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Reconhecimento social e autonomia intersubjetiva: direito e inclusão da pessoa com deficiência no mercado de trabalho

Braga, Mariana Moron Saes
Fonte: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP) Publicador: Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP)
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: 133 f.
Português
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Pós-graduação em Ciências Sociais - FFC; The legislation of including disabled people in companies came into effect at the end of the 1980s. Due to the compulsory nature, as this legislation envisages fines and prison if not complied with, disabled people have been contracted by companies. This research was done in an attempt to analyze the inclusion process from the point of view of Axel Honneth’s recognition theory. The aim of this study is to analyze the level of social or intersubjective autonomy of disabled people and add components to build a model of understanding the vulnerability of disabled people. By intersubjective autonomy, we mean the web of social relationships of recognition (in which social subjects recognize and are recognized by others) which is inherent to the individual identity, ensuring self-confidence, self-respect and self-esteem. Visually impaired people working in the job market were selected. Semi-directive interviews were used as a technique to collect data from individual interviews. The aim was to identify the experience of intersubjective autonomy that the subjects had gained in social relationships of affection, juridical recognition and esteem. Based on the results, it can be concluded that the use of legislation was positive for almost all the subjects in terms of developing relationships of recognition parallel to work inclusion. Although the data showed legislation efficiency in terms of the subjects gaining in relation to acquisition and/or maintaining self-confidence...

Saúde mental e demandas profissionais para o serviço social.; Mental health and professional demands for the social service.

Barbosa, Thaís Karina Guedes Bezerra de Melo
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Serviço Social; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social; UFAL Publicador: Universidade Federal de Alagoas; BR; Serviço Social; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social; UFAL
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The present study it has the objective to analyze the professional demands placed for the social assistants for the politics of mental health in Brazil, giving emphasis to the Centers of Psicossocial Attention (Caps) in Maceió, searching to apprehend the paper developed for these professionals in these services and to identify the difficulties in the professional performance and the development of the Politics of Mental Health. For in such a way, the revision of the literature related to the thematic one and the objectives of the study, the documentary accomplishment of research on the legislation in Mental Health and the accomplishment of the empirical research had been developed, from an interview halfstructuralized carried through with the social assistants who act in the Caps of the city of Maceió. The data had disclosed that the social reinserção of the carriers of mental upheavals has been one of the recognized demands for the social assistants through the work next to the family, carried through through social, encaminhamentos orientações, clarifications concerning the development of the user in its therapeutical project etc. the absence of resources and joint with the institutions that contribute in the magnifying of the social nets of attendance...

Assistência social ao idoso enquanto direito de proteção social em municípios do Rio Grande do Sul

Pessôa, Elisângela Maia
Fonte: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre Publicador: Pontifícia Universidade Católica do Rio Grande do Sul; Porto Alegre
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado
Português
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Este trabalho refere-se à pesquisa desenvolvida durante a realização do Doutorado no Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social da PUCRS. A investigação buscou analisar como a assistência social, enquanto direito de proteção social, está sendo executada em municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul no atendimento ao idoso, tendo como norte as indicações do Estatuto do Idoso enquanto legislação primordial no que diz respeito ao atendimento das necessidades do segmento idoso. Neste sentindo definiu-se como problema de pesquisa: como a Assistência Social enquanto direito de proteção social está sendo executada em municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul no atendimento aos idosos? Analisar como o Estatuto do Idoso enquanto proteção social está sendo executado no âmbito da Assistência Social por meio do Sistema Único de Assistência Social em municípios do Estado do Rio Grande do Sul, visando a contribuir com o fortalecimento da política, torna-se de fundamental importância, uma vez que a referida legislação norteia a prestação de serviços socioassistenciais aos idosos. Constatar como as instituições que atuam no âmbito da assistência social e instituições de longa permanência, da Região das Missões e Fronteira Oeste...

A eficácia social do direito ambiental no meio rural agrícola: uma análise a partir da lei 9.605/98

Hüller, Chris Regina
Fonte: Pato Branco Publicador: Pato Branco
Tipo: Dissertação de Mestrado
Português
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Recently, the environmental issues has been growing as a matter of interest to society, This issues hits the right causing the number of laws on the subject to grown significantly in recent years. Nevertheless, within this universe are frequent juridical notes in the sense that the social effectiveness of these laws does not occur with the same intensity and enthusiasm with which they are promulgated. From an interdisciplinary proposal that seeks contributions of linguistics and sociology, this paper presents an approach to social issues regarding the effectiveness of environmental legislation in the rural environment considering a group of farmers penalized by the courts for violation of the provisions of Special Courts competence of Law 9.605/98 which deal with the flora. It initially made a theoretical approach under the theme of environmental sociology and Right seeking to understand and present the current status of discussions involving environmental legislation in the country. Following, based on Discourse Analysis, it is conducted an incursion by the legislative process that culminated in the promulgation of the Law 9.605/98, with emphasis on conflicting interests represented by the advocates of agribusiness and environmentalists in Congress. Afterwards...

Parâmetros urbanísticos para habitação de interesse social: uma análise crítica para as Rocas em Natal/RN

Pantoja, Lilian Roriz Carvalho
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Arquitetura e Urbanismo; Conforto no Ambiente Construído; Forma Urbana e Habitação
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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37.433071%
Through the comparative critical analysis of the demanded urbanistic parameters in the legislation and of the urbanistic index found in the Rocas neighbourhood, having as study object the already consolidated constructions of residential use, intended to demonstrate that the neighbourhood needes specific norms and that the limits established for recognition of Special Areas of Social Interest for the urbanistic legislation of the City of Natal would have to be reviewed and to be brought up to date, once they show occupations like the ones of the reffered neighbourhood. At a first moment, bibliographical revision and elaboration of the theoretical referencial had been made, , to analyze afterwards the urbanistic legislation for the neibourhood of Rocas, that determines relative parameters for the sizes of land lots, coefficients of exploitation, minimum taxes of occupation and retreat. Through a field research in the area, a study on the occupation description was done at first, characterization of the neibourhood through the study of the social-economic aspects, of the existing infrastructure in the place, environmental aspects, morphologic and tipolgic analysis of the neibourhood as a whole. From the grouping of the found characteristics...

Imaterialidade do Patrim??nio e Identidade Social: uma an??lise da lei Robin Hood de Minas Gerais; Imaterialidade do Patrim??nio e Identidade Social: uma an??lise da lei Robin Hood de Minas Gerais

CAMPOS, Yussef Daibert Salom??o de
Fonte: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Mem??ria Social e Patrim??nio Cultural; Progama de P??s-Gradua????o em Mem??ria Social e Patrim??nio Cultural; UFPel; BR Publicador: Universidade Federal de Pelotas; Mem??ria Social e Patrim??nio Cultural; Progama de P??s-Gradua????o em Mem??ria Social e Patrim??nio Cultural; UFPel; BR
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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The dissertation studies the relationship between social identity and cultural property, especially the intangible heritage one. This is carried out through the study of specific legislation, focusing on the Robin Hood Act, Minas Gerais, which deals with the transfer of state tax to municipalities that provide attention to their cultural property. The main objective of this study is highlight the social identity as a legitimizing protection of cultural heritage in all its categories and demonstrate that we should not build a pyramid hierarchy between the categories of cultural heritage, and more: that national identity is formed by a myriad of local identities, understood as concepts constructed from conflicts and disputes between these identities, which result in certain political practices. In addition, the study analyses how the law acts constructs imagined communities. This can be seen from the analysis of relevant legislation, as well as in comparison to Brazilian legislation, in particular the mining and the law of "Ciudad Autonoma de Buenos Aires", Argentina. Through this study will be seen that cultural heritage is a field of conflict between identities, and that the public practice in this area are a reflection of this standoff; Essa disserta????o estuda a rela????o entre identidade social e patrim??nio cultural...

New Frontiers in the Legal Structure and Legislation of Social Enterprises in Europe: A Comparative Analysis

CAFAGGI, Fabrizio; IAMICELI, Paola
Fonte: European University Institute Publicador: European University Institute
Tipo: Trabalho em Andamento Formato: application/pdf; digital
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This paper aims at presenting and discussing policy issues regarding the legal structure and legislation of the social enterprise through the lenses of recent law reforms in Europe. The legislation of seven countries is analysed: Portugal, France, Poland, Belgium, the United Kingdom, Finland and Italy. National models are compared distinguishing them according to the legal form and the main rules concerning asset allocation, governance and responsibility. Aware about the specificity that the legal, social and economic context may entails in each legal system, the authors conclude that, in order to promote a distinctive role for social enterprise in Europe, the law should guarantee: a control mechanism over the social nature of the finality pursued by the organisation, as defined at least per broad principles by the law; the enforcement of a positive (although not total) assets lock to ensure the achievement of social goals; the possibility for the enterprise to sustain its own activity through remunerated financing; a certain degree of stakeholders’ interests representation inside the governance of the enterprise, with specific but not necessarily exclusive representation with regards to beneficiaries and employees; the enforcement of a non-discrimination principle concerning the composition of membership...

La protección social de los Ministros de Culto, religiosos y secularizados

Ortiz Castillo, Francisco
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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Palabras claves: Seguridad Social. Ministros de Culto. Religiosos. Secularizados. El objetivo del presente estudio es realizar un análisis de conjunto de la protección social que afecta a personas que hacen o han hecho de su actividad la dedicación al hecho religioso en las distintas confesiones. La falta de un estudio de conjunto ha llevado al doctorando a abarcar a la totalidad de los colectivos que se integran en la Seguridad Social: Ministros de Culto; religiosos y secularizados. Yuxtaponer Derecho de la Seguridad Social con normas canónicas y eclesiásticas, y en la medida de lo posible jurisprudencia y la escasa doctrina existente, con la finalidad de llenar lagunas, ha sido la constante de la presente investigación, y en consecuencia poder ofrecer un completo estudio sobre el tema. Sacar a la luz las especialidades de Seguridad Social de estos colectivos que se han ido integrando en Seguridad Social en los últimos 36 años, bien por asimilación, como en el caso de los Ministros de Culto; por integración en un régimen que les era ajeno en el caso de los religiosos, o con una normativa especial para los secularizados, no tiene otro objetivo que poner de relieve una situación desde el ámbito legal francamente compleja La metodología que se ha seguido para la investigación ha consistido en analizar los antecedentes históricos de los colectivos estudiados...

Medios de asistencia y ayuda a las víctimas del delito en el ordenamiento español : un nuevo enfoque de la victimología desde la perspectiva de la política social

Caravaca Llamas, Carmen
Fonte: Universidade de Múrcia Publicador: Universidade de Múrcia
Tipo: Tese de Doutorado Formato: application/pdf
Português
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47.234727%
La presente tesis analiza los medios y sistemas construidos durante las últimas décadas para la protección y asistencia social de las víctimas de los delitos en España. Para ello, estudia la conceptualización de la víctima como sujeto social de derechos y de objeto de atención especializada, además de exponer la legislación y los instrumentos implementados desde la Política social para la prevención y el tratamiento de las consecuencias del delito. La documentación de la investigación se concentra principalmente en los ámbitos prioritarios de actuación: víctimas de los delitos violentos y sexuales, víctimas de la violencia doméstica, víctimas de los delitos contra la seguridad vial, víctimas del terrorismo, víctimas de discriminación en el ámbito laboral, y víctimas-testigo. Las aportaciones que ofrece esta tesis se encuentran orientadas a una doble dirección: en primer lugar, el análisis de los problemas victimológicos más prioritarios como consecuencia de determinados delitos en nuestra sociedad, y en segundo, la orientación de futuras pautas de actuación desde la Política social en dicha materia. Se trata de investigación con metodología descriptiva, un estudio documental consistente en la recogida...

Los derechos sociales. Una propuesta de interpretación conforme en el control constitucional de la ley; Social rights. A proposal for an interpretation in conformity in the constitutional review of legislation

Cabrales Lucio, José Miguel
Fonte: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de derechos humanos Bartolomé de las Casas Publicador: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Instituto de derechos humanos Bartolomé de las Casas
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; info:eu-repo/semantics/article Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em /07/2012 Português
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En este trabajo se pretende ofrecer algunas pautas para lograr la mejor protección, desarrollo y expansión de los derechos sociales a través de la interpretación constitucional. En concreto, se propone la necesidad de configurar el principio de interpretación de la ley conforme al derecho social involucrado, con especial énfasis en el control constitucional de la ley. En suma, una interpretación pro social de la ley. El análisis utiliza como marco el sistema constitucional español pero los argumentos podrían ser trasladables a cualquier sistema de control constitucional de la ley; This paper seeks to provide some guidelines for achieving the best protection, development and expansion of social rights through constitutional interpretation. Specifically, it proposes the need to set the principle of interpretation of the law under social right involved, with special emphasis on the judicial review; in sum, a pro-social interpretation of the statutes. The analysis uses as a framework the Spanish constitutional system but the arguments could be useful to any system of constitutional review of legislation

Linking to Successful Bank-Financed Projects : Argentine Republic's Environmental and Social Regulatory Framework

World Bank Group
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Other Environmental Study
Português
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The government of Argentina and the World Bank desire to improve the efficiency and results of the environmental and social outcomes of jointly financed development projects. As part of a workshop in November 2010 attended by officials of the Ministry of Economy and Public Finance of Argentina, World Bank staff, and representatives of implementing units of projects being co-financed by the Bank, several issues with regard to the implementation of the World Bank safeguard policies and the existing Argentine environmental and social management regulatory frameworks were identified. The workshop agreed to conduct a technical study of the regulatory consistency between the Bank safeguard policies and Argentina s environmental and social legislation to serve as a vehicle for dialogue between the Bank and the government of Argentina in order to strengthen joint strategies that address environmental and social issues in development projects. The technical study involved the following (and the corresponding report section): comparison between the principles of eight of the World Bank safeguard Operational Policies (OPs) and the national and provincial regulatory frameworks in force...

Employment Protection Legislation and Labor Market Outcomes : Theory, Evidence and Lessons for Croatia

World Bank
Fonte: Washington, DC Publicador: Washington, DC
Tipo: Economic & Sector Work :: Policy Note; Economic & Sector Work
Português
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In response to prolonged recession, in April 2010 the Croatian Government adopted an Economic Recovery Program to safeguard macroeconomic stability and support faster recovery of the private sector. A central element of the program is revision of labor regulations to create a more dynamic labor market by ensuring labor force flexibility and job security. The goal is to increase the labor force participation rate and ensure that it has the skills and competencies required by the evolving and dynamic private sector. The Croatian Ministries of Finance and labor asked the World Bank for support in design of possible labor legislation reform. The objective of this note is to benchmark Croatia's legislation and help identify legal constraints on achieving a more dynamic and flexible labor market. Changes to employment protection legislation (EPL) can be politically difficult. They therefore need to be preceded by a public information campaign explaining their rationale and by dialogue with social partners. The central message to be conveyed to the public is that relaxing the most rigid provisions of the labor law will eventually lead to better employment prospects...

Saúde do trabalhador: entre os dispositivos legais e as práticas efetivas; Saúde do trabalhador: entre os dispositivos legais e as práticas efetivas

Pinheiro, Manuela de Medeiros
Fonte: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social; Serviço Social, Formação Profissional, Trabalho e Proteção Social; Serviço Social, Cultura e Relaçõe Publicador: Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte; BR; UFRN; Programa de Pós-Graduação em Serviço Social; Serviço Social, Formação Profissional, Trabalho e Proteção Social; Serviço Social, Cultura e Relaçõe
Tipo: Dissertação Formato: application/pdf
Português
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37.433071%
The health worker is seized in this research beyond the mere applicability of legal devices concerning the legislation of Labor, in order to be established correlations with activities alluding to the public power in the ambit of State of Rio Grande do Norte (RN). This dissertation is an cutting of analysis circumscribed in the research, "Accidents at work: law, citizenship and justice," of the Grupo de Estudos Seguridade Social e Trabalho (GESTO) of Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Norte (UFRN). The overall goal turned to apprehend and relate contradictory elements inherent compliance of Occupational Health and Safety (OHS) in the supermarket which showed the highest occurrence of legal violations recognized by the Labor Justice of RN in the period between 2006 and 2008 . The specific objectives turned to identify, from the condemnatory sentences, violations inherent in the protective direction of the OH & S legislation; analyze the relationship of health damages to workers at the supposed recognition of rights claimed in condemnatory sentences and correlate violations inherent in the legislation OSH impacts on the health of workers, from data contained in expert reports. The justification for perform the research backed up, among other factors...

Conflicting Priorities in Social Legislation and Medicine: Gynaeco-oncology Patients and their Right to Participate in Society

Simoes, E.; Graf, J.; Wallwiener, D.; Brucker, S.
Fonte: Georg Thieme Verlag KG Publicador: Georg Thieme Verlag KG
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em /10/2015 Português
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Due to the declining mortality rates, malignant diseases have gained a chronic character for many gynaeco-oncology patients. The patients can expect to participate in social life and to an increasing extent in professional life for longer lengths of time. Promotion of rehabilitation and participation is an issue of the German 9th Social Security Code that explicitly places a focus on women. This is mainly of relevance for tumour patients with regard to assessment of the degree of severe disability, to compensate for disease-induced impairments and the possibilities for improving the participation of the afflicted subjects, especially by means of protective rights in professional life. Indeed, tumour patients do sometimes find themselves confronted with conflicting priorities between the entitlements guaranteed by social legislation and the compensation conferred by the health-care services, which can then be avoided when the facts are sufficiently known. For this purpose, the physician must be fully aware of the legal situation. The present article provides an overview of the procedures and reference points for appraisals. Patients need partners among their responsible physicians to help in the assertion of their claims. From the physicianʼs side it is necessary to classify the reported complaints within the ever increasing knowledge about the direct side effects and the long-term side effects of cancer therapies. Against the background of an often life-long mental stress and the uncertain risk of recurrence...

The influence of repressive legislation on the structure of a social media network

Marcoux, Marianne; Lusseau, David
Fonte: Universidade Cornell Publicador: Universidade Cornell
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica
Publicado em 10/04/2013 Português
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Social media have been widely used to organize citizen movements. In 2012, 75% university and college students in Quebec, Canada, participated in mass protests against an increase in tuition fees, mainly organized using social media. To reduce public disruption, the government introduced special legislation designed to impede protest organization. Here, we show that the legislation changed the behaviour of social media users but not the overall structure of their social network on Twitter. Thus, users were still able to spread information to efficiently organize demonstrations using their social network. This natural experiment shows the power of social media in political mobilization, as well as behavioural flexibility in information flow over a large number of individuals.; Comment: 4 pages, 4 figures, submitted to EPL

Orígenes y fundamentos de la prevención de riesgos laborales en España (1873-1907)

García González, Guillermo
Fonte: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona, Publicador: Bellaterra : Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona,
Tipo: Tesis i dissertacions electròniques; info:eu-repo/semantics/doctoralThesis Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em //2008 Português
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Consultable des del TDX; Títol obtingut de la portada digitalitzada; Como cualquier rama del ordenamiento jurídico, la normativa de seguridad e higiene en el trabajo tiene un concreto camino histórico normativo cuyo conocimiento resulta imprescindible para la comprensión adecuada de su finalidad y de su configuración actual. La presente tesis doctoral pretende ahondar en cuáles son los orígenes de la normativa de seguridad e higiene en nuestro país. La importancia del análisis histórico de la conformación de la normativa de prevención de riesgos laborales, además de tener un indudable valor interpretativo de la normativa actual, tiene si cabe una mayor relevancia desde una perspectiva ontológica. En este sentido la investigación histórica se nos presenta como un instrumento hermenéutico indispensable en la tarea de aprehender la propia esencia, la razón de ser de la seguridad e higiene en el trabajo. La tesis parte de la hipótesis de que los orígenes y el fundamento de la prevención de riesgos laborales en España tienen lugar en el periodo comprendido entre 1873 y 1907, coincidiendo con la promulgación de la primera legislación social y con los inicios del intervencionismo científico en las relaciones laborales...

Progressive conservatism in Brazil: Oliveira Viana, Roberto Simonsen and the social legislation of the Vargas regime, 1930-1945; Progressive conservatism in Brazil: Oliveira Vianna, Roberto Simonsen and the social legislation of the Vargas regime, 1930-1945

Howes, Robert
Fonte: University of Cambridge; Faculty of History Publicador: University of Cambridge; Faculty of History
Tipo: Thesis; doctoral; PhD
Português
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This thesis analyses the development of the ideas and theories of Oliveira Viana (1883-1951) and Roberto Simonsen (1889-1948), placing them in their historical context and showing how they illuminated and influenced contemporary trends in Brazilian thought and governmental policy, with particular emphasis on the social legislation passed by the Vargas regime between 1930 and 1945. The two theorists are characterised as progressive conservatives, since they aimed to preserve the existing hierarchical structure of society by adopting new, progressive methods. Both men advocated increasing the role of the state: Viana was particularly influential in the early 1930s in the area of political theory and institutional reform, whilst Simonsen, as an early proponent of economic development, came into his own in the late 1930s and early 1940s when the Estado Novo turned tentatively towards a policy of industrialisation. The Introduction gives a brief outline of Brazil's political and economic history up to 1945 and the intellectual currents of the 1910s and 1920s. Chapters 1 to 3 analyse Oliveira Viana's position as a social scientist and a political theorist, including an account of his critique of liberal democracy and its workings in Brazil...

The reservation of possible obstruction in the path towards the realization of fundamental social rights; O entrave da reserva do possível no caminho rumo à efetivação dos direitos fundamentais sociais

Silva, Neurilene Gomes da
Fonte: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito Publicador: Universidade de São Paulo. Faculdade de Direito
Tipo: info:eu-repo/semantics/article; info:eu-repo/semantics/publishedVersion; ; Formato: application/pdf
Publicado em 01/01/2010 Português
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This work has as main purpose to study the current challenge of enforcement of fundamental social nature of prestacional. Seeks to demonstrate to highlight that social rights were included in the Federal Constitution as the core of the whole legal system. So are a parameter for the performance of all entities that comprise the state. Indeed, such rights are linked to conflicts arising from the social sphere, in view of the huge and glaring inequalities of Brazilian society. However, there should be no distortion of the goals of the State established in its highest law, only with footstool in the argument of the Office of the reservation as possible, without the burden of argument that the Government should consistently demonstrate the absence or insufficiency of funds public resources for achieving of certain social legislation pleaded before the courts.; Este trabalho tem por escopo principal estudar o atual desafio da efetivação dos direitos fundamentais sociais de cunho prestacional. Busca demonstrar com realce que os direitos sociais foram incluídos na Constituição Federal como cerne de todo o ordenamento jurídico. Portanto servem de parâmetro para a atuação de todos os entes que compõem o Estado. Deveras, tais direitos estão ligados a conflitos oriundos da esfera social...

A panoramic view of the social security and social protection provisioning in Lesotho

Mosito,KE
Fonte: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad Publicador: PER: Potchefstroomse Elektroniese Regsblad
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2014 Português
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Social security is one of the most important areas of social policy. As part of its social policy, the government of Lesotho has promulgated various pieces of legislation and introduced an assortment of public assistance programmes for the benefit of the people of the country. There are also various informal social security measures which are the result of coordinated activities by individuals and groupings in Lesotho. These initiatives together provide a broad spectrum of social security provisioning for the people of Lesotho. This article sets out to discuss the said social security provisioning measures and appraises the efficacy of their interventions. Lesotho is a constitutional state. The Constitution of Lesotho came into force on 2 April 1993. It provides for a Bill of Rights as well as principles of state policy. There is, however, no express provision in the Constitution for a right to social security. This is regrettable. Thus, the intersection between constitutional law and social security within the context of Lesotho can be achieved only through the interpretation of the fundamental rights as well as the principles of state policy provided in the Constitution. While the provisions relating to fundamental rights help to establish entitlements to social security...

Legislation on violence against women: overview of key components

Ortiz-Barreda,Gaby; Vives-Cases,Carmen
Fonte: Organización Panamericana de la Salud Publicador: Organización Panamericana de la Salud
Tipo: Artigo de Revista Científica Formato: text/html
Publicado em 01/01/2013 Português
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This study aimed to determine if legislation on violence against women (VAW) worldwide contains key components recommended by the Pan American Health Organization (PAHO) and the United Nations (UN) to help strengthen VAW prevention and provide better integrated victim protection, support, and care. A systematic search for VAW legislation using international legal databases and other electronic sources plus data from previous research identified 124 countries/territories with some type of VAW legislation. Full legal texts were found for legislation from 104 countries/territories. Those available in English, Portuguese, and Spanish were downloaded and compiled and the selection criteria applied (use of any of the common terms related to VAW, including intimate partner violence (IPV), and reference to at least two of six sectors (education, health, judicial system, mass media, police, and social services) with regard to VAW interventions (protection, support, and care). A final sample from 80 countries/territories was selected and analyzed for the presence of key components recommended by PAHO and the UN (reference to the term "violence against women" in the title; definitions of different types of VAW; identification of women as beneficiaries; and promotion of (reference to) the participation of multiple sectors in VAW interventions). Few countries/territories specifically identified women as the beneficiaries of their VAW legislation...