysis of 21 interviews conducted with
experts in the printing industry and on a wide literature review.
The main conclusions obtained in this study are:
The current college-aged US population has a very limited interest for
printed personal products at their current stage of life, but this interest will grow
substantially in the next years. They will print many more personal products than
the previous generation did...
Offshoring is the reality of globalization. According to a survey conducted
by trendstowatchgraphics.com, the percentage of American print providers who
are worried about US print buyers offshoring their print requirements increased
from 1% in 1995 to 7% in 2005. According to a survey conducted by the
Graphics Arts Technical Foundation, 40% of the printers in the US think that their
current customers are also seeking out offshore printers for their printing needs.
According to UN Comtrade, exports of printed matter to the US from China in
2005 amounted to $722 million, and exports of printed matter to the US from
India during the same period amounted to $52 million (The market for overseas
print providers, 2006).
China is currently the preferred destination for US print buyers for
offshoring their print requirements. But India, having invested heavily in
education, is likely to see phenomenal growth in the upcoming years. While
China is well-known for manufacturing, India has grown in the IT sector. India is
also developing its infrastructure to enhance growth in the manufacturing sector.
According to Mr. Regis Delmontagne, former president of the Association for
Suppliers of Printing, Publishing, and Converting Technologies (NPES):
The productivity of the printing industry in terms of real sales per employee has
been growing at an annualized rate of 1.9% for more than a decade. The National
Association for Printing Leadership (NAPL) reports that the industry is lagging, when
compared to the average productivity growth of 4% from the non-durable manufacturing
industries (2004). Many possible causes and reasons for the slow improvement are
presented, but the final focus is on the inefficiencies of the print production system when
analyzed as a whole. The technology within the printing industry has improved
dramatically; however, its implementation usually delivers localized improvements with
marginal effects on the whole system. Printers are focused too much on the productivity
of specific equipment and not enough on the overall throughput of the system.
A computer simulation model of a generic print production workflow using
system dynamics was developed to address this issue. The use of simple tools known as
stocks and flows, in conjunction with information feedbacks, resulted in a complete
representation of the complexity of the system. Through multiple iterations and
interaction with the model, opportunities for productivity improvement of individual print
companies can be identified.
This study focuses on the amount of personalized print produced by printing companies in Europe, the challenges these printers are facing when producing personalized jobs, and how the market for personalized printing in Europe differs from that in the US.
Personalization is a marketing tactic in which various media channels are used to send a personalized message to a consumer or client based on their interests. Personalization is not a new tactic. The use of personalization has been slowly increasing over the past few decades to become one of the key tactics used capture a customer's attention. Personalized print--one media channel that can be used in the marketing mix--is divided among different applications such as mail merge, transactional print, versioning, moderate personalized print and highly personalized print.
An online survey was distributed to printing companies across Europe via the International Confederation of Printing and Allied Industries (Intergraf). A total of 37 printing companies participated in this study.
Survey results revealed that, on average, 6.6% of participants' revenue came from personalized print in 2010. The level of personalization most companies (35%) listed as their major source of revenue was mail merge. The top five challenges that participants were facing related to personalization include:
* Communicating the value to our customers of the ROI (Return on Investment) benefits of personalization (45%).
* Poor data quality on the client side (30%).
* Ability to work with client's marketing decision makers (30%).
* Clients do not have retention or customer relationship strategy (30%).
* Merging the client's database with variable data software (15%).
Though the low response rate from the study restricted the ability to generalize results...
Consumers are increasingly concerned about environmental friendliness, in addition to product quality. However, widely used technologies are not yet capable of producing packaging that combines the highest level of image quality with the highest level of environmental friendliness. As a result, print buyers are forced to trade-off image quality for increased environmental friendliness. The amount of image quality that a print buyer is willing to trade-off for a given improvement in environmental friendliness is unknown. This is a problem for printers and print suppliers who are attempting to develop products without access to this potentially critical empirical design information.
This research addressed the problem of missing design information by conducting a conjoint analysis experiment. From this experiment, the researcher determined the relative value of carbon footprint, VOC emissions, gamut size, and image resolution to print buyers in the folding carton packaging market. In addition, this research determined that print buyers cluster into groups based on their trade-off behaviors.
A sample of 11 industry professionals who either are or have been print buyers participated in the experiment. The results of the experiment were statistically significant at the 95% confidence level for all 11 print buyers. The conjoint analysis resulted in a multiple regression model that predicted print buyer preferences based on four attributes of the printed package being offered: carbon footprint...
This month’s research monograph, Web-Enabled Print
Architectures (PICRM-2008-06), is authored by Adam Dewitz,
former graduate student in RIT’s School of Print Media. The
purpose of this study was to analyze the current state of
Web-enabled print within the printing industry. The research
examined a number of print service providers utilizing
Web-enabled print systems. This examination led to the
development of an instrument for looking at Web-enabled print
service providers. The instrument was then used to analyze a
number of print service providers, providing insight into various
approaches to developing the Web application processes of a
Web-enabled printing system. (The in-depth company analysis
are not included in this summary, but may be found in the full
monograph available here.); RIT Printing Industry Center newsletter
Graphic design solutions for promotional purposes pose
a special challenge for designers who must not only make
certain that the design is conceptually strong and engaging
in itself, but also that it is successful in conveying the worth
of a product, a brand, an organization or company to a diverse
audience. Promotional design is all about presenting its subject
in the most attractive manner possible in order to draw viewer
attention to that which is being promoted. Such design solutions
aim at creating a need or demand for a specific type of goods
or services offered by a client. Alternatively they may be used
as vehicles for self promotion in which case their aim is to
showcase the capabilities and services of a firm or organization,
or even an individual, as in the case of a artist's portfolio.
Promotional design therefore requires careful planning and
execution. It is imperative that the designer research a client's
business, prevailing market trends, and the cultural background
of target audiences before embarking on the task of creating
a worthwhile design solution. Designers are also bound by the
constraints of topicality, changing viewer needs and perceptions,
and having to address a diversified audience. At the same time
there is an abiding need for invention and innovation in the use
of design materials...
The main focus of this qualitative research
was to identify C-Print to participants who
work and/or reside in a rural area. The
research included 25 total participants.
Eleven of the participants were deaf/hard
of hearing students in grades 5-11 and
attend various mainstreamed school
settings. Fourteen adult participants
included 7 teachers of the deaf, 2 parents, 1
adult sibling, 1 administrator and 3
educational interpreters. The participants
attended a field trip to RIT/NTID to
participate in a presentation/demonstration
regarding C-Print. The respondents
completed a preliminary questionnaire, post
questionnaire and the students participants
participated in one-on-one interviews about
one to two weeks after the C-Print
Presentation. The results of the project
indicated there was a lack of awareness
pertaining to C-Print before the project
began. At the conclusion of the research
project participants were able to indicate important aspects related to C-Print. The
notes for studying and homework assistance
were emphasized as an important aspect
related to C-Print. The adult participants
indicated the importance of the visual
aspect of C-Print within the classroom. The
outcome of this research allowed
participants the opportunity to experience
and learn about C-Print. Now they can
assist respective school districts into taking
into consideration the option to implement
C-Print as an additional support service for
deaf/hard of hearing students in the
mainstreamed educational setting. Every
student should have the opportunity to
have the support services that are available
and essential to help them as individual
students to be successful in their
educational experience. Assistive
Technology as support services need to be
addressed more assertively in the rural
mainstreamed educational settings for
deaf/hard of hearing students.
This curriculum project was created in hopes of developing a set of guidelines that will strengthen the use of C-print and speech to text services at the K-12 level. The (1998) National Task force on Educational Interpreting released a report that outlined the job description, roles and responsibilities of all Educational Interpreters. In contract, C-print and speech to text services do not yet have a clear consensus or mandate on the roles and responsibilities involved in this service. This project attempts to address the strengths and weaknesses of implementing C-print in public schools. It also creates materials to better prepare teachers, students, and support personnel to use these services effectively in the K-12 demographic. The materials implemented in this project were created with the support and feedback of high school and college instructors, college, high school, and one middle school student, and with the ideas and support of C-Print service providers. These materials will help the provider and the Educational team supporting the C-print service have a more clear picture of what their respective roles and responsibilities are to implement this service successfully for all deaf and hard of hearing students.