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Loan Classification and Provisioning : Current Practices in 26 ECA Countries

Hulster, Katia; Salomao-Garcia, Valeria; Letelier, Raquel
Fonte: World Bank Group, Vienna Publicador: World Bank Group, Vienna
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This report concerns the Financial Sector Advisory Centreapos;s (FinSAC) attempt to shed light on the regulations and practices in the areas of identifying and provisioning for loans losses in 26 countries in the Emerging Europe and Central Asia (ECA) region. FinSAC aims to deliver policy and technical advice and analytical services to client ECA countries. This reportapos;s analysis is based on a World Bank Survey conducted from 2011 to 2012 on banking supervision. Even though it is often stated that Non Performing Loans (NPL) ratios and provisions are not easily comparable across jurisdictions, NPLs and their provisions in the European and Central Asian (ECA) region are frequently charted and analyzed across multiple jurisdictions. As a result of the lack of harmonized regulations in this area, concerns regarding the consistency of loan quality assessments are frequently raised, particularly with respect to the distinction between performing and non performing exposures, provisions for non performing exposures...

Is the different treatment of corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy under Australian law justified?

Brownbill, Conan
Fonte: Universidade Nacional da Austrália Publicador: Universidade Nacional da Austrália
Tipo: Relatório
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The Australian corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy regimes are separate. In recent ears, it has been suggested the two procedures should be merged. Those favouring merger believe it would increase efficiencies, reduce existing overlap and lessen costs. The benefits of a single insolvency regulator are noted as one particular benefit of merged insolvency legislation. Such arguments in support of merger underestimate the difficulties associated with unification given the tradition of separate insolvency laws within Australia and the terms of the Constitution. Significant costs would be associated with merging insolvency and bankruptcy legislation and the reduction of two governmental insolvency regulators to one. The Commonwealth may be unable o enact merged insolvency legislation that included all existing insolvency provisions given limitations within the Constitution. These limitations do not appear to have been addressed by those arguing in favour of merged insolvency procedures. The corporate insolvency and personal bankruptcy procedures have similar objectives and procedures. Both provide for the appointment of an independent entity to ascertain the debtor's abilities, realise their assets and distribute the proceeds among creditors. Further...

Cross Border Banking Supervision : Incentive Conflicts in Supervisory Information Sharing between Home and Host Supervisors

D'Hulster, Katia
Fonte: Banco Mundial Publicador: Banco Mundial
Tipo: Publications & Research :: Policy Research Working Paper
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The global financial crisis has uncovered a number of weaknesses in the supervision and regulation of cross border banks. One such weakness was the lack of effective cooperation among banking supervisors. Since then, international bodies, such as the G-20, the Financial Stability Board and the Basel Committee have actively promoted the use of supervisory colleges. The objective of this paper is to explore the obstacles to effective cross border supervisory information sharing. More specifically, a schematic presentation illustrating the misalignments in incentives for information sharing between home and host supervisors under the current supervisory task-sharing anchored in the Basel Concordat is developed. This paper finds that in the absence of an ex ante agreed upon resolution and burden-sharing mechanism and deteriorating health of the bank, incentive conflicts escalate and supervisory cooperation breaks down. The promotion of good practices for cooperation in supervisory colleges is thus not sufficient to address the existing incentive conflicts. What is needed is a rigorous analysis and review of the supervisory task-sharing framework...